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Encyclopedia > Western Ghats
The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats
The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats


The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. They run along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separate the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. The range starts south of the Tapti River near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, and runs approximately 1600 km through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, to Cape Comorin or Kanyakumari, the southern tip of the Indian peninsula. The average elevation is around 900 meters. This range is also known as the Sahyadri mountains in Maharashtra and Karnataka and Malabar region in Kerala. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 240 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Desert Tirunelveli Rainshadow Tirunelveli District Agastyamalai Wikipedia:Featured pictures candidates/August-2006 Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 240 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Desert Tirunelveli Rainshadow Tirunelveli District Agastyamalai Wikipedia:Featured pictures candidates/August-2006 Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... The Tapti River (also Tapi River) is a river of central India. ... Gujarat (Gujarati: , , IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes Gujarath. ... Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: )( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Tiruvalluvar statue The Vivekananda memorial The Gandhi Mandepam Kanyakumari is a town and a cape at the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula. ... Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: )( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of India and forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ...

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Jog Falls, Karnataka, Highest waterfalls in Asia

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Jog Falls - Highest waterfall in Asia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jog Falls - Highest waterfall in Asia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

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Mountain range

Higher peaks occur in the northern section of the range in Maharashtra, notably Kalsubai 1646 m (5427 ft), Mahabaleshwar 1438 m (4710 ft) and Harishchandragarh 1424 m (4691 ft); in southwest Karnataka, notably Kudremukh at 1862 m (6,109 ft) and Mullayanagiri at 1925 m (6,317 ft); and in the southern part of the range, with Anai Mudi in Kerala at 2695 meters (8,842 ft) being the highest peak in the Western Ghats. Chembra Peak in Kerala at 2100 m, Banasura Peak in Kerala at 2073 m and Vellarimala in Kerala at 2200 meters. The only major gaps in the range are the Goa gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap that joins Tamil Nadu to Kerala. Smaller ranges, including the Nilgiri Hills (with Doddabetta being the highest peak at 2623 meters) of northwestern Tamil Nadu and Biligirirangans southeast of Mysore in Karnataka, meet the Shevaroys (Servarayan range) and Tirumala range farther east, linking the Western Ghats to the Eastern Ghats. These hill ranges serve as important wildlife corridors, allowing species like elephants to move seasonally between the ranges. Kalsubai is the highest mountain of the Sahyadris in India. ... On the outskirts of Mahabaleshwar, towards Panchgani. ... Harishchandragad is a hill fort in the Ahmednagar region of India. ... Kudremukh is a small town in Chikamangalore District of Karnataka, India. ... ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Chembra Peak (2100m) Wayanad , Kerala Chembra Peak is the highest peak in Wayanad District, Kerala at 2100m. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The Palakkad Gap is a low pass through the Western Ghats ranges of southern India, linking Palakkad District of Kerala state with Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. ... Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... The Biligirirangans are a forested hill range near Mysore, India. ... Mysore (Kannada: ಮೈಸೂರು) is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Shavaroys is the anglicised name for the Servarayan range of hills rising above the town of Salem in Tamilnadu, India. ... Tirumala (తిరుమల), the abode of the Hindu God Lord Venkateswara, is situated on a very ancient ridge of mountains in a southern district of Andhra Pradesh. ... The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains, eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known as by the name of its nominate subspecies the Indian Elephant, is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ...

A view from Ponmudi
A view from Ponmudi

The northern portion of the narrow coastal plain between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea is known as the Konkan Coast or simply Konkan, and the southern portion is called Malabar region or the Malabar Coast. The foothill region east of the Ghats in Maharashtra is known as Desh, while the eastern foothills of central Karnataka state is known as the Malnad region. The largest city within the mountains is the city of Pune, in the Desh region on the eastern edge of the range. Image File history File links Ponmudi is a hill station just outside Trivandrum. ... Image File history File links Ponmudi is a hill station just outside Trivandrum. ... A view from Ponmudi Ponmudi (The Golden Peak) is a hillstation in Trivandrum district of Kerala south India. ... A typical view of the Konkan, consisting of white-sand beaches and palm trees (mostly coconut and betel nut). ... The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of India and forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. ... Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ... Desh (hindi:देश) Derived from Sanskrit word (देशः) this word means country In the context of the history of Maharashtra, the Marathi people, and of the Maratha Empire or Maratha Confederacy, founded by Shivaji as the Hindawi Swaraj (Hindu Free State), Desh is an abbreviation... Malnad (Malenaadu in Kannada, derived from words meaning hilly region as male means hill in Kannada, also receives abundant rainfall) is a region of Karnataka state in South India. ... Pune (IPA: , Marathi: पुणे) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ...


