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Encyclopedia > Westland District

The West Coast is one of the Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. There are twelve regions, each governed by an elected regional council. Five territorial authorities (the second tier of local government) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities... Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151... South Island.

Contents

"The Coast"

To most New Zealanders, the west coast of the South Island seems a land apart from the rest of the country. It is an isolated and remote region, albeit one of outstanding beauty, and its inhabitants have an identity which is very much their own. For this reason, it is simply known as "The Coast", and its inhabitants are called "Coasters", almost as though it is the only region in the country to have a coast. The isolation of the The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. Several important cities are in The North Island, notably New Zealands largest city Auckland, and Wellington, the capital, located at the southern extremity of the island. Around 76% of New... North Island's The East Coast (also known as the Eastern Seaboard) is a term referencing the easternmost coastal states in the United States of America. It includes all thirteen original colonies, as well as such selected places as Washington, DC, Florida and Vermont. People elsewhere in the United States sometimes refer to... East Coast region similarly gives it the nickname of "The East Coast", again, as though there is no east coast to other parts of the islands.


Geography

The West Coast region reaches from Kahurangi Point is a headland on the West Coast of New Zealands South Island, overlooking the Tasman Sea. It is located in Kahurangi National Park between Karamea and Farewell Spit. Kahurangi Point is traditionally regarded as the northernmost point of the West Coast region, although for most purposes it... Kahurangi Point in the north to Awarua Point is located on the southwestern coast of New Zealands South Island, 40 kilometres north of Milford Sound, and 15 kilometres north of the mouth of the Hollyford River. Traditionally, Awarua Point is regarded as the end of Fiordland and the start of the West Coast region, although... Awarua Point in the south, a distance of 600 km. To the west is the The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand and is a south-western segment of the South Pacific Ocean. The sea was named after the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, discoverer of New Zealand and Tasmania. The British explorer Captain James Cook later extensively... Tasman Sea and to the east is the The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. It forms a natural dividing range along the entire length of the South Island, although the term Southern Alps generally does not refer to the entire range and separate names... Southern Alps. Much of the land is rugged, although there are coastal plains around which much of the population resides.


The land is very scenic, with wild coastlines, mountains, and a very high proportion of native This article is about forests as a massing of trees. For other uses of the word, see Forest (disambiguation). A dense growth of softwoods (a forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, an area set... bush, much of it native temperate A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall. Some cite a minimum normal annual rainfall of 2500 mm (about 100 inches or 250 centimeters), with normal rainfall at least 60 mm during each of the twelve months of the year. Others set the minimum annual rainfall barrier as... rain forest. Scenic areas include the Gates of Haast The Haast Pass is a mountain pass in the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand. It is named for Julius von Haast, a 19th century explorer who was also geologist for the Provincial government of Canterbury. It is one of the three passes which... Haast Pass, Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Glaciers of New Zealand | West Coast, New Zealand ... Fox and Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Glaciers of New Zealand | West Coast, New Zealand ... Franz Josef Glaciers, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki is a small community on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand, between Westport and Greymouth. The community lies on the edge of the Paparoa National Park. The Pancake Rocks is a popular tourist attraction at Dolomite Point south of the main village. The Pancake Rocks... Punakaiki and the The view from the highest point of the track The Gouland Downs The forest west of MacKay hut Nikau trees along the Heaphy River The Tasman Sea at Heaphy River mouth The Heaphy Track is a popular tramping track in the South Island of New Zealand. The track length is... Heaphy Track.


The region has a very high rainfall due to the prevailing northwesterly wind pattern and the location of the Southern Alps.


The region's area is (Redirected from 1 E10 m2) To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. Areas smaller than 10,000 km² 10,000 km² is equal to: 3,863 square... 23,000 km2. It is divided into the three Territorial Authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. There are 74 territorial authorities: 16 city councils, 57 district councils and the Chatham Islands Council. Five territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Gisborne, Tasman and Marlborough District Councils and the Chatham... districts of   Categories: Stub | Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Buller, Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. It population accounts for 20% of the West Coasts inhabitants. The town is located at the mouth of the Grey River. It stands on... Grey and The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. The Coast To most New Zealanders, the west coast of the South Island seems a land apart from the rest of the country. It is an isolated and remote... Westland.


