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Encyclopedia > Western Australia

Coordinates: 26°0′S, 121°0′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Western Australia
Flag of Western Australia Coat of Arms of Western Australia
Flag Coat of Arms
Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the "Golden State"
Map of Australia with Western Australia highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Perth
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Ken Michael
Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP)
Federal representation
 - House seats 15
 - Senate seats 12
Gross State Product (2005-06)
 - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)
 - Product per capita  $53,134/person (1st)
Population (September 2007)
 - Population  2,118,500 (4th)
 - Density  0.83/km² (7th)
2.1 /sq mi
Area  
 - Total  2,645,615 km² (1st)
1,021,478 sq mi
 - Land 2,529,875 km²
976,790 sq mi
 - Water 115,740 km² (4.37%)
44,687 sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mount Meharry
1,249 m AHD (4,098 ft)
 - Lowest
Time zone UTC+8 (UTC+9 DST)
Abbreviations  
 - Postal WA
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-WA
Emblems  
 - Floral Kangaroo Paw
(Anigozanthos manglesii)
 - Mammal Numbat
(Myrmecobius fasciatus)
 - Bird Black Swan
(Cygnus atratus)
 - Fossil Gogo Fish
 - Colours Gold and Black (from the State Badge)
Web site www.wa.gov.au

Western Australia is Australia's largest state in area, covering the western third of the mainland, and is bordered by South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is, after the Sakha Republic in Russia, the second largest subnational entity in the world. Despite this the population is only 2,105,800 making up 10% of Australia's total population. Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Australia. ... Image File history File links Western_Australia_coa. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The current state flag of Western Australia was officially adopted by the government of Western Australia in 1953. ... The coat of arms for Western Australia. ... The following is a list of Australian state and territory slogans. ... Image File history File links Western_Australia_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia highlighting Western Australia Made in Adobe Illustrator by me and released under the GFDL Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Flag of the Governor of Western Australia The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor performs important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council; proroguing and dissolving the Legislative Assembly and the... Dr Ken Michael AM is Chancellor of the University of Western Australia. ... John Forrest, the first Premier of Western Australia The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive government in the Australian State of Western Australia. ... Alan Carpenter Alan Carpenter (born January 4, 1957), Australian politician, is the 28th Premier of Western Australia. ... ALP redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups ALP (85) Liberal Party (53) National Party (10) Last elections 24 November 2007 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House of Representatives Judicial High... Type Upper house President Alan Ferguson, Liberal since 14 August 2007 Members 76 Political groups Coalition (39) ALP (28) Green (4) Democrat (4) FFP (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site Senate Entrance to the Senate Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State... This is a list of Australian States and Territories by Gross State Product. ... By population By area By population density Category: ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... ĝMedia:Example. ... This is a list of Australian states and mainland territories by ranking. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Mount Meharry (Western Australia) Mount Meharry is the highest mountain in Western Australia. ... The Australian Height Datum is a theoretical reference surface (datum) for altitude measurement in Australia. ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Japan Standard Time Korea Standard Time External links Find cities currently in UTC+9 Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Two types of Kangaroo Paw flowers The Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii) is a flower endemic to Western Australia. ... Binomial name Myrmecobius fasciatus Waterhouse, 1836 Subspecies Myrmecobius fasciatus fasciatus Myrmecobius fasciatus rufus The Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus) is a small marsupial endemic to western Australia. ... Binomial name Cygnus atratus Latham, 1790 Subspecies Black Swan New Zealand Swan (extinct) Synonyms Anas atrata Latham, 1790 Chenopis atratus The Black Swan, Cygnus atratus is a large non-migratory waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest of Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ; Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ...


The people of Western Australia, West Australians or Western Australians, are often colloquially referred to as sandgropers because of the insect found on sand dunes around Perth.[1] Genera Cylindracheta Cylindraustralia Cylindrodes Sandgropers are wholly subterranean larviform insects of the family Cylindrachetidae that may grow up to 7 cm (3 in) long. ...

