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Encyclopedia > Westland Aircraft
Westland Helicopters Limited
Image:Westland Helicopters Ltd.png
Fate Merged with Agusta
Successor AgustaWestland
Founded 1958 (as Westland Helicopters)
Defunct 2000
Location Yeovil, Somerset, United Kingdom
Industry Aerospace
Products Helicopters

Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset, formed just before the start of World War II. During the war the company produced a number of generally unsuccessful designs, but their Lysander would serve as an important liaison aircraft with the RAF. After the war the company focussed on helicopters and was eventually merged with several other British firms to create Westland Helicopters in 1961. In 2000 it merged with Agusta to become AgustaWestland. Image File history File links Westland_Helicopters_Ltd. ... A South African Air Force A109LUH Agusta (now part of AgustaWestland) is an Italian helicopter manufacturer. ... AgustaWestland is a helicopter design and manufacturing company based in Italy and the United Kingdom. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Yeovil is a town in south Somerset, England, on the A30 and A37. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United Kingdom United States and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000... The Westland Lysander was a British army co-operation and liaison aircraft of World War II. It achieved fame through its ability to operate from short stretches of unprepared airstrip and its clandestine missions to plant or retrieve agents behind enemy lines, particularly in Nazi-occupied France. ... A liaison aircraft is a small aircraft used by military forces for flying from airbase to airbase, typically ferrying commanders. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Mil (Russian Federation) Mi-8, by far the most common model of helicopter in the world with more than 12 thousand units built, sixfold quantity comparing to production of the second most common model Sikorsky S-70. ... A South African Air Force A109LUH Agusta (now part of AgustaWestland) is an Italian helicopter manufacturer. ... AgustaWestland is a helicopter design and manufacturing company based in Italy and the United Kingdom. ...

Contents


History

The company was founded in 1935 when Petters Limited split its aircraft manufacturing from its aircraft engine concerns to form Westland Aircraft Limited, based in Yeovil, Somerset. During World War II the company produced a number of undistinguished military aircraft including the Lysander, the Whirlwind and the Welkin. For much of the war their factories were used to build Supermarine Spitfires, after the Supermarine factory in Southampton was bombed out of action during the Battle of Britain, indeed Westlands built more Spitfires than any other manufacturer.. Westland would then go on to be the major designers of the Supermarine Seafire, a navalized conversion of the Spitfire. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yeovil is a town in south Somerset, England, on the A30 and A37. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United Kingdom United States and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000... The Westland Lysander was a British army co-operation and liaison aircraft of World War II. It achieved fame through its ability to operate from short stretches of unprepared airstrip and its clandestine missions to plant or retrieve agents behind enemy lines, particularly in Nazi-occupied France. ... There have been two Westland Whirlwind aircraft in Royal Air Force history. ... The Welkin was a twin-engine heavy fighter from the Westland Aircraft company, designed to fight at extremely high altitudes in the stratosphere. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was a single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in World War II. Produced by Supermarine, the Spitfire was designed by R.J. Mitchell, who continued to refine it until his death in 1937. ... Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... Combatants United Kingdom Germany Italy Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Albert Kesselring Strength 700 fighters 1,260 bombers, 316 dive-bombers, 1,089 fighters Casualties 1,547 aircraft, 27,450 civilian dead, 32,138 wounded 2,698 aircraft One of the major campaigns of the early part of World... The Supermarine Spitfire was a single seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in World War II. The Spitfires elliptical wings gave it a very distinctive look; their thin cross-section gave it speed; the brilliant design of Chief Designer R.J. Mitchell and his successors...


Post-war the company decided to get out of fixed-wing aircraft and concentrate solely on helicopters under a licensing agreement with Sikorsky. This upset W.E.W. Petter, the chief designer, who left to form a new aircraft division at English Electric that would go on to be very successful. Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... William Edward Willoughby Petter (1908-1968) known as Teddy was an English aircraft designer. ... English Electric logo English Electric was a 20th-century British industrial manufacturer, initially of electric motors, and expanding to include railway locomotives and aviation, before becoming part of GEC. // History 1917: Dick, Kerr & Co. ...


Production started with building of the Sikorsky S-51, which became the Dragonfly, flying for the first time in 1948, and entering service with the Royal Navy and RAF in 1953. Success with the Dragonfly was repeated with the Sikorsky S-55 which became the Whirlwind, and a re-engined Sikorsky S-58 using a turboshaft engine to become the Wessex. HO3S Dragonfly of the US Coast Guard. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... The H-19 Chickasaw (later UH-19, also widely known outside the US by its manufacturers designation of S-55) was a multi-purpose helicopter used by the United States Army. ... The Westland Whirlwind helicopter was a British-built version of the U.S. Sikorsky S-55/H-19 Chickasaw. ... The Sikorsky H-34 Choctaw (also known as Sikorsky S-58) was a helicopter originally designed for the US Navy for service in the ASW role. ... Schematic diagram showing the operation of a simplified turboshaft engine. ... Museum exhibit Westland Wessex The Westland Wessex is a turbine-powered version of the Sikorsky S-58 Choctaw, developed under license by Westland Aircraft, initially for the Royal Navy, but later for the RAF. The Wessex was built at Westlands factory at Yeovil in Somerset. ...


