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Encyclopedia > Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
Screenshot of Wikimedia Commons
URL commons.wikimedia.org
Commercial? No
Type of site Media repository
Registration Optional (required for uploading images)
Owner Wikimedia Foundation
Created by Wikimedia Community
Launched September 7, 2004

The Wikimedia Commons (also called "Wikicommons") is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. Like Wikipedia, it is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. It provides a common resource repository to all the various Wikimedia sister projects in any language. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1264x836, 235 KB)From Wikimedia Commons main page, taken 06/06/06 This is a screenshot of a copyrighted web page, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by owner of the website. ... Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: in popular usage, it is a widespread synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) — many popular and technical texts will use the term URL when referring to URI; strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for... The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Free content is any kind of functional work, artwork, or other creative content upon which no legal restriction has been placed that significantly interferes with peoples freedom to use, understand, redistribute, improve, and share the content. ... Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ...


The files uploaded to the Commons repository can be used like locally uploaded files on all other projects on the Wikimedia servers in all languages, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks, Wikisource and Wikinews, or downloaded for offsite use, as all of the content is either in the public domain or released under free licenses such as the GNU Free Documentation License. Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... GNU logo (similar in appearance to a gnu) The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free content, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. ...

Contents

History

The project was proposed by Erik Möller in March 2004 and launched on September 7, 2004.[citation needed] A key motivation behind the setup of a central repository was desired to reduce duplication of effort across the Wikimedia projects and languages, as the same file had to be uploaded to many different wikis separately before the Commons was created. The technical feature to use any file from the Commons on any Wikimedia project was implemented and enabled in October 2004,[1] which led to rapid adoption of Commons as a repository. The project logo was created by Reid Beels, who had initially submitted it to a logo contest for Wikinews. It was entered into the Commons logo competition, which it won, and was officially adopted in November 2004.[2] 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: October 2004 in sports Events Deaths in October • 29 HRH Princess Alice • 25 John Peel • 24 James Cardinal Hickey • 23 Robert Merrill • 19 Paul Nitze • 18 K. M. Veerappan • 16 Pierre Salinger • 10 Christopher... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...


In April 2005, Directmedia Publishing, a Berlin company which also publishes a German language edition of Wikipedia on DVD, donated a collection of 10,000 reproductions of public domain paintings to Wikimedia Commons, which were uploaded together with metadata about the art and its creators.[3] Directmedia Publishing is a German publishing house created in January 1995 by Ralf Szymanski and Erwin Jurschitza as a publisher of digital media. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... The German Wikipedia is the German-language edition of Wikipedia, a free and publicly editable online encyclopedia. ... DVD (commonly known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... Metadata (Greek meta after and Latin data information) are data that describe other data. ...


On May 24, 2005, Wikimedia Commons reached a milestone of 100,000 uploaded media files (excluding thousands of weather and market data images for Wikinews). It also received an honorary mention at the 2005 Prix Ars Electronica awards in May 2005.[4] May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Prix Ars Electronica is a yearly prize in the field of electronic and interactive art, computer animation, digital culture and music. ...


Over time, additional functionality has been developed to interface Wikimedia Commons with the Wikimedia projects. Daniel Kinzler (known in the Commons community as "Duesentrieb") wrote applications for finding appropriate categories for uploaded files ("CommonSense"), determining the usage of files across the Wikimedia projects ("CheckUsage"), locating images with missing copyright information ("UntaggedImages"), and relaying information about administrative actions such as deletions to the relevant wikis ("CommonsTicker"). Lack of cross-project communications has sometimes caused friction within the Wikimedia community, and many recent development efforts have focused on improving communications and decision-making processes.


Specialized uploading tools and scripts such as "Commonist" have been created to simplify the process of uploading large numbers of files. In order to review free content photos uploaded to Flickr, users can participate in a collaborative external review process ("FlickrLickr"), which has resulted in more than 9,400 uploads to Commons.[5][6] Flickr is a photo sharing website and web services suite, and an online community platform, which is generally considered an early example of a Web 2. ...