Contents

Geography

Main article: Geography of Western Australia

The bulk of Western Australia consists of the extremely old Yilgarn craton and Pilbara craton which merged with the Deccan of India, Madagascar and the Karoo and Zimbabwe cratons of Southern Africa, in the Archean Eon to form Ur, one of the oldest Supercontinents on Earth (3,200-3,000 million years ago). Because the only mountain-building since then has been of the Stirling Range with the rifting from Antarctica, the land is extremely eroded and ancient, with no part of the State today above 1,245 metres (4,085 ft) AHD (at Mount Meharry in the Hamersley Range of the Pilbara region). Most parts of the State form a low plateau with an average elevation of about 400 metres (1,200 ft), very low relief, and no surface runoff. This descends relatively sharply to the coastal plains, in some cases forming a sharp escarpment (as with the Darling Range/Darling Scarp near Perth). Western Australia occupies nearly one third of the Australian continent. ... // The Yilgarn Craton is a huge craton which constitutes the bulk of the Western Australian land mass. ... The Pilbara craton (the Pilbara province in northwest Western Australia), along with the Kaapvaal craton (the Kaapvaal province of South Africa) are the only remaining areas of pristine Archaean 3. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... The Karoo is a semi-desert region of South Africa. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ... The Archean is a geologic eon; it is a somewhat antiquated term for the time span between 2500 million years before the present and 3800 million years before the present. ... Ur is the name of the first known continent that probably formed 3 billion years ago in the early Archean Eon. ... In geology, a supercontinent is a land mass comprising more than one continental core, or craton. ... // Orogeny (Greek for mountain generating) is the process of mountain building, and may be studied as a tectonic structural event, as a geographical event and a chronological event, in that orogenic events cause distinctive structural phenomena and related tectonic activity, affect certain regions of rocks and crust and happen within... Stirling Range from the north The Stirling Range is a range of mountains and hills in the South West region of Western Australia, 337 km south-east of Perth. ... The Australian Height Datum is a theoretical reference surface (datum) for altitude measurement in Australia. ... Mount Meharry (Western Australia) Mount Meharry is the highest mountain in Western Australia. ... The Hamersley Range is a mountainous region of the Pilbara, Western Australia. ... The Pilbara is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ... For other meanings, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... Darling Scarp, Perth, and Swan Coastal Plain. ...


The extreme age of the landscape has meant that the soils are remarkably infertile and frequently laterised. Even soils derived from granitic bedrock contain an order of magnitude less available phosphorus and only half as much nitrogen as soils in comparable climates in other continents. Soils derived from extensive sandplains or ironstone are even less fertile, being even more devoid of soluble phosphate and also deficient in zinc, copper, molybdenum and sometimes potassium and calcium. Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland For the American hard rock band, see SOiL. For the System of a Down song, see Soil (song). ... Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... General Name, symbol, number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Black-band ironstone, 2. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number molybdenum, Mo, 42 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 5, d Appearance gray metallic Standard atomic weight 95. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ...

Western Australian cities, towns, settlements and road network
Western Australian cities, towns, settlements and road network

The infertility of most of the soils has required heavy inputs of chemical fertilisers, particularly superphosphate, insecticides and herbicides, which, with the ensuing damage to invertebrate and bacterial populations, and compaction of soils through heavy machinery and hoofed mammals has done great damage to the fragile soils. The massive clearing of the land has not only damaged habitats for native flora and fauna, making the South West region of the state that with the greatest percentage of flora and fauna rare, threatened or endangered in Australia, and one of the biodiversity "hot spots" in the world, it has also led to major problems with dryland salinity and the loss of fresh water. (See Southwest Australia) Download high resolution version (540x720, 9 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Western Australia List of Western Australian highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (540x720, 9 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Western Australia List of Western Australian highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... It has been suggested that List of Perth major roads be merged into this article or section. ... Superphosphate is a fertiliser produced by the action of concentrated Sulphuric Acid on ground phosphate rock. ... It has been suggested that ovicide be merged into this article or section. ... An herbicide is used to kill unwanted plants. ... Invertebrate is an English word that describes any animal without a spinal column. ... Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ... Soil compaction occurs when weight of livestock or heavy machinery compresses the soil, causing it to lose pore space. ... Annual mean sea surface salinity for the World Ocean. ... Southwest Australia is a biodiversity hotspot that includes the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub ecoregions of Western Australia. ...


