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Encyclopedia > Western Massachusetts

Western Massachusetts is a loosely defined geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. Most commonly, the region is considered to include Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden counties. The Massachusetts Turnpike spans in Western Mass from West Stockbridge to Brimfield. Some residents of the Berkshires assume that Western Massachusetts means the Berkshires. Image File history File links WesternMass_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as or ) is a region located in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut). ... The Pioneer Valley and Connecticut River, looking southward toward the towns of Sunderland, Amherst and Whately. ... Berkshire County is a county located in on the western edge of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...

Map showing the counties typically considered to make up Western Massachusetts (dark green). Worcester County is considered to be central Massachusetts (light green).
Map showing the counties typically considered to make up Western Massachusetts (dark green). Worcester County is considered to be central Massachusetts (light green).

Contents

Image File history File links Made Westen Massachusetts green and added a lighter green for Worcester County to show its debated status. ...

Geography

Western Massachusetts can be divided into approximately four zones running from north to south across the region. There are 103 towns and 11 cities in Western Massachusetts, the largest of these cities being Springfield, home of the Springfield Falcons. There are also 4 counties in Western Massachusetts: Hampden, Franklin, Hampshire, and Berkshire. Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... The Springfield Falcons are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ...


The Valley

The Connecticut River valley is sometimes called the Pioneer Valley. Significant towns and cities include Greenfield, Northampton, Amherst, Easthampton, Holyoke, Chicopee, West Springfield, Springfield, Ludlow, East Longmeadow, and Westfield. The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... The Pioneer Valley and Connecticut River, looking southward toward the towns of Sunderland, Amherst and Whately. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Franklin County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Mayor-council city Area  - City  21. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   The Town of Easthampton is a city[1] in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... See Holyoke, Colorado for the city in Colorado. ...   Settled: 1652 â€“ Incorporated: 1848 Zip Code(s): 01013, 01020, 01021 â€“ Area Code(s): 413 Official website: http://www. ... The Town of West Springfield (familiarly known as West Side) is a city[1] in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ...   Settled: 1751 â€“ Incorporated: 1775 Zip Code(s): 01056 â€“ Area Code(s): 413 Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: Coordinates: Country United States of America State Massachusetts Counties Hampden County Settled 1660 Incorporated (town) May 19, 1669 Incorporated (city) November 2, 1920 Government  - Mayor Richard K. Sullivan Jr. ...


The Valley is actually an ancient downfaulted graben or rift valley that formed during the Mesozoic Era when rifting developed in the Pangaea supercontinent to separate North America from Europe and South America from Africa. Secondary rifts branched off the main crustal fracture and were eventually occupied by the Connecticut and Hudson Rivers. Traprock ridges including Mount Holyoke, Mount Tom, and others extending nearly to Long Island Sound remain where lava penetrated the rift zone. USGS image A graben is a depressed block of land bordered by parallel faults. ... African Rift Valley. ... The Mesozoic Era is one of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic eon. ... For other uses, see Pangaea (disambiguation). ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Basalt Basalt (IPA: ) is a common gray to black volcanic rock. ... Mount Holyoke (elevation 940/286m) is the western-most peak of the Mt. ... Mount Tom in Californias eastern Sierra Nevada range is a large and prominent peak near Bishop. ... Sleeping Giant may refer to: In geology: Sleeping Giant (Connecticut), trap rock ridge system located in the Mount Carmel neighborhood of Hamden, Connecticut Sleeping Giant (Ontario), formation of mesas on Sibley Peninsula which resembles a giant lying on its back In music: Sleeping Giant (band), a Christian Metal band from...


