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Encyclopedia > Western Canada
This article is about the region in Canada. For the school in Calgary, see Western Canada High School.
Western Canada, defined politically
Western Canada, defined politically

Western Canada, commonly referred to as the West, is a region of Canada normally including all parts of Canada west of the province of Ontario. From west to east, this comprises four provinces: Western Canada High School is a public senior high school in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The West can refer to : The U.S. West or the American West The Western world, or Western Civilization. ... // Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Newfoundland and... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...

The latter three are collectively the Prairie provinces, or simply the Prairies, though the term is increasingly used for Manitoba and Saskatchewan only. Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: The Strength of Many Peoples) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area  Ranked... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Map of the Canadian Prairie provinces, which include boreal forests, taiga, and mountains as well as the prairies (proper). ...

Contents

Definitions

The source of this division of regions is the division of seats in the Canadian Senate, as set out in the Canadian Constitution.


Demographics

The combined population of Western Canada as of 2005 is nearly 10 million, including approximately 4.1 million in British Columbia, 3.3 million in Alberta, just under 1.0 million in Saskatchewan and 1.1 million in Manitoba. This represents about 30 per cent of the entire Canadian population (source: Statistics Canada, April 1, 2005 estimates).


Major population centres

Census Metropolitan Areas, 2005 population estimates[1] A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ...

For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other places with the same name, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Nickname: Location of Saskatoon (indicated by the red star) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Saskatchewan Establishment 1883 Incorporation 1906 Government  - Mayor Don Atchison  - Governing body Saskatoon City Council  - MP Carol Skelton Brad Trost Maurice Vellacott Lynne Yelich  - MLAs Graham Addley Pat Atkinson Lorne Calvert Ken Cheveldayoff Eric Cline David Forbes Andy... Nickname: Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Location of Regina in the SE quadrant of Saskatchewan Coordinates: , Country Province District Municipality of Sherwood Established 1882 Government  - City Mayor Pat Fiacco  - Governing body Regina City Council  - MPs Dave Batters Ralph Goodale Tom Lukiwski Andrew Scheer  - MLAs Joanne Crofford Doreen Hamilton Ron... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... Partial skyline of Abbotsford as viewed from Mill Lake. ...

Geography

Western British Columbia adjoins the Pacific Ocean but both Alberta and Saskatchewan are landlocked. Manitoba is almost landlocked but for a small coastal area of Hudson Bay on the north east border, where the port of Churchill is located. A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Orthographic projection centred over Churchill Manitoba. ...


The coast of British Columbia enjoys a moderate oceanic climate due to the influence of the Pacific Ocean, with temperatures similar to those of the British Isles. Winters are typically wet and summers relatively dry. These areas enjoy the mildest winter weather in all of Canada, as temperatures rarely fall much below the freezing mark. The Interior of the province is drier and has colder winters and substantially hotter summers. Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... World map showing the oceanic climate zones. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-Western Europe. ...


Alberta borders the Canadian Rocky Mountains and the southern portion benefits from frequent moderate climatic conditions known as "chinooks" where warm winds raise the winter temperature sufficiently to allow a full range of winter sports and the occasional game of golf. Alberta's weather is exceptionally changeable, and short-sleeve weather can occur in January and February, or conversely it can (albeit rarely) snow in July and August. Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Wilcox Pass The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ...


Saskatchewan and Manitoba experience extremes in weather; although, Manitoba suffers the brunt of both extremes more so than Saskatchewan. Winters in both provinces can be classified as harsh with Arctic winds and −40 °C temperatures possible. Winter maximums in both provinces average between −10 °C and −15 °C. The extreme nature of the Manitoba climate has resulted in the capital city Winnipeg being nicknamed "Winterpeg, Manisnowba". In contrast summers can be hot with temperatures sometimes exceeding 35 °C, although it rarely occurs. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Canada was 45 °C, observed in 1943 at the weather stations of Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan and neighbouring Cedoux. Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: The Strength of Many Peoples) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area  Ranked... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... Yellow Grass is a town in southern Saskatchewan, Canada at . ...


Politics

In Canadian politics, the term "the West" is often used as shorthand for the supposedly Conservative leanings of Western Canadians, as contrasted with the supposed liberalism of Central Canada. Exceptions exist, however, in British Columbia, the cities of Winnipeg, Manitoba, and Regina, Saskatchewan where the Liberal Party hold seats. The social democratic New Democratic Party had its origins on the Canadian Prairies and enjoys considerable support in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, as well as British Columbia, although in recent years this party has made somewhat of a shift towards the centre. The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Nickname: Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Location of Regina in the SE quadrant of Saskatchewan Coordinates: , Country Province District Municipality of Sherwood Established 1882 Government  - City Mayor Pat Fiacco  - Governing body Regina City Council  - MPs Dave Batters Ralph Goodale Tom Lukiwski Andrew Scheer  - MLAs Joanne Crofford Doreen Hamilton Ron... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ...