The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoon winds, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their western side. The dense forests also contribute to the precipitation of the area by acting as a substrate for condensation of moist rising (orographic) winds from the sea, and releasing much of the moisture back into the air via transpiration, allowing it to later condense and fall again as rain. Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a wind pattern that reverses direction with the seasons. ... Orography is the average height of land, measured in geopotential meters, over a certain domain. ... Transpiration is the evaporation of water from aerial parts of plants, especially leaves but also stems, flowers and fruits. ...

Munnar Mountain
Munnar Mountain

The westward-facing slopes receive much more rain than the eastward-facing slopes, and the Western Ghats are considerably wetter than the dry Deccan to the east. The Western Ghats form the most important watershed for peninsular India, the plentiful rain giving rise to numerous streams and rivers such as the Chittar River with many waterfalls, Manimuthar River, Pachaiyar River, Kallayi River and the Tambaraparani River, form the headwaters of both the short rivers that run to the Arabian Sea and the great perennial rivers of the Deccan, including the Godavari River, Krishna River, Kaveri River and their tributaries, which empty into the Bay of Bengal. Munnar tea plantation Photographed by Anoop Sankar on Aug 11, 2003. ... Munnar tea plantation Photographed by Anoop Sankar on Aug 11, 2003. ... Munnar (Malayalam :മൂന്നാ൪,Tamizh :மூணார்)is a small town located at 10. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... Chittar River and its five tributaries and numerous other contributing streams originate in the Courtallam hills of Tirunelveli District in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ... Manimuthar River originates on the eastern slopes of Western Ghats in Tirunelveli District of the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ... Pachaiyar River originates on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats approximately 1000 meters above sea level in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ... Kallayi River is one of the rivers in Kerala, India. ... Tambaraparani River, in the past called Tambaraparani, originates on the eastern slopes of Western Ghats in Tirunelveli District of the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur The Godavari River is a major waterway in India, next to the Ganges and Indus rivers. ... The Krishna River is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... Siva Samudram Falls on the Kaveri River near Mysore The Kaveri River (also spelt Cauvery or Kavery) is one of the great rivers of India and is considered sacred by the Hindus. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ...


These rivers provide the water for agriculture and drinking to all the major cities downstream including the cities of Bangalore, Pune and Mumbai. Many of these rivers and streams are threatened by pollution from mining, agricultural and urban runoff, coffee pulp effluents and other human activity. There has recently been a strong movement to curb mining operations in the Western Ghats, as this is one of the global Biodiversity hotspots. The Kudremukh region was once mined for iron and the Kali river was used to transport ore. Bangalore (Kannada: ; in Kannada and // in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Pune (IPA: , Marathi: पुणे) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Mumbaī (Devanāgarī: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on Salsette Island, off the west coast of Maharashtra. ... A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. ...

Munnar tea gardens
Munnar tea gardens
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Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (13154x1663, 4124 KB) Summary Munnar, a hill station in Kerala,South India, is one of the most beautiful places in the Western Ghats. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (13154x1663, 4124 KB) Summary Munnar, a hill station in Kerala,South India, is one of the most beautiful places in the Western Ghats. ... Munnar (Malayalam :മൂന്നാ൪,Tamizh :மூணார்)is a small town located at 10. ...

Rain Forests

Figs (Ficus species) like this Strangler Fig are an important floral element and support many frugivores.
Figs (Ficus species) like this Strangler Fig are an important floral element and support many frugivores.

