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Encyclopedia > Widescreen
The Wikipedia main page as viewed with a widescreen monitor.
The Wikipedia main page as viewed with a widescreen monitor.

A widescreen image is a film, computer, or television image with a wider aspect ratio than the standard Academy frame developed during the classical Hollywood cinema era. Silent film was projected at a ratio of four units wide to three units tall, often expressed as 4:3 or 1.33:1. The addition of sound-on-film soundtracks and a thicker frame line in order to hide physical splices in prints caused the frame dimensions to standardize by 1932 to Academy format, which is actually 1.37 but often erroneously called 1.33. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 440 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,904 × 1,048 pixels, file size: 544 KB, MIME type: image/png) Wikipedia as viewed on a widescreen monitor (1920x1080 resolution). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 440 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,904 × 1,048 pixels, file size: 544 KB, MIME type: image/png) Wikipedia as viewed on a widescreen monitor (1920x1080 resolution). ... For other uses, see Aspect ratio. ... The Academy ratio of 1. ... Classical Hollywood cinema designates both a visual and sound style for making motion pictures and a mode of production that arose in the Los Angeles film industry of the 1910s and 1920s. ... Sound-on-film refers to a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same film strip of film carrying the picture. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... The Academy ratio of 1. ...

Contents

History

Widescreen was first widely used in the late 1920s in some shorts and newsreels, including Fox Grandeur News and Fox Movietone Follies of 1929, both released on May 26, 1929 in New York City in the Fox Grandeur process. Other films shown in widescreen were the musical Happy Days (1929) which premiered at the Roxy Theater, N.Y.C., on February 13, 1930, starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell and a 13 year old Betty Grable as a chorus girl, and the western The Big Trail (1930) starring John Wayne and Tyrone Power, Sr. which premiered at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood on October 2, 1930[1], both of which were also made in the 70mm Fox Grandeur process. RKO released Danger Lights with Jean Arthur, Louis Wolheim, and Robert Armstrong on August 21, 1930 in a 65mm widescreen process known as NaturalVision, invented by film pioneer George K. Spoor. United Artists released The Bat Whispers directed by Roland West on November 13, 1930 in a 70mm widescreen process known as Magnifilm. is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Fox Film Corporation was an American company which produced motion pictures, formed in 1915 when founder William Fox merged two companies he had established in 1913: Greater New York Film Rental, a distribution firm, which was part of the Independents; and Fox (or Box, depending on the source) Office... 70 mm Grandeur film, the forerunner of CinemaScope was used in the film the The Big Trail, in which John Wayne played his first starring role. ... The musical film is a film genre in which several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. ... Happy Days (1929) is an 80 minute musical film, notable for being the first movie shown entirely in widescreen anywhere in the world (French director Abel Gances Napoléon (1927) had some widescreen segments). ... See also: 1928 in film 1929 1930 in film 1920s in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events The days of the silent film were numbered. ... The Roxy Theater in New York City was a 6,214 seat movie theater at 153 West 50th Street at 7th Avenue, opened on March 11, 1927 by Samuel Roxy Rothafel. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Janet Gaynor (October 6, 1906 – September 14, 1984) was an American actress who, in 1928, became the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress. ... Charles Farrell (August 9, 1901 – May 6, 1990)[1] was a notable American film actor of the 1920s silent era and into the 1930s, and later a television actor. ... Betty Grable (December 18, 1916 – July 2, 1973) was an American dancer, singer, and actress. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Big Trail was a 1930 film starring John Wayne in his first leading role and was also the first widescreen movie, appearing decades before The Robe. ... See also: 1929 in film 1930 1931 in film 1930s in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films The Indians Are Coming Madam Satan Der Blaue Engel Academy Awards Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front - Universal Studios Best Actress: Norma Shearer - The Divorcee... For other persons named John Wayne, see John Wayne (disambiguation). ... Tyrone Power Sr. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the motion picture industry, the expression 70mm is intended to refer to a format of film. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... Danger Lights is a 1930 movie starring Louis Wolheim, Robert Armstrong, and Jean Arthur. ... Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Louis Wolheim and Lew Ayres in All Quiet on the Western Front (1930). ... Robert Armstrong is a character in James Clavells novel Noble House. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... George K. Spoor (1872, Highland Park, Illinois – 24 November 1953, Chicago) was an early film pioneer who, with Broncho Billy Anderson, founded the historic Essanay Studios in Chicago in 1907. ... This article is about the film studio. ... Roland West (20 February 1885 – 31 March 1952) was a Hollywood director known for his innovative film noir movies of the 1920s. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


By 1932, the Depression had forced studios to cut back on needless expense and it wasn't until the 1950s that wider aspect ratios were again used in an attempt to stop the fall in attendance due, partially, to the emergence of television in the U.S. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Widescreen methods

Note that aspect ratio refers here to the projected image, which may be different to the image that was initially recorded. There are various methods of producing a widescreen image of any given proportion. These are listed below in the order of popularity in the shooting of films for presentation in a theater. For other uses, see Aspect ratio. ...


