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Encyclopedia > Western Kshatrapas
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Approximate territory of the Western Kshatrapas ( For alternate uses, see Number 35. Years: 30 31 32 33 34 - 35 - 36 37 38 39 40 Decades: 0s 10s 20s - 30s - 40s 50s 60s Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Events Pliny the Elder brought to Rome before this year. Births Quintilian, Roman rhetorician November 8... 35- Years: 401 402 403 404 - 405 - 406 407 408 409 Decades: 370s 380s 390s - 400s - 410s 420s 430s Centuries: 4th century - 5th century - 6th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 See also Events Japanese court officially adopts the Chinese writing system (approximate date). Emperor Honorius closes the... 405 CE).

The Western Kshatrapas, or Western Satraps, ( For alternate uses, see Number 35. Years: 30 31 32 33 34 - 35 - 36 37 38 39 40 Decades: 0s 10s 20s - 30s - 40s 50s 60s Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Events Pliny the Elder brought to Rome before this year. Births Quintilian, Roman rhetorician November 8... 35- Years: 401 402 403 404 - 405 - 406 407 408 409 Decades: 370s 380s 390s - 400s - 410s 420s 430s Centuries: 4th century - 5th century - 6th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 See also Events Japanese court officially adopts the Chinese writing system (approximate date). Emperor Honorius closes the... 405 CE) were Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. The Sakas or Saka race was a group of Iranian people who lived in present day Uzbekistan around 3000 BC. These Sakas followed other Aryans into present day Iran, and returned... Saka rulers of the western and central part of India ( Saurashtra (also Soruth and Sorath) is a former state of India, located on the Kathiawar peninsula of western India. It is now part of the state of Gujarat. Its capital was Junagarh. After Indias independence in 1947, 217 princely states of Kathiawar were grouped together to form Saurashtra. The... Saurashtra and Malwa is a region of central India, lying in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state. It lies at the headwaters of the Chambal River and its tributaries, the Kali Sindh and the Parbati. Ujjain is the ancient center of the region, and Indore is presently the largest city. Ujjain... Malwa: modern Date of formation May 1, 1960 Capital Gandhinagar Governor Nawal Kishore Sharma Chief Minister Narendra Modi Area 196,024 km² Population  - Total Density 50,600,000 (2001) 258/km2 Population growth (1991-2001): 22.48% Literacy 70% (2001) Gujarat (Hindi: गुजरात) is the most... Gujarat, Date of formation May 1, 1960 Capital Mumbai Auxiliary Capital Nagpur Largest City Mumbai Governor S.M. Krishna Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh Deputy Chief Minister R R Patil Area 308,000 km² Population  - Total  - Density Ranked 2nd in India 96,752,247 (2001) 322.5/km² Literacy rate... Maharashtra, Date of formation 1948 Capital Jaipur Governor Pratibha Patil Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje Scindia Area 342,239 km² Rajasthan (राजस्‍थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. It borders Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the... Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states). They were contemporaneous with the Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. 150 The Kushan Empire (c. 1st- 3rd centuries) was a state that at its height, about 105 - 250, stretched from Tajikistan to the Caspian Sea to Afghanistan and down into the Ganges river valley. The empire was created by Tocharians from modern Xinjiang, China... Kushans who ruled the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, and the Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa For other uses, see number 150. Years: 146 147 148 149 - 150 - 151 152 153 154 Decades: 120s 130s 140s - 150s - 160s 170s 180s Centuries: 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century Events First and only year of Heping of the Chinese Han Dynasty... Satavahana ( Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధర దేశం), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . It is bounded by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu... Andhra) who ruled in Central India.


Altogether, there were 27 independent Kshatrapa rulers during a period of about 350 years. The word Kshatrapa stands for Satrap (Greek σατράπης satrápēs, from Old Persian xšaθrapā(van), i.e. protector of the land/country) was the name given to the governors of the provinces in the ancient Persian Achaemenid and Sassanid empires. By... satrap, and its equivalent in Persia or Persian most often refer to: Persia The Persians, an ethnic group, also called Tajiks Persian language Persian (Pokémon) See also Iranian, Iranian peoples, Iranian languages and Aryan. The terms can also refer to topics in: Contents // 1 Persian culture and history 2 Plants and animals named after... Persian Ksatrapavan, which means viceroy or governor of a province.

