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Encyclopedia > WiMedia Alliance

The WiMedia Alliance is a not-for-profit open industry association that promotes and enables the rapid adoption, regulation, standardization and multi-vendor interoperability of ultra-wideband (UWB) worldwide. // Ultra-wideband (also UWB, and ultra-wide-band, ultra-wide band, etc. ...


WiMedia Alliance develop, maintain, enhance and reference technical specifications including:

  • PHY and MAC
  • Convergence architecture to provide coexistence and fairness including support for multiple applications (e.g., Wireless USB, Wireless 1394, bluetooth, IP, etc.)
  • A protocol adaptation layer for the Internet Protocol
  • IP-based application profiles

WiMedia Alliance and MultiBand OFDM Alliance Special Interest Group (MBOA-SIG) merged into a single organization in 2005. The merged group operate as the WiMedia Alliance. PHY is a generic electronics term refering to a special electronic integrated circuit or functional block of a circuit that provides physical access to a digital connection cable. ... // Look up Mac, mac in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wireless USB is a short-range, high-bandwidth wireless extension to USB that combines the speed and ease-of-use of USB 2. ... Bluetooth logo Bluetooth is an industrial specification for wireless personal area networks (PANs). ... The Internet Protocol (IP) is a data-oriented protocol used for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork. ...

Contents

WiMedia Alliance

WiMedia UWB is the basis for the industry’s first UWB standards. The WiMedia Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Common Radio Platform incorporates media access control (MAC) layer and physical (PHY) layer specifications based on Multi-band Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MB-OFDM). The solution enables shortrange multimedia file transfers at data rates of 480 Mbit/s and beyond with low power consumption, and operates in the 3.1 to 10.6 GHz UWB spectrum. WiMedia UWB is optimized for the personal computer (PC), consumer electronics (CE), mobile device and automotive market segments.


The UWB system provides a wireless PAN with data payload communication capabilities of 53.3, 55, 80, 106.67, 110, 160, 200, 320, and 480 Mb/s.


The WiMedia UWB platform is also optimized for complementary wireless personal area network (WPAN) technologies such as Bluetooth 3.0, Certified Wireless USB, the 1394 Trade Group’s “Wireless FireWire” Protocol Adaptation Layer (PAL) (Non-IP Peer to Peer architecture) and Wireless TCP/IP - UPnP (WiNet). Different wireless protocols can operate within the same wireless personal area network without interference. In addition to these, many other industry protocols can reside on top of the WiMedia UWB platform. Those include Ethernet, DVI and HDMI. Presently, the WiMedia PHY specification has an over-the-air uncoded capability of more than 480 Mbit/s; the specification is highly scalable and will ultimately support wireless DVI and HDMI, operating at Gbit/s data rates. Bluetooth logo Bluetooth is an industrial specification for wireless personal area networks (PANs). ... Wireless USB is a short-range, high-bandwidth wireless extension to USB that combines the speed and ease-of-use of USB 2. ... The 6-pin and 4-pin FireWire Connectors FireWire is Apple Inc. ... The Internet Protocol (IP) is a data-oriented protocol used for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork. ... The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA), (formely: Digital Home Working Group), is an alliance of leading companies in the consumer electronics, mobile and personal computer industries. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operates at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ... For other meanings of DVI, please see DVI (disambiguation). ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ...


The WiMedia Network (WiNET) is a protocol adaptation layer (PAL) that builds on the WiMedia UWB common radio platform to augment the convergence platform with TCP/IP services.


Certified Wireless USB can operate in two way:

  • Coexistence Wireless USB operates on top of Wimedia UWB PHY - Wimedia UWB MAC - Convergence Layer.
  • Pure Wireless USB operates directly on top of Wimedia UWB PHY.

Bluetooth, Wireless 1394, IP (WiNet) operate on top of Wimedia UWB PHY - Wimedia UWB MAC - Convergence Layer like Coexistence Wireless USB.


Within the WiMedia MAC specification is the MAC Convergence Architecture (WiMCA) that allows applications to share UWB resources. WiMCA defines a number of policies, including channel-time utilization; secure association, authentication and data transfer; device and WPAN management; quality of service; discovery of services; and power management.


WiMedia plans to develop universal IP addressing protocols in alignment with organizations such as the UPnP Forum and the Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA).


