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Encyclopedia > Wild Bill Hickok
Wild Bill Hickok
James Butler Hickok
Born May 27, 1837(1837-05-27)
Troy Grove, Illinois, U.S.
Died August 2, 1876 (aged 39)
Deadwood, Dakota Territory, U.S.
Occupation Abolitionist, facilitator of The Underground Railroad, Lawman, Gunfighter, Gambler

James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837August 2, 1876), better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a legendary figure in the American Old West. His skills as a gunfighter and scout, along with his reputation as a lawman, provided the basis for his fame, although some of his exploits are fictionalized. His moniker of Wild Bill has inspired similar nicknames for men named William (even though that was not Hickok's name) who were known for their daring in various fields. is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Troy Grove is a village in La Salle County, Illinois, United States. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A photograph of Deadwood in 1876. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Map of some Underground Railroad routes This page is about the slave escape route. ... Lawman was a western television series telecast from 1958 to 1962 that featured John Russell as Marshal Dan Troop. ... Gunslinger from The Great Train Robbery Gunslinger, also gunfighter, is a name given to men in the American Old West who had gained a reputation as being dangerous with a gun. ... Gambling (or betting) is any behavior involving the risk of money or valuables on the outcome of a game, contest, or other event in which the outcome of that activity is partially or totally dependent upon chance. ... William Orville Hickok III (August 23, 1874 – September 4, 1933) was an American football player and industrialist. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Categories: Stock characters | Stub ... Lawman was a western television series telecast from 1958 to 1962 that featured John Russell as Marshal Dan Troop. ... Wild Bill is a nickname referring to one of the following American historical figures: James Butler Wild Bill Hickock, gunfighter William Wild Bill Donovan, founder of the Office of Strategic Services. ...


Hickok came to the West as a stage coach driver, then became a lawman in the frontier territories of Kansas and Nebraska. He fought in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and gained publicity after the war as a scout, marksman, and professional gambler. Between his law enforcement duties and gambling, which easily overlapped, Hickok was involved in several notable shootouts, and was ultimately killed while playing poker in a Dakota Territory saloon. map of Kansas Territory Kansas Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854 to January 29, 1861, when Kansas became the 34th U.S. state admitted to the Union. ... Nebraska Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States from May 30, 1854 until March 1, 1867 when Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

Contents

Life and career

Early life

Wild Bill Hickok was born in Homer, IL (name later changed to Troy Grove, Illinois) on May 27, 1837. His birthplace is now the Wild Bill Hickok State Memorial, a listed historic site under the supervision of the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. While he was growing up, his father's farm was one of the stops on the Underground Railroad, and he learned his shooting skills protecting the farm with his father from anti-abolitionists. Hickok was a good shot from a very young age. Unknown to most, he was an early opponent of slavery, and assisted his father in smuggling runaway slaves along the Underground Railroad. A secret room in his parent's house was used to conceal runaways on several occasions. Troy Grove is a village located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Forth Bridge, designed by Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Fowler, opened in 1890, and now owned by Network Rail, is designated as a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland. ... The Illinois Historic Preservation Agency is a governmental agency of the U.S. state of Illinois. ... This article is about a 19th-century slave escape route. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ...


In 1855 Hickok, then 18, had a fight with Charles Hudson which resulted in both falling into a canal. Mistakenly thinking he had killed Hudson, Hickok fled and joined General Jim Lane's Free State Army ("The Red Legs") where he met then 12 year old William Cody, later to be known as "Buffalo Bill", who at that time was a scout for Johnston's Army.[1] Due to his "sweeping nose and protruding upper lip", Hickok was nicknamed "Duck Bill".[2] In 1861, after growing a moustache following the infamous McCanles incident, and not without some encouragement from himself, he was to become known by the nickname he is most famous for, "Wild Bill".[3] For other uses, see Buffalo Bill (disambiguation). ... The Utah War was a 19th century armed conflict between Mormon settlers in Utah Territory and the United States federal government. ...