As continental glaciers receded near the end of the last Pleistocene ice age, a moraine at Rocky Hill, Connecticut dammed the river to create ephemeral Lake Hitchcock, extending north some 200 miles (320 km.). Accumulation of fine sediments in this lake accounts for the valley's rich agricultural lands, which attracted settlers -- mostly English Puritans -- as early as 1636. Although many fields have been covered by urban and suburban development, the valley remains New England's most productive farmland where tobacco, tomatos, sweet corn and other vegetables are still produced in commercial quantities. A glacier is a large, persistent body of ice, formed largely of compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) is part of the geologic timescale. ... Moraine at Mono Lake, California, United States Moraines clearly seen on a side glacier of the Gorner Glacier, Zermatt, Switzerland. ... Rocky Hill is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States with a population of 17,966 as of the 2000 census. ... Lake Hitchcock formed 18,000 years ago when the Laurentide ice sheet retreated, causing glacial ice melt to begin to accumulate at the terminal moraine and block up the Connecticut River. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


The Hill Towns

The Hill Towns include the areas of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties west of and above the escarpment bordering the ancient rift valley through which the Connecticut River flows. Elevations abruptly increase from about 200 feet (60 meters) to at least 1,000 feet in the escarpment zone. On top, elevations rise gradually to the west.


Most of this region is a rolling upland of schist, gneiss and other resistant metamorphics with intrusions of pegmatite and granite. Scraping by continental glaciers during the Pleistocene left thin, rocky soil that supported hardscrabble subsistence farming before the Industrial Revolution. There was hardly a land rush into such marginal land, but the uplands were slowly settled by farmers throughout most of the 1700s and organized into townships. However by 1800 better land opened up in Western New York and the Northwest Territories, so the hilltown agricultural population went into a long decline and fields reverted to forest. Schist The schists form a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, chiefly notable for the preponderance of lamellar minerals such as micas, chlorite, talc, hornblende, graphite, and others. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... Quartzite, a form of metamorphic rock, from the Museum of Geology at University of Tartu collection. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... A glacier is a large, persistent body of ice, formed largely of compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity. ... Like most farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa, this Cameroonian man cultivates at the subsistence level. ... A Watt steam engine. ... The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. ... Western New York refers to the westernmost counties of New York State, roughly the area included in the Holland Purchase. ... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłįchǫ [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870...


The 1,000 foot (300 meter) elevation difference between uplands and the Connecticut River Valley has produced streams and rivers with gradients around 40'/mile (8 meters/km.) flowing through steep-sided valleys, notably the Westfield and Deerfield Rivers and their larger tributaries. Mills were built to exploit the kinetic energy of falling water and mill towns grew up around them, or company towns integrated production, residential and commercial activities. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Deerfield River Deerfield River is a river that runs for 73 miles from southern Vermont through northwestern Massachusetts to the Connecticut River. ... Amoskeag Canal, 1948, by Charles Sheeler A mill town is a community that grew up around one or more mills or factories, usually on a river that was used as a source of power in the days before electricity. ... A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. ...


The development of steam engines to free industrialization from reliance on water power brought about the so-called Second Industrial Revolution when railroads were built along the rivers to take advantage of relatively gentle grades over the Appalachians. And so as hilltop farming towns declined in importance, industrial towns in the river valleys rose to local prominence. The Second Industrial Revolution (1865–1900) is a phrase used by some historians to describe an assumed second phase of the Industrial Revolution. ... Horse drawn railway coach, late 18th century Density of the railway net in Europe 1896 Main article: Rail transport The history of rail transport dates back nearly 500 years, and includes systems with man or horse power and rails of wood or stone. ...


The Berkshires

By convention The Berkshires are confined to Berkshire County at the western end of Massachusetts. Geologically they are a westward continuation of the hilltown uplands, and a southern extension of Vermont's Green Mountains. Maximum upland elevations increase nearly 1,000' (300 meters) from east to west, and 400' (120 meters) from south to north, so maximum elevations of The Berkshires proper are about 2,000' (600 meters) in the southwest and 2,400' (730 meters) in the northwest. The Berkshires (pronounced as or ) is a region located in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut). ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... The Green Mountains may refer to: The Green Mountains in Vermont in the United States extending into southern Quebec in Canada. ...