As of April 2007, the British Columbia Liberal Party (much to the right of the federal Liberal Party, more akin to the Conservatives) formed the provincial government in British Columbia, the Conservatives in Alberta, and the New Democratic Party in both Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The British Columbia Liberal Party (usually referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing political party in British Columbia, Canada. ...


The Western provinces are represented in the Parliament of Canada by 92 Members of Parliament (MPs) in the House of Commons (B.C. 36, Alberta 28, Saskatchewan and Manitoba 14 each) and 24 senators (6 from each province). Of the 92 MPs in the Commons, 66 are Conservatives, 13 are Liberals, and 13 are New Democrats. David Emerson, the current Minister of International Trade in the federal cabinet, was elected as a Liberal but crossed over to the Conservative Party shortly after the election. Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... David Lee Emerson, PC, Ph. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of International Trade is the head of the federal governments international trade department (International Trade Canada) and the provisions of treaties such as NAFTA. The post was first establishmed in 1983 as the Minister for International Trade. ...


The West has been the most vocal in calls for reform of the Senate, in which Ontario, Quebec, and particularly Atlantic Canada are seen as being over-represented. The population of Ontario alone (12.5 million) exceeds that of all the Western provinces combined, and the population of Quebec (7.6 million) now has significantly less population than the combined population of the west. However, the total population of Atlantic Canada is 2.3 million, and this region is represented by 30 senators. Instead, some Westerners have advocated the so-called Triple-E Senate, which stands for "equal, elected, effective." They feel that if all 10 provinces were allotted an equal number of senators, those senators were elected instead of appointed, and the Senate was a body that had actual political power (an arrangement identical to the structure of the Australian Senate and the United States Senate), then their region would have more of its concerns addressed at the federal level. The combination of all of these issues has led to the phenomenon of Western alienation, as well as calls for Western Canada independence. The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... The Triple-E Senate (standing for equal, elected, and effective) is a topic of constitutional debate in Canada and a proposed plan to reform the current Canadian Senate. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Western Canada, defined politically Political map of Canada Western Alienation refers to the concept in Canadian politics of the Western provinces, namely British Columbia (B.C.), Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, being alienated, and in extreme cases excluded, from mainstream political affairs within the greater Canadian system, in favour of especially... Throughout the history of Canada, there have been movements seeking secession from Canada. ...


Climatic and economic conditions have contributed to a net out-migration from Manitoba and Saskatchewan to Alberta and British Columbia, which have stronger economies. In fact, the current population of Saskatchewan is only slightly larger than it was in 1931. This trend of net out-migration in Saskatchewan has recently reversed due to a lower cost of living than its western neighbours, strong job growth and a vibrant economy. British Columbia is often referred to as "Beautiful British Columbia", and "Lotus Land"; Alberta as "Wild Rose Country" or "The Land of Opportunity"; Saskatchewan as "The Land of Living Skies"; and Manitoba as "Friendly Manitoba" or "Land of 100,000 Lakes".


See also

Eastern Canada, defined politically. ... Northern Canada, defined politically Northern Canada is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics. ... Central Canada, defined politically. ... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... // Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Newfoundland and... Throughout the history of Canada, there have been movements seeking secession from Canada. ... The west coast of North America consists of the modern American states of California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and arguably Alaska and parts of the Yukon. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Statistics Canada - Population of census metropolitan areas (2001 Census boundaries)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Western Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (958 words)
Western Canada is a geographic region of Canada, generally considered to be west of the province of Ontario, although its precise definition is a source of controversy (see below).
The combined population of Western Canada as of 2005 is nearly 10 million, including approximately 4.3 million in British Columbia, 3.3 million in Alberta, just under 1.0 million in Saskatchewan and 1.2 million in Manitoba.
In Canadian politics, the term 'The West' is often used as shorthand for the supposedly Conservative leanings of Western Canadians, as contrasted with the supposed liberalism of Central Canada.
Western Canada Hockey League - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1387 words)
The Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), founded in 1921, was a major professional ice hockey league originally based in the prairies of Canada.
Instead of the two western leagues playing off to see who would play the NHL champion for the Stanley Cup, the president of the PCHA, Frank Patrick, insisted that the NHL champion had to play the winner of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association first.
This would be the pinnacle and shining moment for the Western Canada Hockey League as Victoria became the first non-NHL team to win the Stanley Cup since the formation of the NHL in 1917.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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