Constable

In 1857, Hickok claimed a 160 acre (65 ha) tract of land in Johnson County, Kansas (in what is now the city of Lenexa) where, on March 22 in 1858, he was elected as the first constable of Monticello Township, Kansas. In 1859 he joined the Russell, Waddell, and Majors freight company as a driver. The following year he was badly injured by a bear and sent to the Rock Creek Station in Nebraska (which the company had recently purchased from David McCanles) to work as a stable hand while he recovered. In 1861 he was involved in a deadly shoot-out with the McCanles gang at the Rock Creek Station after 40 year old David McCanles, his 12 year old son and two farmhands called at the stations office to demand payment of an overdue second installment on the property, an event still under much debate. Hickok and his accomplices, the station manager Horace Wellman, his wife and an employee J.W. Brink were tried but judged to have acted in self defense despite reports that none of the "McCanles gang" were armed.[1] McCanles was the first man Hickok killed in a fight. On several later occasions, Hickok was to confront and kill several men while fighting alone.[4] Johnson County (standard abbreviation: JO) is a county located in the state of Kansas. ... Lenexa is a city in the central part of Johnson County, located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. ... In northwest Johnson County, Kansas, Monticello Township is now merged with Shawnee, Kansas. ... Rock Creek Station was a stagecoach and Pony Express station in southeastern Nebraska, near the present-day village of Endicott. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... The McCanles were known as an outlaw gang in the early 1860s that was wanted for alleged train robbery, murder, bank robbery, cattle rustling, and horse theft. ...


Hickok invented the practice of "posting" men out of town. He would put a list on what was called the "dead man's tree" (so called because men had been lynched on it) while constable of Monticello Township. Hickok proclaimed he would shoot them on sight the following day. Few stayed around to find out if he was serious. Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota...


Civil War and scouting

When the Civil War began, Hickok joined the Union forces and served in the west, mostly in Kansas and Missouri. He earned a reputation as a skilled scout. After the war, Hickok became a scout for the U. S. Army and later was a professional gambler. He served for a time as a United States Marshal. In 1867, his fame increased from an interview by Henry Morton Stanley. The United States Marshals Service, part of the United States Department of Justice, is the United States oldest federal law enforcement agency. ... Sir Henry Morton Stanley, also known in the Congo as Bula Matari (Breaker of Rocks or, alternatively, Sledge Hammer) , born John Rowlands (January 28, 1841 – May 10, 1904), was a journalist and explorer famous for his exploration of Africa and his search for David Livingstone. ...


During the Civil War, "Buffalo Bill Cody" served as a scout with Robert Denbow, David L. Payne, and Hickok. The men formed a friendship that would last decades. After the war, the four men, Payne, Cody, Hickok, and Denbow engaged in buffalo hunting. When Payne moved to Wichita, Kansas in 1870, Denbow joined him there while Hickok served as sheriff of Hays, Kansas. Hickok was rumored to have appeared in a stage play put on in 1873 by Bill Cody entitled "Scouts of the Plains." When Bill Cody started the Buffalo Bill shows, Denbow traveled with Cody all over Iowa with the Buffalo Bill shows. Buffalo Bill (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was born William Frederick Cody in the American state of Iowa. ...


Lawman and gunfighter

On July 21, 1865, in the town square of Springfield, Missouri, Hickok killed Davis Tutt, Jr. in a "quick draw" duel. Fiction later typified this kind of gunfight, but Hickok's in fact the only one on record that fits the portrayal. [1] The incident was precipitated by a dispute over a gambling debt incurred at a local saloon and likely exacerbated by the fact there was a long standing dispute over a mutual girlfriend Susannah Moore. Several weeks later Hickok was interviewed by Colonel George Ward Nichols and the interview was published in Harpers New Monthly Magazine. Using the name "Wild Bill Hitchcock" the article recounted the hundreds of men Hickok personally killed and other exaggerated exploits. The article was controversial wherever Hickok was known and led to several frontier newspapers writing rebuttals and is credited as the reason for Hickok's failure to be elected Marshall of Springfield. Leaving Springfield he was recommended for the position of Deputy United States Marshall at Fort Riley Kansas. At this time the Western Plains were involved in indian wars and Hickok also served as a scout for George A. Custer's 7th Cavalry.[1] is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... A duel is a formalized type of combat. ... Fort Riley North is the United States Census Bureaus designation for a part of Fort Riley, a US Army installation located in Kansas. ... Custer redirects here. ... The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry unit, whose lineage traces back to the late 19th century. ...


