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Encyclopedia > Wetumpka, Alabama

Wetumpka is a city in Elmore County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 5,726. The city is the county seat of Elmore County, the third fastest growing county in the state. Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. ...

The west bank looking across the Coosa River towards two Wetumpka landmarks, the Bibb Graves Bridge (1936) and First Presbyterian Church (1856).
The west bank looking across the Coosa River towards two Wetumpka landmarks, the Bibb Graves Bridge (1936) and First Presbyterian Church (1856).

Together with Montgomery, Prattville, Millbrook, and Tallassee the city is considered part of the Montgomery Metropolitain Area, or River Region, with a population of 346,578. Wetumpka promotes itself with the nickname of "The City of Natural Beauty." Image File history File links Wetumpka_west. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Mayor Bobby Bright Area    - City 404. ... Prattville is a city located in Autauga County, Alabama and partially in Elmore County, Alabama. ... Millbrook is a city located in Elmore County, Alabama and partially in Autauga County, Alabama. ... Tallassee is a city located in Elmore County, Alabama. ...

Contents

Etymology

The name "Wetumpka" is a Creek place word meaning "rumbling waters", a description of sound of the nearby Coosa River as the water falls over the rapids of the Devil's Staircase, which could be heard for miles before the construction of dams. Wetumka, Oklahoma was named by Creeks after being forced west to Oklahoma, then the Indian Territory, by the Indian Removal Act. The Creek language, also known as Muscogee (Mvskoke in Creek), is a Muskogean language spoken by the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and Seminole Indians in Florida and Oklahoma. ... The Coosa River is one of Alabamas most utilized rivers. ... Wetumka is a city in Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. ... The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed by the Twenty-first United States Congress in order to facilitate the relocation of Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River in the United States to lands further west. ...


History of Wetumpka

Arrival of the French

Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.
Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.

The area around Wetumpka was the heart of the Upper Creek lands, whose largest towns were located on the banks of the Tallapoosa and Coosa rivers at Wetumpka and Tallassee. After settling Mobile in 1711, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville sent an expedition up the Alabama River to establish a fort in the interior of New France, both to stop the encroachment of the British and to foster trade and goodwill with the Native Americans. In 1714 they constructed Fort Toulouse after finding that the river was no longer navegable any farther north. The French remained in Wetumpka until 1763, when the land passed to Britain. Image File history File links Jean-Baptiste_Le_Moyne. ... Image File history File links Jean-Baptiste_Le_Moyne. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... Tallassee is a city located in Elmore County, Alabama. ... Nickname: The Azalea City Coordinates: Country US State Alabama County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, French governor of Louisiana Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (February 23, 1680 – March 7, 1767) was a colonizer and governor of Louisiana. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty...


Jackson and the Creek War

Weatherford surrenders to Jackson at Fort Jackson in Wetumpka.
Weatherford surrenders to Jackson at Fort Jackson in Wetumpka.

After the departure of the French, the Creeks became allies of the British. The conflict between the native Creeks and newly arriving American settlers came to a head during the War of 1812, when the British began to incite the Creeks to attack American settlers, most notoriously during the Fort Mims Massacre. The United States government sent Andrew Jackson to quash the Creek uprising. Jackson and his Tennesseans rebuilt the abandoned Fort Toulouse, which he renamed Fort Jackson, and made the site his headquarters during the Creek War. The Creek "Red Sticks", including local Creek chiefs Menawa and William Weatherford were definitively defeated in 1814 at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, after which they were forced to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ceded to the United States 23 million acres of Creek lands. After the war, many of Jackson's Tennessee militia would return to the area with their families and become among the first settlers of the region. Image File history File links 800px-Jackson_and_Weatherford. ... Image File history File links 800px-Jackson_and_Weatherford. ... Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom, Canadian provincial forces First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war... Fort Mims Massacre External Links A Drawing of Fort Mims Description of Massacre at Rootsweb Categories: Battles of the Creek War | 1813 ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... The Creek War of 1813-1814 began as a civil war within the Creek Nation. ... Menawas portrait was painted by Charles Bird King when Menawa visited Washington, D.C. in 1826 to protest the Treaty of Indian Springs. ... William Red Eagle Weatherford, (1780 – March 24, 1824), was a Creek (Muscogee) Indian who led the Creek War offensive against the United States. ... Combatants Creek Indians Red Sticks United States Cherokee Creek allies Commanders Menawa Andrew Jackson Strength 1,000 Red Stick Creek about 2,000 infantry 700 mounted infantry 600 Cherokee and Lower Creeks Casualties 800 49 killed 154 wounded The Battle of Horseshoe Bend was fought during the War of 1812... The Treaty of Fort Jackson, also known as the Treaty with the Creeks, 1814 was signed on August 9, 1814 at Fort Jackson near Wetumpka, Alabama following the defeat of the Red Stick ( Upper Creek) resistance by United States forces at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the banks of...