Masked, aka flat. The negative is shot exposing the Academy Ratio, but the top and bottom of the picture are hidden or masked off a metal aperture plate, cut to specifications of the theater's screen, in the projector. Alternatively, a hard matte in the printing or shooting stages may be used to mask off those areas while filming for composition purposes, but an aperture plate is still used to block off the appropriate areas in the theater. A detriment is that the film grain size is thus increased because only part of the image is being expanded to full height. Films are designed to be shown in cinemas in masked widescreen format but the full unmasked frame is sometimes used for television. In such an instance, a photographer will compose for widescreen, but "protect" the full image from things such as microphones and other filming equipment. Mattes are used in photography and filmmaking to insert part of a foreground image onto a background image, which is often a matte painting, a background filmed by the second unit, or computer generated imagery. ...


Common aspect ratios for flat widescreen are 1.85:1 and 1.66:1, as well as the lesser used 1.75:1 and 2:1.


Anamorphic. As introduced to the general public by CinemaScope, and utilized by systems such as Panavision and others, anamorphic camera lenses compress the image horizontally so that it fits a standard frame, and anamorphic projection lenses restore the image and spread it over the wide screen. The picture quality is at maximum because this method both uses more of the negative frame than any other traditional 35 mm film process, optically compresses twice the image width, and does not require an intermediate conversion stage. A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... Panavision is a motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California. ... Anamorphic widescreen is a cinematography and photography technique for capturing a widescreen picture on standard 35mm film. ... 35 mm film frames. ...


Super gauges. The full negative frame, including the area traditionally reserved for the sound track, is filmed using a wider gate. The print is then shrunk and/or cropped in order to fit it back onto release prints. The aspect ratio for Super 35, for example, can be set to virtually any projection standard.


Large gauge. A 70 mm film frame is not only twice as wide as a standard frame but also has greater height. Shooting and projecting a film in 70 mm therefore gives more than twice the image area of non-anamorphic 35 mm film with no loss of quality. Few major dramatic narrative films have been filmed entirely on this format since the 1970s; the two most recent are Ron Howard's Far and Away and Kenneth Branagh's Hamlet. For many years, large budget pictures shot anamorphicly used reserve stocks of 70mm film for SFX shots involving CGI or blue-screen compositing as the anamorphic format creates problems with said effects. It has also been used to sometimes strike 70 mm blow-up prints for "roadshow" tours in select cities from the 35 mm camera negative in order to capitalize on the extra sound channels provided. The introduction of digital sound systems and diminishing number of installed 70 mm projectors has made a 70 mm release largely obsolete. However, blowups from 35 mm formats to IMAX has recently become popular for a limited number of blockbuster films. 70 mm film (or 65 mm film) is a high-resolution film stock, of superior quality to standard 35 mm motion picture film format. ... 35 mm film frames. ... Ronald William Howard (born March 1, 1954 in Duncan, Oklahoma) is an American actor, and an Academy Award winning film director, and producer, known for his roles on sitcoms, movies and television. ... DVD cover Far and Away is a 1992 drama film directed by Ron Howard and starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman. ... Kenneth Charles Branagh (born December 10, 1960) is an Emmy Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated Northern Irish-born actor and film director. ... William Shakespeares Hamlet is a 1996 film version of William Shakespeares classic play of the same name, adapted and directed by Kenneth Branagh, who also starred in the title role. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater...


Paramount's VistaVision was a larger gauge precursor to 70 mm film; it ran standard 35 mm film through the camera horizontally to achieve a widescreen effect using greater negative area, in order to create a finer-grained 35 mm prints in an era where standard monopack stock could not produce finer results. Frames were eight perforations wide. Eight-perf photography is sometimes used for shooting special effects in order to produce a finer grained matte that can be used in optical printing without image degradation, and is notable for its use in Lucasfilm's original three Star Wars films, among others. A VistaVision 35 mm horizontal camera film frame. ... Lucasfilm Ltd. ... This article is about the series. ...


