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Encyclopedia > Weymouth, Massachusetts
Weymouth, Massachusetts
First Weymouth Town Hall. Built 1852, destroyed by fire in 1914.
Official flag of Weymouth, Massachusetts
Flag
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°13′15″N 70°56′25″W / 42.22083, -70.94028
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1630
Incorporated 1635
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Sue Kay (D)
Area
 - Total 21.6 sq mi (56.0 km²)
 - Land 17.0 sq mi (44.1 km²)
 - Water 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km²)
Elevation 90 ft (27 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 53,988
 - Density 3,174.2/sq mi (1,225.6/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02188 - 02189 - 02190 - 02191
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-78865
GNIS feature ID 0619462
Website: http://www.weymouth.ma.us/

Weymouth is a city[1] in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the 2000 census, Weymouth had a total population of 53,988. Despite its city status, it is formally known as the Town of Weymouth. Image File history File links Oldtownhall_pc. ... Image File history File links WEYMOUTH.JPG Summary Flag of Weymouth, MA. From the State of Massachusetts web page. ... Image File history File links Weymouth_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Contents

History

A failed colony

The site of Weymouth first saw European inhabitants in 1622 as Wessagusset, a colony founded by Thomas Weston, who had been the main backer of the Plymouth settlement. The settlement was a disaster. When the ship landed at Plymouth, William Bradford took in the settlers Weston had sent over. The settlers Weston had sent were soon stealing from the supplies of the Plymouth colonists and Bradford and the other leaders of Plymouth ended up asking Weston's men to leave. The men made their way to present day Weymouth where they built a small settlement. By winter, poor planing and bad management lead to supplies running out. With the Plymouth colonists having few supplies to share, the Weymouth men began to steal from the local Massachusetts nation. The colonists ended up stealing from native graves and some even made themselves slaves to the Massachusetts in order to get food. By now, many in the colony were ill and all forms of law and order had broken down. The lowest point came when a healthy settler was caught stealing supplies from the Massachusetts, the Massachusetts leaders demanded the thief's execution; the Weymouth men complied, but executed a dying, sick settler instead. By spring of 1623, the colony had all but fallen, and the Massachusetts and other native groups began plotting to attack and destroy what was left of Weymouth. Massasoit heard about it and sent word to Plymouth. Bradford, fearing that Plymouth would be also be destroyed, sent Myles Standish to Weymouth with the Plymouth militia to end the threat. Under a banner of truce Standish got the Massachusetts leaders inside the Weymouth fort. There, after a brief struggle, the native leaders were killed. The survivors of the colony went north to Maine, where they got rides back to England with the fishermen who came every summer. Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Thomas Weston is a name shared by a number of notable individuals Thomas Weston (horticulturalist) (1866-1935) - Australian horticulturalist Thomas Weston (actor) (1737-1776) - British actor Thomas Weston (adventurer) (early 1600s) - British colonial adventurer Category: ... Seal of Plymouth Colony Map of Plymouth Colony showing town locations Capital Plymouth Language(s) English Religion Puritan, Separatist Government Monarchy Legislature General Court History  - Established 1620  - First Thanksgiving 1621  - Pequot War 1637  - King Philips War 1675–1676  - Part of the Dominion of New England 1686–1688  - Disestablished 1691... There is more than one person sharing this name. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This 1902 photo shows Profile Rock in Assonet, Massachusetts. ... Captain Myles Standish Kt. ...


Later on Thomas Morton traded at Weymouth and Robert Gorges also tried to build a colony at the site, but the New England winter caused Gorges to leave with most of the settlers who had come with him. It became part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 with 503 inhabitants and was officially incorporated in 1635, then assuming its present name of Weymouth. Thomas Morton (1564 - 1659), was an English churchman, bishop of several dioceses. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Capital Charlestown, Boston History  - Established 1629  - New England Confederation 1643  - Dominion of New England 1686  - Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692  - Disestablished 1692 The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it) was an English settlement on... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ...


Post Colonization

Weymouth was heavily involved in the shoemaking industry from the first years of the 1700s right through to 1973, when the Stetson Shoe Company closed its doors. The building is currently being used for office space.[2] Shoemaking is a traditional handicraft profession, which has now been largely superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...