The chairmanship of Eric Mensforth from 1953-1968 marked the start of the transition which was aided by the government when in 1959-1961 they forced the merger of the 20 or so aviation firms into three groups, British Aircraft Corporation and Hawker Siddeley Group took over fixed-wing designs, while the helicopter divisions of Bristol, Fairey and Saunders-Roe (with their hovercraft) were merged with Westland to form Westland Helicopters in 1961. 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft Company in 1959. ... Hawker Siddeley logo Hawker-Siddeley was a group of UK aircraft manufacturing company formed as a result of the merger of Hawker Aircraft with Armstrong-Siddeley. ... Bristol Aeroplane Company logo The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. ... The Fairey Aviation Company, Ltd was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century, notable for a number of important planes, including the Fairey III family and the Fairey Swordfish. ... Saunders-Roe Princess G-ALUN History Saunders-Roe Limited was a British aircraft manufacturing company based in East Cowes, Isle of Wight. ... A U.S. Navy hovercraft attached to the Amphibious assault ship Kearsarge (LHD-3) A Russian Project 1232. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


Westland inherited the Saro Skeeter and the Fairey Rotodyne compound helicopter design. They continued to develop the latter sidelining their own Westland Westminster large transport design. The Fairey Rotodyne was a revolutionary concept in aerial transport, which was way ahead of its time. ...


Westland produced other aircraft under licence from Sikorsky (Sea King), or Bell (Sioux). They produced their own designs the Westland Scout and its naval variant the Wasp which found favour with the Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm. The Sea King helicopter is the only helicopter used by the Norwegian rescue service The Westland Sea King is a license-built version of the Sikorsky helicopter of the same name, built by Westland Helicopters. ... The Westland Scout was a general purpose military light helicopter developed by Westland Aircraft Limited. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ...


In the late 1960s the company started a collaboration with Aerospatiale to design three new helicopters, the AĆ©rospatiale Puma, AĆ©rospatiale Gazelle and Westland Lynx, with the later being primarily a Westland design. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The Aerospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... The Aerospatiale Puma is a medium-sized twin-engined transport/utility helicopter originally manufactured by Aerospatiale of France. ... This article is about the helicopter. ... The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ...


For many years Westland owned the main London heliport at Battersea. Battersea is a place in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ...

Privately owned ex-military Westland Scout AH.1 (XV134)
Privately owned ex-military Westland Scout AH.1 (XV134)

Despite good support from the British establishment, the company gradually fell into unprofitability. Sikorsky approached with a bail-out deal in 1985 that split the cabinet and lead to the resignation of Defence Secretary Michael Heseltine in January 1986 over the fate of Britain's sole helicopter manufacturer. The split, which became known as the Westland affair was over whether to push the company into a European deal or accept the US company's offer. Privately-owned ex-military Westland Scout AH.1 (XV134), photographed at the Heli-Day, Kemble Airfield, England, in August 2003. ... Privately-owned ex-military Westland Scout AH.1 (XV134), photographed at the Heli-Day, Kemble Airfield, England, in August 2003. ... This article is about the year. ... Michael Heseltine walks out of the cabinet meeting having resigned, January 9, 1986 Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine, Baron Heseltine, CH, PC (born 21 March 1933) is a British Conservative politician and businessman. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Westland affair was a political crisis for the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher in 1986. ...


Recently examples of the Boeing AH-64 Apache attack helicopter have also been built by Westland as the WAH-64, entering full operational service in 2005. Some of the company's Whirlwind and Wessex helicopters served the Queen's Flight (later merged into No. 32 Squadron). The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is the world’s largest aircraft manufacturer. ... The AH-64 Apache is the United States Armys principal attack helicopter, the successor to the AH-1 Cobra. ... The WAH-64 is a licence built version of the Boeing AH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopter for the British Army. ... The Queens (or Kings) Flight has provided air transport for monarchs and senior politicians of the United Kingdom since its formation in 1936. ... No. ...


GKN plc bought into Westland in 1988, initially acquiring a stake owned by Hanson plc they soon acquired the shares owned by Fiat which gave them absolute control. In 1994 Westland became a wholly-owned subsidiary of GKN. It was merged with Finmeccanica's Agusta helicopter division in 1999. In 2004, Finmeccanica S.p.A. acquired GKN's share in the joint venture. GKN plc is a British engineering company formerly known as Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds and tracing its origins back to 1759 and the birth of the industrial revolution. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hanson plc is a British based international building materials company, headquartered in London. ... FIAT Group, or Fiat S.p. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... A South African Air Force A109LUH Agusta (now part of AgustaWestland) is an Italian helicopter manufacturer. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Finmeccanica is Italys second largest industrial group. ...