The Hilltown-Berkshire upland ends at the valley of the Housatonic River which flows south to Long Island Sound, and in the extreme north at the Hoosic River, a tributary of the Hudson. From these valleys, uplands to the east appear as a rounded mountain range, rising some 1,600 feet (500 meters). To the west, the Taconic Range rises to about 2,600' (800 meters) along the New York border. Upper tributaries of the Hoosic separate Massachusetts' highest peak, Mount Greylock 3,491' (1,064 meters) from both ranges, however its geology connects it with the Taconics. The practical limit of agriculture is somewhat below 2,000' (600 meters). Above this level climate and ecology become increasingly boreal with acidic soils. The Berkshires are known for their incredible beauty and autumn foliage. The Housatonic River is a river, approximately 144 mi (230 km) long, in western Massachusetts and central Connecticut in the United States. ... The Hoosic River is a tributary of the Hudson River, 70 miles (113 km ) long, in the northeastern United States. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Boreal may refer to these: Northern from the eponymous Boreas, god of the North Wind in Greek mythology. ...


East of the Valley

The higher altitude area to the east of the Connecticut River valley does not have a popular name. This area could be considered to run from Northfield, Warwick and Athol at the New Hampshire border, south to Hampden, Monson, Wales and Holland on the Connecticut border, and includes the Quabbin Reservoir. The lower half of this area is known as the Quabog Hills Region, and includes towns such as Palmer and Ware. Geology is similar to the Hilltown-Berkshire uplands with resistant metamorphic rocks overlain by thin and rocky soil. With less relief, the river valleys are less pronounced, but still moderately high gradient. Northfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Warwick is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Athol is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Hampden is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Monson (pronounced IPA ) is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Wales is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Holland is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest body of water in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...


Demographics

Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden counties, in the year 2000 collectively had 834,358 residents, a population greater than that of five U.S. states. The population amounted to approximately 13.1% of the 2000 population of the entire state of Massachusetts, which was 6,349,097.[citation needed] Significant neighboring metropolitan and urban influences on the region include Hartford, Connecticut; Worcester, Massachusetts; Albany, New York and of course Boston, Massachusetts. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... Location in Albany County and the State of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Albany Founded 1614 Incorporated 1686 Government  - Mayor Gerald D. Jennings Area  - City  21. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...


This population is concentrated along the Connecticut River in Springfield, Holyoke, Northampton, Greenfield and in smaller cities and large towns. This urban-suburban axis is contiguous with greater Hartford, Connecticut and part of the Boswash megalopolis. A secondary population concentration exists in the Housatonic-Hoosic valley due to the industrial heritage of Pittsfield and North Adams, and the development of tourism throughout the valley. The rest of Western Massachusetts is lightly populated, particularly the Hilltowns where densities below 50 persons per square mile (20 per sq. km) are the rule. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The BosWash or Bosnywash or Boshington or Northeast Corridor or simply Northeast megalopolis is the name for a group of metropolitan areas in the northeastern United States, extending from Boston, Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., including Providence, Rhode Island; Hartford and New Haven and Stamford, Connecticut; New York, New York... Megalopolis (Greek: large city, great city) can mean: The town of Megalópoli (Μεγαλοπολη), Megalopolis, Greece. ...


History

Colonial and Early Federal period

Western Massachusetts was originally settled by several Native American societies including the Pocomtuc, Nonotuck Mohawk, and Mahican. The first European settlers were English Puritans who came up from Connecticut to Springfield in 1636, and from Springfield to Northampton in 1654. In 1704 the French and their Native American allies led an attack on Deerfield, Massachusetts. These early agricultural settlements were confined to the Connecticut River Valley which had New England's most productive land due to deposits of fine sediments in ancient Lake Hitchcock. Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... The Pocomtuc were a Native American tribe inhabiting the Connecticut River valley from the northern tip of Connecticut, Western Massachusetts, and the tri-state area of Vermont, New Hammpshire, and Massachusetts. ... The Mohawk (Kanienkeh or Kanienkehaka meaning People of the Flint) are an indigenous people of North America who live around Lake Ontario and the St. ... Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Deerfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ...


