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Encyclopedia > White flag
German troops after surrendering to the U.S. Third Army carry the white flag (WW2 photo).
German troops after surrendering to the U.S. Third Army carry the white flag (WW2 photo).

White flags have had different meanings throughout history and depending on the locale. WW2 photo This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... WW2 photo This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


The white flag is an international sign of truce or ceasefire, and request for negotiation. It is also used to symbolise surrender, since it is often the weaker military party which requests negotiation. A white flag signifies to all that an approaching negotiator is unarmed, with an intent to surrender or a desire to communicate. Persons carrying or waving a white flag are not to be fired upon, nor are they allowed to open fire. The use of the flag to surrender is included in the Geneva Conventions. == T.R.U.C.E == Teachers Resisting Unhealthy Childrens Entertainment. ... A ceasefire is a temporary stoppage of a war, or any armed conflict, where each side of the conflict agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. ... To surrender is when soldiers give up fighting and become prisoners of war, either as individuals or when ordered to by their officers. ... Development of the Geneva Conventions from 1864 to 1949. ...


The improper use of a white flag is forbidden by the rules of war and constitutes a war crime of perfidy. There have been numerous reported cases of such behaviour in conflicts, such as fighters using white flags as a ruse to approach and attack enemies, or killings of fighters attempting to surrender by carrying white flags. The laws of war (Jus in bello) define the conduct and responsibilities of belligerent nations, neutral nations and individuals engaged in warfare, in relation to each other and to protected persons, usually meaning civilians. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ...


Many times since the weaker party is in a decrepit state, a white flag would be fashioned out of anything readily available like a T Shirt, handkerchief, anything white. The most common way of making a white flag is to obtain a pole and tie two corners of a sheet of cloth to the top of the pole and somewhere in the middle.

Contents

Origin

The first mention of the usage of white flags to surrender is made during from the Eastern Han dynasty (A.D 25-220). In the Roman Empire, the historian Cornelius Tacitus mentions a white flag of surrender in A.D. 109. Before that time, Roman armies would surrender by holding their shields above their heads. The usage of the white flag has since spread worldwide. The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... This article is about the historian Tacitus. ...


Umayyad dynasty

The Umayyad dynasty ruled for ninety years (661-750) over the Islamic world, using white as their symbolic color as a reminder of Muhammad's first battle at Badr, and to distinguish themselves from the Abbasids, by using white, rather than black, as their color of mourning. White is one of the pan-Arab colors because of that period. The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Events Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib is assassinated. ... Events Last Umayyad caliph Marwan II (744-750) overthrown by first Abbasid caliph, Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah Bold textItalic textLink title GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ... Combatants Muslims of Medina Quraish of Mecca Commanders Muhammad Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib Ali Amr ibn Hishām (aka Abū Jahl) Abu Sufyan Strength 305-350 <900-1000 Casualties 14 killed 50-70 killed 43-70 captured The Battle of Badr (Arabic: ‎), fought March 17, 624 CE (17 Ramadan... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون, Abbāsīyūn) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... Red, black, and white, sometimes with green, are the Pan-Arab colors and have their origins in the flag of the Arab Revolt. ...


Ancien Régime in France

During the period of the Ancien Régime, in the 18th century, the royal standard of France became a plain white flag, sometimes covered in fleur-de-lis or bearing the ensigns of the Order of the Holy Spirit. The white color was also used as a symbol of military command, by the commanding officer of a French army. Ancien Régime, a French term meaning Former Regime, but rendered in English as Old Rule, Old Order, or simply Old Regime, refers primarily to the aristocratic social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Fleurs-de-lys on the flag of Quebec The fleur-de-lis (also spelled fleur-de-lys; plural fleurs-de-lis or -lys) is used in heraldry, where it is particularly associated with the France monarchy (see King of France). ... The Order of the Holy Spirit, also known as the Order of the Knights of the Holy Spirit, (French: LOrdre du Saint Espirt; LOrdre des Chevaliers du Saint Esprit) was an Order of Chivalry under the French Monarchy. ...


