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Encyclopedia > Wickenburg, Arizona
Town of Wickenburg, Arizona
Official seal of Town of Wickenburg, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°57′54″N 112°44′53″W / 33.965, -112.74806
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
 - Mayor Ron Badowski
Area
 - Town  11.5 sq mi (29.8 km²)
 - Land  11.5 sq mi (29.8 km²)
 - Water  0.0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Elevation  2,057 ft (627 m)
Population (2005)[1]
 - Town 6,224
 - Density 541.2/sq mi (208.9/km²)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85358, 85390
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-82740
GNIS feature ID 0013730
Website: http://www.ci.wickenburg.az.us/

Wickenburg is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the town is 6,224.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Maricopa_County_Incorporated_and_Planning_areas_Wickenburg_highlighted. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the local time a region is designated for a portion of the year, usually an hour forward from its standard official time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 928 covers northern and western Arizona. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ...

Contents

Geography

Wickenburg is located at 33°57′54″N, 112°44′53″W (33.964881, -112.747936)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.8 km² (11.5 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


According to the Maricopa Association of Governments Municipal Planning Areas and Incorporated Areas Map PDF, the municipal planning area for Wickenburg includes a much larger area of land than any other planning area in the Phoenix metro area. The city could potentially stretch far north into Yavapai County as well as further south, and as far west as the Maricopa/Yavapai County common border with La Paz County to the west. This would make it the largest city by area in Arizona, surpassing Phoenix. PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... La Paz County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 5,082 people, 2,341 households, and 1,432 families residing in the town. The population density was 170.5/km² (441.7/mi²). There were 2,691 housing units at an average density of 90.3/km² (233.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.76% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 1.18% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 4.53% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. 11.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 2,341 households out of which 20.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.72. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 28.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males. The pregnancy rate is 95% higher than surrounding townships.


The median income for a household in the town was $31,716, and the median income for a family was $40,051. Males had a median income of $34,219 versus $25,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,772. About 6.9% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

In the early 1820s, stalwart hunters and trappers explored the Hassayampa River in search of beavers, whose pelts were sold to hat makers in the eastern United States and in Europe. Their reports helped pique American interest in the West. The Wickenburg area and much of the West became part of the United States following the Mexican-American War in 1848. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000...


An 1862 gold strike on the Colorado River near the present-day Yuma inspired hardy prospectors and miners, predominantly from California and Mexico, to search for minerals throughout central Arizona. The names of these settlers now label many of the surrounding geographic landmarks, including the Weaver Mountains and Peeples Valley. The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is... Yuma is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ...


Among the gold searchers was an Austrian man named Henry Wickenburg. His quest for gold was rewarded by the discovery of the Vulture Mine, where over $30 million in gold has been dug from the ground.[1] Throughout the foothills surrounding Wickenburg are relics of other mines that stand as a tribute to the pioneer miner and prospector. The mining lore of the region, past and present, adds much to the charm of the area.


Ranchers and farmers who built homes along the fertile plain of the Hassayampa River accompanied the miners. Many of the resourceful and committed settlers came from Sonora, Mexico, giving this area the distinction of being the northern edge of the Hispanic ranching frontier. Together with Henry Wickenburg and the miners, they helped found the young community of Wickenburg in 1863.


Pry’s history of Wickenburg recounts difficult days in the early town [2]. As the numbers of settlers grew, they inevitably encroached the indigenous Yavapai Indians, who had long lived by the Hassayampa River, farming and hunting. The settlers staked mining and water-rights claims, bred abundant livestock that damaged extensive vegetation and scarce water sources and drove out native species on which the Yavapai relied for meat. Eventually, many White settlers grew determined to eradicate the Yavapai. Thus, the settlers initiated a series of planned raids against the Yavapai. The Yavapai fought back, but in the end, 1000 Yavapai Indians died. Approximately 400 settlers died in the so-called "Indian Wars" during a nine year period, 1860-1869. Eventually, the US Army convinced the weary Yavapai to settle on a permanent Reservation. Due at least in part to inadequate government rations supplied to the reservation dwellers, the Yavapai began to raid stagecoaches and other resources. In 1872, General George Crook began an all-out campaign against the Yavapai, both those on the reservations and those still living freely within their traditional territory. In December 1872, the Skull Cave (or Skeleton Cave) battle in the Superstition Mountains decisively routed the Yavapai, and within a year Yavapai resistance was crushed. Yavapai today remember this battle as the most catastrophic event in their history. They were compelled to move to the Rio Verde Reservation, where their excellent land management led to a flourishing Yavapai economy. After only two years on the Rio Verde Reservation, however, local officials grew concerned about the Yavapai's success and self-sufficiency, so they persuaded the Federal Government to close their reservation and move all the Yavapai to the San Carlos Apache Reservation. As such, the Yavapai are now the only Arizona Indian tribe moved completely away from their traditional homeland.


