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Encyclopedia > Wild rice
Wild Rice

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Zizania
Gronov. ex L.
Species

Zizania aquatica
Zizania latifolia
Zizania palustris
Zizania texana Wild rice from US FWS Source: Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Notes: We will identify material we use from sources outside the Service, and request others do the same when using information published by the Service. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Liliopsida is the botanical name for a class. ... families see text Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice comprise the genus Zizania, a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ...

  • Zizania aquatica L.
    • Zizania aquatica var. angustifolia Hitchc.
      • Zizania aquatica subsp. angustifolia (Hitchc.) Tzvelev
    • Zizania aquatica var. aquatica
      • Zizania aquatica subsp. aquatica
    • Zizania aquatica var. brevis Fassett
      • Zizania aquatica subsp. brevis (Fassett) S.L. Chen
    • Zizania aquatica var. interior Fassett
    • Zizania aquatica var. latifolia (Griseb.) Kom.
    • Zizania aquatica var. subbrevis B. Boivin
  • Zizania aristata (Retz.) Kunth
  • Zizania bonariensis Balansa & Poitr.
  • Zizania caduciflora (Turcz. ex Trin.) Hand.-Mazz.
  • Zizania ciliata (Retz.) Spreng.
  • Zizania clavulosa Michx.
  • Zizania dahurica Turcz. ex Steud.
  • Zizania effusa Sm.
  • Zizania fluitans Michx.
  • Zizania interior (Fassett) Rydb.
  • Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf
  • Zizania lenticularis (Michx.) Steud.
  • Zizania mezii Prod.
  • Zizania microstachya Nees ex Trin.
  • Zizania miliacea Michx.
  • Zizania mutica Larrañaga
  • Zizania palustris L.
    • Zizania palustris var. interior (Fassett) Dore
      • Zizania palustris subsp. interior (Fassett) S.L. Chen
    • Zizania palustris var. palustris
      • Zizania palustris subsp. palustris
  • Zizania subtilis (Tratt.) Raspail
  • Zizania terrestris L.
  • Zizania texana Hitchc.

The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. Often, only the flowering head of wild rice rises above the water. True rice, genus Oryza, is also a grass; the two genera Oryza and Zizania are closely related, sharing the tribe Oryzeae. Three species of wild rice are native to North America: Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice compose the genus Zizania (common names: Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats), a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana The four species of wild rice comprise the genus Zizania, a group of grasses that grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams. ... Species Zizania aquatica Zizania latifolia Zizania palustris Zizania texana Zizania aquatica L. Hitchc. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Blowdown Lake in the mountains near Pemberton, British Columbia A lake (from Latin lacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species Oryza barthii Oryza glaberrima Oryza latifolia Oryza longistaminata Oryza punctata Oryza rufipogon Oryza sativa References ITIS 41975 2002-09-22 This article is about the food grain, not the university or Condoleezza Rice; see also rice (disambiguation). ... In biology, a tribe is a taxonomic classification in between family and genus. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

and one species is native to Asia: Peas are an annual plant. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... State symbols are representative of some aspect of a state. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, with the District of Columbia, forms the United States of America. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... TheSaint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... “Atlantic” redirects here. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... The San Marcos River rises from Aquarena Springs in San Marcos, Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

  • Manchurian wild rice (Z. latifolia; incorrect synonym: Z. caduciflora), is a perennial native to China.

Texas wild rice is in danger of extinction due to loss of suitable habitat in its limited range and pollution. Manchurian wild rice has almost disappeared from the wild in its native range, but has been accidentally introduced into the wild in New Zealand and is considered an invasive species there[1]. The Dodo, shown here in a 1651 illustration by Jan Savery, is an often-cited[1] example of modern extinction. ... It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...

Contents

Use as a grain

Uncooked wild rice.
Uncooked wild rice.

The seeds of the annual species zizania palustrus are the ones most commonly harvested as grain. Native Americans harvest wild rice by canoeing into a stand of plants, and bending the ripe grain heads with wooden sticks called knockers, so as to thresh the seeds into the canoe. The size of the knockers, as well as other details, are prescribed in state and tribal law. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 563 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2022 × 2154 pixel, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uncooked wild rice. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 563 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2022 × 2154 pixel, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uncooked wild rice. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... This article is about cereals in general. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... It has been suggested that Canadian canoe be merged into this article or section. ... Threshing is the process of beating cereal plants in order to separate the seeds or grains from the straw. ...

Harvesting wild rice.
Harvesting wild rice.

In Minnesota statute, knockers must be no more than one inch in diameter, thirty inches long, or more than one pound. The plants are not beaten with the knockers but require only a gently brushing to dislodge the mature grain. The Ojibwa call this plant "manoomin" or "good berry". Some seeds fell to the muddy bottom to overwinter and germinate in the spring. Wild rice and maize are the only cereal crops native to North America. It is a favourite food of dabbling ducks and other aquatic wildlife. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... In a botanical sense, germination is the process of emergence of growth from a resting stage. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... Genera Pteronetta Cairina Aix Nettapus Anas Callonetta Chenonetta Amazonetta See also Diving duck The dabbling ducks are a group of eight genera and about 55 species of ducks, including some of the most familiar Northern Hemisphere species. ...

Cooked wild rice.
Cooked wild rice.