Contents

History

The first Kshatrapas ruled parts of northwestern India as far as Mathura (मथुरा) is a city in India, located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and south of Delhi. It is the administrative center of the Mathura District. During the ancient period, this was an economic hub, located at the junction of some relatively important caravan routes... Mathura and may have been viceroys of the Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. 150 The Kushan Empire (c. 1st- 3rd centuries) was a state that at its height, about 105 - 250, stretched from Tajikistan to the Caspian Sea to Afghanistan and down into the Ganges river valley. The empire was created by Tocharians from modern Xinjiang, China... Kushans. Eventually they became independent as they vanquished the Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa For other uses, see number 150. Years: 146 147 148 149 - 150 - 151 152 153 154 Decades: 120s 130s 140s - 150s - 160s 170s 180s Centuries: 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century Events First and only year of Heping of the Chinese Han Dynasty... Satavahana empire, but retained the name of Kshatrapas.

Enlarge
Coin of the Western Kshatrapa ruler Bhratadaman ( Years: 274 275 276 277 - 278 - 279 280 281 282 Decades: 240s 250s 260s - 270s - 280s 290s 300s Centuries: 2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century Events Births Deaths Categories: 278 ... 278 to Years: 291 292 293 294 - 295 - 296 297 298 299 Decades: 260s 270s 280s - 290s - 300s 310s 320s Centuries: 2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century Events Galerius is defeated in combat by the Persians outside Ctesiphon Tuoba Yi Tuo becomes a chieftain of the Chinese Tuoba tribe. Births Deaths Categories... 295 CE).
Obv: Bust of Bhratadarman, with corrupted Greek legend ( Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Indo-Greek style).
Rev: Three-arched hill or Chaitya, with river, crescent and sun, within legend in Brahmi refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts, attested from the 5th century BC. The best known inscriptions in Brahmi are the rock-cut edicts of Ashoka, c. 3rd century BC. It is generally believed to be derived from a Semitic script. Rhys Davids suggests... Brahmi.

The Kshatrapa dynasty became very powerful with the accession of Nahapana to the throne. Nahapana occupied vast portion of the Satavahana empire in western and central India, although he was ultimately defeated by the powerful Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni in 125 CE. Nahapana managed however to build a strong power base in the west, from which his successors would benefit. He also established the Kshatrapa coinage.


The Kshatrapa dynasty seems to have reached a high level of prosperity under the rule of Rudrasen II (256-278 CE), 19th ruler of Kshatrapa The last Kshatrapa ruler was Vishwasen, brother and successor to Bhratadaman and son of Rudrasen II.


A new family took control under Rudrasimha, but was eventually conquered by the Silver coin of the Gupta King Kumara Gupta I (414-455 CE). The Gupta Empire was a Hindu empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Rise of the Gupta empire 2.1 Chandragupta 2.2 Samudragupta 2.3 Chandra... Gupta emperor Vikramaditya.


The Kshatrapas established their own calendar, which starts in 78 CE and defines the beginning of the For other uses, see number 78. Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Events Romans conquer the Ordovices, located in present-day northern... Saka era, and which today the starting year for the official calendar of the Indian Republic.


Coinage

The Kshatrapas have a very rich and interesting coinage. It was based on the coinage of the earlier Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Indo-Greek Kings, with Greek or pseudo-Greek legend and life-like profiles of royal busts on the obverse. The reverse of the coins however is original and typically depict a thunderbolt and an arrow, and later, a chaitya or three-arched hill and river symbol with a crescent and the sun, within a legend in Brahmi. These coins are very informative, since they record the name of the King, of his father, and the date of issue, and have helped clarify the early history of The Republic of India is the This is a list of countries by population. The data are generally a projection for July 2005 made by the US Census Bureau, unless specified. Rank Country Population — World 6,445,398,968 1 China 1,306,313,812 2 India 1,080... India.