Historically the Western Ghats were well-covered in dense forests. They contain the largest patches of moist deciduous forest and rain forest in southern India. These forests are home to diverse fauna and flora, many of them showing affinities to the Malayan region, but are increasingly threatened by human activity. Several national parks and other protected areas lie within the range, but it is estimated that only a small fraction of the Western Ghats remains in pristine condition. The Silent Valley National Park in Kerala is considered by many to be the last tracts of virgin tropical evergreen forest in India. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x853, 99 KB) Summary Strangler fig. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x853, 99 KB) Summary Strangler fig. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... hi Strangler Figs are species of fig that begin their lives as epiphytes as their seed lodge in the cracks and crevices of the bark of a host tree. ... The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southern India. ... The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are an ecoregion of southern India, covering the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, at elevations over 1000 meters. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ... Silent Valley National Park is a National Park in Palakkad district, Kerala, India. ...

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Flora and Fauna

A view of the Agasthyarkoodam mountain from the base
A view of the Agasthyarkoodam mountain from the base

Biogeographers have long recognized the distinctive plant and animal communities of the Western Ghats. Many of these faunal and floral elements are not found anywhere else in India except in parts of northeastern India. The Western Ghats are also home to many endemic species, and the endemism is especially high in the amphibian and reptilian fauna. The snake family Uropeltidae is almost entirely restricted to and diversified in this region of the world. The frog Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis was discovered in 2003 as being a living fossil. This species of frog is most closely related to species found in the Seychelles. Some Western Ghats streams are home to several brilliantly coloured ornamental fishes like Puntius denisonii, Osteobrama bakeri, Horabagrus brachysoma and freshwater puffer fish Tetraodon travancoricus and Carinotetraodon imitator; mahseers like Tor malabaricus (Silas et al., (2005) Indian Journal of Fisheries, 52(2):125-140) apart from marine forms like Chelonodon patoca (Buchanan-Hamilton,1822) [7]. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 574 KB) Agasthyarkoodam View from base camp. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1544x1024, 574 KB) Agasthyarkoodam View from base camp. ... Agasthyarkootam is a pilgrim centre located in a fort like place 1890 meters above sea level in the southern parts of Kerala in the Western Ghats region. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... The Uropeltidae or shieldtail snakes are a family of small burrowing snakes containing 8 genera and 44 species found only in the southern part of India and Ceylon. ... Binomial name Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis Bijui, Bossuyt, 2003 Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis is a frog species from the Western Ghats, India. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Living fossil is a term for any living species (or clade) of organism which closely resembles species otherwise only known from fossils and has no close living relatives. ... Binomial name Barbus denisonii (Day, 1865) The Red Line Torpedo Barb or Denison Barb (Barbus denisonii) is a tropical fish belonging to the barb group in the minnow family. ... Genera Amblyrhynchotes Arothron Auriglobus Canthigaster Carinotetraodon Chelonodon Colomesus Contusus Ephippion Feroxodon Fugu Gastrophysus Javichthys Lagocephalus Liosaccus Marilyna Monotretus Omegaphora Pelagocephalus Polyspina Reicheltia Sphoeroides Takifugu Tetractenos Tetraodon Torquigener Tylerius Xenopterus The pufferfish, also called blowfish, swellfish, balloonfish are fish making up the family Tetraodontidae, within the order Tetraodontiformes. ... Francis Buchanan-Hamilton (February 15, 1762 - June 15, 1829) was a Scottish physician, zoologist and botanist living in India. ...


The Western Ghats are ecologically distinct from the drier regions to the north and east, but can be further divided into four ecoregions. The northern portion of the range is generally drier than the southern portion, and at lower elevations makes up the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion, with mostly deciduous forests made up predominantly of teak (Tectona grandis) and dipterocarps. Above 1000 meters elevation are the cooler and wetter North Western Ghats montane rain forests, whose evergreen forests are characterized by trees of family Lauraceae. The northern portion of the ghats is found in the states of Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. An ecoregion is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... The North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India. ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), also called jati is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... Genera Anisoptera Cotylelobium Dipterocarpus Dryobalanops Hopea Marquesia Monotes Neobalanocarpus Pakaraimaea Parashorea Shorea Stemonoporus Upuna Vateria Vateriopsis Vatica Dipterocarpaceae is a family of 17 genera and approximately 580-680 species of mainly tropical lowland rainforest trees with two-winged fruits. ... The North Western Ghats montane rain forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India. ... Genera Many; see text The Lauraceae or Laurel family comprises a group of flowering plants included in the order Laurales. ...