Almost always sold as a dried whole grain, wild rice is high in protein, the amino acid lysine and dietary fiber, and low in fat. Like true rice, it does not contain gluten. It is also a good source of the minerals potassium and phosphorus, and the vitamins thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. Because commercial, paddy grown wild rice is harder and denser than true rice, it must be cooked longer to become soft enough to be eaten; it generally requires cooking for at least 45–60 minutes in a ratio of wild rice to water of approximately 1 to 3. Because of its comparatively high cost and chewy texture it is often cooked together with true rice, often in a ratio of true rice to wild rice of 8 to 1 or 4 to 1. Manoomin, on the other hand, is not nearly as hard as paddy rice, allowing it to be cooked in 15–30 minutes.[1] Those who have compared the taste and texture of the wild Manoomin to the cultivated wild rice nearly always prefer the Manoomin. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (2992 × 2024 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (2992 × 2024 pixel, file size: 2. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Phenylalanine is one of the standard amino acids. ... Lysine is one of the 20 amino acids normally found in proteins. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water and making defecation easier. ... For other uses, see FAT. Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... Wheat - a prime source of gluten Gluten is an amorphous mixture of ergastic (i. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... General Name, Symbol, Number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... For the similarly spelled nucleic acid, see Thymine Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is one of the B vitamins. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in animals. ... Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin whose derivatives such as NADH, NAD, NAD+, and NADP play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell and DNA repair. ...


Because of its nutritional value and taste, wild rice increased in popularity in the late 20th century, and commercial cultivation began in the US and Canada to supply the increased demand. In the United States the main producers are California and Minnesota (where it is the official state grain) and it is mainly cultivated in paddy fields. Canadian wild rice is usually harvested from natural bodies of water; the province of Saskatchewan is the largest producer in Canada. Wild rice is also produced in Hungary and Australia. The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption for humans. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Terrace of paddy fields in Yunnan Province, southern China. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: The Strength of Many Peoples) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area  Ranked...


Manchurian wild rice (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), gathered from the wild, was once an important grain in ancient China. Because of the difficulty of its domestication, it gradually lost importance with increasing population density, as its habitat was converted for use in raising rice. It is now very rare in the wild, and its use as a grain has completely disappeared in China, though it continues to be cultivated for its stems. Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


Diseases

Main article: List of wild rice diseases

This article is a list of diseases of cultivated wild rice (Zizania palustris). ...

Use as a vegetable

The swollen, crisp white stems of Manchurian wild rice are grown as a vegetable, popular in East and Southeast Asia. The swelling occurs because of infection with the smut fungus Ustilago esculenta. The fungus prevents the plant from flowering, so the crop is propagated asexually, the infection being passed from mother plant to daughter plant. Harvest must be made between about 120 days and 170 days after planting, after the stem begins to swell but before the infection reaches its reproductive stage, when the stem will begin to turn black and eventually disintegrate. A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The smuts are fungi, mostly Ustilaginomycetes (of the class Teliomycetae, subphylum Basidiomycota), that cause plant disease. ... Headline text PLANT PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Adrian Arias Biology 109 October 28, 2005 There are many ways to create new plants; they can be created by sexual or asexual techniques. ... Look up Harvest in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the color. ...


The vegetable is especially common in China, where it is known as gaosun (Chinese: 高笋; Pinyin: gāosǔn) or jiaobai (Chinese: 茭白; Pinyin: jiāobái). Other names which may be used in English include coba, makomo (Japanese: マコモ), and water bamboo. Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


Importation of the vegetable to the United States is prohibited in order to protect North American species from the fungus. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Ornamental use

Wild rice is also grown as an ornamental plant in garden ponds. Petunia This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Culture

  • Several Native American cultures, such as the Ojibwa, consider wild rice (known as manoomin in Ojibwa) to be a sacred component in their culture [2]. The rice is harvested by hand, with two people sitting in a canoe, with one knocking rice into the canoe with a pole while the other paddles slowly. For these groups, this harvest is an important cultural (and often economic) event.

This article is about the native North American people. ... Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Species See text Ryegrass (Lolium) is a genus of nine species of tufted grasses, family Poaceae. ... The Parable of the Tares (Parable of the Weeds in the Grain) was given by Jesus in the New Testament (Matthew). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...

See also

Aquatic plants, also called hydrophytic plants or hydrophytes. ... grains of Camargue red rice Camargue red rice Camargue red rice is a relatively new variety of rice cultivated in the wetlands of the Camargue region of southern France. ... Shoreline of the Étang de Vaccarès For other uses, see Camargue (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ Nett Lake Wild Rice and Save Wild Rice

External links

  • Australian wild rice; infomation about cultivated wild rice in Australia
  • ITIS 41318
  • Multilingual taxonomic information from the University of Melbourne
  • Asian Vegetables
  • Zizania aquatica
  • Photograph of rough harvested gaosun culms (not yet peeled)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wild Rice (9267 words)
Wild rice is a nutritional grain that serves as a substitute for potatoes or rice, and is used in a wide variety of foods such as dressings, casseroles, soups, salads, and desserts.
Wild rice may be planted by using a bulk-fertilizer spreader to broadcast the seed, which is followed by using a disk or harrow to incorporate it to a depth of 1 to 2 in.
Wild rice does not have the ability to obtain sufficient iron in non-flooded soils and iron availability is one of the major reasons wild rice must be grown in flooded soils.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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