The coins of the Kshatrapas were also very influencial and imitated by neighbouring or later dynasties, such as the Satavahanas, and the Silver coin of the Gupta King Kumara Gupta I (414-455 CE). The Gupta Empire was a Hindu empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Rise of the Gupta empire 2.1 Chandragupta 2.2 Samudragupta 2.3 Chandra... Guptas.


Main rulers

Kshaharata dynasty:

  • Abhiraka (Aubhirakes)
  • Bhumaka
  • Nahapana (119-124 CE)

Kardamaka dynasty:

  • Chastana
  • Rudradaman (130-150 CE)
  • Rudrasen II (256-278 CE)
  • Bhratadaman (278 to 295 CE)
  • Vishwasen (294-304 CE)



History of South Asia Indus Valley Civilization Vedic civilization Middle kingdoms Islamic empires Mughal era Company rule British Raj Independence History of India History of Pakistan History of Bangladesh Middle kingdoms of India refers to the political entities in India in the 6th century BC through the 6th century AD... MIDDLE KINGDOMS OF INDIA
Timeline: Northern empires Southern Kingdoms Foreign kingdoms

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3rd century BCE
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1st century BCE
1st century CE


2nd century CE
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4th century CE
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10th century CE

  • Magadha was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of Buddha, having risen to power during the reigns of Bimbisara (c. 544-491) and his son Ajatashatru (c. 491-460). Magadha formed one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas and had its capital at Rajagaha or Giribbaja where... Magadha empire
  • Nanda dynasty was established by an illegitimate son of the king Mahanandin of the previous Shishunaga dynasty. Mahapadma Nanda died at the age of 88 and, therefore, he ruled the bulk of the period of this dynasty, which lasted 100 years. The Nandas were followed by the Maurya dynasty. Some... Nanda empire
  • The Mauryan empire (321 to 185 BCE), at its largest extent around 230 BCE. The Mauryan empire was Indias first great unified empire. It lasted from 321 to 185 BCE, and was ruled by the Mauryan dynasty. At its height it ruled virtually all of northern and central India... Mauryan empire
  • Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa For other uses, see number 150. Years: 146 147 148 149 - 150 - 151 152 153 154 Decades: 120s 130s 140s - 150s - 160s 170s 180s Centuries: 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century Events First and only year of Heping of the Chinese Han Dynasty... Satavahana empire
  • Approximate greatest extent of the Sunga empire (185 BCE-73 BCE) The Sunga empire (or Shunga empire) controlled the eastern part of India from around 185 to 73 BCE. It was established after the fall of the Indian Mauryan empire. The capital of the Sungas was at Pataliputra. Contents // 1... Sunga empire
  • Kuninda kingdom






  • Silver coin of the Gupta King Kumara Gupta I (414-455 CE). The Gupta Empire was a Hindu empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Rise of the Gupta empire 2.1 Chandragupta 2.2 Samudragupta 2.3 Chandra... Gupta empire
  • The Pratiharas, also called the Gurjara-Pratiharas were an Indian dynasty who ruled kingdoms in Rajasthan and northern India from the sixth to the eleventh centuries. The Pratiharas are generally thought to be descended from the Gurjara clan, who appeared in northern India in the aftermath of the Hephthalite or... Pratihara
  • Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. The Pala Empire controlled Bihar and Bengal India, from the 8th to the 12th century. The name Pala means protector and was used as an ending to the names of all Pala monarchs. The founder of the empire was Gopala. He reigned from... Pala Empire
  • The Solanki were a Hindu Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. They were a branch of the Chaulukya clan of Rajputs. Anhilwara (modern Patan) served as their capital. Gujarat was a major center of Indian Ocean trade, and Anhilwara... Solanki
  • The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. The Pandyans controlled... Pandya



  • Rashtrakuta
  • Kalinga was an ancient kingdom of central-eastern India, in the province of Orissa. It was conquered by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka around 260 BCE. MIDDLE KINGDOMS OF INDIA Timeline: Northern empires Southern Kingdoms Foreign kingdoms 6th century BCE 5th century BCE 4th century BCE 3rd century BCE 2nd century... Kalinga
  • The Cheras were one of the three ancient Tamil dynasties who ruled the southern tip of the peninsula of India for most of its early history. The Cheras ruled over the Malabar coast in the South Western India. This is the modern day Kerala State in the Indian Union. The... Chera
  • The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. The other two were the Cheras and the Pandyas. Early Cholas The early Cholas ruled between the 1st and the 4th centuries A.D. The first and the most famous king of the early Cholas... Chola





