FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Wicked (musical)
Wicked
188
Broadway Poster
Music Stephen Schwartz
Lyrics Stephen Schwartz
Book Winnie Holzman
Based upon Gregory Maguire's novel Wicked
Productions 2003 Broadway
2005 North American tour
2005 Chicago
2006 West End
International and regional productions
Awards Drama Desk Outstanding Musical
Drama Desk Outstanding Book
Drama Desk Outstanding Lyrics
Grammy for Best Cast Album

Wicked is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and a book by Winnie Holzman. The story is based on the best-selling novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire, a re-imagining of L. Frank Baum's classic story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz from the perspective of the witches of the Land of Oz. Image File history File links source: [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Stephen Lawrence Schwartz (born March 6, 1948) is a well-known American musical theater lyricist and composer. ... Stephen Lawrence Schwartz (born March 6, 1948) is a well-known American musical theater lyricist and composer. ... Winnie Holzman is the creator of several American TV-series, including My So-Called Life which originally aired on ABC. She wrote the book for the Broadway musical Wicked and received a Tony nomination in 2004 for Best Book of a Musical. External links Winnie Holzman at the Internet Movie... Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954 in Albany, New York) is an American author. ... Wicked, or Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, is a parallel novel by Gregory Maguire. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Stephen Lawrence Schwartz (born March 6, 1948) is a well-known American musical theater lyricist and composer. ... Winnie Holzman is the creator of several American TV-series, including My So-Called Life which originally aired on ABC. She wrote the book for the Broadway musical Wicked and received a Tony nomination in 2004 for Best Book of a Musical. External links Winnie Holzman at the Internet Movie... Wicked, or Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, is a parallel novel by Gregory Maguire. ... Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954 in Albany, New York) is an American author. ... In film, a remake is a newer version of a previously released film or a newer version of the source (play, novel, story, etc. ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, actor, and independent filmmaker best known as the creator, along with illustrator W. W. Denslow, of one of the most popular books in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, better known today as simply... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a childrens novel written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Oz is a fairy country (fantasy region) containing four lands under the rule of one monarch. ...


Wicked tells the story of Elphaba, the future Wicked Witch of the West and her relationship with Glinda, the Good Witch of the North. Their friendship struggles through their opposing personalities and viewpoints, rivalry over the same love-interest, their reactions to the Wizard's corrupt government, and, ultimately, Elphaba's public fall from grace. The plot is set mostly before Dorothy's arrival from Kansas, and includes several references to well-known scenes and dialogue in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. Elphaba is the name given to the Wicked Witch of the West in Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire, as well as in the Broadway adaptation, Wicked. ... The Wicked Witch, as portrayed by Margaret Hamilton in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz The Wicked Witch of the West (or simply The Wicked Witch) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his childrens books. ... Glinda depicted on the cover of Glinda of Oz Glinda (or Glinda the Good Witch) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... The Good Witch of the North is a fictional character in the Land of Oz, created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... The Wizard, on the cover of Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz The Wizard of Oz (or simply The Wizard) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and further popularized by the classic 1939 movie. ... For the Doctor Who character, see Ace (Doctor Who). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ...


The musical debuted on Broadway on October 30, 2003. It is produced by Universal Pictures and directed by Joe Mantello, with musical staging by Wayne Cilento. Its original stars were Idina Menzel as Elphaba, Kristin Chenoweth as Glinda, and Joel Grey as the Wizard.[1] Although the production received mixed reviews and was panned by The New York Times, it has proved to be a favorite among patrons. The Broadway production's success spawned productions in Chicago, Los Angeles, London's West End, Tokyo, and Stuttgart, along with a North American tour that has visited over 30 cities in Canada and the United States.[2] For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Joe Mantello (born 27 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning American actor and director best known for his work on Broadway productions of Wicked, Take Me Out and Assassins, as well as earlier in his career being one of the original Broadway cast of Angels in America. ... Wayne Cilento (born August 28, 1949) is an award-winning American dancer and choreographer. ... Idina Menzel (born Idina Kim Mentzel on May 30, 1971 in New York City) is a Tony Award-winning American actress, singer and songwriter who is best known for her performances in Wicked and Rent. ... Kristi Dawn Chenoweth (born July 24, 1968) is an American singer and Tony Award-winning American musical theatre, film, and television actress. ... Joel Grey (born Joel Katz on April 11, 1932 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American stage and screen actor, who graduated from Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills, California in 1950. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ...


Wicked has broken box office records around the world, holding weekly-gross-takings records in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and London, and the record for biggest opening in the West End (£100,000 in the first hour on sale).[3] The West End production has played to more than 1.2 million people, and the North American tour has been seen by over two million patrons.[4] The show was nominated for ten 2004 Tony Awards, winning those for Best Actress, Scenic Design and Costume Design. It also won six Drama Desk Awards. The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... GBP redirects here. ... The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American theatre and are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League [1] at an annual ceremony in New York City. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Scenic Design is the Tony Award given to a designer for outstanding set design of either a play or musical. ... ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ...

Contents

Development

Stephen Schwartz discovered the 1995 Maguire novel while on holiday and immediately realized its potential for dramatic adaptation.[5] Schwartz met Maguire in Connecticut in 1998 and persuaded him to release the rights for a stage production.[6] Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ...


Schwartz considered how best to condense the novel's complicated plot into a sensible script.[6] To this end, he collaborated with Emmy Award-winning writer Winnie Holzman to develop the outline of the plot over the course of a year.[7] While the draft followed Maguire's idea of retelling the story of the 1900 children's book from the perspective of its main villain, the storyline of the stage adaptation "goes far afield" from the novel. As Holzman observed in an interview with Playbill, "It was [Maguire's] brilliant idea to take this hated figure and tell things from her point of view, and to have the two witches be roommates in college, but the way in which their friendship develops – and really the whole plot – is different onstage."[8] Schwartz justified the deviation, saying "Primarily we were interested in the relationship between Galinda – who becomes Glinda – and Elphaba...the friendship of these two women and how their characters lead them to completely different destinies."[9] In addition to this change in focus, changes include Fiyero's appearance as the scarecrow, Elphaba's survival at the end, Nessarose's being wheelchair-bound instead of armless, and Doctor Dillamond not being murdered.[10] An Emmy Award. ... The cover of the Playbill issue about The Producers. ...


The book, lyrics, and score for the musical were developed through a series of readings. For these developmental workshops, Kristin Chenoweth, the Tony Award-winning actress whom Stephen Schwartz had in mind while composing the music for the character,[11] joined the project as Glinda. Stephanie J. Block read the role of Elphaba before Idina Menzel was cast in the role in 2001. In early 2000, the creators recruited David Stone, the New York producer, to begin the transition to a full Broadway production. Joe Mantello was brought in as director, and by April 2003 he had assembled a full cast, and the show was prepared for a public production.[11] Kristi Dawn Chenoweth (born July 24, 1968) is an American singer and Tony Award-winning American musical theatre, film, and television actress. ... Glinda depicted on the cover of Glinda of Oz Glinda (or Glinda the Good Witch) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... Stephanie J. Block (born Stephanie Janette Block on September 19, 1972) is an American stage actress and member of Actors Equity and the Los Angeles Musical Theater Guild. ... Idina Menzel (born Idina Kim Mentzel on May 30, 1971 in New York City) is a Tony Award-winning American actress, singer and songwriter who is best known for her performances in Wicked and Rent. ... For other uses, see David Stone (disambiguation). ...


Tryout and Broadway production

On May 28, 2003, Wicked opened for a pre-Broadway tryout at the Curran Theatre in San Francisco.[12] The cast included Kristin Chenoweth as Glinda, Idina Menzel as Elphaba, Robert Morse as the Wizard, Norbert Leo Butz as Fiyero and Carole Shelley as Madame Morrible.[11] Stephanie J. Block also served as an ensemble member and understudy for Elphaba.[13] The musical staging was created by Wayne Cilento. Tony Award-winning designer Eugene Lee created a set and visual style for the production based on both W. W. Denslow's original illustrations for Baum's novels and Maguire's concept of the story being told through a giant clock.[11] Costume designer Susan Hilferty created a "twisted Edwardian" style through more than 200 costumes, while lighting designer Kenneth Posner used more than 800 individual lights to give each of the 54 distinct scenes and locations "its own mood."[11] The trial run closed on June 29 and extensive retooling for Broadway began.[11] Elements of the book were rewritten and several songs underwent minor transformations. One song from the pre-Broadway version was scrapped before the musical opened on Broadway. Entitled "Which Way Is The Party?” it was replaced by "Dancing Through Life"; each was used to introduce the character Fiyero.[11] is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... The Curran Theatre is located in San Francisco. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Robert Morse (b. ... The Wizard, on the cover of Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz The Wizard of Oz (or simply The Wizard) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and further popularized by the classic 1939 movie. ... Norbert Leo Butz is an American stage actor. ... Carole Shelley (born August 16, 1939) is a Tony Award-winning actress from London, England. ... Stephanie J. Block (born Stephanie Janette Block on September 19, 1972) is an American stage actress and member of Actors Equity and the Los Angeles Musical Theater Guild. ... Wayne Cilento (born August 28, 1949) is an award-winning American dancer and choreographer. ... Eugene Lee (Scenic Designer) has been resident designer at Trinity Rep since 1967. ... William Wallace Denslow Copyright notice from Denslows Mother Goose of 1901 - note the use of the word, Rex even at that date William Wallace Denslow (May 5, 1856–March 29, 1915) was an illustrator and caricaturist remembered for his work in collaboration with author L. Frank Baum, especially his... The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It is sometimes extended to include the period to the start of World War I in 1914 or even the end of the war in 1918. ... Kenneth Posner is a professional theatrical lighting designer working, most notably, on Broadway. ... This is a current Stagecraft collaboration! Please help improve it to good article standard. ... A scene is an episode in a story. ... Norbert Leo Butz as Fiyero in the Original Broadway Cast of the musical Wicked, with Idina Menzel as Elphaba. ...