The southwest coastal area is relatively temperate and was originally heavily forested, including large stands of the karri, one of the tallest trees in the world. This agricultural region of Western Australia is in the top nine terrestrial habitats for terrestrial biodiversity with a higher proportion of endemic species than most other equivalent regions, and thanks to the offshore Leeuwin Current, numbers in the top six regions for marine biodiversity, containing the most southerly coral reefs in the world. Annual rainfall varies from 300 millimetres (12 in) at the edge of the Wheatbelt region to 1,400 millimetres (55 inches) in the wettest areas near Northcliffe, but in the months of November to March evaporation exceeds rainfall and it is generally very dry. Plants must be adapted to this as well as the extreme poverty of all soils. A major reduction in rainfall has been observed, with a greater number of rainfall events in the summer months (see Southwest corner of Western Australia). This may be due to Climate change. The south-west corner of Western Australia is one of the only two temperate and relatively fertile parts of mainland Australia. ... Binomial name Eucalyptus diversicolor F. Muell. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... This article is about the ecological meaning of endemic. See also endemic (epidemiology). ... Leeuwin Current is a warm ocean current which flows southwards near the coast of western Australia, It rounds Cape Leeuwin to enter the waters south of Australia. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Location of the Wheatbelt region Wheat paddock near Quairading Grain storage silo near Quairading Land degradation caused by salinity; near Babakin The Wheatbelt region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ... The south-west corner of Western Australia is one of the only two temperate and relatively fertile parts of mainland Australia. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ...


The central four-fifths of the State is semi-arid or desert, and is lightly inhabited with the only significant activity being mining. Annual rainfall here averages about 200 to 250 millimetres (8–10 in) but is very erratic because most of it is produced in torrential falls by cyclones in the summer months that are often unreliable. Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ...


An exception to this is the northern tropical regions. The Kimberley has an extremely hot monsoonal climate with average annual rainfall ranging from 500 to 1,500 millimetres (20–60 in), but there is a very long almost rainless season from April to November. Almost all (85%) of the State's runoff occurs in the Kimberley, but because it occurs in violent floods and the insurmountable poverty of the generally shallow soils, the only development has taken place along the Ord River with an ambitious scheme that has only recently begun to pay off. The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Kimberley. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... Run-off, composed of a mixture of water and soil along with any other organic or inorganic substances that may exist in the land, is the product of precipitation, snowmelt, over-irrigation, or other water coming in contact with the earth and carrying matter to streams, rivers, lakes, and other... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ... The Ord River is a river in northern Western Australia. ...


Snow is only a regular occurrence on the Stirling Range near Albany, as it is the only mountain range far enough south and with sufficient elevation. More rarely, snow can fall on the Porongurup Range. Snow outside these areas is a major event; it usually occurs in hilly areas of southwestern Australia. The most widespread low-level snow occurred on 26 June 1956 when snow was reported in the Perth hills, as far north as Wongan Hills and as far east as Salmon Gums. However, even in the Stirling Range, snowfalls rarely exceed 5 cm (2 in) and rarely settle for more than one day.[2] Stirling Range from the north The Stirling Range is a range of mountains and hills in the South West region of Western Australia, 337 km south-east of Perth. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ... Porongurup is a national park in Western Australia (Australia), 360 km southeast of Perth. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wongan Hills is a town in the Shire of Wongan-Ballidu, in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. ... Salmon Gums ( ) is a small town in Western Australia located 106 km north of Esperance on the Coolgardie-Esperance Highway. ...


