FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Wiktionary" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Wiktionary
Wiktionary
Wiktionary logo
URL http://www.wiktionary.org/
Type of site Online dictionary
Registration Optional
Available language(s) Multi-lingual (over 150)
Owner Wikimedia Foundation
Created by Jimmy Wales and the Wikimedia community

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. Unlike standard dictionaries, it is written collaboratively by volunteers using wiki software, allowing articles to be changed by almost anyone with access to the Web site. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Alchemy Ada Adventure Apartheid Abbreviation Airplane (disambiguation) Abduction Alder Anno Domini Air ABC (disambiguation) Ad hominem Afghan AD Aether Aba Anus Affinity Ai AZ Albinism Accumulator Binary Chess Computer Carbon Cow Cricket (disambiguation) Collection Convex Culture Ceramics Case Creation Crow (disambiguation... // Uniform Resource Locator (URL) formerly known as Universal Resource Locator, is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: In popular usage and many technical documents, it is a synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI); Strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for global identifiers of network-retrievable... A dictionary is a list of words with their definitions, a list of characters with their glyphs, or a list of words with corresponding words in other languages. ... For the wiki software used and developed by the Wikimedia Foundation, see MediaWiki. ... Jimmy Donal Jimbo Wales, (born August 7, 1966)[2] is an American Internet entrepreneur best known for his role in founding Wikipedia, as well as other wiki-related projects, including the charitable organization Wikimedia Foundation, and the for-profit company Wikia, Inc. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Look up Wiki in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). ... Bilingual redirects here. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Free content is any kind of functional work, artwork, or other creative content upon which no legal restriction has been placed that significantly interferes with peoples freedom to use, understand, redistribute, improve, and share the content. ... For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Volunteer (disambiguation). ... Wiki software is a type of collaborative software that runs a wiki system. ...


Like its sister project Wikipedia, Wiktionary is run by the Wikimedia Foundation. Because Wiktionary is not limited by print space considerations, most of Wiktionary's language editions provide definitions and translations of words from many languages, and some editions offer additional information typically found in Thesauruses and lexicons. Additionally, the English Wiktionary now includes Wikisaurus, a category that serves as a thesaurus, including lists of slang words.[1] Wikipedia (IPA: , or ( ) is a multilingual, web-based, free content encyclopedia project, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization. ... For the wiki software used and developed by the Wikimedia Foundation, see MediaWiki. ... For the American rapper, see TheSaurus (rapper). ... Look up lexicon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History and development

Wiktionary was brought online on December 12, 2002 following a proposal by Daniel Alston.[citation needed] On March 29, 2004 the first non-English Wiktionaries were initiated in French and Polish. Wiktionaries in numerous other languages have since been started. Wiktionary was hosted on a temporary URL (wiktionary.wikipedia.org) until May 1, 2004 when it switched to the current full URL.[2] As of November 2006, Wiktionary features over 1.5 million entries across its 171 language editions. The largest of the language editions is the English Wiktionary, with over 400,000 entries. It was surpassed in early 2006 by the French Wiktionary, only to regain the top position in September 2006. Eight Wiktionary language editions now contain over 100,000 entries each. is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Uniform Resource Locator (URL) formerly known as Universal Resource Locator, is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: In popular usage and many technical documents, it is a synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI); Strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for global identifiers of network-retrievable... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

The use of bots to generate large numbers of articles is visible as "growth spurts" in this graph of article counts at the largest eight Wiktionary editions (data from November 2007).
The use of bots to generate large numbers of articles is visible as "growth spurts" in this graph of article counts at the largest eight Wiktionary editions (data from November 2007).

Despite Wiktionary's large number of entries, most of the entries and many of the definitions at the project's largest language editions were created by bots that found creative ways to generate entries or (rarely) automatically imported thousands of entries from previously-published dictionaries. Seven of the 18 bots registered at the English Wiktionary[3] created 163,000 of the entries there.[4] Only 259 entries remain (each containing many definitions) on Wiktionary from the original import by Websterbot from public domain sources; the majority of those imports have been split out to thousands of proper entries manually. Another one of these bots, "ThirdPersBot," was responsible for the addition of a number of third-person conjugations that would not receive their own entries in standard dictionaries; for instance, it defined "smoulders" as the "third-person singular simple present form of smoulder." Excluding these 163,000 entries, the English Wiktionary would have about 137,000 entries, including terms unique to languages other than English, making it smaller than most monolingual print dictionaries. The Oxford English Dictionary, for instance, has 615,000 headwords, while Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged has 475,000 entries (with many additional embedded headwords). It should be noted, though, that more detailed statistics now exist to more clearly distinguish genuine entries from minor (small) entries. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (831x526, 10 KB) Wiktionary_growth Source:http://stats. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (831x526, 10 KB) Wiktionary_growth Source:http://stats. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Internet bots, also known as web robots, WWW robots or simply bots, are software applications that run automated tasks over the internet. ... For other uses, see Point of view (literature). ... In linguistics, conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (regular alteration according to rules of grammar). ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ...