Multiple cameras/projectors. The Cinerama system originally involved shooting with three synchronized cameras locked together side by side, and projecting the three resulting films on a curved screen with three synchronized projectors. Later Cinerama movies were shot in 70 mm anamorphic (see below), and the resultant widescreen image was divided into three by optical printers to produce the final threefold prints. The technical drawbacks of Cinerama are discussed in its own article. Only one feature film, How the West Was Won, was shot in "pure," three-camera Cinerama. With the exception of a few films created sporadically for use in specialty Cinerama theaters, the format is essentially dead. Cinerama is the trademarked name for a widescreen process which works by simultaneously projecting images from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply-curved screen, subtending 146° of arc, and for the corporation which was formed to market it. ... An optical printer with two projector heads, used in producing movie special effects. ... Cinerama is the trademarked name for a widescreen process which works by simultaneously projecting images from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply-curved screen, subtending 146° of arc, and for the corporation which was formed to market it. ... How the West Was Won is an epic 1962 western film which follows four generations of a family (starting as the Prescotts) as they move ever westward, from western New York state to the Pacific Ocean. ...


A non-Cinerama, three-projector process was famously pioneered for the final reel of Abel Gance's epic film NapolĂ©on (1927). The process, called Polyvision by Gance, consisted of three 1.33 images side by side, so that the total aspect ratio of the image is 4:1. The technical difficulties in mounting a full screening of the film, however, make most theaters unwilling or unable to show it in this format. Abel Gance (October 25, 1889 - November 10, 1981) was a world-renowned French film director, producer, writer, actor and editor. ... Napoléon is an epic (1927) silent French film directed by Abel Gance that tells the story of the rise of Napoleon I of France. ... See also: 1926 in film 1927 1928 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events January 10 - The film Metropolis by Fritz Lang premieres. ... Polyvision is the leader in innovation for interactive presentation products and collaboration tools, from traditional whiteboards and chalkboards, to interactive whiteboards and presentation tools for the education, corporate, government and military markets. ...


Between 1956 and 1957 the Soviets developed Kinopanorama, which is identical in most respects to the original three-camera Cinerama. Kinopanorama is a three-lens, three-film widescreen film format. ...


Anamorphic 70 mm. 70 mm with anamorphic lenses, popularly known as "Ultra Panavision" or "MGM Camera 65", creates an even wider high-quality picture. This camera process was most famously used in the 1959 version of Ben-Hur, resulting in an aspect ratio of 2.76:1, one of the widest prints ever used for a feature film. 70 mm anamorphic was not commonly used, due to the very high production costs, although it was favored for epic films such as Ben-Hur in order to capture wide panoramic landscapes and high-budget scenes with thousands of extras and enormous sets. This system is obsolete, despite its ease in setting up. Ben-Hur is a 1959 epic film directed by William Wyler, and is the third version of Lew Wallaces novel, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880). ...


Comparison of flat, anamorphic, and Super 35 systems

"Flat" refers to non-anamorphic films shot with a standard 35 mm gate. 1.85 and 1.66 tend to be its most common ratios.


Flat

Pros

  1. More compact visuals
  2. Sometimes better for films with many interior compositions
  3. Better depth of field than anamorphic
  4. More vertical format; better for taller composition
  5. Simplest system technically and most standardized; therefore has the most equipment at its disposal
  6. Equipment is less expensive and thus better for stunt cameras
  7. Easier to "protect" for video

Cons

  1. Inefficient use of negative space; anamorphic uses 59% more than 1.85, for example.
  2. More visible set ceilings (or lack thereof)
  3. Grainier opticals
  4. Greater magnification than anamorphic and more noticeable projector movement
  5. Incompatible with 70 mm blow-up

Anamorphic

Pros

  1. Larger negative area lowers grain, improves opticals, and increases sharpness
  2. More interesting compositions possible
  3. Preferred by big action, event, or epic films
  4. Closest to normal human field of vision
  5. Less vertical set design needed
  6. Highest resolution format; still far ahead of HDTV
  7. Most compatible with 70 mm blowup

Cons

  1. Anamorphic lenses are generally slow and cut down light in projection
  2. Format most hurt by pan-and-scan conversion for television
  3. Close-ups on a single person leave wide areas of the frame open, or limit themselves to an extreme close-up
  4. Lenses are individually hand ground, bulkier than flat lenses, and are too expensive to use with a stunt camera
  5. Early systems detrimented from weakly designed lenses, which affected definition, including sharpness, weak depth of field, and issues such as barrel distortion

Barrel distortion simulation Pincushion distortion simulation In geometric optics and cathode ray tube (CRT) displays, image distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection, a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image. ...