Highest maximum temperature: 50.5 °C (122.9 °F), Mardie, Pilbara, 61.6 kilometres (38.3 mi) from Barrow Island, 19 February 1998 The Pilbara is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ... For other places with the same name, see Barrow Island (disambiguation) Barrow Island is a 202 km2 island 50 km northwest off the coast of Western Australia. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Lowest minimum temperature: -6.7 °C (19.9 °F), Booylgoo Springs, 187.3 kilometres (116.4 mi) from Meekatharra, 12 July 1969 [1] Location of Meekatharra in Western Australia (red) Meekatharra is a town of approximately 800 inhabitants. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


History

Main articles: History of Western Australia and Aboriginal history of Western Australia
John Forrest was the first Premier of Western Australia
John Forrest was the first Premier of Western Australia

The first inhabitants of Australia arrived from the north approximately 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Over thousands of years they eventually spread across the whole landmass. These Indigenous Australians were well established throughout Western Australia by the time European ships started accidentally arriving en-route to Batavia (now Jakarta) in the early seventeenth century. The human history of Western Australia spans between the first inhabitants arriving on the northwest coast about 55,000 years ago to events in the twentieth century. ... The Aboriginal History of Western Australia is the history of the indigenous inhabitants of the western third of the Australian continent, from their own perspective. ... Image File history File links John_Forrest_1898. ... Image File history File links John_Forrest_1898. ... John Forrest, 1898 John Forrest, 1st Baron Forrest of Bunbury GCMG PC (22 August 1847–2 September 1918) was an Australian explorer, the first Premier of Western Australia and a cabinet minister in Australias first federal parliament. ... Language(s) Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religion(s) Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


The first European to visit Western Australia was a Dutch explorer, Dirk Hartog who on 26 October 1616 landed at (what is now known as) Cape Inscription, Dirk Hartog Island. For the rest of the 17th century there were many other Dutch travellers who also, usually unintentionally, encountered the coast. By the late 1700s, British and French sailors had also begun to explore the Western Australian coast. The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... Dirk Hartog (1580—1621) was a 17th century Dutch sea captain and explorer, whose expedition was the second European group to land on Australian soil. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1616 (MDCXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The origins of the present state began with the establishment of a British settlement at King George Sound in 1826 (later named Albany from 1832). The settlement was founded in response to concern about the possibility of a French colony being established on the coast of Western Australia. Albany is a city of approximately 30,000 people on the south coast of Western Australia, 261 miles southeast of Perth. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ...


In 1829, the Swan River Colony was established on the Swan River by Captain James Stirling. By 1832, the British settler population of the colony had reached around 1,500. The two separate townsites of the colony developed slowly into the port city of Fremantle and the Western Australian capital city Perth. Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829. ... Admiral Sir James Stirling Admiral Sir James Stirling RN (January 28, 1791–April 23, 1865) was a British marine officer and colonial administrator. ... Fremantle redirects here. ...


Population growth was very slow until significant discoveries of gold were made in the 1890s around Kalgoorlie. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Kalgoorlie is a Western Australian city located about 600 km east of Perth. ...


In 1887, a new constitution including the right of self-governance was drafted and in 1890, the Act granting self-government to the colony was passed by the British House of Commons. John Forrest became the first Premier. A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. ... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... John Forrest, 1898 John Forrest, 1st Baron Forrest of Bunbury GCMG PC (22 August 1847–2 September 1918) was an Australian explorer, the first Premier of Western Australia and a cabinet minister in Australias first federal parliament. ... John Forrest, the first Premier of Western Australia The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive government in the Australian State of Western Australia. ...


