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Encyclopedia > Wikibooks
Wikibooks logo
Wikibooks logo

Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. It is a Wikimedia Foundation project. Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... A wiki (IPA: <WICK-ee> or <WEE-kee>[1]) is a type of Web site that allows the visitors themselves to easily add, remove, and otherwise edit and change some available content, sometimes without the need for registration. ... A chained book in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University A book is a collection of paper, parchment or other material with text, pictures, or both written on them, bound together along one edge, usually within covers. ... Meta has a page about this at: Wikimedia Foundation The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ...

Contents

History

Growth of the six largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003 – May 2006
Growth of the six largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003 – May 2006

Started on July 10, 2003, the project is a collection of free textbooks and annotated texts that are written collaboratively on the website. The site is a wiki, meaning that anyone can edit book modules without their contributions being subject to review before modifications are accepted. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (840x526, 8 KB) Wikibooks_growth Source:http://stats. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (840x526, 8 KB) Wikibooks_growth Source:http://stats. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A wiki (IPA: <WICK-ee> or <WEE-kee>[1]) is a type of Web site that allows the visitors themselves to easily add, remove, and otherwise edit and change some available content, sometimes without the need for registration. ...


The project was opened in response to a request by Wikipedia's Karl Wick for a place to start building open-content textbooks such as organic chemistry and physics in order to reduce the costs and other limitations on learning materials. Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web-based free-content encyclopedia project. ... Open content, coined by analogy with open source (though technically it is actually share-alike with no non commercial prohibition), describes any kind of creative work including articles, pictures, audio, and video that is published in a format that explicitly allows the copying of the information. ... Organic chemistry is a specific discipline within the subject of chemistry. ... The first few hydrogen atom electron orbitals shown as cross-sections with color-coded probability density. ...


Content

While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free-content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is covered by the GNU Free Documentation License. As with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain the property of their creators, while the copyleft licensing ensures that the content will always remain freely distributable and reproducible to allow for further collaboration. GNU logo (similar in appearance to a gnu) The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free content, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. ... The reversed c in a full circle is the copyleft symbol (left). ...


Wikibooks differs from Wikisource because content on Wikibooks is expected to be significantly changed by participants. Raw source documents such as the original text of Shakespearian plays is hosted on Wikisource instead. The original Wikisource logo. ...


The site is working towards completion of several textbooks in numerous languages, which founders hope will be followed by mainstream adoption and use of texts developed and housed there.


Textbooks only or more than textbooks?

Starting in November 2005, Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales wrote in the Staff Lounge that some content was unacceptable on Wikibooks and had to be removed. Due to implied inaction, some of this content was subsequently deleted by Mr. Wales, and then restored in a minor bout of wheel warring. All of the content that Wales criticized as inappropriate was subsequently brought up for discussion at the Wikibooks deletion page and the community agreed ultimately with Mr. Wales. Jimmy Donal Jimbo Wales (born August 7, 1966 in Huntsville, Alabama) is the co-founder, board member and Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Trustees of the Wikimedia Foundation,[2] [3] a non-profit corporation that operates the Wikipedia project, and several other wiki projects, including Wiktionary and Wikinews. ... For information on wheel warring regarding Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Wheel war A wheel war is a contest between privileged users on a shared, on-line computer system, in which each user discovers or invents ways to interfere with others use of the system. ...


At the same time that these books were deleted, some minor changes with significant implications to a major project policy were also made by Mr. Wales, and this resulted in some considerable discussion about the mission and future of Wikibooks as a project. Still unanswered is if Wikibooks should be strictly a textbook-only project or if content other than strictly something that appears like a college textbook should be included in Wikibooks. There are several schools of thought about this concept, and major proponents of each view.


Video games guides

In March 2006, Jimmy Wales wrote a general message to Wikibooks users expressing his view that Wikibooks should not be used specifically for video game walkthroughs. This issue had been previously addressed in a proposed policy for Wikibooks, but this message posting was mis-interpreted by some Wikibooks administrators as a general order to delete all Wikibooks related to video games or Wikibooks that even talked about video games. This issue was further clarified by Mr. Wales as mainly a concern about content that was strictly a video game walkthrough, although there is still some confusion by Wikibooks participants about how far to take those instructions and what constitutes a Wikibook that should be kept or what should be deleted on these grounds. No official policy was ever codified about this issue. A walkthrough is a term describing the consideration of a process at an abstract level. ... In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject. ...


Wikibooks users who want to delete all video game Wikibooks argue that there are no university courses on video game play. Defenders demonstrated evidence that more than a dozen different major accredited universities offer advanced degrees in video game design. The current consensus on Wikibooks is to permit books about video games but to perhaps hold them to slightly higher quality standards than other Wikibooks.


The portions of Wikibooks that had been removed due to violating the video game walkthrough standard were moved to StrategyWiki and other wikis.


Criticisms

Wikibooks has many incomplete texts, and many argue that even the comprehensive texts (books rated at the highest level) are of poor quality. The wiki model encourages the creation of abortive book projects that linger indefinitely without being improved or deleted, and it can be extremely hard for a visitor of the Wikibooks site to find any high-quality, completed books. The HTML format of the compiled Wikibooks is not suitable for the traditional printing of books with fixed page-width and page-length, and the Wiki syntax is considered ill-suited for professional book editing. Wikibooks also inherits all the criticisms levelled towards wiki-style editing in general. A wiki (IPA: <WICK-ee> or <WEE-kee>[1]) is a type of Web site that allows the visitors themselves to easily add, remove, and otherwise edit and change some available content, sometimes without the need for registration. ... In computing, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages. ... MediaWiki is a wiki software package licensed under the GNU General Public License. ...