Media on Commons which is tagged with decimal coordinates has a Geo microformat on its page there. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Policies and usage

Most Wikimedia projects still allow local uploads which are not visible to other projects or languages, but this option is meant to be used primarily for material which local project policies allow, but which would not be permitted according to the copyright policy of the Commons, such as fair use content. Wikimedia Commons itself does not allow fair use or uploads under non-free licenses, including licenses which restrict commercial use of materials or disallow derivative works. Licenses that are acceptable include the GNU Free Documentation License, Creative Commons Attribution and ShareAlike licenses,[7] and the public domain. Articles with similar titles include copywrite. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ... GNU logo (similar in appearance to a gnu) The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free content, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. ... The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Given its primary function as a supporting project for the other Wikimedia web sites, the main content policy for files uploaded to the Commons is that they must be potentially useful on any of the Wikimedia projects. This excludes material such as purely personal pictures and artwork, in contrast to image sharing repositories like Flickr, Facebook and DeviantART. Nevertheless, large numbers of files hosted on the Commons are not used directly on any Wikimedia project and likely never will be; as such, the project has grown into a repository of multimedia in its own right, which is frequently linked to from articles on Wikipedia and other Wikimedia websites to provide supplemental materials. Flickr is a photo sharing website and web services suite, and an online community platform, which is generally considered an early example of a Web 2. ... Facebook is a social networking website. ... The correct title of this article is . ... Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The default language for the Commons is English, but registered users can customize their interface to use any other available user interface translations. Many content pages, in particular policy pages and portals, have also been translated into various languages. Files on the Wikimedia Commons are categorized using MediaWiki's category system. In addition, they are often collected on individual topical gallery pages. While the project was originally proposed to also contain free text files, these continue to be hosted on a sister project, Wikisource. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...


See also

  • Creative Commons - a project providing a set of content licenses and a directory of works using them
  • Internet Archive - the largest freely accessible online collection of videos
  • Project Gutenberg - the largest freely accessible collection of documents (including books and sheet music)
  • Ourmedia - a community media archive

The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. ... The logo of Internet Archive Internet Archive headquarters The Internet Archive (IA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to maintaining an on-line library and archive of Web and multimedia resources. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ... Ourmedia logo Ourmedia is a media archive, supported by the Internet Archive, which freely hosts any images, text, and video or audio files which do not violate copyright laws and do not include pornography. ...

References

  1. ^ Wikimedia Commons support enabled. Retrieved on 2006-03-13.
  2. ^ Commons:Commons:Logo/Vote
  3. ^ Commons:Commons:10,000 paintings from Directmedia
  4. ^ Commons:Commons:Press releases/100K
  5. ^ FlickrLickr edit count with Interiot's internal tool Tool3 AKA count_edits, retrieved on May 3, 2007
  6. ^ FlickrLickr edit count with Interiot's external tool Tool1 AKA wannabe_kate, retrieved on May 3, 2007
  7. ^ See Creative Commons licenses, of which "NonCommercial" and "NoDerivs" can not be used on Wikimedia Commons.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Meta has a page about this at:
  • Wikimedia Commons
  • Commonist, a Java tool for uploading files to the Wikimedia Commons
  • CommonsHelper, an online tool for moving files to the Wikimedia Commons

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikimedia Foundation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (890 words)
The goal of the Wikimedia foundation is to develop and maintain open content, wiki-based projects and to provide the full contents of those projects to the public free of charge.
The continued growth of each of the Wikimedia projects is dependent mostly on donations but the Wikimedia Foundation tries to increase its revenue by finding alternative means of funding such as grants and sponsorship.
Wikimedia's bandwidth and power are covered by donations to the project from various companies and individuals.
Wikimedia Commons - Wikipédia (498 words)
Wikimedia Commons (ogé katelah "Commons" atawa "Wikicommons") mangrupakeun salahsahiji proyék Yayasan Wikimédia nu tujuanana salaku gudang koropak gambar, sora, sarta multimédia eusi bébas.
Dimuatna koropak sacara lokal masih mungkin, tapi ditujukeun pikeun bahan-bahan nu saluyu jeung kawijakan lokal, tapi teu luyu jeung kawijakan lisénsi Commons.
Mimiti taun 2005, Wikimedia Commons ngahulag dimuatna koropak maké lisénsi teu bébas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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