Nilgiri Hills. High altitude grass hills interspersed with shola forests. Many introduced exotic temperate trees now cover the landscape.
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Nilgiri Hills. High altitude grass hills interspersed with shola forests. Many introduced exotic temperate trees now cover the landscape.

The evergreen Wayanad forests of Kerala mark the transition zone between the northern and southern ecoregions of the Western Ghats. The southern ecoregions are generally wetter and more species-rich. At lower elevations are the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, with Cullenia is the characteristic tree genus, accompanied by teak, dipterocarps, and other trees. These moist forests transition to the drier South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests to the east, in the mountains' rain shadow. Above 1000 meters are the South Western Ghats montane rain forests, also cooler and wetter than the surrounding lowland forests, and dominated by evergreen trees, although some montane grasslands and stunted forests can be found at the highest elevations. The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are the most species-rich ecoregion in peninsular India; eighty percent of the flowering plant species of the entire Western Ghats range are found in this ecoregion. It also harbors the highest levels of endemism: around 35 % of the plants, 68 % of the fishes (Gopalakrishnan and Ponniah, 2000; Endemic fish diversity of the Western Ghats; NATP-NBFGR Publication), 48 % of the reptiles, and 75 % of the amphibians that live in this ecoregion are endemic. Still higher, above elevations of 1600 m MSL are seen the shola-grassland mosaic, which are habitats exclusive to the Western Ghats. Image File history File links Nilgiri-Hills. ... Image File history File links Nilgiri-Hills. ... Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... For the district with the same name, see Wayanad District. ... The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southern India. ... The South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests is an ecoregion of southern India. ... // A rain shadow (or more accurately, precipitation shadow) is a dry region on the surface of the Earth that is leeward or behind a mountain with respect to the prevailing wind direction. ... The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are an ecoregion of southern India, covering the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, at elevations over 1000 meters. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... The Guppy, also known as guppie (Poecilia reticulata) is one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species in the world. ... Orders Procolophonia (extinct) Testudines Araeoscelidia (extinct) Avicephala (extinct) Younginiformes (extinct) Sauropterygia Ichthyosauria (extinct) Placodontia (extinct) Nothosauria (extinct) Plesiosauria (extinct) Sphenodontia Squamata Prolacertiformes (extinct) Archosauria Crurotarsi Order Aetosauria Order Phytosauria Order Rauisuchia Order Crocodilia Ornithodira Pterosauria (extinct) Marasuchus (extinct) Dinosauria (extinct) Order Saurischia Order Ornithischia Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals... For other uses, see Amphibian (disambiguation). ... Shola is a type of high-altitude stunted evergreen forest found in southern India. ...


One of the endemic species of the Western Ghats is the Lion-tailed Macaque. There are only 4000 of this species remaining in the Western Ghats. A study of these monkeys suggests that the health of their population depends on a continuous canopy and a break in the canopy of more than 0.5 km² hinders the movement of these animals.[citation needed] Binomial name Macaca silenus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) is an Old World monkey that lives only in southwest India. ...


The Western Ghats of Maharashtra spreads from the Satpura Range to the north, and continues south past Goa to Karnataka. The major hill range of the sector is Sayadhri range, which is home to the hill stations of Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani. Five rivers emerge out from Mahabaleshwar, the Krishna, Koyana, Venna, Savitri and Saraswati. The semi-deciduous forest of Mahabaleshwar is rich with flora and fauna. The giant squirrel, the state animal of Maharashtra, is found in the dense forest here. Panchagani is located on skirtings of ravines. It is an educational centre as more than 26 residential schools are located here. The Western Ghats run along the western edge of Indias Deccan Plateau, and separate the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ... On the outskirts of Mahabaleshwar, towards Panchgani. ... Panchgani is a small hill-station in the state of Maharashtra, India. ... The Krishna River is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ...