"The Most Promising City of the West"

New settlers, primarily from Georgia and Carolina, flooded into the fertile land that the Creeks had been forced to abandon. With its strategic location at the conflux of three rivers, Wetumpka rapidly became an important center of agricultural trade. The city was formally incorporated in 1834. Cotton became the lifeblood of the new state of Alabama. From the scattered fields and large farms of the interior, it was carted overland to Wetumpka, where boats, not being able to travel any further north over the Devil's Staircase, were loaded with cotton bales and sent back downriver to Mobile to be sold.


Wetumpka became a cotton-made boom town. The new city was divided in half. The part of the city on the eastern bank of the river was commercial, with banks, stores, and hotels, and was located in Coosa County. The western section, in Autauga County was residential, with houses and churches laid out in an organized grid pattern. Autauga County, Alabama is a county of the State of Alabama. ...


By 1836, the city's population had grown to 1,200. A New York newspaper declared that "Wetumpka, Alabama and Chicago, Illinois are the most promising two cities of the West." The city commissioned its own steamboat, The Coosa Belle, to ferry passengers and cotton between Wetumpka and Mobile.


Montgomery's Clever Coup

The same forces fueling Wetumpka's growth were shifting the balance of power within Alabama. A standoff between the farmers of the Tennessee Valley, centered in the former capital of Huntsville, and the old mercantile wealth of Mobile, had resulted in the capital being for many years at Tuscaloosa. By 1845, however, the cotton growers in the Black Belt had become some of the wealthiest in the country, and power was shifting towards the southern and central parts of the state. Black Belt plantation owners and the Mobilians wanted the capital moved. The necessity for compromise pointed towards a new, centrally located capital, on the river and easily accessible by steamboat. The lead contenders were Wetumpka and the newer city of Montgomery, a few miles south. It appeared that neither city had a majority of support in the state, as representatives from north Alabama, enraged that the capital was being taken from Tuscaloosa, were indifferent as to which site would be chosen. Just before the election, the citizens of Montgomery managed to lure an expensive French chef to the new hotel they had built that would house the state's representatives while they were in session if Montgomery were selected. Elegant menus were printed and distributed to the statesmen. The lure of this luxurious fare was enough to sway the vote, and Montgomery barely won. That same year, a fire broke out in downtown Wetumpka, burning warehouses and many buildings. The charred bricks were carried downriver to Montgomery to fuel the building boom in Alabama's new capital. Nickname: Rocket City Watercress Capital of the World Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Madison, Limestone Mayor Loretta Spencer Area    - City 174. ... Nickname: The Azalea City Coordinates: Country US State Alabama County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... Tuscaloosa is a city in west central Alabama in the southern United States. ... Alabamas Black Belt is a region of the state encompassing part of the larger Black Belt Region of the Southern United States, which stretches from Texas to Virginia. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Mayor Bobby Bright Area    - City 404. ... French cuisine is considered to be one of the worlds most refined and elegant styles of cooking, and is renowned for both its classical (haute cuisine) and provincial styles. ...