The English Wiktionary, however does not rely on bots to the extent that somewhat smaller editions do. The French and Vietnamese Wiktionaries, for example, imported large sections of the Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project (FVDP), which provides free content bilingual dictionaries to and from Vietnamese.[5] These imported entries make up virtually all of the Vietnamese edition's offering. Like the English edition, the French Wiktionary has imported the approximately 20,000 entries in the Unihan database of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters. The French Wiktionary grew rapidly in 2006 thanks in large part to bots copying many entries from old, freely-licensed dictionaries, such as the eighth edition of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française (1935, around 35,000 words), and using bots to add words from other Wiktionary editions with French translations. The Russian edition grew by nearly 80,000 entries as "LXbot" added boilerplate entries (with headings, but without definitions) for words in English and German.[6] Han unification is the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified characters. ... CJK is a collective term for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, which comprise the main East Asian languages. ... The Dictionnaire de lAcadémie française is the official dictionary of the French language. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...

The logo designed by "Smurrayinchester". Chosen by a contest at Meta-Wiki, it is used by eight Wiktionary editions.
The logo designed by "Smurrayinchester". Chosen by a contest at Meta-Wiki, it is used by eight Wiktionary editions.

Most of Wiktionary currently uses a textual logo designed by Brion Vibber, a MediaWiki developer.[7] Despite frequent discussion of modifying or replacing the logo, a four-phase contest held at the Wikimedia Meta-Wiki from September to October 2006[8] did not see as much participation from the Wiktionary community as some community members had hoped. As of June 2007, the French, Vietnamese, Italian, Korean, Lithuanian, Arabic, Sicilian, and Simple English editions have switched to the contest-chosen logo; the remaining editions use either the textual logo or, in the case of the Galician Wiktionary, a logo that depicts a dictionary bearing the Galician coat of arms. Image File history File links WiktionaryEn. ... Image File history File links WiktionaryEn. ... For the organization that manages Wikipedia and its sister projects, see Wikimedia Foundation. ... September 2006 is the ninth month of 2006 and has begun on a Friday. ... October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Sicilian (, Italian: ) is a Romance language. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Critical reception

Critical reception of Wiktionary has been mixed. Jill Lepore wrote in the article "Noah’s Ark" for The New Yorker, (November 6, 2006)[9]

There’s no show of hands at Wiktionary. There’s not even an editorial staff. "Be your own lexicographer!" might be Wiktionary’s motto. Who needs experts? Why pay good money for a dictionary written by lexicographers when we can cobble one together ourselves?


Wiktionary isn’t so much republican or democratic as Maoist. And it’s only as good as the copyright-expired books from which it pilfers. If you look up the word "Webster" in the Wiktionary, you will be redirected to this handy tip:

Noah Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, 1911 (published by Merriam-Webster, Springfield, MA) is a public domain dictionary, as is a 1913 edition, that can be used to empower Wiktionary with more definitions.

Pfui. But, hey, at least they got his first name right.

Keir Graff’s review for Booklist was more neutral:

Is there a place for Wiktionary? Undoubtedly. The industry and enthusiasm of its many creators are proof that there’s a market. And it’s wonderful to have another strong source to use when searching the odd terms that pop up in today’s fast-changing world and the online environment. But as with so many Web sources (including this column), it’s best used by sophisticated users in conjunction with more reputable sources.

References in other publications are fleeting and part of larger discussions of Wikipedia, not progressing beyond a definition, although David Brooks in The Telegraph described it as wild and woolly.[10] (Wooly is defined as "confused" and "unrestrained."[11]) One of the impediments to independent coverage of Wiktionary is the continuing confusion that it is merely an extension of Wikipedia.[12] In 2005, PC Magazine rated Wiktionary as one of the Internet's "Top 101 Web Sites,"[13] although little information was given about the site. PC Magazine (or PC Mag) is a computer magazine published biweekly (except in January and July) both in print and online. ...


Administrators at Wiktionary are considerably less tolerant of vandalism and misuse of the wiki than are administrators at larger projects such as Wikipedia.[citation needed] For instance, when an IP address adds something inappropriate, it is common to see an immediate block of that IP Address. Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique address that certain electronic devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP)—in simpler terms, a computer address. ...