The Broadway production began previews at the George Gershwin Theatre on October 8, 2003, and officially opened on October 30.[1] Most of the production team and original cast members remained when the show opened on Broadway, but Morse was replaced by Joel Grey, who was billed over the title.[11] Other notable actors who have performed in the Broadway production of Wicked include, Jennifer Laura Thompson, Megan Hilty, Kate Reinders, Kendra Kassebaum, and Annaleigh Ashford as Glinda; Shoshana Bean, Eden Espinosa, Ana Gasteyer, Julia Murney, Stephanie J. Block, and Kerry Ellis as Elphaba; Kristoffer Cusick, Taye Diggs, Joey McIntyre, David Ayers, and Sebastian Arcelus as Fiyero; George Hearn, Ben Vereen, David Garrison, and Lenny Wolpe as the Wizard; Michelle Federer and Jenna Leigh Green as Nessarose; Randy Harrison and Robb Sapp as Boq; and Rue McClanahan, Carol Kane, Jayne Houdyshell, and Miriam Margolyes as Madame Morrible. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... The George Gershwin Theatre, located at 222 West 51st Street in New York City, was originally built as the Uris Theatre in 1972. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joel Grey (born Joel Katz on April 11, 1932 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American stage and screen actor, who graduated from Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills, California in 1950. ... Promotional photograph of musical actress Jennifer Laura Thompson Jennifer Laura Thompson (born December 5, 1969[1]) is an American stage actress. ... Megan Hilty (born Megan Kathleen Hilty on March 29, 1981 in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.) is an American stage and television actress. ... Kate Reinders, born in Muskegon, Michigan, is an American musical theatre actress who has performed as lead and understudy in several Broadway shows. ... Kendra Kassebaum (born May 12, 1973) is an American theatre actress who has performed in many different musicals (both Broadway and non), and is most noted for her role as Glinda in the first national tour and Broadway cast of Wicked. ... Annaleigh Ashford (born in Colorado) is an American actress whose debut on the Broadway stage was in 2007s Legally Blonde: The Musical as sorority sister Margot. ... Shoshana Elise Bean (born September 1, 1977) is an American stage actress and singer known for her roles in Broadway musicals during the 2000s. ... Eden Espinosa as Brooklyn. Eden Espinosa (born February 2, 1978 in Anaheim, California) is an American singer and stage actress. ... Ana Kristina Gasteyer (born May 4, 1967) is an American actress and comedian. ... Julia Kathleen Murney (born January 14, 1969) is an American actress and singer, primarily featured in theatre and television commercial voice-overs. ... Stephanie J. Block (born Stephanie Janette Block on September 19, 1972) is an American stage actress and member of Actors Equity and the Los Angeles Musical Theater Guild. ... Kerry Ellis (born May 6, 1979) is an English stage actress who is currently starring in the lead role of Elphaba in the West End production of the musical Wicked after taking over the role from Idina Menzel, for whom she originally served as standby. ... Kristoffer Cusick is a Broadway actor. ... Taye Diggs (born Scott Diggs on January 2, 1971 in Rochester, New York[1]) is an American theatre, film and television actor. ... Joe McIntyre AKA Joey McIntyre or Joseph McIntyre (born Joseph Mulrey McIntyre December 31, 1972 in Needham, Massachusetts. ... David Ayers is an American actor, born circa 1976 in Worthington, Ohio, USA. Ayers made his Broadway debut as an ensemble member in the musical Mamma Mia! He later originated the role of Fyedka in the revival of Fiddler on the Roof in 2004. ... Sebastian Arcelus is an American voice actor who works on the properties of 4Kids Entertainment. ... With Angela Lansbury in Sweeney Todd George Hearn (born June 18, 1934, in St. ... Ben Vereen (born October 10, 1946) is an American actor. ... David Garrison (born June 30, 1952 in Long Branch, New Jersey) is an American actor, who played the character Steve Rhoades on the television show, Married. ... Michelle Federer puts finishing touches on her Nessarose makeup in Wicked. ... Jenna Leigh Green (born August 22, 1974), an American actress, grew up in Simi Valley, California with her twin sister Jessica and younger sister Rebecca. ... Randolph Clarke Randy Harrison (born November 2, 1977 in Nashua, New Hampshire) is an American television and stage actor whose best-known role is that of Justin Taylor in the 2000s television drama Queer as Folk. ... Robb Sapp (June 1, 1234) (sometimes known as Rob Sapp, or Robbie Sapp) is an American Vocalist who has appeared in many Broadway Musicals. ... Rue McClanahan (born Eddi Rue McClanahan on February 21, 1934 in Healdton, Oklahoma) is an Emmy Award-winning American actor, best known for her roles acting alongside Bea Arthur on the television sitcoms Maude and The Golden Girls. ... Carolyn Laurie Kane (born June 18, 1952, Cleveland, Ohio, USA) is an American actress. ... Miriam Margolyes OBE (born May 18, 1941) is a British character actress. ...


Synopsis

Glinda (Kristin Chenoweth) (Original Broadway Cast)
Glinda (Kristin Chenoweth) (Original Broadway Cast)

Image File history File links 04c. ... Image File history File links 04c. ... Kristi Dawn Chenoweth (born July 24, 1968) is an American singer and Tony Award-winning American musical theatre, film, and television actress. ...

Act I

The citizens of Oz celebrate the death of the Wicked Witch of the West. Glinda descends in her bubble to confirm the circumstances of the Witch's melting ("No One Mourns the Wicked"). The Wicked Witch, as portrayed by Margaret Hamilton in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz The Wicked Witch of the West (or simply The Wicked Witch) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his childrens books. ... Glinda depicted on the cover of Glinda of Oz Glinda (or Glinda the Good Witch) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... No One Mourns the Wicked is the opening musical number performed in the hit Broadway musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ...


The scene then shifts to the birth, years earlier, of the green-skinned Elphaba Thropp. Elphaba suffers an unhappy childhood, facing discrimination because of her skin color and only being raised by her father. At Shiz University, Galinda first encounters Elphaba ("Dear Old Shiz"). In a moment of anger, as she is told that she will be rooming with the spoiled and popular Galinda, Elphaba accidentally reveals an innate magical talent. This impresses Madame Morrible, the headmistressof Shiz, who notes that Elphaba's talents may be of use to the Wizard of Oz. Galinda is horrified, and takes an immediate dislike to Elphaba. Elphaba also dislikes Galinda, and they each lament that they have no choice but to room together ("What Is This Feeling?"). Shiz University is a fictional university located in the Land of Ozwhich is a fictiona paradise in Gregory Maguires revisionist novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. ... In the UK and elsewhere, a head teacher is the most senior teacher in a school. ...


Doctor Dillamond, a goat and Shiz university's only Animal professor, is teaching history class when it is interrupted by an anti-Animal slogan on the back of his blackboard, apparently written in blood: "Animals should be seen not heard." After dismissing the class, he confides in Elphaba that something is causing the Animals of Oz to lose their powers of speech ("Something Bad"). Fiyero, a prince, arrives at Shiz and immediately impresses his own brand of cavalier, carefree living on the students ("Dancing Through Life"). Doctor Dillamond with Elphaba. ... Norbert Leo Butz as Fiyero in the Original Broadway Cast of the musical Wicked, with Idina Menzel as Elphaba. ...