Five Weymouth citizens have been awarded the Medal of Honor making it the city with most Medal of Honor recipients in the United States: Thomas W. Hamilton, serving in the Civil War; William Seach, serving in the Boxer Rebellion in China; Eldon Johnson, serving in World War II; Ralph Talbot, a pilot in World War I; and Frederick C. Murphy, who also served in World War II. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Combatants Eight-Nation Alliance (ordered by contribution): Empire of Japan Russian Empire British Empire France United States German Empire Kingdom of Italy Austro-Hungarian Empire Righteous Harmony Society Qing Dynasty (China) Commanders Edward Seymour Alfred Graf von Waldersee Ci Xi Strength 20,000 initially 49,000 total 50,000-100... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Ralph Talbot (6 January 1897 – 25 October 1918) was an aviator of the United States Marine Corps who received the Medal of Honor for exceptionally meritorious service and extraordinary heroism while attached to Squadron C, 1st Marine Aviation Force, in France during World War I. Talbot was born 6 January... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Frederick C. Murphy was a recipient of the Medal of Honor during World War II while a member of the US 65th Infantry Division. ...


The original town hall, which was destroyed by fire in 1914, was replaced in 1928 with a town hall that is a replica of the old Massachusetts State House in Boston. (Another replica of the building can be found at Curry College in Milton.) East Front showing the balcony from which the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence in Boston took place. ... Founded in 1879, Curry College is a private, four-year, co-educational[2] liberal arts-based institution located on a wooded 137-acre campus in Milton, Massachusetts in the United States, seven miles from downtown Boston. ... Milton is a suburban Boston town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Dwellers in Weymouth often designate which part of the town they live in through four distinct official 'districts'. South Weymouth, which is mostly south of Route 3 and East Weymouth (situated somewhat in the center of Weymouth, including Whitman's Pond, Jackson Square, and Town Hall). East Weymouth has several fine examples of Victorian homes, including Queen Anne, shingle, and colonial revival homes. The last two unofficial districts, the Landing and North Weymouth often overlap one another, though Weymouth Landing is usually considered to span a mile around Weston Park. North Weymouth is considered as everything above East Weymouth and the Landing, including Great Esker Park and Wessagussett Beach. Massachusetts Route 3 is a southward continuation of U.S. Highway 3, connecting Boston, Massachusetts with Cape Cod. ...


Geography

Weymouth is located at 42°12′23″N, 70°56′45″W (42.206458, -70.945919).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.0 km² (21.6 mi²). 44.1 km² (17.0 mi²) of it is land and 11.9 km² (4.6 mi²) of it (21.29%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Weymouth contains the Weymouth Back River; its surroundings, formerly industrial, are now set aside as parks and natural areas. The Weymouth Back River, sometimes called Back River, is a short, primarily tidal river in Hingham and Weymouth, Massachusetts, about 10 miles south of Boston. ...


Transportation

Weymouth is served by several MBTA Bus routes as well as three MBTA Commuter Rail stations: two on the Greenbush Line, at the Weymouth Landing and near Jackson Square, and one on the Old Colony Line at South Weymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a large number of bus lines in the greater Boston area. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Old Colony Lines (MBTA). ... East Braintree-Weymouth Landing MBTA Station Although located in the Weymouth Landing, at 121 Commercial Street, in Weymouth, MA, the station is technically known as the East Braintree-Weymouth Landing MBTA Station. ... Located at 1590 Commercial Street, East Weymouth, MA. The station was reopened on October 31, 2007, and is the fifth of ten along the MBTA’s Greenbush Line, from Boston to Scituate. ... The Old Colony Lines are branches of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, connecting downtown Boston, Massachusetts with the South Shore and cranberry-farming country to the south and southeast. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 53,988 people, 22,028 households, and 13,921 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,225.4/km² (3,174.2/mi²). There were 22,573 housing units at an average density of 512.4/km² (1,327.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 22,028 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.08. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $51,665, and the median income for a family was $64,083. Males had a median income of $42,497 versus $35,963 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,976. About 4.1% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

In 1999 Weymouth residents voted to change to a city form of government. David M. Madden was elected as the city's first mayor. Weymouth is home to one of the youngest councils in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with four elected officials 35 years or younger. Kevin Whitaker, 35, Greg Shanahan, 30, Arthur Matthews, 30, and Patrick O'Connor, 21. This article is about the year. ...


On July 10, 2007, Mayor David M. Madden announced he would not seek re-election. is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... David M. Madden is the current mayor of Weymouth, Massachusetts. ...


Education

Weymouth High School is the one high school in Weymouth. Before a new wing was added to the high school in South Weymouth, there were two high schools: North and South. Recently, a new wing was added to the South school, named the "Gold Building." The North school became Maria Weston Chapman Middle School. More than 2,000 students attend the high school. A brand new athletic surface was completed in 2005, giving Weymouth High School an artificial turf field and a track surface. Weymouth High School (WHS) is a public high school located in Weymouth, Massachusetts that serves for students in grades nine through twelve. ...