Super 35

Pros

  1. Better depth of field than anamorphic
  2. Final ratio can be changed between anamorphic and flat later in post-production, if the frame has been adequately protected
  3. Smaller lenses than anamorphic allow the camera to go to tighter places with less weight
  4. When used for 1.85:1 aspect ratio in 3-perforation format, allows nearly 25% larger negative and 33% savings in film consumption.

Cons

  1. When used for 2.39:1 aspect ratio, has the smallest negative area of any 35 mm format, which makes for more grain and magnification
  2. Increased contrast due to optical printing, and depending on how the image is cropped, may result in a grainer image
  3. Requires an optical intermediate step of printing in the lab, which is more expensive than contact printing
  4. Prints can not be struck from the original negative with a soundtrack
  5. Grain from the smaller negative must be countered with either slower film stock or overexposure of faster stock
  6. Pan-and-scan from a small negative magnifies grain
  7. The need to protect a film for varying aspect ratios (2.39:1, 1.85:1, or 1.33:1) can and often does compromise shot composition
  8. When originally used for 2.39:1 aspect ratio, creates burdens and confusion among consumers when it comes to purchasing decisions between the widescreen and pan and scan versions if they are sold separately

Widescreen TV and computer displays

Conan O' Brien poking fun at his show's then new HDTV widescreen format.
Conan O' Brien poking fun at his show's then new HDTV widescreen format.

Historically, consumer TVs have been 4:3 and since many U.S. TV viewers seem to prefer to see a TV screen completely filled with image, U.S. television networks often show widescreen movies with the sides truncated, using a technique called pan and scan. Because of this truncation, part of the image is concealed. While many film viewers consider this a great loss, this has not always been the case. The original standard aspect ratio for films was 4:3 (1.33:1), and in 1932 the introduction of the Academy format brought a slight change to a 1.37 aspect ratio. This is why U.S. television sets were originally built to that specification, and the switch to a wider format was met with some resistance within the film industry. Today, however, it is solidly the norm. Conan OBrien in 7:3 widescreen. ... Conan OBrien in 7:3 widescreen. ... Conan OBrien hosts the NBC television talk show Late Night with Conan OBrien. ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... A 2. ... The aspect ratio of a two-dimensional shape is the ratio of its longer dimension to its shorter dimension. ... The Academy ratio of 1. ...


In Europe, the PAL TV format with its higher number of visible screen lines (576 vs. 480 for the U.S. NTSC standard introduced in March 1941) means that the low vertical resolution associated with showing uncropped widescreen movies on TV is not as bad, which has resulted in most European television networks showing widescreen movies uncropped, and in the general unavailability of cropped "fullscreen" DVDs of widescreen movies in the European DVD market. There is even an extension to PAL, called PALplus, which allows specially equipped receivers to receive a PAL picture as true 16:9 with full 576 lines of vertical resolution, provided the stations employ the same system. Standard PAL receivers will receive such a broadcast as a 16:9 image letterboxed to 4:3, with a small amount of color noise in the black bars; this "noise" is actually the additional lines which are hidden inside the color signal. This system has no equivalent in analog, NTSC broadcasting. Despite the existence of PALplus and support for widescreen in the DVB-based digital satellite, terrestrial and cable broadcasts in use across Europe, only Belgium, Ireland, the Netherlands and the UK have taken up widescreen at any great rate, with over half of all Widescreen channels available by satellite in Europe targeting those four countries. For other uses, see PAL (disambiguation). ... NTSC is the analog television system in use in Canada, Japan, Mexico, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, the United States, and some other countries, mostly in the Americas (see map). ... PALplus is an extension of the PAL analogue broadcasting system for transmitting 16:9 programs without sacrificing vertical resolution. ... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television. ...

A 32-inch, CRT, widescreen television monitor, with BBC News 24's 4:3-visible DOG

The past two years have seen a rapid growth in the number of 16:9 TV monitors. These are typically used in conjunction with digital, high-definition television (HDTV) receivers, or standard-definition (SD) DVD players and other digital television sources. Digital material is provided to widescreen TVs either in high-definition format, which is natively 16:9 (1.78:1), or as an anamorphically compressed standard-definition picture. Typically, devices decoding digital standard-definition pictures can be programmed to provide anamorphic widescreen formatting, for 16:9 sets, or letterbox and pan-and-scan formatting for 4:3 sets; however the pan-and-scan mode can only be used if the producers of the material have included the necessary panning data. If this data is absent, letterboxing or centre cut-out will be used instead. Download high resolution version (2000x1437, 495 KB)A 32inch widescreen TV, photograph by myself. ... Download high resolution version (2000x1437, 495 KB)A 32inch widescreen TV, photograph by myself. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Cathode ray tube employing electromagnetic focus and deflection Cutaway rendering of a color CRT: 1. ... BBC News 24 is the BBCs 24 hour rolling news television channel in the United Kingdom. ... DOG redirects here. ... For other uses, see Digital (disambiguation). ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