Elphaba (Kerry Ellis) & Glinda (Dianne Pilkington) (London)
Elphaba (Kerry Ellis) & Glinda (Dianne Pilkington) (London)

Fiyero organizes a party at a local ballroom. Galinda, while preparing for the dance, discovers a black pointed hat in a box and gives it to Elphaba as a 'present'. Galinda convinces a munchkin student named Boq to take Nessarose (Elphaba's wheelchair bound sister) to the party, more to avoid unwanted attention from Boq than out of a desire to be kind. Nessarose has a crush on Boq and is so overjoyed to be invited that she asks Elphaba if there is any way to repay what she perceives as Galinda's kindness. At the dance, Galinda is surprised by the appearance of Madame Morrible, who gives her a training wand and tells her that Elphaba has insisted she be included in the sorcery seminar. Clearly, despite apparent misgivings, Elphaba has done as her sister requested and found something nice to do for Galinda. Elphaba arrives wearing the hat Galinda had given her, only to be ridiculed. Defiant, she proceeds to dance alone and without musical accompaniment. Fiyero is impressed that Elphaba does not seem to care what anyone thinks of her, but Galinda realizes that this is not true. Feeling guilty, she joins Elphaba on the dance floor, marking the start of a new friendship between the two. After the dance, Galinda and Elphaba talk in their room. Elphaba confides that her father hates her because of her green skin and had forced her mother to eat milk flowers to ensure that Nessarose was not born the same, causing Nessarose to be born early, crippling her and killing their mother. Galinda comforts Elphaba, and, moved by a desire to help her new friend, Galinda decides to give Elphaba a makeover and to make her popular ("Popular"). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kerry Ellis (born May 6, 1979) is an English stage actress who is currently starring in the lead role of Elphaba in the West End production of the musical Wicked after taking over the role from Idina Menzel, for whom she originally served as standby. ... Dianne Pilkington is an English actress. ... Popular is a song from the Tony Award-winning musical Wicked. ...


The next day, Ozian officials take Doctor Dillamond away. The new history teacher arrives with a caged lion cub, revealing that Animals that are kept in cages will never learn to speak. Outraged, Elphaba and Fiyero steal the cub and set it free. There is a hint of chemistry between the pair, but Fiyero leaves, embarrassed. Elphaba takes refuge under a bridge and regrets that it would be impossible for someone like Fiyero to love someone like her ("I'm Not That Girl"). Madame Morrible finds Elphaba and announces that she has been granted an audience with the Wizard. At the train station, Galinda and Fiyero see Elphaba off to the Emerald City. Galinda complains to Elphaba privately that Fiyero's affections toward her seem to be waning. Fiyero has brought flowers for Elphaba as a going away present, and seems to be more interested in her than he is in Galinda. In an attempt to impress Fiyero, Galinda announces that she will change her name to "Glinda" in honor of Doctor Dillamond's persistent mispronunciation. Fiyero does not appear to notice and, feeling bad for Glinda, Elphaba invites her along to see the Wizard. Cover of The Cowardly Lion of Oz (1929) by Ruth Plumly Thompson. ... For other uses, see Emerald City (disambiguation). ...

Elphaba (Stephanie J. Block) singing "Defying Gravity" (U.S. national tour)
Elphaba (Stephanie J. Block) singing "Defying Gravity" (U.S. national tour)

After a day of sightseeing in the Emerald City ("One Short Day"), Elphaba and Glinda meet the Wizard. Eschewing special effects, which he employs for the benefit of most visitors, he invites Elphaba to join him ("Sentimental Man"). As a test, he asks that Elphaba give his monkey servant, Chistery, the ability to fly using the Grimmerie, an ancient book of spells. Elphaba demonstrates an innate understanding of the lost language and successfully gives Chistery wings. The Wizard reveals an entire cage full of winged monkeys, and remarks that they will make good spies to report any subversive Animal activity. Realizing that she has been used and that the Wizard has no power of his own, Elphaba runs away with the Grimmerie, pursued by the palace guards. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1503x1000, 377 KB) This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo in a press kit. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1503x1000, 377 KB) This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo in a press kit. ... The Grimmerie is a fictional book of spells found in Gregory Maguires novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, as well as the Broadway musical Wicked (based on Maguires novel). ...

Defying Gravity Image File history File links Defying_gravity. ...

The bridge section of Defying Gravity from Act I finale.
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

Elphaba and Glinda run into the tallest tower, where they hear Madame Morrible declaring to all of Oz that Elphaba is a "Wicked Witch" and is not to be trusted. Elphaba enchants a broomstick to fly and tries to convince Glinda to join her in her cause, but Glinda cannot resist the call of popularity and refuses. Leaving Glinda behind, Elphaba flies off, promising to fight the Wizard with all her power ("Defying Gravity"). This article is about a bridge section in a piece of popular or classical music. ... Defying Gravity is the showstopper song from the musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ... Defying Gravity is the showstopper song from the musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ...


Act II

Several years have passed, and Elphaba's exploits have earned her the title "The Wicked Witch of the West" ("No One Mourns the Wicked (reprise)"). Glinda and Morrible hold a press conference a la Evita to announce Glinda's surprise engagement to Fiyero ("Thank Goodness"). Meanwhile, Elphaba arrives at the governor's residence in Munchkinland seeking refuge. Nessarose, now the governor following their father's suicide, criticizes Elphaba for not using magic to help her to overcome her disability. To assuage her feelings of guilt, Elphaba enchants Nessarose's jeweled shoes, enabling her to walk. Boq, Nessarose's servant, is summoned and reveals that his affection for Nessarose was put on and that his heart lies with Glinda. Furious, Nessarose miscasts a spell from the Grimmerie, causing Boq's heart to shrink. While Elphaba attempts to save him, Nessarose reflects on how her obsession with Boq has led her to oppress the Munchkin people ("The Wicked Witch of the East"). Elphaba saves Boq by turning him into the Tin Man – horrified, Nessarose lays the blame on Elphaba, which because of all the Wizard and Madame Morrible's propaganda, Boq believes without question. This article is about the musical Evita. ... Wicked is a Tony award-winning American musical produced by Universal Pictures with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, and a book by Winnie Holzman. ... Spoiler warning: Boq is a character in author Gregory Maguires 1995 novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. ... The Wicked Witch of the East is a song from the hit Broadway musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ... The Tin Woodman (also known as The Tin Man or The Tin Woodsman (the latter appearing only in adaptations)) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ...

Elphaba (Eden Espinosa) and Nessarose (Jenna Leigh Green) (Broadway)

Elphaba returns to the Wizard's palace to free the rest of the winged monkeys. The Wizard attempts to regain her favor by agreeing to set them free ("Wonderful"). Upon discovering a now-speechless Doctor Dillamond among the monkeys, Elphaba rejects his offer and attempts to escape, running into Fiyero in the process. Confirming his true love for Elphaba, he runs off with her. Glinda sees this and is crestfallen that she has been betrayed by those closest to her ("I'm Not That Girl (Reprise)"). In an attempt to finally capture Elphaba, Madame Morrible decides to create a cyclone that will endanger Nessarose. Image File history File linksMetadata Wicked2006newcast27. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wicked2006newcast27. ...

As Long As You're Mine Image File history File links As_long_as_you're_mine. ...

The introduction and first two lines of "As Long As You're Mine". Note the identical chord progression to the overture.
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

In a dark forest, Fiyero and Elphaba express their mutual love but are interrupted when Elphaba senses that her sister is in danger ("As Long As You're Mine"). She flies off to help but is too late, arriving just after Dorothy's house has landed on Nessarose, killing her. The palace guards capture Elphaba, but Fiyero intervenes and allows Elphaba to escape before surrendering himself. The guards take him to a nearby cornfield to be tortured until he tells them where Elphaba has fled. At one of Fiyero's family's castles, Elphaba tries to cast a spell to save Fiyero but, thinking she has failed, she begins to accept her reputation as "wicked" ("No Good Deed"). Image File history File links Wicked_overture. ... For the Doctor Who character, see Ace (Doctor Who). ... No Good Deed is a musical number from the Broadway musical Wicked. ...

Glinda (Kate Reinders) and Elphaba (Ana Gasteyer) part (Chicago)

Meanwhile, Boq and the citizens of Oz prepare a witch-hunt ("March of the Witch Hunters"). Boq claims that Elphaba turned him into the Tin Woodman as an act of evil, as he does not know that she saved him. The lion cub that Elphaba freed at Shiz is also at the gathering and turns out to be the "Cowardly" Lion. Boq tells the citizens that because Elphaba released him at such a young age that he never learned to fend for himself, the lion has no courage; again Elphaba's good deed is lost amongst the crowd. Seeing the witch-hunt, Glinda travels to Elphaba and Fiyero's castle to persuade her to let Dorothy go, but she refuses. She makes Glinda promise not to clear her name and to take charge in Oz, and the two confirm a true friendship ("For Good"). As the mob arrives at the castle, Dorothy throws a bucket of water on Elphaba, apparently melting her. It is revealed that the Wizard is actually Elphaba's father. Glinda tells the Wizard to leave Oz in his balloon, and sends Morrible to prison, before preparing to address the citizens of Oz, returning to the opening scene of the show. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kate Reinders, born in Muskegon, Michigan, is an American musical theatre actress who has performed as lead and understudy in several Broadway shows. ... Ana Kristina Gasteyer (born May 4, 1967) is an American actress and comedian. ... For Good is a musical number from the hit musical Wicked. ...


