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Encyclopedia > Wilayah

A wilāyah (Arabic: ولاية) or vilayet (Turkish: vilâyet) or (ولایت in Persian) is an administrative division, usually translated as "province." The word derives from the Arabic waliyah, meaning "to administer." The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fārsi or پارسی Pārsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... This article is about political regions. ...

Contents


Use in specific countries

Middle East and North Africa

For Morocco which is divided into provinces and wilāyahs the translation "province" would cause the distinction to cease. For Sudan the term state, and for Mauritania the term region is used.


See also:

The governorates of Iraq (muhafazah) are often translated as province, in opposite to official Iraqi documents and the general use for other Arab countries. This conflicts somehow with the general translation for muhafazah (governorate) and wilāyah (province). Map of the provinces of Algeria in alphabetical order. ... The regions of Oman are subdivided into provinces (wilaya). ... Mauritania is divided into 12 regions (capitals in parentheses): Adrar (Atar) Assaba (Kiffa) Brakna (Aleg) Dakhlet Nouadhibou (Nouadhibou) Gorgol (Kaédi) Guidimaka (Sélibaby) Hodh Ech Chargui (Néma) Hodh El Gharbi (Aioun el Atrouss) Inchiri (Akjoujt) Tagant (Tidjikdja) Tiris Zemmour (Zouérate) Trarza (Rosso) The national capital, Nouakchott, comprises... States as of 2000 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan had eight mudiriyas, or provinces, which were ambiguous when created but became well defined by the beginning of the Second World War. ... The provinces of Kenya are subdivided into districts (wilaya). ... The following is a list of the 24 governorates of Tunisia: Ariana Béja Ben Arous Bizerte Gabès Gafsa Jendouba Kairouan Kasserine Kebili Kef Mahdia Manouba Medenine Monastir Nabeul Sfax Sidi Siliana Sousse Tataouine Tozeur Tunis Zaghouan Categories: Tunisia | Lists of subnational entities ... Iraq is divided into 18 governorates or provinces, called muhafazat in Arabic (singular - muhafazah): The current set of governorates were established in 1976. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Governorate. ... A governorate is a subnational entity. ...


Malaysia and Indonesia

Wilayah Persekutuan is the Malay term for federal territory. In Malaysia the term wilayah is used to represent central government controlled areas. Wilayah persekutuan are the areas directly under the control of the federal government, which all other states in Malaysia are subordinate to. States such as Penang and Mallacca enjoy far more autonomy from the central government, as they were former straits settlements of Britain. A major difference between Penang Island can be seen in automatic granting citizenship to any persons born within the Island of Penang, regardless of the citizenship of the parents. This right is a derived form of a law from the British era called "Jus Soli". However neither Penang or Mallaca actually practise their autonomy status in the spirit of unity within Malaysia. However east Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah practice a large degree of autonomy from the central government. Passports are required for a west Malaysian (Peninsular Malaysian to travel to East Malaysia(Borneo Malaysia), although in the spirit of the union, these requirements maybe done away in the future. Wilayah Persekutuan is the Malay term for Federal Territory. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in Kerala, India. ...


Technically Malaysia is only the areas covered within the wilayah persekutuan, all other states in the Federation of Malaysia are subordinate states to the Federal government, which may choose to leave the federation. One former state has done this in the past, the state of Singapore which left the Malaysian Federation to form a new country Republic of Singapore in the Mid Sixties.


However all Malaysians are equal federal citizens, meaning they owe no allegiance to the state, only to the federation of Malaysia, the Yang Dipertuan Agung, the Federal Constitution and the Malaysian Flag.


In Indonesian wilayah means area, region or regional, but does not refer to a level of government.


Turkey and Central Asia

The provinces of the Ottoman Empire were called vilâyets – the Turkish pronunciation of the Arabic word wilāyah. This Ottoman Turkish name is still used in several similar forms: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ottoman Turkish (Turkish: Osmanlıca, Ottoman Turkish:لسان عثمانی) is the variant of the Turkish language which was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire, containing extensive borrowings from Persian, which in turn had been permeated with Arabic borrowings. ...

The current provinces of Turkey are called il in Turkish. Afghanistan consists of 34 provinces, or velayat: Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh Bamiyan Daikondi - established March 28, 2004 Farah Faryab Ghazni Ghowr Helmand Herat Jowzjan Kabul Kandahar Kapisa Khost Konar Kondoz Laghman Lowgar Nangarhar Nimruz Nurestan Oruzgan Paktia Paktika Panjshir - established April 13, 2004 Parvan Samangan Sar-e Pol Takhar Vardak... Tajikistan is divided into regions, or provinces (singular: viloyat, plural: viloyatho) (capitals in parentheses)- Khatlon Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa) Sughd Viloyati Sughd (Khujand) Karotegin (Kofarnihon) and one autonomous province (viloyati mukhtor)- Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAR) Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon (Khorugh). ... Turkmenistan is divided into 5 provinces or welayatlar (singular - welayat): Ahal (capital Ashgabat) Balkan (capital Nebitdag) Dashhowuz (formerly Tashauz, capital Dashhowuz) Lebap (capital Turkmenabat, formerly known as Charjew) Mary (capital Mary). ... Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces (singular: viloyat, plural: viloyatlar) (capitals in parentheses)- Andijon Province (Andijon) Buxoro Province (Buxoro) Fargona Province (Fargona) Jizzakh Province (Jizzakh) Namangan Province (Namangan) Navoiy Province (Navoiy) Qashqadaryo Province (Qarshi) Samarqand Province (Samarqand) Sirdaryo Province (Guliston) Surxondaryo Province (Termiz) Toshkent Province (Toshkent) Xorazm Province... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ...


In Iran, the word is also used, though un-officially, as well.


See also: Subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ...


South Asia

In Hindi and Urdu, the term Vilayet is used to refer to any Foreign Country. A adjective Vilayeti is used indicate an imported article or good. Hindi (हिन्दी hind), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in North, Central, and West India, is one of the national languages of India. ... The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in Urdu Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ...


Other areas

In Arabic, wilāyah is used to refer to the states of the United States. A state of the United States (U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states, four of which officially favor the term commonwealth which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ...



Arabic language subdivision terms
baladiyah | imarah | mintaqah | muhafazah | qadaa | shabiyah | wilayah

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wilayah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (512 words)
Wilayah Persekutuan is the Malay term for federal territory.
Wilayah persekutuan are the areas directly under the control of the federal government, which all other states in Malaysia are subordinate to.
Technically Malaysia is only the areas covered within the wilayah persekutuan, all other states in the Federation of Malaysia are subordinate states to the Federal government, which may choose to leave the federation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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