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Encyclopedia > White House Press Secretary
List of Press Secretaries
Year(s) Name President
2006–present Tony Snow George W. Bush
2003–2006 Scott McClellan George W. Bush
2001–2003 Ari Fleischer George W. Bush
2000–2001 Jake Siewert Bill Clinton
1998–2000 Joe Lockhart Bill Clinton
1994–1998 Mike McCurry Bill Clinton
1993–1994 Dee Dee Myers Bill Clinton
1989–1993 Marlin Fitzwater George H. W. Bush
1987–1989 Marlin Fitzwater Ronald Reagan
1981–1987 Larry Speakes Ronald Reagan
1981–1989 James Brady Ronald Reagan
1977–1981 Jody Powell Jimmy Carter
1974–1977 Ron Nessen Gerald Ford
1974 Jerald terHorst Gerald Ford
1969–1974 Ron Ziegler Richard Nixon
1967–1969 George Christian Lyndon B. Johnson
1965–1966 Bill Moyers Lyndon B. Johnson
1964–1965 George Reedy Lyndon B. Johnson
1961–1964 Pierre Salinger Lyndon B. Johnson
John F. Kennedy
1953–1961 James C. Hagerty Dwight D. Eisenhower
1952–1953 Roger Tubby Harry S. Truman
1950–1952 Joseph Short Harry S. Truman
1950 Stephen Early Harry S. Truman
1945–1950 Charles G. Ross Harry S. Truman
1945 Jonathan W. Daniels Harry S. Truman
Franklin D. Roosevelt
1945 J. Leonard Reinsch Franklin D. Roosevelt
1937–1945 Stephen Early Franklin D. Roosevelt
† De facto Press Secretary
‡ Did not brief the press after March 30, 1981 (see Reagan assassination attempt)

The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official with a rank one step below Presidential Cabinet level. The Press Secretary is the primary spokesperson for the Administration. The current Press Secretary is Tony Snow. Tony Snow Robert Anthony Tony Snow, (born June 1, 1955) is the current White House Press Secretary for George W. Bush. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Scott McClellan in the press room of the White House Puffy McMoonface (born February 14, 1968) was the White House Press Secretary (2003-2006) for President George W. Bush. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Ari Fleischer conducts a White House press conference Lawrence Ari Fleischer (born October 13, 1960) was the press secretary for U.S. President George W. Bush from January 2001 to July 2003. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Jake Siewert served as White House Press Secretary from September 30, 2000 to January 19, 2001 during the administration of President Bill Clinton. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Joseph Lockhart served as White House Press Secretary from 1998 to 2001 during the administration of President Bill Clinton. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Mike McCurry conducts a White House press conference Mike McCurry (born 27 October 1954) is best known as the former press secretary for Bill Clintons administration. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Dee Dee Myers (born Margaret Jane Myers on 1 September 1961 in Providence, Rhode Island) served as White House Press Secretary for the first two years of the Clinton administration, from January 20, 1993 to December 22, 1994. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... Larry Speakes (born September 13, 1939) was the spokesman for the White House under President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... James Brady James Scott “Jim” Brady (born August 29, 1940) was Assistant to the President and White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... Joseph Jody Lester Powell (born 1943) is a U.S. administrator. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Ron Nessen (born May 25, 1934) was a press secretary for President Gerald Ford from 1974 to 1977. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Jerald Franklin terHorst (born 1922) was the first person to serve as press secretary for President Gerald Ford. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Richard Nixons White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... Bill Moyers Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934 as Billy Don Moyers) is an American journalist and public commentator. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... George Reedy was White House Press Secretary from 1964 to 1965. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... Pierre Salinger. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... JFK redirects here. ... James Campbell Hagerty (May 9, 1909 - April 11, 1981) served as White House Press Secretary from 1953 to 1961 during the Eisenhower administration. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). ... Roger Tubby was White House Press Secretary from 1952 to 1953 and served under President Harry Truman. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Joseph Short was White House Press Secretary from 1950 to 1952. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 - August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Charles Griffith Ross (1885 - 1950) was a U.S. journalist. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Jonathan W. Daniels was the shortest serving White House Press Secretary since the inception of the position in 1937. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... FDR redirects here. ... J. Leonard Reinsch was White House Press Secretary in 1945 and served under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... FDR redirects here. ... Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 - August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. ... FDR redirects here. ... The Reagan assassination attempt occurred on March 30, 1894, just 70 days into the presidency of Ronald Reagan. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Tony Snow Robert Anthony Tony Snow, (born June 1, 1955) is the current White House Press Secretary for George W. Bush. ...