Meanwhile, Fiyero, whom Elphaba had turned into the Scarecrow with her spell to prevent his suffering from the torture, opens a trap door in the castle. Elphaba, very much alive, emerges, and the two are reunited. Glinda addresses the citizens of Oz, proclaiming that she would like to be "Glinda the Good" as she will reform the government. Elphaba and Fiyero leave Oz forever, as Glinda celebrates with the citizens of Oz ("Finale").
The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator William Wallace Denslow. ...


Principal roles

See also: List of characters in Wicked
Character[14] Voice[14] Description
Elphaba (later, The Wicked Witch of the West) mezzo soprano An intelligent, misunderstood girl with green skin and shunned because of her appearance, she finds a friend in Galinda and falls in love with Fiyero. Her pro-Animal motives and her rebellion against the Wizard cause her to be branded the Wicked Witch of the West.
Galinda (later, Glinda the Good) soprano Beautiful and ambitious, she initially seems conceited and vain, though her friendship with Elphaba reveals more depth in her character. She later changes her name from "Galinda" to "Glinda" in honor of Doctor Dillamond's persistent mispronunciation. Glinda is a social climber and seizes the opportunity to join the Wizard, who decrees that she be known as "Glinda the Good."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz baritone The illegitimate dictator of Oz appears fatherly and brands himself a "sentimental man," but he is secretly the driving force behind the oppression of Oz's Animals. The Wizard realizes at the end of the story that he is in fact the father of Elphaba after Glinda presents him with the green elixir Elphaba's mother always carried around. The two had an affair while Frex, Elphaba's father, was away on business
Madame Morrible contralto The power-hungry headmistress of Shiz University is revealed to be working in collaboration with the Wizard of Oz. Morrible has a magical talent for controlling the weather.
Fiyero tenor A handsome Winkie prince with a "scandalacious" reputation, who is attracted to Galinda. Fiyero is initially shallow and self-absorbed, but his encounters with Elphaba cause him to reevaluate his way of thinking. Elphaba transforms Fiyero into the Scarecrow when Ozian guards take him away to be beaten. He is saved from a painful death, but cursed to live forever, unable to feel pain.
Nessarose (later, The Wicked Witch of the East) mezzo-soprano Elphaba's spoiled, crippled younger sister, though heavily dependent on Elphaba, is also embarrassed by her sister. She develops an obsessive attachment to Boq while at Shiz. After becoming the governor of Munchkinland, she abuses her authority to keep him near her, earning her title, " The Wicked Witch of the East."
Boq tenor A Munchkin who has eyes for Glinda but is instead attached to Nessarose against his will; he is unable to tell her his true feelings. Eventually he is enslaved and forbidden from leaving Munchkinland when Nessarose strips the Munchkins of their rights. Boq is transformed into the Tin Woodman after Nessarose misused a spell with the intentions of gaining his true love. His heart begins to shrink, and Elphaba turns him into a creature that can "live without a heart."
Doctor Dillamond baritone A goat, and the only Animal professor left at Shiz University, Doctor Dillamond is a victim of the Wizard's Animal suppression policy. Elphaba is fond of him, but he is taken away from Shiz after the Wizard decrees that Animals are no longer permitted to teach. Doctor Dillamond eventually loses his ability to speak.

Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium or middle soprano in Italian) is a female singer whose range lies between the soprano and the contralto, usually extending from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i. ... This article is about the voice-type. ... A social climber is someone who seeks social prominence by obsequious behavior. ... For other uses, see Baritone (disambiguation). ... In music, an alto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a soprano. ... Shiz University is a fictional university located in the Land of Ozwhich is a fictiona paradise in Gregory Maguires revisionist novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... The Winkie Country is a division of the fictional Land of Oz. ... The Wicked Witch of the East is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his classic books. ...

Music

Wicked Overture Image File history File links Wicked_overture. ...

The first 22 bars of the Act I Overture.
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

The score of Wicked is heavily thematic, bearing in some senses more resemblance to a film score than a musical's score.[15] While many musicals' scores develop new motifs and melodies for each song with little overlap, Schwartz integrated a handful of leitmotifs throughout the production. Some of these motifs indicate irony – for example, when Galinda presents Elphaba with a "ghastly" hat in "Dancing Through Life", the score reprises a theme from "What is this Feeling?" a few scenes earlier,[15] in which Elphaba and Galinda had espoused their mutual loathing. In musical notation, a bar or measure is a segment of time defined as a given number of beats of a given duration. ... In music, a theme is the initial or primary melody. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... A leitmotif (pronounced ) (also leitmotiv; lit. ...


Two musical themes in Wicked run throughout the score. Although Schwartz rarely reuses motifs or melodies from earlier works,[15] the first – Elphaba's theme – came from The Survival of St. Joan, on which he worked as musical director.[15] "I always liked this tune a lot and I never could figure out what to do with it," he remarked in an interview in 2004.[15] The chord progression that he first penned in 1971 became a major theme of the show's orchestration. By changing the instruments that carry the motif in each instance, Schwartz enables the same melody to convey different moods. In the overture, the tune is carried by the orchestra's brass section, with heavy percussion. The result is, in Schwartz' own words, "like a giant shadow terrorising you".[15] When played by the piano with some electric bass in "As Long As You're Mine", however, the same chord progression becomes the basis for a romantic duet. And with new lyrics and an altered bridge, the theme forms the core of the song "No One Mourns the Wicked" and its reprises.[15] is a rock opera by Smoke Rise (Gary Ruffin, Hank Ruffin, Stan Ruffin, and Randy Bugg--music composed by Hank and Gary) on a libretto by James Lineberger. ... The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... This article is about a bridge section in a piece of popular or classical music. ...


Schwartz uses the "Unlimited" theme as the second major motif running through the score. Although not included as a titled song, the theme appears as an interlude in several of the musical numbers. In a tribute to Harold Arlen, who wrote the score for the 1939 film adaptation, the "Unlimited" melody incorporates the first seven notes of the song "Over the Rainbow." Schwartz included it as an inside joke as, "according to copyright law, when you get to the eighth note, then people can come and say, 'Oh you stole our tune.' And of course obviously it's also disguised in that it's completely different rhythmically. And it's also harmonized completely differently.... It's over a different chord and so on, but still it's the first seven notes of 'Somewhere Over the Rainbow'".[15] Schwartz further obscured the motif's origin by setting it in a minor key in most instances. This also creates contrast in the songs in which it forms a part, for example in "Defying Gravity", which is written primarily in the key of D flat major.[16] In "The Wicked Witch of the East", however, when Elphaba finally uses her powers to let her sister walk, the "Unlimited" theme is played in a major key.[15] In music a section is a complete, but not independent musical idea (Bye 1993, p. ... Harold Arlen (February 15, 1905 – April 23, 1986) was an American composer of popular music. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... This article is about music. ... For other uses, see Over the Rainbow (disambiguation). ... The copyright symbol is used to give notice that a work is covered by copyright. ... A minor scale in musical theory can be viewed as the sixth mode of the major scale. ... Also see: D-flat minor, or D major. ... In music theory, the major scale is one of the diatonic scales. ...


Musical numbers

Act I [11]
  • No One Mourns the WickedGlinda and citizens of Oz
  • Dear Old Shiz – Galinda and students of Shiz University
  • The Wizard and I – Elphaba with Madame Morrible
  • What Is This Feeling? – Galinda and Elphaba with students
  • Something Bad – Dr. Dillamond and Elphaba
  • Dancing Through Life – Fiyero, Boq, Nessarose, Galinda, students
  • PopularGlinda
  • I'm Not That Girl – Elphaba
  • The Wizard and I (Reprise) – Elphaba
  • One Short Day – Elphaba and Glinda with citizens of Oz
  • A Sentimental Man – The Wizard
  • Defying GravityElphaba with Glinda and citizens of Oz
Act II [11]
  • No One Mourns the Wicked (Reprise) – citizens of Oz
  • Thank Goodness – Glinda with Madame Morrible, and citizens of Oz
  • The Wicked Witch of the East – Nessarose and Elphaba with Boq
  • Wonderful – The Wizard and Elphaba
  • I'm Not That Girl (Reprise) – Glinda
  • As Long As You're Mine – Elphaba and Fiyero
  • No Good DeedElphaba
  • March of the Witch Hunters – Boq and citizens of Oz {Not featured in all performances of Wicked.}
  • For GoodElphaba and Glinda
  • Finale: For Good (Reprise) – Glinda, Elphaba, and citizens of Oz

No One Mourns the Wicked is the opening musical number performed in the hit Broadway musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ... Popular is a song from the Tony Award-winning musical Wicked. ... Defying Gravity is the showstopper song from the musical Wicked, composed by Stephen Schwartz. ... No Good Deed is a musical number from the Broadway musical Wicked. ... For Good is a musical number from the hit musical Wicked. ...