In 1867 Hickok took a break from the west and moved to Niagara Falls where he tried his hand at acting in a stage play called "The Daring Buffalo Chases of the Plains".[5] He proved to be a terrible actor and returned west to be elected sheriff and city marshal of Ellis County, Kansas on August 23, 1869. In his first month in Hays, Kansas killed two men in gunfights. Nothing is known of the reasons and little else apart from their names. The first was Bill Mulvey who "got the drop" on Hickok. Hickok looked past him and yelled "Don't shoot him boys" which was enough distraction to win him the fight. The second was Sam Strawwhim.[1] On July 17, 1870, also in Hays he was involved in a gunfight with disorderly soldiers of the 7th US Cavalry, wounding one and mortally wounding another. He later failed to win re election. On April 15 1871, Hickok became marshal of Abilene, Kansas, taking over for former marshal Tom "Bear River" Smith, who had been killed on November 2nd, 1870.[6] The outlaw John Wesley Hardin was originally befriended by Hickok and the two often gambled and went "whoring" together, until he shot a snoring hotel guest for disturbing his sleep and had to leave town. Hickok's later encounter with Hardin resulted in the latter leaving Abilene peacefully in an uneasy truce after Hardin disarmed Hickok using the famous Road agent's spin during a failed attempt to arrest him for wearing his pistols in a saloon.[1] For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Ellis County (standard abbreviation: EL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. ... Hays is a city in Ellis County, Kansas, near the intersection of Interstate 70 and U.S. Highway 183. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 7th Cavalry Regiment Coat of Arms 7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. ... Abilene is a city in Dickinson County, Kansas, United States, 163 miles (262 km) west of Kansas City. ... Thomas James Smith, known as Tom Bear River Smith (1830-1870), was a town marshal of Old West cattle town Abilene, Kansas, who was killed and decapitated on November 2nd, 1870. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... John Wesley Hardin. ... The road agents spin, also known as the Curly Bill spin (after Curly Bill Brocius) was a gunfighting maneuver first identified in the days of the Old West. ...


While working in Abilene, Hickok and Phil Coe, a saloon owner, had an ongoing dispute that later resulted in a shootout. Coe had been the business partner of known gunman Ben Thompson, with whom he co-owned the Bulls Head Saloon. On October 5, 1871, Hickok was standing off a crowd during a street brawl, during which time Coe fired two shots and Hickok ordered him to be arrested for firing a pistol within the city limits. Coe explained he was shooting at a stray dog[7] but suddenly turned his gun on Hickok who fired first and killed Coe. Hickok caught the glimpse of movement of someone running toward him and quickly fired two shots in reaction, accidentally shooting and killing Abilene Special Deputy Marshal Mike Williams, who was coming to his aid, an event that haunted Hickok for the remainder of his life.[8] Phil Coe, born Phillip Houston Coe (1839-1871), was an Old West gambler, soldier and businessman from Texas, and the business partner to gunman Ben Thompson in Abilene, Kansas. ... Ben Thompson, born in Knottingley, Yorkshire, England on November 11, 1842. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Hickok's retort to Coe, who supposedly stated he could "kill a crow on the wing", is one of the West's most famous sayings (though possibly apocryphal): "Did the crow have a pistol? Was he shooting back? I will be." However, due to his having accidentally killed deputy Mike Williams, Hickock was relieved of his duties as marshal less than two months later.