The Hill Towns west of the valley had been nearly scraped clean of soil by glaciers and were less attractive for agricultural uses. They were not settled until the early 1700s after immigration from the British Isles had shifted from Puritans to Scotch Irish. Subsistence farming predominated in this area.


After the American Revolution, a rebellion led by Daniel Shays, a farmer from East Pelham, culminated in a small battle at the federal arsenal in Springfield. Shays and his followers, the Regulators, hoped to win government reforms, including the issue of new currency and help for Continental soldiers who had incurred crushing debts while fighting for independence. Although crushed, this rebellion led Thomas Jefferson to declare that "a little revolution every twenty years or so is a good thing." Shays' Rebellion is often considered a watershed event in the creation of the United States Constitution. Daniel Shays (c. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Shays Rebellion or Shayss Rebellion was an armed uprising in western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787. ...


19th Century

- market farming in CRV, hilltown subsistence farmers move west - 1st Industrial Revolution - water power - involvement in Civil War - 2nd Industrial Revolution - steam power, railroads, upland mill towns, Horace Moses


20th and 21st Centuries

- continued depopulation of hilltowns, flood control and water supply reservoirs - Industrial decline - growth of post-secondary education - environmentalism - Interstate Highways - suburban development


Culture and Community

Many residents of Western Massachusetts take a critical attitude towards Boston, the state's capital and largest city. The widespread belief is that the Massachusetts legislature and executive branch know little of and care little about the western part of the state.[citation needed] Among the incidents that fuel this feeling: Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...

  • The events that led to Shay's Rebellion.
  • The dismantling, submerging and disincorporation of four towns, Prescott, Enfield, Grenwich (formerly in Hampshire County) and Dana (formerly in Worcester County), to build the Quabbin Reservoir and supply water to Boston.[citation needed] Also disruption of small towns accompanying flood control projects such as Knightville Reservoir and Cobble Mountain Reservoir, and construction of the Massachusetts Turnpike.
  • Former state House Speaker Tom Finneran's use of parliamentary rules to deny Northampton an election to fill a vacant House seat.[citation needed]

Western Massachusetts also has a more Conservative and Republican political culture than the urban eastern districts known for their liberalism on gender issues, voting patterns, support for Renewable energy and other issues. This schism has much in common with New York State's better-known upstate/downstate schism. Shays Rebellion (also Shayss or Shays) was an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts that lasted from 1786 to 1787. ... Prescott is a former town in Massachusetts. ... Enfield was a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, location 42° 19 N, 072° 22 W. The town was incorporated in 1801 from portions of Greenwich and Belchertown. ... Greenwich (which was pronounced Green-which, not Gren-ich) is a former town in Massachusetts. ... Dana is a former town in Massachusetts. ... The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest body of water in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... The North Branch of the Westfield River starts at the town of Savoy, Massachusetts in the Berkshires. ... View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ... Speaker of the MA State House Thomas Finneran. ... Same-sex marriage in the U.S. state of Massachusetts began on May 17, 2004 because the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts ruled in Goodridge v. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... World renewable energy in 2005 (except 2004 data for items marked* or **). Enlarge image to read exclusions. ... The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... Downstate New York is a term for the southeasternmost portion of New York State, United States, in contrast to Upstate New York. ...


Long a haven for small businesses, the region has expressed conflicted feelings towards giant retail corporations, leading to controversies about permitting zoning changes or variances that would allow companies such as Wal-Mart to build in local towns. The debate has been particularly strong in northern towns, particularly Greenfield, Massachusetts.[citation needed] Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Franklin County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Mayor-council city Area  - City  21. ...


