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Encyclopedia > White Tree

In J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy universe of Middle-earth, the White Tree of Gondor stood as a symbol of Gondor in the Court of the Fountain in Minas Tirith. The White Tree also appears as a motif upon Gondor's flag.



First White Tree

The first White Tree of Gondor came from a fruit that Isildur, at great personal risk, managed to steal from Nimloth the Fair, the White Tree of Numenor, before that one was destroyed at Sauron's insistence. He suffered many wounds at this mission, and he came near death, but when the first leaf opened in the spring, Isildur was healed of his wounds.

This sapling was brought to Middle-earth on Isildur's ship, and it was eventually planted in Minas Ithil before the house of Isildur. But when Sauron returned to Middle-earth, he launched a sudden attack that captured Minas Ithil, and he destroyed the White Tree. Isildur escaped taking with him again a sapling.

Second White Tree

In the Year 2 of the Third Age, Isildur plants the seedling of the White Tree in Minas Anor.

This White Tree lasts until T. A. 1636, when the Great Plague hits Gondor, killing among many others King Telemnar and his children.

Third White Tree

A third sapling is planted in T. A. 1640 by King Tarondor. This one lasts until the year 2852 and the death of the Ruling Steward Belecthor II.

At this time no seedling of the tree could be found. As a result it was left standing after its death.

Fourth White Tree

When Aragorn becomes king he discovers (with Gandalf's help) a sapling of the White Tree upon the slopes of Mindolluin, high above the city, which he reverently plants in its place. The dead tree is removed from the court but is placed in the Tombs of the Kings with all the honour that would normally be accorded a fallen monarch. In June of T. A. 3019 the sapling blooms.


 Celeborn of Tol Eressëa | | Nimloth the Fair of Númenor | | First White Tree of Minas Ithil planted by Isildur, Second Age | | Second White Tree of Minas Anor planted by Isildur, TA. 2- TA. 1636 | | Third White Tree of Minas Tirith TA. 1640- TA. 2852 | | Fourth White Tree of Minas Tirith Planted by Aragorn, TA. 3019 


The finding of the sapling is not seen in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). In the movie we momentarily see however that the previously dead tree is flowering again at Aragorn's coronation.

  Results from FactBites:
National Christmas Tree Association: White Fir (591 words)
White fir, also commonly called concolor fir, is native to the western United States and may reach sizes of 130-150 ft. in height and 3 to 4 ft. in diameter.
On older trees, the lower one-half to one-third of the crown is often free of branches.
White fir occurs from 6000 ft. to 11,000 ft. in elevation in the Rocky Mountains and as low as 2300 ft. near the Pacific Coast.
Ohio Trees - White Pine (744 words)
White Pine suffers from white pine blister rust, a fungus that attacks the inner bark.
White Pine is also attacked by the white pine weevil, which bores into the terminal shoots and distorts the growth of the upper canopy.
White Pine is distinguished from all other eastern pines by the fact that its soft, thin, bluish-green needles occur in bundles of five.
  More results at FactBites »



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