In 1876 Hickok was diagnosed with both glaucoma and gonorrhea. It was apparent that his markmanship and health had been suffering for some time as despite earning a good income from gambling and displays of showmanship only a few years earlier, by this time he had been arrested several times for vagrancy. On March 5, 1876 Hickok married Agnes Thatcher Lake, a 50-year-old circus proprietor. Calamity Jane claimed in her autobiography that she was married to Hickok and had divorced him so he could be free to marry Agnes Lake. Hickok soon left his new bride to seek his fortune in the goldfields of South Dakota. The clap redirects here. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ...


Shortly before Hickok's death, he wrote a letter to his new wife, Agnes Lake Thatcher, which reads in part: "Agnes Darling, if such should be we never meet again, while firing my last shot, I will gently breathe the name of my wife—-Agnes-—and with wishes even for my enemies I will make the plunge and try to swim to the other shore" and "My dearly beloved if I am to die today and never see the sweet face of you I want you to know that I am no great man and am lucky to have such a woman as you".


Death

Gravesite

On August 2, 1876, while playing poker at Nuttal & Mann's Saloon No. 10 in Deadwood, in the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, Hickok could not find an empty seat in the corner, where he always sat in order to protect himself against sneak attacks from behind, and instead sat with his back to one door and facing another. His paranoia was prescient: he was shot in the back of the head with a .45-caliber revolver by Jack McCall. Legend has it that Hickok was playing poker when he was shot, was holding a pair of aces, a pair of eights, and a queen. The fifth card is debated, or, as some say, had not yet been dealt. "Aces and eights" thus is known as the "Dead Man's Hand". Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 175 KB) Summary Grave of Wild Bill Hickok. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 175 KB) Summary Grave of Wild Bill Hickok. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the domestic fireplace tool, see fireplace poker. ... Nuttal & Manns was a saloon located in Deadwood, South Dakota, and the deathplace of Wild Bill Hickok. ... A photograph of Deadwood in 1876. ... This article is about the place in South Dakota. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... Calibre redirects here. ... For other uses, see Revolver (disambiguation). ... Jack McCall Jack McCall (also known as Crooked Nose Jack) (born in the early 1850s in Jefferson County, Kentucky – died April i1, 1888 in Nacoma Texas, is the man who shot James Wild Bill Hickok from behind, an act that among admirers of Hickok and students of Hickoks history... This article is about the poker hand. ...


The motive for the killing is still debated. McCall may have been paid for the deed, or it may have been the result of a recent dispute between the two. Most likely McCall became enraged over what he perceived as a condescending offer from Hickok to let him have enough money for breakfast after he had lost all his money playing poker the previous day. McCall claimed at the resulting two-hour trial, by a miners jury, an ad hoc local group of assembled miners and businessmen, that he was avenging Hickok's earlier slaying of his brother which was later found untrue. McCall was acquitted of the murder, resulting in the Black Hills Pioneer editorializing: Ad hoc is a Latin phrase which means for this [purpose]. It generally signifies a solution that has been tailored to a specific purpose, such as a tailor-made suit, a handcrafted network protocol, and specific-purpose equation and things like that. ... The Black Hills Pioneer, published by A. W. Merrick along with W. A. Laughlin, was the first newspaper in Deadwood, South Dakota. ...

"Should it ever be our misfortune to kill a man ... we would simply ask that our trial may take place in some of the mining camps of these hills"

McCall was subsequently rearrested after bragging about his deed, and a new trial was held. The authorities did not consider this to be double jeopardy because at the time Deadwood was not recognized by the U.S. as a legitimately incorporated town because it was in Indian Country and the jury was irregular. The new trial was held in Yankton, capital of the territory. Hickok's brother, Lorenzo Butler Hickok, traveled from Illinois to attend the retrial. This time McCall was found guilty and hanged. After his execution it was determined that McCall had never had a brother. For other uses, see Double jeopardy (disambiguation). ... This article is about Native Americans. ... Yankton is a city in Yankton County, South Dakota, USA. The population was 13,528 at the 2000 census. ...


