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Encyclopedia > Wilbert Rideau
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Wilbert Rideau (born February 13, 1942) was described by Life magazine in March 1993 as "the most rehabilitated prisoner in America". Rideau was incarcerated in Louisiana State Penitentiary (better known as Angola Prison) from 1961 to 2000, convicted of murder three times before a fourth trial in 2005 convicted him of manslaughter, allowing time already served to fulfil his sentence. In 1976, Rideau became editor of the prison magazine, The Angolite, which he developed into a professional, award-winning bimonthly magazine. He is also known for helping to produce a number of award-winning documentary films, including The Farm, a film about Angola Prison that was nominated for an Academy Award for Documentary Feature and which won best documentary at the Sundance Film Festival in 1998. February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Angola is the Louisiana State Penitentiary and is reckoned to be the largest prison in the US with 5,000 inmates—80 per cent of whom are black—and over 1,000 staff. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... The Academy Award for Documentary Feature is one of the most prestigious awards for documentary films. ... A documentary is a work in a visual or auditory medium presenting political, scientific, social, or historical subjects in a factual and informative manner. ... The Sundance Film Festival is a film festival in the United States, and ranks amongst the top five events of its type in the world. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


When he was six, his family moved to Lake Charles, Louisiana (a city about 40 miles from the Texas border on Interstate 10). He attended the all-black Second Ward Elementary School. He was born into poverty, and when his parents later divorced, he became even poorer. He transferred to W.O. Boston Colored High School when he was in eighth grade and soon started playing hooky, shooting dice, and vandalizing tombs in a cemetery. Then he started selling cigarettes, three for a nickel. At 13, he got a job at a grocery store by pretending to be 16 and eventually stopped going to school. Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on the opposite side of Lake Charles (the lake) . A casino riverboat, Harrahs Pride of Lake Charles, appears to the left. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans, officially (currently Baton Rouge due to the evacuation of New Orleans) Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Senators Mary Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R) Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st... ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-5 CA 18-19 I-15 CA 57 I-17 AZ 143 I-17 AZ 150 I-8 AZ 199 I-19 AZ 260 I-25 NM 145 I-20 TX 187 I-35 TX 570-572 I-45 TX 768 I-49 LA 103... Truancy is unexcused absence from compulsory schooling. ...


According to trial testimony, on February 16, 1961, Rideau, then 19 years old, robbed $14,000 from the Gulf National Bank, kidnapped three bank employees — tellers Dora McCain and Julia Ferguson and manager Jay Hickman — and forced them into Ferguson's car, directing her to drive out of town. After Hickman tried to escape as Ferguson slowed the car to determine where she was, Rideau exited the car and chased Hickman. Rideau shot him, then shot McCain and Ferguson as they also tried to flee the car. Hickman hid in a nearby bayou, and McCain feigned death, but Rideau found Ferguson alive, stabbed her in the heart, and allegedly slit her throat (although the 2005 trial would dispute this, with defense witness Dr. Werner Spitz noting that autopsy pictures showed the cut was only an inch long and more likely a tracheotomy). Rideau was convicted and sentenced to death by an all-white, all-male jury. While in parish jail and on death row, Rideau began to read books smuggled in to him by guards and began to write, starting with writing letters for fellow inmates in exchange for cigarettes or money. He also began corresponding with Clover Swann, an editor at the New York Times. February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... An autopsy (also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy or obduction) is a medical procedure that consists of a thorough examination performed on a corpse after death, to evaluate disease or injury that may be present and to determine the cause and manner of a persons death. ... Completed tracheotomy: 1 - Vocal cords 2 - Thyroid cartilage 3 - Cricoid cartilage 4 - Tracheal cartileges 5 - Balloon cuff A tracheotomy or tracheostomy is a surgical procedure performed on the neck to open a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (the windpipe). ... Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ... This article is confusing for some readers, and needs to be edited for clarity. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


Later, the United States Supreme Court overturned his conviction in Rideau v. Louisiana, 373 U.S. 723 (1963) on the basis that a secretly taped interrogation session was aired repeatedly on the local television station KPLC-TV's evening news, resulting in a biased jury pool and a "kangaroo court." A second trial in 1964, again by an all-white male jury, reached the same result, but in 1969, a federal appeals court overturned this conviction as well: the prosecution had removed numerous qualified jurors because of their hesitancy to impose the death penalty. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... KPLC is the FCC identification call sign for TV channel 7, licensed to Lake Charles, Louisiana. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ...


In 1970 he was retried — again by an all-white, all-male jury — and again with the same result. The death sentence was overturned in 1973 by the Louisiana Supreme Court, in accord with the United States Supreme Court case Furman v. Georgia, which had voided all death penalty statutes then extant in the U.S., but let the conviction stand. Rideau asked to be transferred to The Angolite prison magazine's all-white staff and, when that was refused, started a prison magazine called The Lifer with an all-black staff. He started writing a column called "The Jungle" for black newspapers in the South. 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Holding The arbitrary and inconsistant imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ...