HD DVD and Sony Blu-ray disc players reached U.S. market in 2006. It remains to be seen whether they will stimulate the sales of HD pre-recorded films on disc, and more HD monitors and tuners. Consumer camcorders are also available on HD-video format at fairly low prices. These developments will result in more options for viewing widescreen images on television monitors. HD-DVD disc HD DVD (for High Density Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical media format which is being developed as one standard for high-definition DVD. HD DVD is similar to the competing Blu-ray Disc, which also uses the same CD sized (120 mm diameter) optical data... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... A Blu-ray Disc (also called BDray) is a high-density optical disc format for the storage of digital information, including high-definition video. ...


"Widescreen" can also refer to computer displays, which can be used to view widescreen movies, among other things. Widescreen computer displays are typically of the 1.6 (8:5, typically written as 16:10) aspect ratio.

Widescreen computer displays.
Widescreen computer displays.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1032x899, 78 KB) Summary 1: I created this myself. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1032x899, 78 KB) Summary 1: I created this myself. ...

Widescreen computer displays

Recently, a great number of widescreen format monitors has been introduced to the market. Many manufacturers have practically abandoned the traditional 4:3 format, instead opting to manufacture 16:10 models due to lower associated manufacturing costs compared to the standard size screens.


There are both advantages and disadvantages to wide screen computer displays[2]:


Pros

  • Wide format is well suited to office multi-tasking, allowing the user to run several applications side by side, particularly on larger displays with a wide horizontal resolution (e.g. 1920 x 1200)
  • Since most modern DVDs and many TV shows are in a widescreen format, these types of displays are optimal for their playback on a computer.
  • A widescreen LCD can display more columns in a spreadsheet.

Cons

  • A 16:10 monitor with the same diagonal size has 6.8% less area, meaning that you buy less screen space in total. A 16:9 monitor with the same diagonal size has 12.3% less area than standard aspect ratio display.
  • Most office applications, such as word processing, and spreadsheet, do not benefit from the widescreen format of the display. The extra width of the display does not allow more of a vertical document to be shown. Moreover, most windows applications are "toolbar happy": for instance, the menu, toolbar, window header, and status bar consume 4 lines in the Mozilla browser. Tabs add yet one more. The useful document window is severely height challenged, making reading a web page on a widescreen a painful experience .
  • Some older graphics controllers or video drivers are not capable of common widescreen resolutions. If a traditional 4:3 monitor is replaced with a widescreen monitor on a computer with one of these graphics controllers, the user may be unable to find a usable resolution setting in which the graphics are not stretched horizontally. Video driver updates may add support for widescreen resolutions, but this is not always the case. Alternatives include installing a newer card that supports widescreen resolutions or configuring the widescreen monitor to not stretch images that are not in a widescreen format.

Notes

  1. ^ Magnified Grandeur - The Big Screen 1926-31, David Coles, 2001.
  2. ^ Advantages of the Widescreen LCD Monitor, Newegg

Newegg is an online computer hardware and software retailer based in City of Industry, California, that was founded in 2001 by Fred Chang. ...

See also

In television technology, Active Format Descriptor or Active Format Description (AFD) is a signal that broadcasters will transmit with the picture to enable 4:3 and 16:9 television sets to display picture in the intended aspect ratio. ... For the film format, see anamorphic format. ... For other uses, see Aspect ratio. ... Cine 160 is a 35 mm film projection process proposed by Allan Silliphant whereby a single frame of film would occupy a length of six film perforations. ... Categories: Stub ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater... For the mail collector, see letter box. ... This is a list of image resolutions sorted by the horizontal resolution in ascending numerical order. ... This is a list of film formats known to have been developed for shooting or viewing motion pictures since the development of such photographic technology towards the end of the 19th century. ... The film industry is built upon a large number of technologies and techniques. ... Open matte is similar to Super 35 in that it involves matting out the top and bottom of the frame for the theatrical release and removing the mattes for the home video release. ... A 2. ... Widescreen televisions provide several modes for displaying video from 4:3 (standard aspect ratio) sources. ... In television technology, widescreen signaling (WSS) is a digital stream embedded in the TV signal describing qualities of the broadcast, in particular the intended aspect ratio of the image. ...

External links


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