Funeral and burial

Charlie Utter, Hickok's friend and companion, claimed Hickok's body and placed a notice in the local newspaper, the Black Hills Pioneer, which read: Charlie Utter (born near Niagara Falls, New York, 1838 - death unknown) was an early figure in the American Wild West, best known as a great friend and companion of Wild Bill Hickok. ...

"Died in Deadwood, Black Hills, August 2, 1876, from the effects of a pistol shot, J. B. Hickok (Wild Bill) formerly of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Funeral services will be held at Charlie Utter's Camp, on Thursday afternoon, August 3, 1876, at 3 o'clock P. M. All are respectfully invited to attend."

Almost the entire town attended the funeral, and Utter had Hickok buried with a wooden grave marker reading: is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... Nickname: Location in Wyoming Coordinates: , Country State County Laramie Founded 1867 Government  - Mayor Jack R. Spiker Area  - Total 21. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

"Wild Bill, J. B. Hickok killed by the assassin Jack McCall in Deadwood, Black Hills, August 2, 1876. Pard, we will meet again in the happy hunting ground to part no more. Good bye, Colorado Charlie, C. H. Utter."

Wild Bill was originally buried in the Ingelside Cemetery, Deadwood's original graveyard. The graveyard filled quickly and was in an area that could be better used for the constant influx of settlers to live on, so all the people buried there were moved up the hill to the Mount Moriah Cemetery in the 1880s. Deadwood is a weekly HBO television drama that premiered in March 2004. ... This article is about the place in South Dakota. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Hickok is currently interred in a ten-foot (3 m) square plot at the Mount Moriah Cemetery, surrounded by a cast-iron fence with a U.S. flag flying nearby. A monument has since been built there. In accordance with her dying wish, Martha Jane Cannary, known popularly as Calamity Jane, was buried next to him. Potato Creek Johnny, a local Deadwood Celebrity from the late 1800's early 1900s is also buried next to Wild Bill. Wild Bill Hickoks Gravesite Mount Moriah Cemetery on Mount Moriah in Deadwood, Lawrence County, South Dakota is the burial place of Wild Bill Hickok, Calamity Jane and Seth Bullock, and other notable figures of the Wild West. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ...


Buffalo Bill

Some accounts report that Hickok took part in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. However, that production was not in existence prior to 1882, well after Hickok's death. Nonetheless, Hickok was reported by some to have appeared with Buffalo Bill in 1873 in a stage play titled Scouts of the Plains.[9] For other uses, see Buffalo Bill (disambiguation). ... Buffalo Bill Cody Buffalo Bill (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was born William Frederick Cody in the American state of Iowa, near Le Claire . ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


"Dime novel" fame

It is difficult to separate the truth from fiction about Hickok, the first "dime novel" hero of the western era, in many ways one of the first comic book heroes, keeping company with another who achieved part of his fame in such a way, frontiersman Davey Crockett. In the dime-store novels, exploits of Hickok were presented in heroic form, making him seem larger than life. In truth, most of the stories were greatly exaggerated or fabricated. An example of the original dime novel series, circa 1860. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... This article is about the Davy Crockett known for the Alamo. ...


Hickok told the writers that he had killed over 100 men. This number is doubtful, and it is more likely that his total killings were about 20 or a few more. Hickok was a fearless and deadly fighting man, versatile with a rifle, revolver, or knife. His story of fighting a grizzly bear, which he claims mistook him for food because of his greasy buckskins, personified a man who feared nothing. According to Wild Bill, he killed the bear with a Bowie knife after emptying his pistols into the bear. He also cut off the bear's testicles and put them in a coffee can. That story is also thought to be an exaggeration.[citation needed] A typical bowie knife, with its hallmark large blade and unique shape. ...