There are many forts in this region built prior to 1500. Many of these forts were built by Shivajiraje Bhosle. These include Raigad, Rajgad, Torana, Pratapgad and Panhala. Some of these are tourist attractions. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Raigad was the capital of Shivajis kingdom. ... About Pratapgad Pratapgad is a massive fort located in the Sahyadri mountain range of western Maharashtra, India, 25 kilometres from Mahabaleshwar. ...


There are many dams in this region, including the one at Amaravathinagar. One among the first hydroelectric power station in India was started by Tata in the early 1900s near Khopoli, a town near Lonawala. It is still functional. Amaravathinagar (or Amaravathi Nagar) is in the foothills of Aannaimalai hills in Coimbatore district, TamilNadu; about 22 kms from Udumalpet and around 90 kms from Coimbatore. ... Tata may mean: Tata Group, a company in India Tata Steel, an important component of the group Jamshetji Tata, known as the father of Indian industry J. R. D. Tata, pioneer aviator and founder of companies Ratan Tata, present chairman of the Tata Group Tata Airlines, now Air India Tata... Khopoli is a small industrial town in the Indian state of Maharashtra, at the base of the Sahyadri mountains, surrounded on all sides by hills. ...

About sixty percent of the Western Ghats are located in the state of Karnataka[1]. Most of Karnataka's five hundred species of birds are from the Western Ghats region [2]. The evergreen forests of Nagarahole, deciduous forests of Bandipur National Park and Nugu in Karnataka and adjoining regions of Wayanad and Mudumalai National Park in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu form the single largest protected area in the Western Ghats system comprising some 5500 km². This is also called the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve[3] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1784x1192, 730 KB)[edit] Summary Photograph taken by self (Dineshkannambadi) in June 2006 [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1784x1192, 730 KB)[edit] Summary Photograph taken by self (Dineshkannambadi) in June 2006 [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is 38 km. ... Nagarhole National Park is located 94 km away from Mysore. ... The Bandipur National Park is one of Indias best known sanctuaries, and is an important Project Tiger reserve. ... For the district with the same name, see Wayanad District. ... // Location and geography The Mudumalai sanctuary lies on the northern and north-western side of the Nilgiri (Blue Mountains), about 80 km north-west of Coimbatore in the extreme north-western corner of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in southern India. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalamകേരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of southern India. ...


This is home to the largest population of the Asian Elephant and forms an important "Project Elephant" and "Project Tiger" reserve. Karnataka's ghats are home to over six thousand elephants (as of 2004). The largest population of tigers outside the Sundarbans ecosystem is also believed to be found in these unbroken forests bordering Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The largest numbers and herds of Gaur are found here with the Bandipur National Park and Nagarahole together holding over five thousand Gaur[4] Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known as by the name of its nominate subspecies the Indian Elephant, is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Sundarbans delta is the largest mangrove forest in the world. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of South Asia and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... The Bandipur National Park is one of Indias best known sanctuaries, and is an important Project Tiger reserve. ...


The Biligirirangan Hills lies at the confluence of the western and Eastern Ghats and is home to unique ecosystems present in both ranges. It is an important butterfly migration area[citation needed] and has also been eulogised in poetry and music. Karnataka's Ghat areas holds about twenty five percent of all Asian elephants and ten percent of India's tiger population[5]. The Biligiri Hills (White mountains in the Kannada language), also known as the Biligiri Rangas Hills, are a range of hills in southern India. ... The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains, eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ...


North of this region is the Kudremukh national park in the central region of Karnataka's Western Ghats. Kudremukh National Park has one of the most beautiful landscapes in the Western Ghats, encompassing evergreen, semi-evergreen and grassland shola habitat characteristic of high altitude Western Ghats regions. This park protects a viable population of Lion tailed macacque. Kudremukh is a small town in Chikamangalore District of Karnataka, India. ... A national park which extends over tho districts of Karnataka in India which are: Dakshin Kannada and Chikmaglur. ...