Responsibilities

Responsibilities center on collecting information about what is happening inside the Administration and around the world, and getting that information to the media in a timely and accurate fashion. The information includes things like a summary of the President's schedule for the day, whom the President has seen, called or had interactions with, and the official position of the Administration on the news of the day. The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ...


The Press Secretary traditionally also fields questions from the White House Press Corps in briefings and press conferences, which are generally televised, and "press gaggles", which are on-the-record briefings without video recording, though transcripts are usually made available. The Press corps is the press gallery in the United States Congress. ... A joint press conference by U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair at the White House. ... It has been suggested that Attribution (journalism) be merged into this article or section. ...


The position of White House Press Secretary has often been filled by individuals from news media backgrounds:

FDR redirects here. ... Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 - August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. ... Front of UPI Headquarters, Washington, D.C. UPI redirects here. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... J. Leonard Reinsch was White House Press Secretary in 1945 and served under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Jonathan W. Daniels was the shortest serving White House Press Secretary since the inception of the position in 1937. ... Charles Griffith Ross (1885 - 1950) was a U.S. journalist. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Joseph Short was White House Press Secretary from 1950 to 1952. ... Roger Tubby was White House Press Secretary from 1952 to 1953 and served under President Harry Truman. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). ... James Campbell Hagerty (May 9, 1909 - April 11, 1981) served as White House Press Secretary from 1953 to 1961 during the Eisenhower administration. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... JFK redirects here. ... Pierre Salinger. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Jerald Franklin terHorst (born 1922) was the first person to serve as press secretary for President Gerald Ford. ... NBC News plug 2002-Today. ... Ron Nessen (born May 25, 1934) was a press secretary for President Gerald Ford from 1974 to 1977. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... Larry Speakes (born September 13, 1939) was the spokesman for the White House under President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987. ... Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... Tony Snow Robert Anthony Tony Snow, (born June 1, 1955) is the current White House Press Secretary for George W. Bush. ...

Trivia

As of 2006: 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Stephen Early and Marlin Fitzwater are the only press secretaries with two terms of service, under two presidents.
  • Jonathan W. Daniels had the shortest term of service of all ex-press secretaries.
  • Bill Moyers is the "senior" ex-press secretary; all preceding press secretaries are deceased.
  • Dee Dee Myers is the only female to serve as White House Press Secretary.
  • The average tenure of White House Press Secretaries from 1950 to the present is 2.66 years.

Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 - August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. ... Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. ... Jonathan W. Daniels was the shortest serving White House Press Secretary since the inception of the position in 1937. ... Bill Moyers Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934 as Billy Don Moyers) is an American journalist and public commentator. ... Dee Dee Myers (born Margaret Jane Myers on 1 September 1961 in Providence, Rhode Island) served as White House Press Secretary for the first two years of the Clinton administration, from January 20, 1993 to December 22, 1994. ...

External links and references


  Results from FactBites:
 
CNN.com - Fleischer resigning White House post - May. 20, 2003 (883 words)
White House press secretary Ari Fleischer smiles during Monday's briefing.
In 28 months as White House press secretary, Fleischer has had generally positive relations with the press corps, but there also have periods of contention about access to the president and the credibility of some White House statements.
By the day of the visit, however, the carrier was within helicopter range and other White House officials said Bush had made the decision in advance to fly with a pilot who made a tailhook landing, so that he could experience what the pilots experience.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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