Media

Television

  • Portrayed by Guy Madison in the 1951-58 series (The Adventures of) Wild Bill Hickock.
  • the same cast also appeared in the Mutual Broadcasting radio show "The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok" from 1 Apr 1951 thru 31 Dec 1954, a total of 271 half hour radio programs.
  • Played by Lloyd Bridges in a 1964 episode of the anthology The Great Adventure.
  • Portrayed by Josh Brolin in the 1989-92 series The Young Riders.[10]
  • Featured in the 1995 series Legend, episode 1.06 "The Life, Death and Life of Wild Bill Hickok". The episode portrays his death factually but then goes on to show that he faked his own death (wearing a sort of bullet-proof vest), so that he could retire peacefully.
  • Dramatized in the HBO series Deadwood,[11] in which he is portrayed by Keith Carradine.
  • In the 1995 made-for-TV film Buffalo Girls[2] based on the best-selling novel of the same name by Larry McMurtry, he was played by actor Sam Elliott with Anjelica Huston as Calamity Jane. The film touched briefly on Hickok's days as an Army scout and gambler, and his death was portrayed factually. However, the film (as does the book on which it is based) gives credence to the legend that Calamity Jane had a daughter by him, born posthumously.
  • Sam McCall character on General Hospital (played by Kelly Monaco) arrived at Port Charles (the fictitious town in upstate New York) in 2003, seeking the Dead Man's Hand belonging to Wild Bill Hickok that had brought her family bad luck ever since her Grandfather shot Wild Bill while he was playing that infamous Poker game. According to the Soap Opera script, the Dead Man's Hand included a Jack of diamonds.
  • Histeria! featured Hickok in the episode "North America"; he appears in a sketch where Lydia Karaoke hosts a game show in which her contestants must guess Hickok's occupation. However, the contestants (Pepper Mills, Lucky Bob, and Toast) are unable to guess the correct answer, despite Karaoke's continuous hints.

Guy Madison Guy Madison (January 19, 1922 - February 6, 1996) was an American film and television actor. ... The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok was a television series which ran from 1951 through 1958. ... The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok was a television series which ran from 1951 through 1958. ... Lloyd Vernet Bridges, Jr. ... Josh Brolin (born February 12, 1968) is an American actor. ... The Young Riders is a dramatic western that aired 1989-1992 and featured a fictionalized account of a group of young Pony Express riders. ... Legend was a science fiction Western television show that ran on UPN from April 18, 1995 until August 22, 1995, with one final re-airing of the pilot on July 3, 1996. ... A bulletproof vest – also called body armour (U.S. body armor) – is an article of protective clothing that works as a form of armour to minimize injury from being hit by a fired bullet. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... Deadwood is an American television drama series that premiered in March 2004 on HBO. The series is a Western set in the 1870s in Deadwood, Dakota Territory. ... Keith Carradine (born August 8, 1949, in San Mateo, California) is an actor and Academy Award-winning songwriter born into a family of actors. ... Buffalo Girls is a novel written by American author Larry McMurtry. ... Larry McMurtry (born June 3, 1936 in Wichita Falls, Texas) is a novelist, screenwriter, and essayist. ... Samuel Pack Elliott (born August 9, 1944) is an American film and television actor. ... Anjelica Huston (born July 8, 1951) is an Academy Award- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actress and former fashion model. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ... Histeria! was an animated television series of the late-1990s, created by Tom Ruegger (who also created Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Pinky and the Brain) at Warner Bros. ... // Aka Pella, voiced by Cree Summer, is the only African-American member of the Kid Chorus. ... // Aka Pella, voiced by Cree Summer, is the only African-American member of the Kid Chorus. ... // Aka Pella, voiced by Cree Summer, is the only African-American member of the Kid Chorus. ... // Aka Pella, voiced by Cree Summer, is the only African-American member of the Kid Chorus. ...