Wiktionary statistics

Ten largest Wiktionary language editions[14]
No. Language Language (local) Wiki Entries Total Edits Admins Users Images Updated
1 English English en 532611 661224 2990719 57 45444 5 2007-09-18 00:31:18
2 French Français fr 464175 507697 2514317 15 4235 15 2007-09-18 00:31:44
3 Vietnamese Tiếng Việt vi 225014 230651 704913 3 1014 16 2007-09-18 00:30:45
4 Turkish Türkçe tr 163611 178301 304926 6 2158 86 2007-09-18 00:30:33
5 Greek Ελληνικά el 153744 167455 435360 5 360 23 2007-09-18 00:30:21
6 Russian Русский ru 127320 156052 462554 3 869 148 2007-09-18 00:30:23
7 Ido Ido io 119288 158014 543480 1 107 3 2007-09-18 00:31:47
8 Chinese 中文 zh 113891 131771 477072 6 2905 195 2007-09-18 00:31:32
9 Polish Polski pl 77292 110446 516929 16 1695 72 2007-09-18 00:31:33
10 Italian Italiano it 63936 73773 378379 15 1960 50 2007-09-18 00:31:35

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Vietnamese (tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ[2]), formerly known under the French colonization as Annamese (see Annam), is the national and official language of Vietnam. ... Turkish ( IPA ) is a language spoken by 65–73 million people worldwide, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. ... Greek ( IPA: or simply IPA: — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language in the Indo-European language family. ... Russian ( , transliteration: , IPA: ) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages. ... Wikipedia articles written in this language are located at the Ido Wikipedia Ido is a reformed version of the planned language Esperanto. ... Wikipedia articles written in this language are located at the Ido Wikipedia Ido is a reformed version of the planned language Esperanto. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... Italian ( , or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people,[2] primarily in Italy. ...

See also

OmegaWiki is a translating multilingual dictionary based on a relational database. ... For the organization that manages Wikipedia and its sister projects, see Wikimedia Foundation. ...

References

  1. ^ See "Creating a Wikisaurus entry" for information on the structure of Wikisaurus entries. An example of a well-formatted entry would be "Wikisaurus:insane".
  2. ^ Wiktionary's current URL is www.wiktionary.org.
  3. ^ The user list at the English Wiktionary identifies accounts that have been given "bot status".
  4. ^ TheDaveBot, TheCheatBot, Websterbot, PastBot, NanshuBot
  5. ^ Hồ Ngọc Đức, Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project. Details at the Vietnamese Wiktionary.
  6. ^ LXbot
  7. ^ "Wiktionary/logo", Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation.
  8. ^ The full article is not available on-line. Jill Lepore. "Noah's Ark" (Abstract), The New Yorker, 6 November 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-21. 
  9. ^ David Brooks, "Online, interactive encyclopedia not just for geeks anymore, because everyone seems to need it now, more than ever!" The Telegraph (August 4, 2004)
  10. ^ wooly. Wiktionary.
  11. ^ In this citation, the author refers to Wiktionary as part of the Wikipedia site: Adapted from an article by Naomi DeTullio. "Wikis for Librarians" (PDF newsletter), NETLS News #142, Northeast Texas Library System, 2006 (1st Quarter), p. 15. Retrieved on 2007-04-21. 
  12. ^ Wiktionary. Top 101 Web Sites. PC Magazine (2005-04-06). Retrieved on 2005-12-16.
  13. ^ List of Wiktionary editions, ranked by article count. Accessed June 25, 2007.

For the wiki software used and developed by the Wikimedia Foundation, see MediaWiki. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Look up Wiktionary in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Education, Information, & Reference - Wiktionary - Review by PC Magazine (709 words)
Education, Information, & Reference - Wiktionary - Review by PC Magazine
Don't know what a wiki is? Look it up on the Wiktionary, a free online dictionary pulled together by the Internet community at large.
PC Magazine is a registered trademark of Ziff Davis Publishing Holdings Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of Ziff Davis Media Inc. is prohibited.
Wiktionary - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (282 words)
Wiktionary was hosted on a temporary URL until May 1 2004 when it switched to the current full URL.
Unlike many dictionaries, which are monolingual or bilingual, Wiktionary is a multilingual and international dictionary, meaning that the goal is to cover every word from all known languages and to do so in multiple languages.
All of the existing entries in the English Wiktionary were converted to lowercase automatically in mid-2005, and manual intervention is being used to move pages that need to be uppercase.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m