In Crash!ng the Party, Ralph Nader includes Amherst, along with Vermont and his home state of Connecticut, as one of the few places in the country where he believes small-town spirit is still strong.[citation needed] Ralph Nader Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934), is an American attorney and political activist. ... Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked {{{AreaRank}}}  - Total {{{TotalAreaUS}}} sq mi ({{{TotalArea}}} km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ...


Universities and Colleges

An Incomplete list:

Amherst College is a private, independent, elite[1][2] liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It is the third oldest college in Massachusetts. ... American International College is a four-year liberal arts college with several graduate degree programs located in the Mason Square neighborhood of Springfield, Massachusetts. ... Bay Path College is a private college that is located in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. ... Berkshire Community College is a two-year community college in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. ... Elms College is a coeducational private liberal arts college that is located in Chicopee, Massachusetts. ... The Five Colleges are affiliated colleges in the Connecticut River valley of western Massachusetts, belonging to a consortium called Five Colleges, Incorporated. ... Greenfield Community College is a two-year Community College in Greenfield, Massachusetts. ... Hampshire College is an experimenting private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts. ... Holyoke Community College (HCC) is a state-funded public two year college located in Holyoke, Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts (MCLA) is a public liberal arts college and is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. ... Mount Holyoke College is a liberal arts womens college in South Hadley, Massachusetts. ... Simons Rock College of Bard Simons Rock College of Bard, also abbreviated as Simons Rock College and Simons Rock or, simply, The Rock , is a small liberal arts college located in the small town of Great Barrington (population 7,527), in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Smith College, located in Northampton, Massachusetts, is the largest womens college in the United States []. Smith admits only female undergraduates, but admits both men and women as graduate students. ... Springfield College is a college located in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... Springfield Technical Community College better known as STCC (pronounced stick by locals) is a two-year community college in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Westfield State College is a small liberal arts college, located in Westfield, Massachusetts, USA. Located 20 minutes from Springfield, MA and about 2 hours from Boston. ... Western New England College is a private, independent, coeducational college founded in 1919. ... Williams College is a private, coeducational, highly selective (17% admission rate this year) liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ...

Claims to fame

The Hoosac Tunnel is a 4. ... Florida is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Noah Webster Noah Webster (October 16, 1758 – April 28, 1843) was an American lexicographer, textbook author, spelling reformer, political writer, and editor. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... James A. Naismith, B.A., M.A., M.D., D.D, (November 6, 1861 – November 28, 1939) was the inventor of the sport of basketball and the first to introduce the use of a helmet in American football. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Six Flags New England, or SFNE, is a theme park in the Six Flags chain of parks, named for the New England region in which it is located. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1855 Government Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard A. Cohen (D) Area  - City  24. ... From 1794 to 1968 the Springfield Armory was a center for the manufacture of U.S. military small arms and the site of many important technological advances. ... Shays Rebellion or Shayss Rebellion was an armed uprising in western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787. ... The term Springfield Rifle may refer to any one of several types of small arms produced by the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, for the United States armed forces. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... William G. Morgan (1870-1942) was the inventor of volleyball, originally called Mintonette. Morgan met James Naismith, inventor of basketball, while Morgan was studying at Springfield College in 1892, Massachusetts. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... See Holyoke, Colorado for the city in Colorado. ... Motorcyclists take a break from the road A motorcycle or motorbike is a single-track, two-wheeled motor vehicle powered by an engine. ... The Indian Motocycle Manufacturing Company was a motorcycle manufacturer in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... MassMutual Financial Group, best known as the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, is a major financial services corporation. ... Milton Bradley (1836 - 1911) was a game pioneer, credited by many with launching the game industry in North America. ... Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... Spalding may refer to: // Albert Spalding (1850–1915), American baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer Albert Spalding (violinist) (1888–1953), American composer and leading concert violinist Baird Thomas Spalding (1857–1953), English-American author Mother Catherine Spalding (1793-1858) was an influential American Roman Catholic nun Charles H. Spalding, American... Smith & Wesson is Americas largest manufacturer of handguns, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... The Yankee Candle Company is the largest US manufacturer of scented candles. ... Friendly Ice Cream Corporation AMEX: FRN, best known for its Friendlys restaurant chain, was founded in 1935 in Springfield, Massachusetts by two young brothers, 18-year-old Curtis Blake and 20-year-old Prestley Blake. ... Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. ... KB Toys (originally known as Kay Bee Toys) is a chain of mall-based retail toy stores in the United States. ... The Big Y logo. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... The Sterling & Francine Clark Art Institute, usually referred to simply as The Clark, is an art museum with a large and varied collection located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ... Crane Paper Company, based in Dalton, Massachusetts, makes rag based paper for the Federal Reserve Note. ... Dalton is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... The United States Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is an agency in the United States Department of the Treasury that primarily prints Federal Reserve notes for the Federal Reserve, but also produces a variety of other government security documents. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...