Movies

Wiliam Surrey Hart Movie poster for Harts 1916 western The Aryan in which he played a white (Anglo-Saxon) member of a Mexican gang, having turned against his own people. ... Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor of English heritage. ... The Plainsman is a 1936 Western movie directed by Cecil B. DeMille that presents a highly fictionalized account of the relationship between Wild Bill Hickok (Gary Cooper) and Calamity Jane (Jean Arthur), with a villainous Charles Bickford inciting the Indians to battle. ... Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ... Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was one of the most successful filmmakers during the first half of the 20th century. ... DVD front cover for The Adventures of Captain Marvel, one of the most celebrated serials for both Republic Pictures and of the sound era in general. ... The Great Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok (1938) is a Columbia movie serial. ... William Penn Adair Rogers (November 4, 1879 – August 15, 1935) was a Cherokee-American cowboy, comedian, humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, and actor. ... Jasper Joseph Inman Kane (19 March 1894, San Diego - 25 August 1975, Santa Monica, California) was a prolific American film director, film producer, film editor and screenwriter. ... Howard Keel, born Harry Clifford Leek (April 13, 1919 – November 7, 2004) was an American actor who starred in many of the classic film musicals of the 1950s. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ... Robert Martin Culp (born August 16, 1930 in Oakland, California), and a 1947 graduate of Berkeley High School, is an American actor, best known for his work on television. ... Jeff Corey (August 10, 1914 — August 16, 2002) was an American stage and screen actor who became a well-respected acting teacher after being blacklisted in the 1950s. ... Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is a two-time Academy Award-winning, BAFTA-winning, and five-time Golden Globe-winning American method actor. ... Little Big Man is a 1970 film directed by Arthur Penn and based on the 1964 novel by Thomas Berger. ... For other persons named Charles Bronson, see Charles Bronson (disambiguation). ... Richard Farnsworth Richard Farnsworth (September 1, 1920 – October 6, 2000) was an American actor. ... The title The Legend of the Lone Ranger has been used for at least two motion picture treatments of the story of The Lone Ranger, a Western character created by George W. Trendle. ... Jeffrey Leon Bridges (born December 4, 1949) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is an American cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ...

Novels

Richard Matheson (born February 20, 1926) is an American author and screenwriter, typically of fantasy, horror, or science fiction. ... Writer Pete Dexter was recipient of the 1988 National Book Award for his novel A former newspaper reporter, Dexter was a columnist for the Philiadelphia Daily News and the Sacramento Bee. ... Roswell is a sci-fi series created by Jason Katims. ... Richard T. Sale {1939–?} Journalist and novelist, best known for The Blackstone Rangers (1971), a book-length investigative report on the Black P. Stone Rangers. ...

Songs

  • Wild Bill Hickok is featured with Calamity Jane in the song "Deadwood Mountain" by the country duo "Big & Rich".
  • Wild Bill is sung about in Bluegrass band Blue Highway's song "Wild Bill" from the album Marbletown
  • Rambling Gambling Willie - Bob Dylan - Lyrics "It was late one evenin' during a poker game, A man lost all his money, he said Willie was to blame. He shot poor Willie through the head, which was a tragic fate, When Willie's cards fell on the floor, they were aces backed with eights."

Blue Highway is an American contemporary bluegrass band. ... The Magnetic Fields is a band led by the New York City singer-songwriter Stephin Merritt. ... The Charm of the Highway Strip is the fourth studio album by The Magnetic Fields, released in 1994. ...

Trivia

  • Hickok's death chair is now in a glass case above the saloon entrance, though the saloon was moved after the original Nuttall & Mann's #10 saloon burned down; the original site is down the street to the north, about a block away.
  • He preferred his own cap and ball Colt 1851 .36 Navy Model handguns. They were Silver plated with ivory handles and were engraved: "J.B. Hickock 1869"(sic) He was presented the guns in 1869 by Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts for his services as the Senator's scout on a hunting trip.
  • He wore his revolvers in reverse at his hips and never used holsters, he wore them in a red sash when wearing buckskins or in a belt when wearing "city" clothes. He drew them from the inside, from the right hip with left hand and the left hip with right hand, claiming it was faster that way.[16]
  • Hickok was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame in 1979.
  • He also would tell tourists various exaggerated exploits of his, usually leaving himself unarmed with no manner of escape, and then stop talking. When someone would inevitably ask what he did then, he claimed "I was surrounded. What could I do? They killed me."[citation needed]