Response

Critical reception

The Broadway production opened on October 30, 2003, to mixed reviews from theatre critics.[17][18] While Menzel and Chenoweth received nearly unanimous praise for their performances as Elphaba and Glinda, the plot was derided as "muddled", and the sound quality in the massive Gershwin Theatre as "smearing".[19][20] Despite these mixed reviews, interest in Wicked spread quickly by word-of-mouth, leading to record-breaking success at the box office, as described below. Speaking to The Arizona Republic in 2006, Schwartz commented, "What can I say? Reviews are reviews... I know we divided the critics. We didn't divide the audience [though], and that's what counts."[21] is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The George Gershwin Theatre, located at 222 West 51st Street in New York City, was originally built as the Uris Theatre in 1972. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


The West End production opened to a similarly ambivalent, if slightly more upbeat, critical reception. Although The Daily Telegraph described it as "at times... a bit of a mess," it praised Holzman's script, described Kenneth Posner's lighting design as "magical" and lauded Menzel and Helen Dallimore (as Glinda).[22] The Guardian gave it three out of five stars and remarked on the competence of all the lead actors; however, it also complained that Wicked was "all too typical of the modern Broadway musical: efficient, knowing and highly professional but more like a piece of industrial product than something that genuinely touches the heart or mind".[23] This article concerns the British newspaper. ... Kenneth Posner is a professional theatrical lighting designer working, most notably, on Broadway. ... This is a current Stagecraft collaboration! Please help improve it to good article standard. ... Helen Dallimore made her West End debut as Glinda in Wicked on the 27th September 2006 starring along side Idina Menzel (To be replaced by Kerry Ellis in January) and Adam Garcia. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...


Awards

Wicked was nominated for ten of the 2004 Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Best Book, Best Orchestration and twice for Best Leading Actress, for Menzel and Chenoweth.[24] Menzel won the Best Actress award, and the show also won the Tony Awards for Best Scenic Design and Best Costume design, although it lost the Best Musical award to Avenue Q.[25] In the same year, the show won six Drama Desk Awards out of eleven nominations, including in the Book, Director and Costume Design categories.[26][27] The West End production was nominated for four Laurence Olivier Awards in 2007 but did not win any.[28] // Kristin Chenoweth and Idina Menzel in a performance for the 2004 Tony Awards Best Musical Best Direction of a Musical (Joe Mantello) Best Book of a Musical (Winnie Holzman) Best Leading Actress in a Musical (Idina Menzel) WINNER Best Leading Actress in a Musical (Kristin Chenoweth) Best Original Score (Stephen... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... The Tony Award for Best Orchestrations has been given since 1997. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Scenic Design is the Tony Award given to a designer for outstanding set design of either a play or musical. ... ... Avenue Q is a Tony award-winning musical that was conceived by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx, who wrote the music and lyrics. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ...


Financial success

With a $14 million capitalization, the Broadway production earned back its entire initial investment by December 21, 2004.[11] In its first year it grossed more than $56 million.[29] The production, which was recently extended to September 27, 2008,[30] has been playing to capacity crowds for almost every recent performance and grosses more than a million dollars every week according to reports published by Playbill.[31] In the week ending January 1, 2006, Wicked broke the record, previously held by The Producers, for the highest weekly box office gross in Broadway history, earning $1,610,934.[32] Wicked broke its own record in the week ending November 26, 2006, when it grossed a total of $1,715,155.[33] The Broadway production broke its own record again in the week ending December 30, 2007, grossing $1,839,950. That week the show also broke its own weekly gross records in Los Angeles ($1,949,968), Chicago ($1,418,363), and on tour ($2,291,608), as the seven worldwide productions of the show grossed a collective $11.2 million.[34] USD redirects here. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The cover of the Playbill issue about The Producers. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the 2001 stage musical. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


The Broadway company of Wicked celebrated its 1,000th performance on March 23, 2006.[35] The touring company reached 1,000 performances on August 15, 2007,[36] while the Chicago company celebrated its 1,000th show on November 14, 2007.[37] is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Although West End theatres do not publish audited weekly grosses,[38] the London production of Wicked claims to hold the record for highest reported one-week gross at £761,000, achieved in the week ending December 30, 2006.[39][40] On February 20, 2008, the producers reported that over 1 million people had seen the London production in its first year, grossing over £40 million.[40] The show has consistently been one of the two highest-grossing shows in the West End.[40] GBP may be: short for Game Boy Player the ISO currency code for the British Pound Sterling. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Popular culture

The extraordinary success of Wicked has made several of the songs popular and engendered references to the show, characters, and songs in popular culture. Media as diverse as the anime series Red Garden, the daytime drama Passions and the Buffy the Vampire Slayer graphic novels have all parodied Wicked's songs and characters.[41][42] The production itself has been featured in episodes of television programs, including Brothers & Sisters and The War at Home.[43] In an episode of Ugly Betty ("Brothers"), Betty gets tickets to see Wicked, discussing with a friend how much she relates to Elphaba's outcast status in a popularity and beauty-oriented environment.[44] In a later episode ("Something Wicked This Way Comes"), Betty goes to see Wicked on a date and accidentally stops the show.[45] Although Betty attends the Broadway production, the episode is shot primarily in Los Angeles: the Pantages Theatre in Hollywood doubled for the Gershwin Theatre for filming purposes.[46] On the March 8, 2008 episode of Saturday Night Live, Amy Adams and Kristen Wiig kicked off the episode singing the song "What Is This Feeling?" In the episode of "The Dinner Party" on The Office, Michael and Jan are arguing. Michael screams, "When I wanted to see 'Stomp' and you wanted to see 'Wicked,' what did we go see?" Jan meekly replies, "We saw 'Wicked.'" The musician and actor John Barrowman has been singing a version of The Wizard And I on his 2008 UK tour, with adapted lyrics referring to his Doctor Who and Torchwood character Jack's affection for The Doctor. Animé redirects here. ... Red Garden ) is a Japanese anime produced by GONZO studios and broadcast on TV Asahi since October 3, 2006. ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... For other uses, see Passion. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... For the 1979 television series of Brothers and Sisters, see Brothers and Sisters (1979 TV series). ... The War at Home is a sitcom that premiered on September 11, 2005 on Fox. ... Ugly Betty is a Golden Globe, Peabody and Emmy Award-winning[1] American television comedy-drama series starring America Ferrera, Eric Mabius, Rebecca Romijn and Vanessa Williams. ... Brothers is expected to be the fifteenth episode from the dramedy series Ugly Betty. ... Episode chronology Something Wicked This Way Comes is the sixth episode in season two of dramedy series Ugly Betty, it is scheduled to air November 1, 2007. ... Pantages Theatre during the 2006/2007 run of The Lion King The Pantages Theatre, formerly known as RKO Pantages Theatre, is located at 6233 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, California in the United States of America. ... ... Opened in 1972, the Gershwin Theatre, formerly known as the Uris, it was the first large Broadway theatre to be built since 1931. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... SNL redirects here. ... This article is about the actress. ... Kristen Carroll Wiig (born August 22, 1973) is an American actress, comedian, and impressionist. ... John Barrowman (born 11 March 1967 in Mount Vernon, Glasgow, Scotland) is a Scottish actor, musical performer, dancer, singer, and TV presenter who has lived and worked both in the United Kingdom and the United States. ... This article is about the television series. ... For plants known as torchwood, see Burseraceae. ... Captain Jack Harkness, also known as Captain Jack, is a fictional character played by John Barrowman in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... This article is about the character of the Doctor. ...


Behind the Emerald Curtain

The success of the Broadway production has led to the development of an auxiliary show, Behind the Emerald Curtain. Created by Sean McCourt and Anthony Galde, two members of the original Broadway ensemble, the show features a sixty minute behind-the-scenes tour of the props, masks, costumes and sets, led by cast members, who also take part in a question-and-answer session.[47] Behind the Emerald Curtain accompanies the productions on Broadway, in Chicago, and Los Angeles.[48] Sean McCourt is a Broadway actor from Detroit, Michigan. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Theatrical scenery is that which is used as a setting for a theatrical production. ...