After the French Revolution, in 1794, the Tricolor was adopted as the official flag of France The white flag quickly became a symbol of French royalists. During the Bourbon Restoration period in France, it replaced the Tricolor, seen as a symbol of regicide. The French troops fighting in the American War of Independence fought under the white flag. It was finally abandoned in 1830, with the July Revolution. The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a pivotal period in the history of French, European and Western civilization. ... Flag Ratio: 2:3 The national flag of France (Vexillological symbol: , known in French as drapeau tricolore, drapeau bleu-blanc-rouge, drapeau français, rarely, le tricolore and, in military parlance, les couleurs) is a tricolour featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red. ... Following the ouster of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a king, or the person responsible for it. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775&#8211;1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1873, an attempt to reestablish the monarchy failed because of the refusal of Henri, comte de Chambord to accept the Tricolor. He demanded the return of the white flag before he would accept the throne. Henri, comte de Chambord Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné dArtois, comte de Chambord (September 29, 1820 – August 24, 1883) was technically King Henri V of France from July 30th to August 9, 1830. ...


Racing

A white racing flag is displayed from the starter's tower indicates that the race leader is running his/her final lap. In FIA sanctioned races, a white flag warns of a slow car ahead. The flagman waves the green flag at the start of the Aarons 499 at Talladega Superspeedway on April 6, 2003. ...


Buddhist-Confucian countries

In Buddhist countries, white is the colour of mourning, so a white flag is used where other cultures might fly a black flag. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Black Flag may refer to: Black Flag (insecticide), a brand of insecticide made by the Fountainhead Group Czarny Sztandar (1903), a Białystok anarchist organisation Chernoe Znamja (1905), a Geneva anarchist newspaper Black Flag (band), a hardcore punk band Black Flag (newspaper), an anarchist newspaper Black Flag Army, a bandit...


Taliban Afghanistan

During the Afghanistan civil war, the flag used by the Taliban was a plain white flag. When they took over Kabul in 1996, and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, it became the national flag of the country, representing 'the purity of their faith and government'. After 1997, the Taliban added the Shahadah to the flag. Flag flown by the Taliban. ... Kabul, Kâbl (locally: کابل), is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population of approximately 3 million people. ... The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was the name given the nation of Afghanistan by the Taliban during their rule, from 1996 to 2001. ... The shahadah (Arabic:   translit: ) (Turkish: Åžehadet) is the Islamic creed. ...


Use in fiction

An unadorned white flag was the standard of the Stewards of Gondor in the Middle-earth legendarium of author J.R.R. Tolkien. The Stewards of Gondor were rulers from J. R. R. Tolkiens legendarium of Middle-earth. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ...


In the novel and 1953 film The War of the Worlds, three men wave a white flag while trying to make first contact with the Martians. They are then incinerated by the Martians' Heat-Ray. The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ... The War of the Worlds (1953) was produced by George Pál (the second of three H. G. Wells science fiction stories to be filmed by Pál) and directed by Byron Haskin from a script by Barré Lyndon, and starred Gene Barry, Les Tremayne and Ann Robinson. ... In H. G. Wellss classic science fiction novel The War of the Worlds, Heat-Rays are the primary offensive weapon used by the Martians. ...


In the Family Guy episode e. Peterbus Unum, Peter, facing defeat, asks Brian if he can use him as a white flag. E. Peterbus Unum is an episode from the second season of the FOX animated television series Family Guy. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
White flag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (727 words)
The improper use of a white flag is forbidden by the rules of war and constitutes a war crime of perfidy.
White is one of the pan-Arab colors because of that period.
An unadorned white flag was the standard of the Stewards of Gondor in the Middle-earth legendarium of author J.R.R. Tolkien.
Lebanon (1633 words)
The Lebanese flag is derived from the French tricolor.
The Lebanese flag was raised in Bashamoun on the 21st of November 1943 at 11:20 pm.
The flags are a triangular version of the national flag, with the cedar slightly skewed to the hoist.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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