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2433x2274, 4293 KB) Description: Dead mans hand, two pairs of aces and eights, the hand that wild Bill Hickock had when he was shot August 2, 1876. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2433x2274, 4293 KB) Description: Dead mans hand, two pairs of aces and eights, the hand that wild Bill Hickock had when he was shot August 2, 1876. ... This article is about the poker hand. ... The Poker Hall of Fame is a group of poker players who have played poker well against top competition for high stakes over a long period of time. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok was a television series which ran from 1951 through 1958. ... A photograph of Deadwood in 1876. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Martin, George. "Guns of the Gunfighters", Peterson Publishing Company ISBN 0822700956, 1975. Retrieved on 2008-02-11. 
  2. ^ "Wild Bill" Hickok Court Documents Nebraska State Historical Society 1861 Subpoena issued to Monroe McCanles to testify against Duck Bill, Dock and Wellman (other names not known)
  3. ^ Martin Fido: The Chronicle of Crime 1993 Page 24. ISBN 1844426238 (from an 1861 newspaper article reporting the McCanles shooting)
  4. ^ City of Lenexa, Kansas
  5. ^ James Butler Hickok/"Wild Bill" Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska B.F.A.
  6. ^ City Marshal Thomas J. Smith, Abilene Police Department
  7. ^ Shooting stray dogs within city limits was legal and a 50 cent bounty was paid by the city for each one shot.
  8. ^ Who was Wild Bill Hickok?
  9. ^ Buffalo Bill Museum & Grave - Golden, Colorado
  10. ^ The Young Riders at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ Deadwood at the Internet Movie Database
  12. ^ The Plainsman at the Internet Movie Database
  13. ^ Calamity Jane at the Internet Movie Database
  14. ^ Little Big Man at the Internet Movie Database
  15. ^ Wild Bill at the Internet Movie Database
  16. ^ This is shown in Hickok photographs on display in the Kansas State Historical Society museum.
  17. ^ Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok at the Internet Movie Database
12 Buffalo Girls [3] at Internet Movie Database

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nebraska State Historical Society is a Nebraska state agency, originally founded in 1878 to It was designated a state institution in 1883, and upgraded to a state agency per 1994 state legislation. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... This article is about the year 12. ... Buffalo Girls is a novel written by American author Larry McMurtry. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

References

General References

  • Matheson, Richard (1996). The Memoirs of Wild Bill Hickok. Jove. ISBN 0-515-11780-3. 
  • Rosa, Joseph G. (1979). They Called Him Wild Bill. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1538-6. 
  • Rosa, Joseph G. (1994). The West of Wild Bill Hickok. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2680-9. 
  • Rosa, Joseph G. (1996). Wild Bill Hickok: The Man and His Myth. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0773-0. 
  • Rosa, Joseph G. (2003). Wild Bill Hickok Gunfighter: An Account of Hickok's Gunfights. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3535-2. 
  • Turner, Thadd M. (2001). Wild Bill Hickok: Deadwood City - End of Trail. Universal Publishers. ISBN 1-58112-689-1. 
  • Wilstach, Frank Jenners (1926). Wild Bill Hickok: The Prince of Pistoleers. Doubleday, Page & company. ASIN B00085PJ58. 

External links

The Nebraska State Historical Society is a Nebraska state agency, originally founded in 1878 to It was designated a state institution in 1883, and upgraded to a state agency per 1994 state legislation. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Wild Bill had taken off his guns for the night, but still had a six-inch knife stuck in his belt, while the bear was equipped with numerous claws and a spectacular set of perfect teeth.
Bill said that he would like to do a little favor for his old buddies, but he didn't want to reveal himself for fear that they would feel obligated to him and he didn't want them to spend their hard-earned money on some return gift which he likely had no need for anyway.
Unemployed, Wild Bill was a bit relieved, in a way, because while he enjoyed being a lawman, he decided that he liked being a gambler just as much, and so now he had an opportunity to follow that bliss.
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