To the west are the forests of Kodagu which hold sizeable populations of the endangered Nilgiri Langur and have numerous bird species. Brahmagiri and Pushpagiri wildlife sanctuaries are important elephant habitat. Talakaveri wildlife sanctuary is a critical watershed and the source of the river Kaveri. This region has dense evergreen and semi-evergreen vegetation, with shola-grassland in areas of higher elevation. The steep terrain of the area has resulted in scenic waterfalls along its many mountain streams. Kodagu ಕೊಡಗು is a district of Karnataka state in southern India. ... Binomial name Trachypithecus johnii (J. Fischer, 1829) Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johni) is a lutung (a type of Old World monkey) found in the Nilgiri hills of the Western Ghats in South India. ... Brahmagiri is a tourist destination situated in Wayanad District, Kerala. ... Categories: Stub ... The Cauvery (sometimes written as Kaveri) is one of the major rivers of southern India. ...


Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary and project tiger reserve in Chikmagalur has large populations of Indian muntjac. This is an excellent birding region. Since it is located at the northern end of the Malabar ranges and the southern tip of the Sahyadri ranges, bird species from both ranges can be seen here. Large colonies of Parrots are common here. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is 38 km. ... Vidyasankara temple in Shringeri. ... Binomial name Muntiacus muntjak Zimmermann, 1780 The Common muntjac, also called Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac species. ... Families Cacatuidae Psittacidae Parrots or Psittacines (order Psittaciformes) includes about 353 species of bird which are generally grouped into two families: the Cacatuidae or cockatoos, and the Psittacidae or true parrots. ...


Sharavathi and Someshvara Wildlife sanctuaries in Shimoga district are the source of the Tungabhadra river system and are known habitat of the Indian King Cobra. The hydroelectric power station near the Jog Falls and is named after Mahatma Gandhi. To meet Wikipedias quality standards and conform with our NPOV policy, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Tungabhadra is a river of southern India. ... Binomial name Ophiophagus hannah Cantor, 1836 The King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the longest of the venomous land snakes, growing up to 18. ... Jog Falls The Jog waterfall is the tallest waterfall in India, located in Karnataka state, southern India. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી, Devanāgarī: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, Romanized: mohandās karamcand gāndhī, IPA: ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a major political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement. ...


Bannerghatta National park and reserve forest of Annekal close to Bangalore are an important elephant corridor connecting the forests of Tamil Nadu with those of Karnataka.


Dandeli and Anshi national parks in Uttara Kannada district are home to the Black Panther and normal variety of leopards and significant populations of Great Indian Hornbill. These large birds congregate even near human habitation inside the park regularly. Bhimgad in Belgaum district is a proposed wildlife sanctuary and is home to the endemic Wroughton's freetailed bat (Otomops wroughtoni), the Krishnapur caves close by are one of only three places in the country where the little-known Theobald's tomb bat (Taphozous theobaldi) is found. The rare Megaderma spasma bats are found in the Talevadi caves[6]. Karnataka's ghats are also the home to several scenic waterfalls including the Jog falls and are listed as one among the 1001 natural wonders of the world[7]. With the exception of four wildlife sanctuaries, all the remaining 22 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of Karnataka are located in the Western Ghats, either at the evergreen higher elevations or deciduous lower elevation regions. Dandeli [1]) ZIP CODE:581 325, also known as Mini India, is a small industrial city. ... Location of Uttara Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Black jaguar This article is about the big cat. ... This page is about the animal. ... Binomial name Buceros bicornis Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) is a large hornbill. ... Belgaum ((Marathi:बेळगांव)) (possibly from the Sanskrit Venugrama, Bamboo village) is a town located in the northwestern part of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Binomial name Otomops wroughtoni (Thomas, 1913) The Wroughtons free-tailed bat (Otomops wroughtoni) is a free-tailed bat formerly considered to be endemic to the Western Ghats area of India but it has recently been discovered in remote parts of Cambodia as well. ... Jog Falls The Jog waterfall is the tallest waterfall in India, located in Karnataka state, southern India. ...


