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Encyclopedia > Whiplash
Alternate meanings: Whiplash (game) is a video game.

Whiplash is the result of impulsive stretching of the spine, often the result of a rear-end collision between cars or trucks. The Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders defined whiplash as follows: The vertebral column seen from the side The vertebral column (backbone or spine) is a column of vertebrae situated in the dorsal aspect of the abdomen. ... A rear-end collision in Yate, near Bristol, England, in July 2004. ... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ...

"Whiplash is an acceleration-deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck. It may result from rear end or side-impact motor vehicle collisions, but can also occur during diving and other mishaps. The impact may result in bony or soft-tissue injuries (whiplash injury), this in turn may lead to a variety of clinical manifestations (Whiplash-Associated Disorders)."

The consequences of whiplash range from mild pain for a few days, to severe disability caused by restricted head movement or instability of the cervical spine, sometimes with persistent pain. According to the International Society for the Study of Pain, there are two different terms: pain and nociception. ... The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ...


Reliably diagnosing a whiplash injury or disorder is not difficult for a trained doctor. If a patient cannot achieve the full motion, or has excessive range of motion, the probable ultimate cause is the whiplash motion.


A rising percentage of car accidents result in a refund claim based on whiplash. This is partly due to an increased awareness, and it has consistently been found that few false claims are raised. A car accident in Yate, near Bristol, England, in July 2004. ...


Four grades of Whiplash-Associated Disorder were defined by Quebec Task Force :

  • Grade 1: complaints of neck pain, stiffness or tenderness only but no physical signs are by the examining physician.
  • Grade 2: neck complaints and the examining physician finds decreased range of motion and point tenderness in the neck.
  • Grade 3: decreased range of motion plus neurological signs such as decreased deep tendon reflexes, weakness, insomnia and sensory deficits.
  • Grade 4: neck complaints and fracture or dislocation.

Symptom reported by suffers include: ringing or whistling in the ear, headache, deafness, memory loss, dizziness, jaw joint pain and difficulty in swallowing.


The Quebec Task Force explained that the forces required to cause injury to the neck are greater than those required to cause a stress response


In general, the term whiplash is preferred more by lawyers than by doctors, as it describes the method of injury as opposed to the etiology of the disease. A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). ... Etiology (alternately aetiology, aitiology) is the study of causation. ...


External links

  • Whiplash Symptoms Can Be Deceiving
  • Whiplash101.com by the Spinal Injury Foundation

  Results from FactBites:
 
Whiplash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (424 words)
Whiplash is the result of impulsive stretching of the spine, often the result of a rear-end collision between cars or trucks.
The consequences of whiplash range from mild pain for a few days, to severe disability caused by restricted head movement or instability of the cervical spine, sometimes with persistent pain.
In general, the term whiplash is preferred more by lawyers than by doctors, as it describes the method of injury as opposed to the etiology of the disease.
Whiplash - definition of Whiplash in Encyclopedia (393 words)
The consequences of whiplash range from mild pain for a few days, to severe disability caused by restricted head movement and persistent pain.
Reliably diagnosing this disorder is difficult, since it is based on the subjective reports of the patient, who must answer questions about pain in movement by the doctor.
No clear standard exist to diagnose whiplash, and doctors may resort to using standard tables listing the possible range of motion of the human head.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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