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Encyclopedia > Wickersham report

The Wickersham report was a product of the 1928 presidential campaign of Herbert Hoover, while supporting the eighteenth amendment, Hoover realized that prohibition was not working, it led to bootlegging and the development of organized crime. Thus, he established the first national look at American policing. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ...

President Hoover appointed George Wickersham, attorney general from the Taft administration, to preside over the National Committee on Law Observation and Enforcement, or Wickersham Commission, whose object was to study and recommend changes to the eighteenth amendment, and to observe police practices in the states. The Wickersham Commission was established in May of 1929 when President Herbert Hoover appointed George W. Wickersham (1858-1936) to head the National Committee on Law Observation and Enforcement, popularly called the Wickersham Commission. ...

The Commission released a report in 1931 that supported the law, but found contempt among average Americans and unworkable enforcement across the states, corruption in police ranks, local politics and problems in every community that attempted to enforce the law. Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further, the Wickersham Report castigated the police for their “general failure … to detect and arrest criminals guilty of the many murders, spectacular bank, payroll and other holdups and sensational robberies with guns.”



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