Other productions

See also: Wicked cast lists
North American tour

Wicked launched its first national tour in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in March, 2005. Since then it has visited numerous cities throughout North America.[11] The original touring cast included Kendra Kassebaum as Glinda, Stephanie J. Block as Elphaba, Derrick Williams as Fiyero, Jenna Leigh Green as Nessarose, Carol Kane as Madame Morrible, Timothy Britten Parker as Doctor Dillamond, Logan Lipton as Boq and David Garrison as the Wizard. Notable replacements have included Kristy Cates, Eden Espinosa, Julia Murney, Shoshana Bean and Victoria Matlock as Elphaba; Megan Hilty as Glinda; Sebastian Arcelus and Cliffton Hall as Fiyero; Carole Shelley and Alma Cuervo as Madame Morrible; and Deedee Magno as Nessarose. Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... For other uses, see March (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kendra Kassebaum (born May 12, 1973) is an American theatre actress who has performed in many different musicals (both Broadway and non), and is most noted for her role as Glinda in the first national tour and Broadway cast of Wicked. ... Stephanie J. Block (born Stephanie Janette Block on September 19, 1972) is an American stage actress and member of Actors Equity and the Los Angeles Musical Theater Guild. ... Jenna Leigh Green (born August 22, 1974), an American actress, grew up in Simi Valley, California with her twin sister Jessica and younger sister Rebecca. ... Carolyn Laurie Kane (born June 18, 1952, Cleveland, Ohio, USA) is an American actress. ... Starred in the original Broadway cast of Rent. ... David Garrison (born June 30, 1952 in Long Branch, New Jersey) is an American actor, who played the character Steve Rhoades on the television show, Married. ... Kristy Cates is an American actress and singer, best known for her role as Elphaba in the Chicago production of Wicked. ... Eden Espinosa as Brooklyn. Eden Espinosa (born February 2, 1978 in Anaheim, California) is an American singer and stage actress. ... Julia Kathleen Murney (born January 14, 1969) is an American actress and singer, primarily featured in theatre and television commercial voice-overs. ... Shoshana Elise Bean (born September 1, 1977) is an American stage actress and singer known for her roles in Broadway musicals during the 2000s. ... Victoria Matlock is an American musical theatre actress. ... Megan Hilty (born Megan Kathleen Hilty on March 29, 1981 in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.) is an American stage and television actress. ... Sebastian Arcelus is an American voice actor who works on the properties of 4Kids Entertainment. ... Cliffton Hall is a Hawaiian actor, born around 1975. ... Carole Shelley (born August 16, 1939) is a Tony Award-winning actress from London, England. ... Alma Cuervo (b. ... Deedee Lynn Magno (born April 2, 1975) is an American actress and pop singer. ...


Over 2.2 million people saw the touring production in its first two years, and it grossed over $155 million.[4] The tour has played to capacity crowds on almost every performance,[4] with tickets for four-week engagements selling out in as little as seven hours.[4] The touring company celebrated its 1,000th performance on August 15, 2007 in Philadelphia.[36] In the week ending December 30, 2007 the production took in $2,291,608 in St Louis, Missouri, the highest weekly gross in North American touring history.[49] This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ...

2005 Chicago production
The Oriental Theatre, Chicago, where Wicked has played over 1,000 performances
The Oriental Theatre, Chicago, where Wicked has played over 1,000 performances

The first non-Broadway sit-down production of Wicked opened in Chicago, Illinois at the Ford Center for the Performing Arts Oriental Theatre on July 13, 2005. In its first week, the show grossed $1,400,000. It has continued to set records, becoming the longest running Broadway musical in Chicago history,[37] and is considered a key part of the booming Chicago theatre scene.[50] The limited engagement from April 29June 12, 2005 with the original touring cast was extended to an open-ended run.[51] For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... For other places with the same name, see Oriental Theatre. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with the Chicago Theatre, aka Chicago Theater, built in 1921, a theater at 175 North State Street The Auditorium Theatre. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the Chicago run, the 2005 touring cast has been gradually replaced by local actors.[52] The original Chicago cast included Ana Gasteyer as Elphaba, Kate Reinders as Glinda, Rondi Reed as Madame Morrible, Kristoffer Cusick as Fiyero, Heidi Kettenring as Nessarose and Gene Weygandt as the Wizard of Oz.[52] Notable Chicago cast replacements have included Kristy Cates, Dee Roscioli and Lisa Brescia as Elphaba; Erin Mackey, Kate Fahrner, and Annaleigh Ashford as Glinda; Ben Vereen and David Garrison as the Wizard; Brad Bass as Fiyero; Timothy Britten Parker as Doctor Dillamond; Carole Shelley and Barbara Robertson as Madame Morrible. The Chicago Tribune reported that the production is scheduled to close in January 2009.[53] Ana Kristina Gasteyer (born May 4, 1967) is an American actress and comedian. ... Kate Reinders, born in Muskegon, Michigan, is an American musical theatre actress who has performed as lead and understudy in several Broadway shows. ... Kristoffer Cusick is a Broadway actor. ... Kristy Cates is an American actress and singer, best known for her role as Elphaba in the Chicago production of Wicked. ... Dee Roscioli (born Danielle Marie Roscioli in Easton, Pennsylvania) is an American actress. ... Lisa Brescia, born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, is an American musical theatre actress who has performed as lead and understudy in several Broadway shows. ... Erin Mackey is an American actress and singer. ... Annaleigh Ashford (born in Colorado) is an American actress whose debut on the Broadway stage was in 2007s Legally Blonde: The Musical as sorority sister Margot. ... Ben Vereen (born October 10, 1946) is an American actor. ... David Garrison (born June 30, 1952 in Long Branch, New Jersey) is an American actor, who played the character Steve Rhoades on the television show, Married. ... Brad Bass is a American stage actor and singer who is best known for his roles in the Chicago production of Wicked, along with Dee Roscioli and Erin Mackey. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ...


During the 2007 Christmas holiday season, the production broke its own Chicago box office record with a gross $1,418,363.24 for the week ending December 30, 2007.[54] Producer David Stone commented on the unanticipated success of the production in Variety magazine, saying "To be honest, we thought it would run 18 months, then we'd spend a year in Los Angeles and six months in San Francisco... but sales stayed so strong that the producers created another road show and kept the show running in Chicago."[55] The Chicago production played its 1,000th performance on November 14, 2007.[56] Wicked has now played to more than 2 million visitors in Chicago with a gross of over $140 million, making it the highest grossing show in Chicago history by June 2007.[56][57] is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Variety is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

The Apollo Victoria Theatre, the home of Wicked in London
The Apollo Victoria Theatre, the home of Wicked in London
Original London West End production

The first international production of Wicked previewed on September 7, 2006 at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in London's West End with an official opening of September 27, 2006. The West End production reunited the show's original creative team with its Tony Award-winning star, Idina Menzel.[58] Other original London cast members included Australian Helen Dallimore as Glinda, Miriam Margolyes as Madame Morrible, Martin Ball as Doctor Dillamond, Adam Garcia as Fiyero, James Gillan as Boq, Katie Rowley Jones as Nessarose and Nigel Planer as the Wizard. Replacements have included Kerry Ellis as Elphaba, Dianne Pilkington as Glinda, Susie Blake and Harriet Thorpe as Madame Morrible, and Desmond Barrit as the Wizard. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 3456 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 3456 pixel, file size: 3. ... The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre on Wilton Road near Victoria station in London. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre on Wilton Road near Victoria station in London. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Idina Menzel (born Idina Kim Mentzel on May 30, 1971 in New York City) is a Tony Award-winning American actress, singer and songwriter who is best known for her performances in Wicked and Rent. ... Helen Dallimore made her West End debut as Glinda in Wicked on the 27th September 2006 starring along side Idina Menzel (To be replaced by Kerry Ellis in January) and Adam Garcia. ... Miriam Margolyes OBE (born May 18, 1941) is a British character actress. ... Martin Ball is an experienced theatre and television actor currently starring as Doctor Dillamond in Wicked (musical) at the Apollo Victoria Theatre London. ... Adam Garcia (born June 1, 1973 in Wahroonga, New South Wales, Australia), born Adam Gabriel Garcia, is an Australian actor of Colombian descent. ... Nigel George Planer (born February 22, 1953 in London) is an English actor, novelist and playwright. ... Kerry Ellis (born May 6, 1979) is an English stage actress who is currently starring in the lead role of Elphaba in the West End production of the musical Wicked after taking over the role from Idina Menzel, for whom she originally served as standby. ... Dianne Pilkington is an English actress. ... Susie as Bev Unwin in Coronation Street. ... Harriet Thorpe is an English actress who has played a number of roles, some particularly memorable with most of them being of the ridiculous. ... Desmond Barrit (born October 19, 1944 in Morriston) is a British actor who has starred in productions of the Royal Shakespeare Company. ...