History

The West Coast was home to Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. It is also the name of the people and language of the Cook Islands, referred to as Cook Islands Māori. The word māori means... Maori, who valued it for the Taonga is the Maori word for a treasured thing, whether tangible or intangible. Tangible examples are all sorts of heirlooms and artefacts, land and fisheries. Intangible examples include language, radio frequencies and riparian rights. The Maori names of many New Zealand museums contain the term Whare taonga - literally treasure house... taonga of This article is about a form of green nephrite jade found in New Zealand. For other meanings, see Greenstone (disambiguation). New Zealand greenstone is formed by the metamorphism of basalt. It is composed of chlorite and epidote which makes the greenstone a mid to dark green colour. Greenstone rocks are... greenstone (pounamu) which was found there in abundance.


Westland was only occasionally visited by early Europeans until the discovery of General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19300 kg/m3, 2.5 Appearance Metallic yellow Atomic properties Atomic weight 196.96655 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 135 (174) pm Covalent radius 144 pm van der Waals radius 166... gold near the Taramakau River in Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 by two Maori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. By the end of the year there was an estimated 1800 prospectors on the West Coast, many of them around the Hokitika area which, in 1866, briefly became the most populous settlement in New Zealand.


A major For the Neil Young album evoking this phrase, see After the Gold Rush. Gold rush ad A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. Gold rushes became a feature of 19th-century culture. Factors that... goldrush took place between 1864 and 1867 creating numerous gold rush towns such as Okarito which soon vanished as miners moved on. After that time, the population dwindled, but the main towns that still exist on the coast had become established.


Following pounamu and gold, the next mineral to make the West Coast valuable was coal. Discovered near the Th Buller River is in the South Island of New Zealand. One of the countrys longest rivers, it flows for 170 kilometres from Lake Rotoiti through the Buller Gorge and into the Tasman Sea near the town of Westport. As Rotoiti itself is fed by the Travers River it... Buller River in the mid- Events and Trends First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi New Zealand. The treaty between the British Crown and Maori made New Zealand a British colony and is considered the founding point of modern New Zealand. Introduction of the postage... 1840s, mining began in earnest during the 1860s. By the 1880s, coal had become the region’s main industry, with mines throughout the northern half of the region, especially around Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is connected via State Highway 6 with Greymouth, New Zealand 100 kilometres to the south, and with Nelson in the northeast, via the Buller Gorge. Westport is located on the northern bank and at... Westport. Many of these continued in operation until the mid-20th century, and one or two still survive today.


Timber has also long been a major industry in the region, although in recent years there has been an uneasy balance between forestry for wood and forestry for conservation. Much of the region is now in the hands of the The Department of Conservation (DOC) was established in 1987 following the abolition of the Department of Lands and Survey and the Forest Service. The Department manages or administers on behalf of New Zealanders: National Parks and conservation parks (formerly called forest parks) reserves and conservation areas protected indigenous forests protected... New Zealand Department of Conservation and the region has some of the best remaining stands of native forest, along with a wealth of rare wildlife. Ecotourism essentially means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. It is defined both as a concept / tourism movement and as a tourism sector. Born in its current form in the late 1980s, Ecotourism came of age in 2002, when the United Nations celebrated the International Year... Ecotourism is now a major industry for the region, and this goes hand in hand with the conservation efforts.


People

The region is lightly populated, especially in the south, with the 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001 census recording 30,303 inhabitants, a decline of 2,211 (6.8%) since 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Events Environmental change The invasive species Asian long-horned beetle is found in New York January 7 - One of the worst blizzards in American history hits eastern... 1996.


Major towns on the West Coast are Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. It population accounts for 20% of the West Coasts inhabitants. The town is located at the mouth of the Grey River. It stands on... Greymouth, Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is connected via State Highway 6 with Greymouth, New Zealand 100 kilometres to the south, and with Nelson in the northeast, via the Buller Gorge. Westport is located on the northern bank and at... Westport, and Hokitika is a township on the West Coast of New Zealand, 38 kilometres south of Greymouth, and close to the mouth of the Hokitika River. Founded on gold mining in 1864, it was a centre of the West Coast goldrush. By late 1866 it was one of the countrys... Hokitika. At one time, during the gold rush days, Hokitika had a population of more than 25,000 and boasted more than 100 A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the Great Britain, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and other countries influenced by British cultural heritage. A pub which offers accommodation may be called an inn or hostelry. In Australia, pubs often bear the name... pubs. A recreation of an This article gives an outline of the history of New Zealand. See also the timeline of New Zealand history, the history of Oceania, and the history of present-day nations and states. Pre-European New Zealand was originally settled by waves of Polynesians, some time between 1000 and 1300, although... early New Zealand settlement can be found at Shantytown.