Promoters

The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC; SEHK: 4335) is the worlds largest semiconductor company and the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in many personal computers. ... Eastman Kodak Company (NYSE: EK) is a large multinational public company producing photographic equipment. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), (founded 1975), headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, is the worlds largest software company (with over 50,000 employees in various countries, as of May 2004). ... Nokia Corporation (NYSE: NOK) is the worlds largest manufacturer of mobile telephones (as of June 2006), with a global market share of approximately 34% in Q2 of 2006[1]. It produces mobile phones for every major market and protocol, including GSM, CDMA, and W-CDMA (UMTS). ... For other uses of NXP, see NXP (disambiguation). ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KSE: 005930, KSE: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is a South Korean Multinational Corporation and one of the worlds largest Electronics and IT companies,[1]. In August 2005, BusinessWeek rated Samsung as the Number 1 consumer electronics brand in the world. ... Sony Corporation (Japanese katakana: ソニー) (TYO: 6758), (NYSE: SNE) is a global consumer electronics corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. ... STMicroelectronics is an international leading supplier of semiconductors. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ...

Contributors

Advantest Corporation ) (TYO: 6857 , NYSE: ATE) is a large Japanese supplier of automatic test equipment. ... ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... Analog Devices (NYSE: ADI) is an American multinational producer of semiconductor devices. ... Broadcom Corporation is a leading American supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... Look up buffalo, Buffalo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CSR plc (LSE: CSR), or previously Cambridge Silicon Radio is a company based in Cambridge, England whose main product line is a single-chip implementation of the Bluetooth standard for radio-signal communication between devices. ... Canon Inc. ... Dell Inc. ... Chronic renal failure (CRF, or chronic kidney failure, CKF) is a slowly progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years and defined as an abnormally low glomerular filtration rate, which is usually determined indirectly by the creatinine level in blood serum. ... General Atomics is a nuclear physics and defense contractor in southern California. ... It has been suggested that Hitachi Works be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Andrew Marvell Marvell Technology Group ... Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Category: ... Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (三菱電機, Mitsubishi Denki), TYO: 6503 is a Japanese company based in the Mitsubishi Denki Building in Tokyo, manufactures electric and architectural equipment. ... Head office of Murata Manufacturing in Nagaokakyo, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan Murata Manufacturing Co. ... Nec N343i in Spain NEC logo (1899-1992) NEC Corporation (Japanese: Nippon Denki Kabushiki Gaisha; TYO: 6701 , NASDAQ: NIPNY) is a multi-national information technologies company headquartered in Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan. ... Oki Electric Industry Co. ... OMRON is a Japanese electronics company in Kyoto, Kyoto. ... Realtek Semiconductor Corp. ... Renesas Technology Corporation ) is a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer. ... Ricoh Company, Ltd. ... Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Dutch Philips Electronics Ltd. ... Symbian OS is an operating system with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian. ... Synopsys, Inc. ... TDK Corporation (TDK株式会社), formerly Tokyo Denkikagaku Kogyo K.K. (東京電気化学工業株式会社), (TYO: 6762), NYSE: TDK, LSE: TDK is a Japanese company that manufactures electronic materials, electronic components, and recording and data-storage media. ... Tektronix is a United States corporation that is currently a major presence in the test, measurement, and measuring industry. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March, 31 2005 Toshiba Corporation (東芝, Tōshiba) TYO: 6502 is a Japanese high technology electrical and electronics manufacturing firm, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... Taiyo Yuden Co. ...

Standardisation

IEEE

IEEE_802.15.3a was an attempt to provide a higher speed UWB PHY enhancement amendment to IEEE 802.15.3 for applications which involve imaging and multimedia. IEEE 802. ... // Ultra-wideband (also UWB, and ultra-wide-band, ultra-wide band, etc. ...


The attempt to create an IEEE ultrawideband standard failed because of several factors. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE (pronounced as eye-triple-e) is an international non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity. ...


First, based on execution of the approved IEEE 802.15.3a Task Group down selection procedure, there were only two proposals remaining. Each of the remaining proposals contained mutually exclusive communication architectures. To say that more simply, neither proposer's radio could communicate with the others. One proposal was a merger of a novel OFDM architecture proposed by Texas Instruments with several technically inferior frequency and pulse based ultrawideband designs. This merged proposal became known as the MB-OFDM proposal and was sponsored by Texas Instruments as a member of the Multi Band OFDM Alliance, which is now part of WiMedia. The other proposal was a merger between an original direct sequence pulse based design (DS-UWB) contributed by Xtreme Spectrum that was modified to include features of several other pulse based proposals. Ironically, after the dust settled through several years of each proposer bashing the other's technical implementation, both remaining proposals achieved nearly identical performance in terms of data throughput, channel robustness, overall design DC power consumption, and device cost.


