The Western Franks generally speaking were the lands under the control of Charles the Bald after the Treaty of Verdun. Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ... In the Treaty of Verdun of 843 the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious divided his territories, the Carolingian Empire, into three kingdoms. ...
The Frankish realm underwent many partitions and repartitions, since the Franks divided their property among surviving sons, and lacking a broad sense of a res publica, they conceived of the realm as a large extent of private property.
Gregory's sources tentatively identify Meroveus (Merovech) as king of the Franks and possibly a son of Chlodio.
Because the Frankish kingdom dominated Western Europe for centuries, terms derived from "Frank" were used by many in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and beyond as a synonym for Roman Christians (e.g., al-Faranj in Arabic, farangi in Persian, Feringhi in Hindustani, and Frangos in Greek).
By the 9th century, if not earlier, this division had in practice become virtually non-existent, but continued for some time to have implications for the legal system under which a person could go on trial.
Pippin solidified his position in 754 by entering into an alliance with Pope Stephen III, who presented the king of the Franks a copy of the forged "Donation of Constantine" at Paris and in a magnificent ceremony at Saint-Denis anointed the king and his family and declared him patricius Romanorum ("protector of the Romans").
Franks, The earliest records of the Franks, Language, The Frankish Empire, Foundation, The Merovingians, The Carolingians, Carolingian legacy, Crusaders and other Western Europeans as "Franks", See also, Further reading, Ancient Germanic peoples, Ancient Roman enemies and allies, Franks and History of the Germanic peoples.
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