There are two middle schools, both in East Weymouth.

  • Abigail Adams Middle School
  • Maria Weston Chapman Middle School

There are eight primary schools and one early childhood center, five of which are named after Weymouth's Medal of Honor winners.

  • Academy Avenue Primary
  • Frederick C. Murphy Primary
  • Thomas V. Nash Jr. Primary
  • Lawrence W. Pingree Primary
  • William Seach Primary
  • Ralph Talbot Primary
  • Union Street Primary (now renamed Thomas W. Hamilton School but still sometimes called by the former name)
  • Wessagusset Primary
  • Elden H. Johnson Early Childhood Center

In addition, there are five private schools in Weymouth.

  • South Shore Christian Academy, an independent, Christian college preparatory day school for students in grades K-12. SSCA also operates a pre-school program.
  • Saint Jerome Elementary School, a Catholic elementary school for grades Pre K-8.
  • Sacred Heart Elementary School, a Catholic elementary school under the direction of the Archdiocese of Boston for grades Pre K-8.
  • First Baptist Christian, an elementary school for grades Pre K-8, under the direction of the First Baptist Church of Weymouth.
  • St. Francis Xavier, a Catholic elementary school under the direction of St. Francis Parish.

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Day care. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the New England region of the United States. ...

Points of interest

Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and is seen as the first Second Lady of the United States and the second First Lady of the United States though the terms were not coined until... For other persons named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation). ... John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was a diplomat, politician, and the sixth President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829). ... Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the US Armed Forces, used by the United States Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory in order to save...

Notable residents

Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744 _ October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and is seen as the second First Lady of the United States, though that term was not coined until after her death. ... Tobin Bell (born August 7, 1942) is an American film and television actor. ... Portable saw A saw is a tool for cutting wood or other material, consisting of a serrated blade (a blade with the cutting edge dentated or toothed) and worked either by hand or by steam, water, electric or other power. ... Mark Christian Bellhorn (born August 23, 1974 in Weymouth, Massachusetts) is a second baseman for the Cincinnati Reds. ... Rob Corddry (born February 4, 1971) is an American comedian known best for his work on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and as the main character in the FOX sitcom The Winner. ... Nathan Corddry (also known as Nate Corddry) was born on September 8, 1977 in Weymouth, Massachusetts. ... The Daily Show (currently The Daily Show with Jon Stewart) is a Peabody and Emmy Award-winning American satirical television program produced by and airing on Comedy Central. ... Harold Rowe Holbrook, Jr. ... George Jacob Jung (born August 6, 1942) was a major player in cocaine importation in the United States in the 1970s and early 80s. ... Blow is a 2001 drama film about the American cocaine smuggler George Jung, directed by Ted Demme (who later died of a cocaine related heart attack[1]). David McKenna and Nick Cassavetes adapted Bruce Porters 1993 book Blow: How a Small Town Boy Made $100 Million with the Medellin... Richard Robbins is American composer for Merchant Ivory Film mainly. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... –Mark Shields (born May 25, 1937 in Weymouth, Massachusetts) is an American political pundit who appears frequently on CNN and PBSs Newshour with Jim Lehrer as a liberal commentator. ... Thomas Augustus Watson (18 January 1854 - 13 December 1934) was an assistant to Alexander Graham Bell, notably in the invention of the telephone. ...

Trivia

  • Weymouth has 10 Dunkin Donuts. The most popular one, located at the intersection of Route 18 and Park Street in South Weymouth, is the busiest in the United States. [4]
  • Tang and Bell's Seasoning are manufactured in Weymouth.

Categories: Corporation stubs | Food companies of the United States | Donuts | Corporations with naming rights of indoor arenas ... Massachusetts Route 18, is a south-north state highway in Massachusetts. ... Tang is a sugared, fruit-flavored, non-carbonated soft drink from the USA. The original orange flavored Tang was formulated by General Foods Corporation in 1957 and first marketed (in powdered form) in 1959. ...

See also

  • Mayor-council government

Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ...

References

  1. ^ Although it is called the "Town of Weymouth," it is a statutory city of Massachusetts. See Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
  2. ^ http://dlxs.lib.wayne.edu/d/dhhcc/retailers/stetshonshoes.html
  3. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 
  4. ^ WHDH's (Weymouth's Local Channel 7) Report

External links

Coordinates: 42.206458° N 70.945919° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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