The counter arguments to these criticisms are that Wikibooks content is available for almost continuous peer review, and thanks to the wiki-style editing, this project also inherits all of the strengths of Wikipedia. For popular titles and items that gather interest from several participants, the quality of the content tends to improve rapidly. Noted books that have achieved this are all highly technical books, especially related to computers and the internet, as well as linguistic books related to (human) language learning.


Project Incubation

There are two major subprojects within Wikibooks that have used Wikibooks as an incubator: The word incubation (from Latin incubare, to lie upon - cf. ...

Wikijunior, a youth print and online content project.
Wikijunior has been proposed as a full Wikimedia sister project. Some discussion for its creation as a sister project reached the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, but it was an incomplete proposal. Its internet domain name (http://wikijunior.org/) was registered by the Wikimedia Foundation in anticipation of its becoming sister project at some point in the future.
Wikiversity, a free, open learning environment and research community.
Wikiversity became a beta project in 2006, when the English Wikiversity (http://en.wikiversity.org/) became an independent wiki development environment. Content on English Wikibooks was moved to the Wikiversity project as seeding material. As of August 2006, Wikiversity is now a separate project. Currently, there is an effort to move wikiversity material to the new server.

These projects were grandfathered as sub-projects. Since their creation, Wikibook's policy was changed so that future incubator type projects are started according to the New project policy of the Wikimedia Foundation and the proposal added to Proposals for new projects. This also became the official Wikibooks policy on the subject. Wikijunior is the working title for a set of books targeted to children aged 8–11 being developed at the Wikimedia project Wikibooks. ... Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project, hosted in Wikibooks. ... In the United States, a grandfather clause is an exception which allows something pre-existing to remain as it is, despite a change to the contrary in the rules applied to newer situations. ...


References

    June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

    Other languages

    Wikibooks with over 1,000 textbook modules:
    Wikibooks with over 100 textbook modules:

    العربية (Arabic) - Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian) - Български (Bulgarian) - Català (Catalan) - 中文 (Chinese) - čeština (Czech) - Dansk (Danish) - Englisc (Old English) - Esperanto - Galego (Galician) - עברית (Hebrew) - 日本語 (Japanese) - 한국어 (Korean) - Magyar (Hungarian) - Македонски (Macedonian) - Nederlands (Dutch) - Norsk (Norwegian) - русский (Russian) - Slovenska (Slovakian) - Suomi (Finnish) - Svenska (Swedish) - தமிழ் (Tamil) - ไทย (Thai) - Türkçe (Turkish)

    Wikibooks with over 10 textbook modules:

    Հայերեն (Armenian) - Беларуская (Belarusian) - Bosanski (Bosnian) - Basa Sunda (Sundanese) - Чӑваш (Chuvach) - Cymraeg (Welsh) - Dorerin Naoero (Nauruan) - Eesti (Estonian) - فارسی (Persian) - Ελληνικά (Greek) - Interlingua - Interlingue - Íslenska (Icelandic) - Kurdî / كوردی (Kurdish) - Latina (Latin) - Lietuvių (Lithuanian) - മലയാളം (Malayalam) - मराठी (Marathi) - فارسی (Persian/Farsi) - Română (Romanian) - Simple English - српски (Serbian) - Shqip (Albanian) - Slovenščina (Slovenian) - Tatar - Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) - українська (Ukrainian)

    See also

    A digital library is a library in which a significant proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format (as opposed to print or microform), accessible by means of computers. ... A user viewing an electronic page on in eBook reading device An e-book (also: eBook, ebook), sometimes called an electronic book, is an electronic (or digital) equivalent of a conventional printed book. ... ibiblio (formerly SunSITE and MetaLab) is a collection of collections, and hosts a diverse range of publicly available information and open source software. ... The Open Content Alliance is a consortium of non-profit and for-profit groups which is dedicated to building a free archive of digital text and multimedia. ... Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ... Universal library The universal library of all human knowledge is both a dazzling concept and an actual work-in-progress: a digital collection of all media ever published in the history of the world, to be made available to everyone in all languages. ... Virtual Libraries are a libraries that consist only of resources available in a digital format, which can be accessed locally - stored on a hard disk - or through computer networks - public or private. ... wikiHow is a wiki-based community with a database of How-To guides. ... Meta has a page about this at: Wikimedia Foundation The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ... Image File history File links Wikimedia. ... Wikijunior is the working title for a set of books targeted to children aged 8–11 being developed at the Wikimedia project Wikibooks. ... Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project, hosted in Wikibooks. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web-based free-content encyclopedia project. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Wikispecies logo Wikispecies is a project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that anybody can edit. ... Incubator logo The Wikimedia Incubator is a wiki run by Wikimedia Foundation. ...

    External links


      Results from FactBites:
     
    Wikibooks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (291 words)
    Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is part of the Wikimedia Foundation.
    Started on July 10, 2003, the project is a collection of free textbooks, manuals, and other texts that are written collaboratively on the website.
    There are two subprojects within Wikibooks: Wikijunior and Wikiversity.
    Wikisource:Wikisource and Wikibooks - Wikisource (1149 words)
    Wikibooks are new texts written collaboratively by the contributors themselves in wiki fashion.
    Several source-texts are hosted at Wikibooks which contain annotations, or which are planned to have them in the future (such as the works of Shakespeare).
    As long as the major goal of the project matches Wikibooks or Wikisource, that should be enough.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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