Following a campaign led by Forrest, residents of the Colony voted in favour of the Federation of Australia and became a State of Australia on 1 January 1901. The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


People

Western Australia's capital city, Perth, on the Swan River, home to three quarters of the state's population
Western Australia's capital city, Perth, on the Swan River, home to three quarters of the state's population

The first inhabitants of what is now Western Australia were Indigenous Australians, from a wide variety of language and kin groups — for example, the Nyungah in the south west, the Wongai in the central Desert, the Malkana in Shark Bay. These groups retain significant presences throughout the state and, in some areas — e.g., the Kimberley — continue to form the majority of the local population. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x858, 1053 KB) Summary Black Swan on the Swan River, Perth Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x858, 1053 KB) Summary Black Swan on the Swan River, Perth Western Australia. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Language(s) Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religion(s) Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... The Noongar (alternate spellings: Nyungar/Nyoongar/Nyoongah),[1] are an indigenous Australian people who live in the southwest corner of Western Australia from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast. ... Wangai, Wongai or Wankai is the name given by themselves to the 26 Aboriginal groups of the Goldfields of Western Australia. ... Shark Bay is a world heritage site and a locality in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia. ... For other uses, see Kimberley. ...


Europeans began to settle permanently in 1826 when Albany was founded by the British to forestall French claims to the western third of the continent. Perth was founded as the Swan River Colony in 1829 by British and Irish settlers, though the outpost languished, eventually requesting convict labour to augment its population. Even with this, Western Australia did not receive significant flows of migrants from Britain, Ireland or elsewhere in the British Empire until the early twentieth century when local projects — such as the Group Settlement Scheme of the 1920s which encouraged farmers to settle the south west — increased awareness of Australia's western third as a destination for colonists. Western Australia also benefitted demographically from a mining boom in the Goldfields underpinned by interstate migration from the 1890s onward. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829. ... The term Briton may have the following meanings: in a historical context: an inhabitant of Great Britain in pre-Roman times a descendant of Britons during a later period (e. ... Exactly when Immigration to Australia began is unknown but estimates typically range from 40,000 - 50,000 years ago,[1] when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of the Malay Archipelago and New Guinea. ... The Goldfields-Esperance region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ...

Western Australian flag at the State War Memorial, Kings Park
Western Australian flag at the State War Memorial, Kings Park

Led by migrants from the British Isles, Western Australia's population developed exponentially during the twentieth century, though at a much slower pace than other parts of Australia. Nonetheless, like the eastern states, Western Australia received large numbers of Italians, Yugoslavs and Greeks after the World War II. Despite this, settlers from Britain have contributed the greatest number of migrants to this day, and Western Australia — particularly Perth — has the highest proportion of British-born of any state: 10.9 per cent in 2001, compared to a national average of 5.3 per cent. This group is heavily concentrated in certain parts of the metropolitan area such as Joondalup where they account for a quarter of the population. Italian Australian is the third largest ethnic group in Australia, numbering 800,256 or 3. ... Croatian Australian is the seventh largest ethnic group in Australia, numbering 105,747 or 0. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... . Joondalup is a suburban centre 26 km north of Perths centre, and a Local Government Area of Western Australia. ...


In terms of ethnic groups, 2001 census data reveal that Western Australia is highly diverse: the largest single group was those reporting English ancestry or ethnicity, accounting for 733,783 responses (32.7 per cent), followed by Australian with 624,259 (27.8 per cent), Irish with 171,667 (7.6 per cent), Italian with 96,721 (4.3 per cent), Scottish with 62,781 (2.8 per cent), German with 51,672 (2.3 per cent) and Chinese with 48,894 responses (2.2 per cent). There were 58,496 Indigenous Australians in Western Australia in 2001, forming 3.1 per cent of the population. Italian Australian is the third largest ethnic group in Australia, numbering 800,256 or 3. ... This article is about the Scottish people as an ethnic group. ...