The infant town of Wickenburg went through many trials and tribulations in its first decades, surviving the "Indian Wars," as well as mine closures, desperadoes, drought, and a disastrous flood in 1890 when the Walnut Creek Dam burst, killing nearly 70. Through it all, the town continued to grow. Its prosperity was insured with the coming of the railroad in 1895. In those years it had even once been seen as a candidate for territorial capital. As a reminder of the time of the railroad boom, the historic depot stands today as the Wickenburg Chamber of Commerce and Visitor's Center.[ http://www.wickenburgchamber.com/] As of 2007, only freight passes through because passenger trains ended their runs in the 1960s.


Along the town's main historic district, early businesses built many structures that still form Wickenburg's downtown area. The abundant clean air and wide-open spaces attracted a new residents. Guest ranches offered a unique experience to tourists who fell in love with the West. The Bar FX Ranch became the first true guest ranch in 1923, followed by Remuda, Kay El Bar, Rancho de los Caballeros, and Flying E ranches, just to mention a few. The construction of the Phoenix to California highway (Highway 60) brought even more tourists, making Wickenburg the Dude Ranch Capital of the World. As of 2007, some of these ranches still offer their hospitality. Rancho de los Caballeros is now a golf resort, [2] while Remuda has been converted into the nation's largest eating disorder treatment facility and is now Wickenburg's largest employer [3]. The Hassayampa community became a vital contributor to the US effort during World War II when the Army trained thousands of men to fly gliders at a newly constructed airfield west of Wickenburg [2]. After the War, modern pioneers and home builders developed Wickenburg into a typical American community.


Modern Wickenburg

Wickenburg today is a modern town with over 600 businesses providing a large range of services, shopping, specialty shops and galleries for western-themed gifts. It is the home of two world-renowned mental health treatment facilities, including Remuda Programs for Eating Disorders [4] and The Meadows [5], as well as smaller treatment centers. The City Council is working to annex land eastward along US-60 to the intersection of AZ-74, to expand the soft economic base of the city [6]. At present, most Wickenburg residents need to shop outside of the city because Wickenburg lacks malls and large discount stores such as Walmart or Home Depot, and its restaurant selections are relatively minimal. As such, the city remains tax-poor. In addition, its unique local economic base has made it fairly self-contained and independent from nearby Phoenix and environs, though Route 660 of the Valley Metro system now provides a linked bus service through Surprise. More home construction has meant increased growth. Wickenburg's challenge is to provide the transportation, communication, and shopping resources needed by the increasing population, and to do so in a manner that respects and enhances its historic image as the center of the Old West and maintains its small-town feel [7]. Valley Metro, officially named the Regional Public Transportation Authority (RPTA), is the system responsible for public transit in the area of Phoenix and Maricopa County, Arizona. ...


Folklore

  • In the late 1800s, there were so many questionable mining promotions around Wickenberg, that the joke grew that whoever drank from the Hassayampa River was thenceforth unable to speak the truth. Hassayamper came to mean a teller of tall tales.

References

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 14, 2006.
  2. ^ a b Pry, Mark E. (1997). The Town on the Hassayampa: A History of Wickenburg, Arizona. Desert Caballeros Western Museum, 39-46. ISBN 0-9657377-0-5. 

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 33.964881° N 112.747936° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wickenburg Arizona Real Estate: Country Homes, Haciendas, Historic Estates, Mountain Land, Desert Property (333 words)
United Country All Arizona Realty, offers a fine selection of Central Arizona real estate including residential property, country homes, haciendas, historic estates, vacant lots, airpark properties, mountain land and desert property for sale in Wickenburg, Arizona, Yavapai County, La Paz County and Maricopa County.
Wickenburg Arizona, located in Central Arizona on the northern edge of the Sonoran Desert, just below Arizona's mountainous country in Maricopa County.
Located on US highways 60 and 93 in Maricopa County, Wickenburg Arizona is about a mile south of the Yavapai County line within an easy day-trip of numerous scenic attractions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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