Famous residents

Banks in Heights Elizabeth Banks (born Elizabeth Maresal Mitchell on February 10, 1974) is an American actress. ... Spider-Man swinging around his hometown, New York City. ... The 40-Year-Old Virgin is a 2005 comedy film starring Steve Carell and directed by Judd Apatow. ... Pittsfield is the name of some places in the United States: Pittsfield, Illinois Pittsfield, Maine Pittsfield, Massachusetts Pittsfield, Michigan Pittsfield, New Hampshire Pittsfield, New York Pittsfield, Vermont Pittsfield, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... John Brown John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was the first white American abolitionist to advocate and practice insurrection as a means to the abolition of slavery. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti is a former AFL and NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the National Football Leagues Hall of Fame. ... Eric Carle Eric Carle (born June 25, 1929) is a childrens book author and illustrator, most famous for his book The Very Hungry Caterpillar, which has been translated into over 30 languages. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... John Calvin Coolidge Jr. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... W. E. B. Du Bois William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (pronounced ) (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was a civil rights activist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar, and socialist. ...   Great Barrington is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Kevin Baines Eastman (born May 30, 1962) is an American comic book artist. ... Peter Laird Peter Alan Laird (born January 27, 1954 in North Adams, Massachusetts) is an American comic book artist. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... Robert Frost (1941) Robert Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Theodor Seuss Geisel (March 2, 1904 – September 24, 1991) was a famous American writer and cartoonist best known for his classic childrens books under the pen name Dr. Seuss, including The Cat in the Hat, Green Eggs and Ham, One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish, Fox in... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Sylvester Graham (1794-1851) Sylvester Graham (July 5, 1794 – September 11, 1851) was born in Suffield, Connecticut, and was ordained in 1826 as a Presbyterian minister. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... A press photo of Arlo Guthrie. ... Stockbridge is a town in Berkshire County in Western Massachusetts. ... Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1879), known as Fighting Joe, was a career U.S. Army officer and a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Hadley is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Franklin County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Mayor-council city Area  - City  21. ... Tracy Kidder (born November 12, 1945 in New York City) is an American author of multiple books. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... For the American baseball player use Tim Leary (baseball player) Timothy Francis Leary, Ph. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for combining these three genres within single narratives. ... Heath is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. ... J Mascis (born Joseph Donald Mascis on December 10, 1965) is an American musician, best-known as the singer, guitarist and songwriter for Dinosaur Jr, though he also has been an occasional producer and film composer. ... Dinosaur Jr is an American indie rock band. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Norman Percevel Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978) was a 20th century American painter. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as or ) is a region located in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut). ... Maureen Stapleton. ... Settled: 1750 â€“ Incorporated: 1775 Zip Code(s): 01240 â€“ Area Code(s): 413 Official website: http://www. ... Staind is an American alternative metal group[1][2] from Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. ... Tom Matera Tom Matera best known as Antonio Thomas is a professional wrestler, currently working for World Wrestling Entertainment, on the RAW brand. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Oscar-nominated American film actress. ...   Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Amherst College is a private, independent, elite[1][2] liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It is the third oldest college in Massachusetts. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Nickname: Noho, Hamp Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... Jane Yolen (born February 11, 1939 in New York City) is an American author, and editor of almost 300 books. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ...