The production was slightly tailored for a British audience, including minor creative changes to dialogue, choreography, and special effects. In the same fashion as the modifications that were made for the US/Canada tour, most of these changes were later incorporated into all productions of Wicked.[59]

2006 Universal Studios Japan (Osaka) mini-version

The theme park Universal Studios Japan in Osaka, Japan presents a 30-minute theme park version of Wicked, which began performances in July 2006. It focuses mainly on Elphaba and Glinda's relationship, but also includes the Wizard. Fiyero, Nessarose and Madame Morrible are absent from the production. The production generally uses American and Australian actresses to play Elphaba, while Japanese actresses play Glinda. The show is performed four times a day, with several actresses sharing each role. This version is performed mostly in Japanese, with portions in English.[60] Universal Studios Japan USJ2 Universal Studios Japan ) (USJ CO., LTD. TYO: 2142 ) is one of three Universal Studios theme parks, this one in Osaka, Japan. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

2007 Los Angeles production

Wicked launched its fifth open-ended production in Los Angeles, California at the Pantages Theatre. Performances began on February 10, 2007, with an official opening on February 21. All but two of the principals had previously performed their roles in another production – representatives from the Broadway, Chicago, and touring productions made up most of the original cast, with Eden Espinosa and Megan Hilty in the leads as Elphaba and Glinda, respectively.[61] Other original cast members included Carol Kane as Madame Morrible, Timothy Britten Parker as Doctor Dillamond, Jenna Leigh Green as Nessarose, Adam Wylie as Boq, Kristoffer Cusick as Fiyero, and John Rubinstein as the Wizard. Replacements have included Caissie Levy as Elphaba, Erin Mackey as Glinda, and Jo Anne Worley as Madame Morrible. Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Pantages Theatre during the 2006/2007 run of The Lion King The Pantages Theatre, formerly known as RKO Pantages Theatre, is located at 6233 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, California in the United States of America. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eden Espinosa as Brooklyn. Eden Espinosa (born February 2, 1978 in Anaheim, California) is an American singer and stage actress. ... Megan Hilty (born Megan Kathleen Hilty on March 29, 1981 in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.) is an American stage and television actress. ... Carolyn Laurie Kane (born June 18, 1952, Cleveland, Ohio, USA) is an American actress. ... Starred in the original Broadway cast of Rent. ... Jenna Leigh Green (born August 22, 1974), an American actress, grew up in Simi Valley, California with her twin sister Jessica and younger sister Rebecca. ... Adam Wylie, born 23 May 1984, in San Dimas, California, is a television and motion picture actor, as well as a Broadway musical performer, and a former Crayola spokesman. ... Kristoffer Cusick is a Broadway actor. ... John Rubinstein (born 8 December 1946) is an American film and television actor. ... Erin Mackey is an American actress and singer. ... Jo Anne Worley Jo Anne Worley (born on September 6, 1937) is an American actress. ...


In the week ending on March 4, 2007, the show grossed $1,786,110 and became the highest-grossing attraction in Los Angeles theatre history, taking the record from The Producers, which had set the record in June 2003 at the same theatre.[62] In the week ended December 30, 2007, Wicked set a new box office record of $1,949,968 in Los Angeles.[49] is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the 2001 stage musical. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


It was announced on April 1, 2008 that the production would close on January 11, 2009. It will have played 791 performances and 12 previews.[63] is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

2007-2008 international productions

Wicked opened its first non-English production in Tokyo, Japan on June 17, 2007, with previews starting on June 15, 2007. Numao Miyuki and Hamada Megumi played Glinda and Elphaba in the original Tokyo production. The Shiki Theatre Company at the Dentsu Shiki Theatre "Umi" produces it. The production has a Japanese and Chinese cast and is performed entirely in Japanese.[60] is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Wicked: Die Hexen von Oz ("Wicked: The witches of Oz") premiered November 15, 2007, at the Palladium Theater in Stuttgart. Willemijn Verkaik and Lucy Scherer headline the production as Elphaba and Glinda, and Mark Seibert plays Fiyero. Wicked has become one of Germany's top musicals. [64] A recording of this production was released on December 7, 2007. is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

2008 Melbourne production

An open-ended Australian production of Wicked is scheduled to open on July 9, 2008, with previews commencing June 27, at the Regent Theatre in Melbourne, Australia.[65][66] Australians Amanda Harrison and Lucy Durack will play Elphaba and Glinda, respectively; they will join Maggie Kirkpatrick as Madame Morrible and Rob Guest as The Wizard, and Australian Idol finalists Rob Mills (Fiyero) and Anthony Callea (Boq).[67] Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Recent Theatre The Regent Theatre is a theatre in Melbourne, Australia. ... Maggie Kirkpatrick (born 29 January 1941, Albury, New South Wales) is an Australian actress, who is best known for her portrayal of Joan Ferguson, a sadistic and corrupt lesbian prison officer known to the prisoners as The Freak in the popular Australian television soap opera, Prisoner. ... Australian Idol is a Logie Award-winning Australian singing competition, which began its first season on July 27, 2003. ...

2009 San Francisco production

SHN, who allow Broadway shows to use their theatres in San Francisco, have confirmed that Wicked, which did a trial run in San Francisco, will return to the Bay Area. It is scheduled to open in January of 2009 at the Orpheum Theatre.[68] For other uses, see January (disambiguation). ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

2010 Toronto production

It has been long rumored that the Chicago production will close in 2009 or 2010 and transfer to a sit down production in Toronto, the first stop of the national tour.


Recordings

See also: Wicked (Album)

A cast recording of the original Broadway production was released on December 16, 2003, by Universal Music. All of the songs featured on stage are present on the recording with the exception of "The Wizard And I (Reprise)" and "The Wicked Witch of the East". The short reprise of "No One Mourns The Wicked" that opens Act II is attached to the beginning of "Thank Goodness".[69] The music was arranged by Stephen Oremus, who was also the conductor and director, and James Lynn Abbott, with orchestrations by William David Brohn.[69] The recording received the Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album in 2005[70] and was certified platinum by the RIAA on November 30, 2006.[71] Wicked (Original Broadway Cast Recording) contains the songs from the Tony award-winning American musical Wicked, produced by Universal Pictures with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, and a book by Winnie Holzman. ... A cast recording is a recording of a musical that is intended to document the songs as they were performed in the show and experienced by the audience. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ... For the use of the term orchestration in computer science, see orchestration (computers) Orchestration or arrangement is the study and practice of arranging music for an orchestra or musical ensemble. ... William David Brohn is an award-winning arranger and orchestrator, best known for his theatre scores of musicals such as Miss Saigon, Ragtime and Wicked. ... The Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album has been awarded since 1959. ... “Golden record” redirects here. ... The RIAA Logo. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A German recording of the Stuttgart production was released on December 7, 2007, featuring a track listing and arrangements identical to those of the Broadway recording.[72] is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Although a London cast recording has been discussed, none has been recorded. It has also been noted that if a West End recording were to be released, Elphaba would be played by Kerry Ellis, rather than Idina Menzel who originated the part, both on Broadway and in the West End.[73] Kerry Ellis (born May 6, 1979) is an English stage actress who is currently starring in the lead role of Elphaba in the West End production of the musical Wicked after taking over the role from Idina Menzel, for whom she originally served as standby. ... Idina Menzel (born Idina Kim Mentzel on May 30, 1971 in New York City) is a Tony Award-winning American actress, singer and songwriter who is best known for her performances in Wicked and Rent. ...


The Japanese cast recording will be released on July 23, 2008, featuring the Original Tokyo cast.[74]


Movie Adaptation

In an interview with the UK Official Wicked Forums on iVillage, Maguire stated that "there will eventually be a film of Wicked the musical but probably not for four or five years".[75] iVillage, “internet for women,” is the #1 Women’s Community Site available today. ...


Notes

  • ^Animal  – When capitalised, "Animal" is used throughout the musical and Maguire's novel to refer to talking creatures. When begun with a lower-case letter, "animal" refers to creatures that have lost or never had the power of speech.