War and Flood

Though its civic pride was wounded by losing the capital to Montgomery, the planters and merchants of the region continued to flourish throughout the antebellum period. A plan was promoted to build a lock and dam so that boats would be able to pass over the Fall Line and travel up the Coosa as far as Rome, Georgia. One famous resident was William Lowndes Yancey, a firebrand newspaper editor and statesman who was an influential advocate of States' rights and Southern secession. In February 1861, representatives from seven Southern states met in nearby Montgomery to form the Confederate government, inaugurating Jefferson Davis as their president on the steps of the Alabama state capitol. The same year saw the majority of the male population of Wetumpka going off to war. Wetumpka was never harmed by Federal troops, who did not arrive in the area until early 1865 and were determined to push quickly on to Montgomery to plunder and punish the former Confederate capital before the war ended. Those men who returned after the war came home to a city and a region whose economy had been completely destroyed. In 1866, a Reconstruction government drew up a new plan of counties for the state, and Elmore County was created out of parts of Coosa, Autauga, and Montgomery counties, with Wetumpka as its county seat (Rockford was chosen as seat of the "new" Coosa County). Despite this, the future of the city seemed grim. Before the war, the population had reached more than 3,000. By 1879, it had declined to a scant 619. In 1886, the worst flood in the history of the city inundated the west bank and most of downtown. The bridge connecting the two halves was washed away, and more than a year passed before the unfortunate city was able to fuse itself back together. The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... The Coosa River is one of Alabamas most utilized rivers. ... Rome is the largest city in and the county seat of Floyd County, Georgia, United States. ... William Lowndes Yancey (August 10, 1814 - July 27, 1863), American political leader, son of Benjamin Cudworth Yancey, an able lawyer of South Carolina, of Welsh descent, was born near the Falls of the Ogeechee, Warren County, Georgia. ... States rights refers to the idea, in U.S. politics and constitutional law, that U.S. states possess certain rights and political powers in relation to the federal government. ... For other uses, see Secession (disambiguation). ...


Progress

Downtown Wetumpka with Model T's
Downtown Wetumpka with Model T's

The first paved road linking Wetumpka with Montgomery was completed in 1924. Montgomery had continued to grow during the world wars, due greatly to military spending and the state government. By the 1950s, the ubiquity of the automobile in everyday life allowed Wetumpka residents to commute daily to Montgomery for work. Wetumpka began to see itself as a suburb of the capital. Image File history File links Downtown_wetumpka. ...


In the past few decades, Highway 231 has become Wetumpka's major thoroughfare. Most businesses have moved to the 231 corridor, leaving older parts of the city in much the same state as they were in the 1930s and 1940s. Hollywood scouts have capitalized on the small-town ambiance, using Wetumpka as a backdrop in several films.


Despite its sleepy countenance, Wetumpka continues to grow. Elmore County is consistently ranked as one of the top five fastest growing counties in Alabama. The Poarch Creek Indians have recently won the right to construct a new casino in the town. Already completed is a four story parking deck that towers over any other landmark in the area. Construction is underway on what will be one of the largest casinos in the country outside of Las Vegas, and residents are bracing themselves for a development that will redefine their city in the coming years, for better or worse.


Geography

Location of Wetumpka, Alabama

Wetumpka is located at 32°32′27″N, 86°12′28″W (32.540972, -86.207726)GR1, and sits at the joint of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers, where they merge to become the Alabama. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias AL county maps by Seth Ilys. ... The Coosa River is one of Alabamas most utilized rivers. ... The Tallapoosa River is a river that runs from the southern end of the Appalachian Mountains in Georgia in the United States south and west into Alabama. ... The Alabama River at Montgomery in 2004 The Alabama River, in the U.S. state of Alabama, is formed by the Tallapoosa and Coosa rivers, which unite about six miles above Montgomery. ...


The city is situated astride the Fall Line, where the Appalachian foothills give way to the flat Gulf Coastal plain, a fact responsible for much of its natural beauty.


Downtown Wetumpka covers two city blocks, and is bordered on the northwest by the Coosa River. The Bibb Graves Bridge crosses the river here, and is the city's most recognizable landmark. Directly across the bridge are the city's three antebellum churches, the First Methodist, First Presbyterian, and First Baptist. David Bibb Graves (April 1, 1873–March 14, 1942) was an American Democratic politician and the Governor of Alabama 1927-1931 and 1935-1939, the first Alabama governor to serve two four-year terms. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.1 km² (8.9 mi²). 22.0 km² (8.5 mi²) of it is land and 1.0 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (4.49%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 5,726 people, 1,797 households, and 1,128 families residing in the city. The population density was 259.8/km² (672.9/mi²). There were 2,139 housing units at an average density of 97.0/km² (251.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.80% White, 29.01% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 2.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...


There were 1,797 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97. “Matrimony” redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 62.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 54.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,536, and the median income for a family was $41,500. Males had a median income of $32,403 versus $23,234 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,729. About 7.7% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The City in Movies

Two major films have been filmed in downtown Wetumpka. On both occasions, the city has taken the opportunity to use this to fund permanent restorations of the historic downtown area. Unfortunately, most of the changes involved simply adding facades to buildings to give the illusion of history.