Tourism sites

The Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame honors players who have shown exceptional skill at basketball, all-time great coaches and referees, and other major contributors to the game. ... The Sterling & Francine Clark Art Institute, usually referred to simply as The Clark, is an art museum with a large and varied collection located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ... The Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art is a museum devoted to the art contained in picture books and especially childrens books. ... Overview Historic Deerfield is the oldest part of the township of Deerfield in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... The Dickinson Homestead, located at 280 Main Street, Amherst, Massachusetts, was the home of poet Emily Dickinson, and currently is the site of a museum dedicated to her. ... The Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, commonly referred to as MASS MoCA, is a museum located in North Adams, Massachusetts. ... The National Yiddish Book Center in the United States of America is a cultural institution dedicated to the preservation of books and documents in the Yiddish language. ... The Dr. Seuss Memorial and Museum of Fine Arts. ... The Norman Rockwell Museum is home to the worlds largest collection of original Rockwell art. ... The Dr. Seuss National Memorial is a sculpture garden located at The Quadrangle in Springfield, Massachusetts, honoring the American childrens author Dr. Seuss. ... Tanglewood Music Shed and lawn. ... Six Flags New England, or SFNE, is a theme park in the Six Flags chain of parks, named for the New England region in which it is located. ... The Yankee Candle Company is the largest US manufacturer of scented candles. ...

Outdoor Recreation

This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Deerfield River Deerfield River is a river that runs for 73 miles from southern Vermont through northwestern Massachusetts to the Connecticut River. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... Farmington River and environs The Farmington River is a river located in the northwest of the US States of Connecticut and southwest Massachusetts. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... // Resort Activities Jiminy Peak is a small ski resort in Hancock, Massachusetts in the Berkshires. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as or ) is a region located in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut). ... The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest body of water in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Bash Bish Falls State Park is a Massachusetts state park located in Mount Washington. ... The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a 2,174-mile (3,500-km)[2] marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. ... Mount Everett State Reservation is a Massachusetts state park located in Mount Washington. ... Mount Greylock is a mountain of 3,491 feet (1,064 m) in northwestern Massachusetts, on the Appalachian Trail just south of Vermont and not too far east of New York. ... Mount Holyoke (elevation 940/286m) is the western-most peak of the Mt. ... Mount Tom in Californias eastern Sierra Nevada range is a large and prominent peak near Bishop. ...

See also

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Seven Sisters is the name given in 1927 to seven liberal arts womens colleges in the Northern United States. ... The Five Colleges are affiliated colleges in the Connecticut River valley of western Massachusetts, belonging to a consortium called Five Colleges, Incorporated. ... This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Western Massachusetts Hospital (715 words)
Western Massachusetts Hospital is a 100 bed long term medical and specialty care hospital owned and operated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Department of Public Health.
Located in Westfield, Massachusetts, the hospital is the only public hospital operating in the western region of Massachusetts with a mission to serve as a medical safety net for many uninsured and underinsured citizens residing in the region.
Western Massachusetts Hospital is located in Westfield in a scenic setting and is easily accessible from the Massachusetts Turnpike or Route 91 and is only 20 minutes from Springfield, MA.
Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4557 words)
Massachusetts is bordered on the north by New Hampshire and Vermont; on the west by New York; on the south by Connecticut and Rhode Island; and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
Massachusetts is known as the Bay State because of the several large bays that give its coastline its distinctive shape: Massachusetts Bay and Cape Cod Bay on the state's east coast, and Buzzards Bay to the south.
Western Massachusetts is more rural and sparsely populated, especially in the Berkshires, the branch of the Appalachian Mountains that dominates the western quarter of the state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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