Running along the western edge of Kerala, except for a gap of about 30 kilometers width called the Palakkad Gap (also known as Palghat Gap) near the town of Palakkad (Palghat), the Western Ghats form the western border of the state. The Palakkad Gap is a low pass through the Western Ghats ranges of southern India, linking Palakkad District of Kerala state with Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. ... The Palakkad Gap is a low pass through the Western Ghats ranges of southern India, linking Palakkad District of Kerala state with Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. ... For the district with the same name, see Palakkad District. ... Palakkad is a district in Indian state Kerala, bordering to Tamil Nadu, Malappuram, and Thrissur. ...


Western Ghats in Kerala is home to tea and coffee plantations, reserved forests, and dense tropical jungles. Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, and Wild Boars dwell in the forests. Sloth Bear, Leopard and tiger are also found. The Western Ghats in Kerala is home to numerous serene hill stations like Munnar, Ponmudi, Waynad etc. The famous Silent Valley National Park also falls under the Western Ghats. Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known as by the name of its nominate subspecies the Indian Elephant, is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of South Asia and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar, common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may weigh as much as 272 kg (600 lb). ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... Binomial name Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) The Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) is a nocturnal bear with shaggy fur. ... Binomial name Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 Leopards (Panthera pardus) are one of the four big cats of the genus Panthera. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis tigris Linnaeus, 1758 Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858 Tigris regalis Gray, 1867 Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family and one of four big cats in the Panthera genus. ...

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References

  • Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et. al. (2002). Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a Conservation Assessment. Island Press; Washington, DC.
  • Trek the Sahyadris Harish Kapadia
  • Karnataka forest Department- National Parks and WLS
  1. ^ [1] Karnataka forest department (Forests at a glance -Statistics)
  2. ^ [2] Karnataka forest department (forests at a glance - Bio-diversity)
  3. ^ [3] The Nilgiri Bio-sphere Reserve.
  4. ^ [4] Wildlife populations in Karnataka
  5. ^ [5] Karnataka forest department, (forests at a glance -Statistics)
  6. ^ [6] Bhimgad awaits government protection
  7. ^ Michael Bright, 1001 Natural Wonders of the World by Barrons Educational Series Inc., Quinted Inc. Publishing, 2005.
[edit]

Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Harish Kapadia Harish Kapadia is one of the most distinguished Himalayan Mountaineers in the world. ...

External links

  • Trekking routes of Sahyadri with picture gallery
  • Pictures and Images of Sahyadri nature
  • Squirrels of the Western Ghats
  • Sahyadri forts, old temples & caves
  • Pictures and stories on Western Ghats
     Geography of South Asia     
Himalaya | Western Ghats | Eastern Ghats | Aravalli Range | The Nilgiris | Vindhya Range | Satpura Range | Garo Hills | Shivalik Hills | Khasi Hills | Annamalai Hills | Cardamom Hills | Sulaiman Mountains | Karakoram | Hindu Kush | Chittagong Hill Tracts | Deccan Plateau | Thar Desert | Makran | Chota Nagpur | Naga Hills | Mysore Plateau | Ladakh Plateau
Indo-Gangetic plain | Indus River Delta | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Atolls of Maldives | Coromandel Coast | Konkan | Lakshadweep | Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Sundarbans | Rann of Kutch
Main India | Pakistan | Nepal | Bhutan | Sri Lanka | Bangladesh | The Maldives | Portal:Himalaya region

  Results from FactBites:
 
Biodiversity Hotspots - Ghats - Overview (563 words)
The Western Ghats of southwestern India and the highlands of southwestern Sri Lanka, separated by 400 kilometers, are strikingly similar in their geology, climate and evolutionary history.
The Western Ghats mediates the rainfall regime of peninsular India by intercepting the southwestern monsoon winds.
The western slopes of the mountains experience heavy annual rainfall (with 80 percent of it falling during the southwest monsoon from June to September), while the eastern slopes are drier; rainfall also decreases from south to north.
Western Ghats Conservation Society (1890 words)
Kanoor is a quaint village tucked in the forests of the Western Ghats.
The project is broad based effort involving every aspect of the ghats, as well as local communities from all cross sections of the society, both public and private sectors, representatives, from government ministries to the international community.
The ghats, which boasted over 60% of forest cover in the 1950s have decreased to a meager of 38% and is decreasing at ominous rate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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