In terms of birthplace, 32.9 per cent of the population were born overseas — far higher than the Australian average of 23.1 per cent. 10.9 per cent of West Australians were born in Britain, 2.4 per cent were born in New Zealand and 1.2 per cent were born in Italy.


Perth's metropolitan area had an estimated population of 1.50 million in 2006 which was almost three quarters of the state's population. The Perth metropolitan area has grown to include the port of Fremantle and the town of Rockingham. Other important or well-known centres include Mandurah (pop. 54,000), Bunbury (the fastest growing city/town in Australia as of 2008), Kalgoorlie, Albany, Geraldton, Port Hedland and Broome, but these are all relatively small cities or towns. Fremantle redirects here. ... This article is about a suburb in Perth, Western Australia. ... Mandurah () is a city 50 minutes (72 km) south of Perth, Western Australia, with a population of approximately 75,000. ... This article is about the city of Bunbury. ... Kalgoorlie may refer to the following geographically related places: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, a city and council in Western Australia; Division of Kalgoorlie, a federal division of the Australian House of Representatives located around the geographical area; Electoral district of Kalgoorlie, an electoral district of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ... Location of Geraldton, Western Australia Geraldton ( ) is a city and port in Western Australia located 424 km north of Perth. ... Port Hedland () is a major port and town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, with a population of approximately 13,000 (this includes its satellite suburb South Hedland, 18 km away). ... Broome is a pearling and tourist town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, 2200 km north of Perth. ...


Economy

See also: Mining in Western Australia
Kalgoorlie Super Pit, Australia's largest open-cut gold mine
Aerial view of Fremantle Harbour, a major port in WA

Western Australia has the highest per capita output of any Australian state, with an economy that has been largely based on the extraction and export of mining and petroleum commodities, especially, iron, alumina, natural gas, nickel and gold. Western Australia is a leading alumina extractor, producing more than 20% of the world's alumina. It is also the world's third-largest iron ore producer, producing around 15% of the world's total iron ore output. Western Australia also extracts up to 75% of Australia's 240 tonnes of gold. Diamonds are extracted at Argyle diamond mine in the North West. Coal is mined at Collie and used for domestic power production. The Western Australian mining industry is the largest and most diversified resource industry in Australia[1]. The state encompasses about one-third of the Australian continent and includes rich mineral resources including iron ore, nickel, diamonds, bauxite, uranium, gold, coal and mineral sands Currently, there are 560 commercial mineral projects... Image File history File linksMetadata Kalgoorlie_Super_Pit. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kalgoorlie_Super_Pit. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB) Summary Fremantle and the Swan River viewed from the air, looking east towards Perth CBD. Photograph taken by Kristian Maley, 4 June 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB) Summary Fremantle and the Swan River viewed from the air, looking east towards Perth CBD. Photograph taken by Kristian Maley, 4 June 2005. ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Aluminium oxide (or aluminum oxide) (Al2O3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Aluminium oxide (or aluminum oxide) (Al2O3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... The Argyle diamond mine (, ) is a diamond mine located in the north-east of Western Australia. ... Main street - Collie Collie is a town in Western Australia (WA), located 159 kilometres (99 mi) from Perth[1] near the junction of the Collie and Harris Rivers, in the middle of dense jarrah forest and the only coalfields in WA. Collie has a population of 9056, last retrieved from...


Western Australia's economy recently has benefited from an unprecedented amount of foreign demand for resources, particularly from China. This has contributed to strong GSP growth.[3] Perth has emerged as a significant administration centre for businesses in the mineral and oil and gas industries. Gross state product is a measurment of the economic output of a U.S. state or an Australian state. ...


Agricultural exports are also important (amounting to approximately 3% of GSP), especially wheat, barley and sheep products such as wool and meat. Approximately 50% of Australia's live cattle exports come from WA. In recent years, tourism has grown in importance, with the majority of visitors coming from the United Kingdom and Ireland, Singapore, Japan and Malaysia. // Tourism in Australia is a large sector of the economy. ...