Second, there were numerous attempts by each proposer to achieve both victory in the down selection vote, and then reach the 75% approval rating required for task group confirmation of the selected technical proposal, which never happened. In the first round of down selection, the MB-OFDM proposal was selected. Through several subsequent rounds of down selection, the selected proposal alternated between MB-OFDM and DS-UWB, with neither being able to achieve technical confirmation.


There was a significant attempt at creating a compromise that would have allowed the MB-OFDM and DS-UWB radios to communicate with each other. This common signaling mode (CSM) channel initially supported a lower data rate than the minimum mandatory 110 Mbit/s, for purposes of coordination and allowing other elements necessary for proper operation of a wireless personal area network. The common signaling mode (CSM) was proposed by John Santhoff of Pulse~LINK as a way forward for both proposals that would allow complete coexistence and at least minimal interoperability. However, MB-OFDM supporters insisted that a common signaling mode was not needed, and that their customer research supported a strict notion that only one physical layer (PHY) would be tolerated by the consumer market. Thus, even though the DS-UWB supporters embraced CSM as a bridge between the two proposals, the lack of flexibility and acceptance by MB-OFDM supporters killed what turned out to be the best solution to achieve a compromise between the proposers.


The contest became so contentious that the originally elected Task Group Chair, Bob Heile, who was also the 802.15 Working Group Chair, resigned his position. Bob Heile was replaced by Jim Lansford, CTO of Alereon, and Gregg Rasor, Director of Ultrawideband Research and Development in Motorola Labs, who co-chaired IEEE 802.15.3a until it's end. The idea of co-chairs was brought about in yet another attempt to forge a compromise that would generate an IEEE standard for ultrawideband.


Consequently, in the Spring of 2006, the IEEE 802.15.3a Task Group was officially disbanded by the IEEE Standards Association. On January 19, 2006, IEEE 802.15.3a task group (TG3a) members voted to recommend that the IEEE 802 Executive Committee ask NESCOM to withdraw the December 2002 project authorization request (PAR) which initiated the development of high data rate UWB standards. // Ultra-wideband (also UWB, and ultra-wide-band, ultra-wide band, etc. ...


The most commendable achievement of IEEE 802.15.3a was its consolidation of 23 UWB PHY specifications into two proposals using : Multi-Band Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MB-OFDM) UWB, supported by the WiMedia Alliance, and Direct Sequence - UWB (DS-UWB), supported by the UWB Forum. // Ultra-wideband (also UWB, and ultra-wide-band, ultra-wide band, etc. ... The UWB Forum is an industry organization dedicated to ensuring that Ultra-Wideband (UWB) products from multiple vendors are truly interoperable. ...


ECMA

On December 8, 2005 Ecma International released two international ISO-based specifications (ECMA-368 and ECMA-369) for UWB technology based on the WiMedia Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Common Radio Platform. Ecma International is an international membership-based standards organization for information and communication systems. ...


ETSI

ECMA-368 is also an ETSI standard (ETSI TS 102 455). The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is a standardization organization of the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, with worldwide projection. ...


ISO

The Ecma 368 and 369 standards were approved as ISO/IEC standards in 2007 respectively with numbers: ISO has many meanings: Iso is the stem of the Latin transliteration of the Greek word ίσος (ísos, meaning equal). The iso- prefix in English derives from this and means equality or similarity. ... The initials IEC can stand for: Independent Electoral Commission Industrial Emergency Council Inertial electrostatic confinement (in fusion energy) Institut des Experts-comptables et des Conseils fiscaux Institut dEstudis Catalans, Catalan Studies Institute Interactive Evolutionary Computation International Education Centre International Electrical Congress International Electrotechnical Commission See also IEC connector for...

  • ISO/IEC 26907:2007 - Information technology -- Telecommunications and information exchange between systems -- High Rate Ultra Wideband PHY and MAC Standard
  • ISO/IEC 26908:2007 - Information technology -- MAC-PHY Interface for ISO/IEC 26907

See also

  • Wi-Fi Alliance

Official Wi-Fi logo The Wi-Fi Alliance is a trade group that owns the trademark to Wi-Fi. ...

External links


 
 

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