  • The Pallavas were hereditary Hindu rulers who dominated southeastern India between the 4th and 9th centuries. The dynasty’s greatest kings were Simhavisnu (ruled 575-600) and Narasimhavarman I (ruled 630-668). Their capital was Kanchipuram, a town southwest of Madras. At its peak the Pallava empire stretched over... Pallava
  • The Chalukya Dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled parts of southern India between 550 and 750, and again between 973 and 1190. Contents // 1 Early History 2 Pulakesi II 3 Re_Emergence and Decline 4 Legacy 5 See Also 6 External Links Early History The dynasty was established by... Chalukya


( Persian art is conscious of a great past, and monumental in many respects. Richard Frye. (http://www.iran-heritage.org/interestgroups/frye.htm) Example of a modern Persian Miniature (http://www.iranchamber.com/art/articles/history_iranian_miniature.php) by a contemporary artist. Persia is the historical and alternative name... Persian rule)
( In ancient times, trade between India and Greece flourished with silk, spices and gold being traded. The Greeks invaded India several times, starting with the conquest of Alexander the Great. Contents // 1 Conquests of Alexander the Great (326 BCE) 2 Seleucid invasion (304 BCE) 3 Indo-Greek rule (180-30... Greek conquests)


  • Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Indo-Greek kingdom
  • The Indo-Scythian King of Kings Azes II (c. 35-12 BCE). The Indo-Scythians are a branch of the Indo-European Sakas (Scythians), who migrated into Bactria, Sogdiana, Kashmir and finally into Arachosia and then India from the middle of the 2nd century BCE to the 1st century BCE... Indo-Scythians
  • Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Kushan empire article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kushan_empire&action=edit) If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not be... Kushan empire
  • Coin of Gondophares (20-50 AD), first king of the Indo-Parthians kingdom. The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was established during the 1st century AD, by a Parthian leader named Gondophares, in an area covering todays Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Secession from Parthia 3 Main... Indo-Parthian kingdom
  • Western Kshatrapas



  • Indo-Hephthalites



( History of South Asia Indus Valley Civilization Vedic civilization Middle kingdoms Islamic empires Mughal era Company rule British Raj Independence History of India History of Pakistan History of Bangladesh During the middle ages, several Islamic regimes established empires in India. Contents // 1 The rise of Islam in South Asia 2... First islamic conquests)



See also

  • Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Indo-Greek Kingdom
  • The Indo-Scythian King of Kings Azes II (c. 35-12 BCE). The Indo-Scythians are a branch of the Indo-European Sakas (Scythians), who migrated into Bactria, Sogdiana, Kashmir and finally into Arachosia and then India from the middle of the 2nd century BCE to the 1st century BCE... Indo-Scythians
  • Coin of Gondophares (20-50 AD), first king of the Indo-Parthians kingdom. The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was established during the 1st century AD, by a Parthian leader named Gondophares, in an area covering todays Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Secession from Parthia 3 Main... Indo-Parthians
  • Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Kushan empire article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kushan_empire&action=edit) If you have created this page in the past few minutes and it has not yet appeared, it may not be... Kushan Empire

  Results from FactBites:
 
Western Kshatrapas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (477 words)
The Western Kshatrapas, or Western Satraps, ( 35 - 405 CE) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India ( Saurashtra and Malwa : modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states).
The Kshatrapa dynasty seems to have reached a high level of prosperity under the rule of Rudrasen II (256-278 CE), 19th ruler of Kshatrapa The last Kshatrapa ruler was Vishwasen, brother and successor to Bhratadaman and son of Rudrasen II.
The Kshatrapas established their own calendar, which starts in 78 CE and defines the beginning of the Saka era, and which today the starting year for the official calendar of the Indian Republic.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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