References

  1. ^ a b Wicked. Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  2. ^ Wicked cities. Wicked musical tour official website. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  3. ^ "West End musical 'Wicked' launches with record-breaking sales", WICKED The Musical - UK, 2006-03-07. Retrieved on 2008-02-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d Wicked. Talkin' Broadway. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  5. ^ John Bucchino and the Origins of Wicked. MusicalSchwartz.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  6. ^ a b Wicked - A Brief History. Wicked West End. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  7. ^ Winnie Holzman - Wicked's bookwriter. MusicalSchwartz. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  8. ^ Buckley, Michael. "STAGE TO SCREENS: A Chat with Wicked Nominee and TV Veteran Winnie Holzman", Playbill, 2004-06-06. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  9. ^ Wicked - Script. MusicalSchwartz.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  10. ^ Gregory Maguire (1995). Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. ReganBooks. ISBN 0-0603-9144-8. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l David Cote (2005). Wicked: The Grimmerie: A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the Hit Broadway Musical. Hyperion. ISBN 1-4013-0820-1. 
  12. ^ Macklin, Karen. "Witchy Ways", San Francisco Weekly, 2003-05-28. Retrieved on 2007-11-19. 
  13. ^ Stephanie J. Block, Star File. Broadway.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  14. ^ a b Wicked - the Musical. Stage Agent. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wicked - Musical Themes. MusicalSchwartz.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  16. ^ Defying Gravity. Musicnotes.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  17. ^ Wicked reviews. New York Theatre Guide. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  18. ^ Wicked. Talkin' Broadway. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  19. ^ Isherwood, Charles. "Wicked Review", Variety, 2003-10-30. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  20. ^ Winer, Linda. "Broadway Review: "Wicked"", Newsday, 2003-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  21. ^ Lawson, Kyle. "The little musical that could A critical flop, 'Wicked' sets box-office records", The Arizona Republic, August 20, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-11-11. 
  22. ^ Spencer, Charles. "Flawed, but witches' spell still works", Daily Telegraph, 2006-09-28. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  23. ^ Billington, Michael. "Wicked: the musical", The Guardian, 2006-09-28. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  24. ^ 2004 Tony Awards. BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  25. ^ "Tony Awards 2004: The winners", BBC News, 2004-06-07. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  26. ^ "'wicked' This Way Comes 6 Drama Desk Award Wins", The Hollywood Reporter, 2004-05-18. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  27. ^ 2007 Drama Desk Award Winners. Drama Desk Awards. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  28. ^ "Nominations announced for 2007 Laurence Olivier Awards", Society of London Theatre, 2007-01-18. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  29. ^ Wicked on Broadway. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  30. ^ Press release. Broadway official site. Retrieved on 2008-05-14.
  31. ^ Ku, Andrew. "Broadway Grosses", Playbill, 2007-11-05. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  32. ^ "Wicked Has Highest Box Office Gross for Any Show in History - $1,610,934", BroadwayWorld.com, 2006-01-03. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  33. ^ "Wicked Smashes Broadway Weekly Box Office Record", BroadwayWorld.com, 2006-11-27. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  34. ^ "Wicked Smashes Records, Earning $11.2 Million in One Week", Broadway.com, 2008-01-02. Retrieved on 2008-01-04. 
  35. ^ "Wicked Flies to 1,000th Broadway Performance, March 23", BroadwayWorld.com, 2006-03-16. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  36. ^ a b Gans, Andrew. "Wicked Tour Celebrates 1,000th Performance Aug. 15", Playbill Online, 2007-08-15. Retrieved on 2008-02-12. 
  37. ^ a b "Wicked Hits 1000th Chicago Performance Nov.14", BroadwayWorld.com, 2007-11-07. Retrieved on 2008-01-04. 
  38. ^ Shenton, Mark. "Spinning the grosses… and spinning the gossip", The Stage, 2006-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  39. ^ "Wicked 'sets record' for West End", BBC News, 2006-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  40. ^ a b c "Harriet Thorpe in Morrible in West End Wicked April 14th", Wicked The Musical (UK), 2008-02-20. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  41. ^ "At Every Window". Red Garden. 2006-10-31. No. 5, season 1.
  42. ^  Whedon, Joss (w),  Jeanty, Georges (p),  Owens, Andy (i). "Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season EightThe Long Way Home vol. 3,  #1 (2007-05-21)  Dark Horse Comics
  43. ^ "Matriarchy". Brothers & Sisters. 2007-05-20. No. 23, season 1.
  44. ^ "Brothers". Ugly Betty. 2007-02-08. No. 15, season 1.
  45. ^ "Something Wicked This Way Comes". Ugly Betty. 2007-11-01. No. 6, season 2.
  46. ^ "A “Wicked” Ugly Betty Episode", BroadwayWorld TV, 2007-11-01. Retrieved on 2007-11-05. 
  47. ^ Behind the Emerald Curtain. Broadway in Chicago. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  48. ^ What Is. Behind the Emerald Curtain. Retrieved on 2008-02-22.
  49. ^ a b 'Wicked' Shatters Box Office Records Worldwide.
  50. ^ "Wicked now longest-running musical in Chicago history", BroadwayWorld.com, 2007-06-21. Retrieved on 2007-11-09. 
  51. ^ Gans, Andrew (2005-03-23). Wicked to Have Open-Ended Chicago Run. Playbill, Inc.. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  52. ^ a b Kleiman, Kelly. WICKED. AISLE SAY Chicago. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  53. ^ Jones, Chris. "'Wicked' job continues to light the way for Kettenring", The Theater Loop - Chicago Tribune, 2007-09-08. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  54. ^ George, Doug (2008-01-03). It's a wicked good week. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  55. ^ Oxman, Steven. "Touring shows stay in the loop: Broadway in Chicago boost economy", Variety, 2007-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  56. ^ a b Carter, Kelley L.. 'Wicked' actor ready for 1,000 more shows. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  57. ^ Wicked Now Longest-Running Musical in Chicago History. Broadwayworld.com. Wisdom Digital Media (2007-06-21). Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  58. ^ "Wicked rehearsals start", Official London Theatre, Society of London Theatre, 2006-07-31. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  59. ^ Gans, Andrew. "DIVA TALK: Chatting with Wicked and Rags Star Eden Espinosa", Playbill, 2006-12-01. Retrieved on 2007-11-09. 
  60. ^ a b Gans, Andrew. "Full production of Wicked likely to open in Japan in 2007", Playbill, 2006-07-24. Retrieved on 2007-11-09. 
  61. ^ Wicked Cities - Los Angeles. Wicked The Musical. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  62. ^ "Wicked Breaks Los Angeles Box Office Records", BroadwayWorld.com, 2007-03-05. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  63. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Los Angeles Wicked Will Close in January 2009", Playbill, 2008-04-01. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  64. ^ Wicked - die Hexen von Oz (German). Stage Entertainment. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  65. ^ "Melbourne braces for a Wicked musical", The Australian, 2007-05-16. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  66. ^ Wicked Musical. Front Row King. Retrieved on 2007-11-09.
  67. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Harrison, Durack, Guest, Mills, Callea and Kirkpatrick to Star in Australia's Wicked", Playbill, 2008-02-12. Retrieved on 2008-02-22. 
  68. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Wicked to Play Open-Ended Run in San Francisco", Playbill, 2008-04-09. Retrieved on 2008-04-09. 
  69. ^ a b (2003) Album notes for Wicked by Original Broadway Cast [CD liner]. Universal Music.
  70. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Wicked's Cast Album Wins Grammy Award", Playbill, 2005-02-13. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  71. ^ "WICKED Original Cast Recording Certified Platinum", BroadwayWorld.com, 2006-11-30. Retrieved on 2007-11-08. 
  72. ^ (2007) Album notes for Wicked: Die Hexen von Oz by Ensemble Palladium Theater Stuttgart [CD liner]. Universal Music.
  73. ^ "Episode 37: Ball in our court", MusicalTalk, 2007-06-26. Retrieved on 2008-01-09. 
  74. ^ ミュージカル『ウィキッド』日本語版CD製作中! ((Japanese)). 劇団四季 (Shiki Theater Company) (2008-05-08). Retrieved on 2008-05-15.
  75. ^ "An audience with Gregory Maguire", iVillage. Retrieved on 2008-04-24. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is the complete episode listing for all the animation produced for Red Garden ). The series consists of 22 episodes. ... Red Garden ) is a Japanese anime produced by GONZO studios and broadcast on TV Asahi since October 3, 2006. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ... The Long Way Home is the first arc from the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight series of comic books based upon the television series of the same name, and is written by creator Joss Whedon. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the 1979 television series of Brothers and Sisters, see Brothers and Sisters (1979 TV series). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Brothers is expected to be the fifteenth episode from the dramedy series Ugly Betty. ... Ugly Betty is a Golden Globe, Peabody and Emmy Award-winning[1] American television comedy-drama series starring America Ferrera, Eric Mabius, Rebecca Romijn and Vanessa Williams. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Episode chronology Something Wicked This Way Comes is the sixth episode in season two of dramedy series Ugly Betty, it is scheduled to air November 1, 2007. ... Ugly Betty is a Golden Globe, Peabody and Emmy Award-winning[1] American television comedy-drama series starring America Ferrera, Eric Mabius, Rebecca Romijn and Vanessa Williams. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eden Espinosa as Brooklyn. Eden Espinosa (born February 2, 1978 in Anaheim, California) is an American singer and stage actress. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The musical production company Stage Entertainment is based in Amsterdam. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wicked (Original Broadway Cast Recording) contains the songs from the Tony award-winning American musical Wicked, produced by Universal Pictures with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, and a book by Winnie Holzman. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wicked (Original Broadway Cast Recording) contains the songs from the Tony award-winning American musical Wicked, produced by Universal Pictures with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, and a book by Winnie Holzman. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Oz Portal

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m