In 1975, the federal court ordered the Angola prison to be reformed, the outgoing warden C. Murray Henderson appointed Rideau editor of The Angolite. The incoming warden, C. Paul Phelps, ratified the choice and made it so that The Angolite had to be held to the same standards as any respected publication. Rideau brought on two co-editors, Tom Mason and Ron Wikberg, and Billy Wayne Sinclair in 1978. Soon, the magazine transformed from a mimeographed newsletter into a glossy magazine, and it started winning awards. Jump to: navigation, search 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Thomas R. Mason was a chiropractor who lived in Los Angeles in the 1950s. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


In the 1980s, four pardon boards unsuccessfully recommended Rideau for release; he has been an exemplary prisoner, and nearly all other surviving prisoners convicted of murder in the same time period in Louisiana have been released. // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...


In 1988, Loyola University of New Orleans' Twomey Center for Peace Through Justice established the Rideau Project. The purpose of the project was to obtain freedom for Rideau. 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Loyola University New Orleans is a private, co-educational Jesuit university in the United States with about 5,200 students. ...


Rideau became a sought-after lecturer. In 1991, he, along with Wikberg and University of Louisiana Professor Burk Foster, wrote a criminal justice textbook. Jump to: navigation, search 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Louisiana System is one of four public University systems in Louisiana. ... A professor is a senior teacher, lecturer and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


In the December 2000 case of Rideau v. Louisiana, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans threw out the 1970 conviction on the basis that "purposeful" racial discrimination tainted the grand jury process. The case returned to Calcasieu Parish, which, to the surprise of many outside of the area, decided to try Rideau for a fourth time. He was re-indicted in July of 2001. December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Louisiana Northern and Southern Districts of Mississippi Western, Eastern, Northern and Southern Districts of Texas The court is based at... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... A grand jury is a type of common law jury; responsible for investigating alleged crimes, examining evidence, and issuing indictments if they believe that there is enough evidence for a trial to proceed. ... Calcasieu Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


After much legal maneuvering, that trial took place in January 2005 in Lake Charles, Louisiana in the court of Louisiana 14th Judicial District Judge David Ritchie. Jury selection began January 3, 2005 in Monroe, Louisiana rather than Lake Charles, because finding an unbiased jury in Lake Charles at this point was ruled an impossibility. The prosecution was led by District Attorney Rick Bryant. The defense team included nationally-recognized defense attorney Johnnie Cochran and famed New Orleans defense attorney Julian Murray. January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on the opposite side of Lake Charles (the lake) . A casino riverboat, Harrahs Pride of Lake Charles, appears to the left. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The city of Monroe is the parish seat of Ouachita Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ... Johnnie Cochran Johnnie L. Cochran, Jr. ... Jump to: navigation, search For information on the events of Hurricane Katrina, see effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans. ...


In a key victory in the trial for the defense, the only two verdicts Judge Ritchie allowed were on the 1961 definitions of murder — a premeditated killing with a sentence of life imprisonment without parole — and manslaughter, which carried a 21-year sentence. By 2005's standards, the killing would have fallen under Louisiana's second-degree murder offense, as Rideau killed while committing another crime, but no distinction between first- and second-degree murder was made in the trial. 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Murder is both a legal and a moral term, that are not always coincident. ...


On January 15, 2005, Rideau was convicted of manslaughter by a jury of seven whites, four blacks and a person of mixed race after nearly six hours of deliberation, and with credit for 44 years served was quickly released from the Calcasieu Correctional Center. January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to legal deliberation; for other meanings of the word refer to its Wiktionary entry. ... Calcasieu Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


He quickly left the Center in a waiting car and traveled to a small hotel, which happened to be on the same street where he killed Ferguson, before travelling to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where he gave his first full interview as a free man to the Associated Press. Twomey Center legal researcher Linda LaBranche said the move was in fear for his safety. Julian Murray said Rideau had been sent threatening e-mails, which he dismissed as the work of "kooks." In interviews, Rideau's family had expressed surprise that Rideau had already made extensive plans for his freedom and was quickly acting on them. Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Associated Press logo This article concerns the news service. ...


External links

The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nation is a weekly leftist periodical devoted to politics and culture. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb), owned by Amazon. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wilbert Rideau's Legal Case (1482 words)
On February 16, 1961, 19-year-old Wilbert Rideau was arrested in connection with the killing of white female teller Julia Ferguson in the aftermath of a bank robbery in which two other white bank employees were wounded.
Wilbert's family was harassed by callers who promised to "give him the rope if he doesn't get the chair." White men, who sat drinking in parked cars across the street from the Rideau home in an all-fl neighborhood, shook their fists and hurled insults at the household.
Wilbert Rideau was indicted on March 1, 1961, by a grand jury selected from a pool hand-picked by five white jury commissioners who sat around a table and thumbed through race-coded cards they'd made up for that purpose.
Wilbert Rideau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1148 words)
Wilbert Rideau (born February 13, 1942) was described by Life magazine in March 1993 as "the most rehabilitated prisoner in America".
Rideau was incarcerated in Louisiana State Penitentiary (better known as Angola Prison) from 1961 to 2000, convicted of murder three times before a fourth trial in 2005 convicted him of manslaughter, allowing time already served to fulfil his sentence.
Rideau was convicted and sentenced to death by an all-white, all-male jury.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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