Industries on the West Coast still include The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. Materials commonly recovered by mining include bauxite, coal... mining for Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. It is a readily combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock. It is composed primarily of carbon and hydrocarbons, along with assorted other elements, including sulfur. Often associated with the... coal and An alluvial deposit is an accumulation of alluvium (sediment), sometimes containing valuable ore and gemstones, or simply consisting of gravel, sand, or clay, in the bed or former bed of a river. Valuable materials such as gold may be extracted using techniques of placer mining. Gemstones historically were found in... alluvial General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19300 kg/m3, 2.5 Appearance Metallic yellow Atomic properties Atomic weight 196.96655 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 135 (174) pm Covalent radius 144 pm van der Waals radius 166... gold, Forestry (formally known as silviculture) is the art, science, and practice of studying and managing forests and related natural resources. A strong body of research and development exists regarding the managing of forest ecosystems, selecting species and varieties, and tree breeding. Forestry also includes the development of better methods for... forestry and wood processing, and also Fishing from a Pier Fishing is both the recreation and sport of catching fish (for food or as a trophy), and the commercial fishing industry of catching or harvesting seafood (either fish or other aquatic life-forms, such as shellfish). Fishing is done in a river, canal, lake, sea or... fishing (including Whitebait are young fish; in Europe the term applies to young herring, but in other parts of the world it is used for similar fish of other species. Whitebaiting is the activity of catching whitebait: juvenile ocean fish that mature in inland New Zealand rivers. Whitebait are usually caught in... whitebaiting), A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone who travels at least fifty miles from home, as defined by the World Tourism... tourism and farming. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping.


The West Coast is also famous for being the only nesting place of the White Heron which nests near the Okarito lagoon and can be visited from tours operating out of the small farming township of Whataroa.


The West Coast in home to one of the last independent dairy co-operatives Westland Dairy Company which remained independent when most other farmer owned dairy companies merged to form Fonterra, the largest farmer owned dairy co-operative in the world


References

  • West Coast Regional Council (http://www.wcrc.govt.nz/)

 

Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. There are twelve regions, each governed by an elected regional council. Five territorial authorities (the second tier of local government) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities... Regions of For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand
The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. Several important cities are in The North Island, notably New Zealands largest city Auckland, and Wellington, the capital, located at the southern extremity of the island. Around 76% of New... North Island: Northland | Auckland Region is a local government region in New Zealand. Geography The region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the North Auckland Peninsula, past the Waitakere Ranges and the isthmus of Auckland to the Hunua Ranges and low-lying land... Auckland | Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. Exact boundaries of the region depend largely on the use of the name, but in all cases it refers to an area around the city of Hamilton and extending along the banks of the Waikato River... Waikato | The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP is a region of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. The bay stretches from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east. The region is bound by the Kaimai and Mamaku Ranges... Bay of Plenty | Gisborne is the name of a unitary authority (in this case, a region and district) in New Zealand. It contains the city of the same name. Gisborne Region The region is located in the northeastern corner of the North Island and is also referred to as the East Cape or... Gisborne* | Hawke's Bay | Taranaki is a region in New Zealands North Island and the name of the mountain which is the regions main feature, Geography and people Taranaki is situated on a peninsula on the west coast of the North Island, surrounding the volcanic peak. The two large bays on either... Taranaki | Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand. Geography General The region is dominated and defined by two significant river catchments, Whanganui and Manawatu. The Whanganui River is the longest navigable river in New Zealand. The river was extremely important to... Manawatu-Wanganui | Wellington
South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151... South Island:   Categories: Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Tasman* | Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. Geography External links Marlborough Online Marlborough District Council Main category on Zeal, with several subcategories   Categories: Stub | Marlborough, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Marlborough* | The city of Nelson stands on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand. The hinterland formed the traditional province of Nelson, now incorporated into the Tasman District. Nelson received its name in honour of the 1st Viscount Nelson. Nelson is... Nelson* | West Coast | The New Zealand region of Canterbury mostly comprises the Canterbury Plains. Christchurch is the main city, which is also the seat of the Canterbury Regional Council (trading as Environment Canterbury) and the Christchurch City Council. Contents // Categories: Canterbury, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Canterbury | Otago is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the southeast of the South Island. It comprises approximately 32,000 km² making it the second-largest region in New Zealand. As of the census of 2001 the region had a population of 181,542. The name... Otago | Southland
* A unitary authority is a term used in a two-tier local government system to describe a unit of local government that operates as a single tier. New Zealand In New Zealand a unitary authority is a territorial authority (district or city) which also performs the functions of a regional... unitary authorities

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