The Grass Harp is a 1951 novella by Truman Capote. ... Big Fish is a 2003 movie directed by Tim Burton and written by John August, starring Ewan McGregor, Albert Finney, Billy Crudup and Jessica Lange. ...

Wetumpka Meteor Crater

also see :Wetumpka crater Wetumpka is a meteor crater in Alabama, United States. ...


Approximately 83 million years ago, an enormous meteor about 1,000 feet in diameter slammed into the site that would become Wetumpka, creating a crater 5 miles wide and totally destroying all life in a 40 kilometer radius. The impact of the crash pushed older rocks up through the surface at strange angles, which accounts for much of the dramatic topography of the area that is visible today.


The impact crater is over twice as large as the famous Barringer Crater near Flagstaff, Arizona. The Barringer Crater, also known as the Meteor Crater, is a famous impact crater created by a meteorite, located about 55 kilometers east of Flagstaff in the northern Arizona desert (USA). ...


Jasmine Hill Gardens

Florentine lion against azaleas at Jasmine Hill Gardens.
Florentine lion against azaleas at Jasmine Hill Gardens.

This outdoor museum was built in the 1930s on the estate of the Fitzpatrick family, who spent many years in Greece collecting replicas of ancient statuary to adorn their formal gardens at Jasmine Hill. Today the gardens are run as a non-profit foundation dedicated to promoting the arts and Greek culture. Frequently the site of local weddings, its attractions include a full-sized replica of the Temple of Hera. Image File history File links Jasmine_hill_gardens. ... Image File history File links Jasmine_hill_gardens. ... The remains of the Temple of Hera, Olympia The Heraeum, or Temple of Hera at Olympia, is thought to be the oldest known example of Doric architecture. ...


Adventure Sports

A placid Coosa River at sunset.
A placid Coosa River at sunset.

Wetumpka and the Coosa River plays host to a unique point-to-point adventure race - the Coosa River Challenge. The CRC began in 2003 and regularly draws 150-200 adventure entusiasts who test themselves against the elements and each other. The race starts at the 8.5 mile trail system of Swayback Bridge Trail before following the Coosa River downstream to finish in downtown Wetumpka. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1155 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1155 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


The Swayback Bridge Trail is home to the annual mountain bike race Attack on Swayback. The AoS is produced by the Trails of Legends Association (TOLA).


Wetumpka is also a haven for white water sports enthusiasts, attracting paddlers from all over the country who enjoy travelling down the river and tackling the rapids around the Devil's Staircase and Moccasin Gap. The city hosts the annual Coosa River Whitewater Festival, and was the site of the 2005 U.S. Freestyle Kayaking Nationals. Recently, the Coosa River Paddling Club has constructed Corn Creek Park, which offers public access to the river, along with nature and walking trails.


Poarch Creek Casino

Development is underway on a casino built on lands owned by the Poarch Creek Indians abutting the city. The casino is being developed in partnership with Harrah's, the largest casino group in the country. When completed, it will contain a 2,000 car parking garage, a roof-top restaurant overlooking the river, and a 360 room hotel, the second largest in the state. The casino could create 600 new jobs. Development of the casino has been a volatile issue of contention between local residents, the state of Alabama, and the Poarch Creek, but the casino is currently scheduled to open sometime in 2008.


Points of interest

Wetumpka is a meteor crater in Alabama, United States. ... The William Bartram Arboretum is an arboretum located at 2521 Fort Toulouse Road, Wetumpka, Alabama, off East Boulevard in the 165-acre Fort Toulouse-Jackson Park at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wetumpka, Alabama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (581 words)
Wetumpka is a city located in Elmore County, Alabama.
The name "Wetumpka" is said to be a Creek term meaning "rumbling waters", a description of the nearby Coosa River.
Downtown Wetumpka covers two city blocks, and is bordered on the northwest by the Coosa River.
Encyclopedia: Wetumpka, Alabama (1246 words)
Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama.
Wetumpka is a meteor crater in Alabama, United States.
The William Bartram Arboretum is an arboretum located at 2521 Fort Toulouse Road, Wetumpka, Alabama, off East Boulevard in the 165-acre Fort Toulouse-Jackson Park at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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