The Westland site at Yeovil is known in the local area as 'Wastelands' and the company as 'Wasteland Helicopters'. Past and present employees also often refer to the company as such.


Fixed-wing Designs

  • Westland N.1B
  • Westland Wagtail
  • Westland Weasel
  • Westland Limousine
  • Westland Walrus
  • Westland Dreadnought
  • Westland Woodpidgeon
  • Westland Widgeon
  • Westland Yeovil
  • Westland Wizard
  • Westland Westbury
  • Westland Wapiti
  • Westland Witch
  • Westland-Hill Pterodactyl
  • Westland Interceptor
  • Westland IV and Wessex
  • Westland C.O.W. Gun Fighter
  • Westland Wallace
  • Westland-Houston PV-3
  • Westland PV-7
  • Westland F.7/30
  • Westland Lysander
  • Westland Whirlwind
  • Westland Welkin
  • Westland Wyvern

The Westland Lysander was a British army co-operation and liaison aircraft of World War II. It achieved fame through its ability to operate from short stretches of unprepared airstrip and its clandestine missions to plant or retrieve agents behind enemy lines, particularly in Nazi-occupied France. ... This article describes the World War II fighter aircraft. ... The Welkin was a twin-engine heavy fighter from the Westland Aircraft company, designed to fight at extremely high altitudes in the stratosphere. ... The Westland W.34 Wyvern was a single-seat carrier-based attack aircraft of the 1950s intended to cover a wide variety of roles. ...

Helicopter designs

Privately owned ex-military Westland Wasp HAS.1.
Privately owned ex-military Westland Wasp HAS.1.


Privately-owned Westland Wasp HAS.1 (XT781/426) at the Classic-Jet Air Show, Kemble, England, in June 2003. ... Privately-owned Westland Wasp HAS.1 (XT781/426) at the Classic-Jet Air Show, Kemble, England, in June 2003. ... Sikorsky YH-5A at National Museum of the United States Air Force HO3S Dragonfly of the US Coast Guard. ... The Westland Whirlwind helicopter was a British-built version of the U.S. Sikorsky S-55/H-19 Chickasaw. ... The Westland Widgeon was a private venture improvement on the Westland WS-51 Dragonfly helicopter, which essentially increased the cabin capacity and replaced the Dragonflys rotor head, blades and gearbox by the units used in the Westland Whirlwind. ... Museum exhibit Westland Wessex The Westland Wessex is a turbine-powered version of the Sikorsky S-58 Choctaw, developed under license by Westland Aircraft, initially for the Royal Navy, but later for the RAF. The Wessex was built at Westlands factory at Yeovil in Somerset. ... The Westland Scout was a general purpose military light helicopter developed by Westland Aircraft Limited. ... Westland Wasp The Westland Wasp was a general purpose helicopter, basically a derivative of the British Army Scout helicopter, with the requirement of being small enough to land on Royal Navy frigates. ... The Sea King helicopter is the only helicopter used by the Norwegian rescue service The Westland Sea King is a license-built version of the Sikorsky helicopter of the same name, built by Westland Helicopters. ... The Aerospatiale Puma is a medium-sized twin-engined transport/utility helicopter originally manufactured by Aerospatiale of France. ... The Gazelle is a helicopter developed as part of an Anglo-French venture between the Westland and Aérospatiale companies in 1968. ... The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ... The AgustaWestland EH101 is a medium-lift helicopter originally developed as a joint venture between Westland Helicopters in the UK and Agusta in Italy for military applications but also marketed for civil use. ... The WAH-64 is a licence built version of the Boeing AH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopter for the British Army. ...

Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Piston engines Allison V-1710 Alvis Alcides Alvis Leonides Alvis Maenoides Alvis Pelides Armstrong Siddeley Leopard Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar Armstrong Siddeley Panther Armstrong Siddeley Mongoose Armstrong-Siddeley Puma Armstrong-Siddeley Cheetah Armstrong-Siddeley Nimbus Beardmore Bentley BR1 Rotary BMW 132 BMW 139 BMW 801 Bramo 323... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of Air forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...

References

  • Derek N James, Westland: A History, 2002, Tempus Publishing Ltd, Gloucestershire UK, ISBN 0-7524-2772-5.

External links

  • Westland (company web site)
  • The hovercraft of the Westlands Aircraft Group (including Saunders-Roe and British Hovercraft Corporation)
  • Westland section at helis.com Helicopter History site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Westland Aircraft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (664 words)
Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset, formed just before the start of World War II.
Westland would then go on to be the major designers of the Supermarine Seafire, a navalized conversion of the Spitfire.
In 1994 Westland became a wholly-owned subsidiary of GKN.
Westland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (132 words)
Westland was the planned Nazi German name for occupied Great Britain and the Netherlands.
The unit of the Dutch SS soldiers in Russia were called Westland.
The Westland affair was a 1986 British political crisis stemming from the government's ownership of Westland Aircraft.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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