Western Australia, with about 10% of Australia's population, has historically generated approximately 30% of Australia's export revenues, however the recent commodities boom has pushed this figure to now exceed 40%. The State now generates more export income than New South Wales and Victoria (Australia's two most populous states) combined. High incomes, strong corporate activity, lower unemployment, mineral revenue and a younger population mean that Western Australia provides a significant financial subsidy to all other states. The economic boom in Western Australia is so strong that a significant labour shortage has emerged. The state government has launched an appeal for more people to move to the growing state at www.gowestnow.com. Very high levels of job vacancies have emerged and unless skilled workers can be found, the state government fears that significant economic opportunities may be lost. The average full time income for a Western Australian in 2007 was A$61,662, compared to the national average of A$57,387, and was ranked 2nd nationwide behind the Australian Capital Territory. [4] Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ...


This boom has also caused a massive rise in property values. Average residential property increased in value by over 40% in 2006, however values have remained rather flat in 2007. Perth property is now the second most valuable in Australia behind Sydney. Large projects continue to fuel the economy and population growth continues to push rental prices up.


Significant refining and manufacturing industries are located within the state and are continuing to grow strongly with the state's booming economy. These include Liquified natural gas production mainly for export to Asia, Petro chemicals and fertilizer Production in the North West Shelf region. In September 2007, Hu Jintao, the President of China visited Western Australia and committed to the purchase of AUD$45 Billion worth of gas over a lengthy period. This is the largest export contract Australia has ever had. Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) is natural gas which has been artificially condensed into a liquid form by a combination of pressurisation and cryogenic cooling. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the...


A major heavy industrial area is located south of Perth at Kwinana. Oil Refining is conducted here along with an ironplant owned by Rio Tinto. Alumina and Nickel are also produced in Kwinana. Shipbuilding is conducted at Austal yards in Henderson south of Fremantle. Several heavy and light engineering and metal fabrication factories are located in Perth catering for the demands of the mining industry. Other light industries include cement and building product manufacturing, flour milling, food processing, animal feed production, automotive body building, printing and boat building. The Town of Kwinana is a Local Government Area of Western Australia. ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Austal Ships (ASX: ASB) is a shipbuilder located in Henderson, Western Australia. ... Henderson is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Cockburn. ... Fremantle redirects here. ...


Several major along with smaller specialised breweries are located mainly in Perth including Swan Brewery at Canning Vale, Carlton United Brewing at Mosman Bay others include Little Creatures Brewery in Fremantle and Gage Roads Brewery also Fremantle. Western Australia also has major wine producing regions in the South West located in the Margaret River region and Swan Valley. Several wineries produce wine for local consumption and international export. Margaret River is a river in far south-western Western Australia, 288 kilometres south-west of Perth, supporting a town of the same name. ...


Western Australia has a significant fishing industry that produces fish for local consumption and foreign export including Western Rock Lobsters, Prawns, Crabs, Shark and Tuna. Processing is conducted along the west coast. Whaling ceased at Albany in 1978. Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ...


Perth is a centre for banking and finance, and includes state head offices for all major banks, Commonwealth, National Australia Bank, Westpac and ANZ. It is also home to the Head Office of Woodside Petroleum and has major offices for Rio Tinto, BHP and Western Mining Corporation. Perth is Australia's main centre for mining and oil and gas administration. Several insurance companies have large offices in Perth including AXA, Aviva, AMP and SGIO. The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (ASX: CBA) is one of the largest financial institutions in Australia, founded in 1911 by the Australian Government. ... The National Australia Bank or nab (ASX: NAB, LSE: NAB, NYSE: NAB, TYO: 8637) colloquially the National or the NAB. The NAB is part of the NAB Group. ... Westpac Banking Corporation ASX: WBC NZX: WBC, usually called Westpac, is the fourth largest bank in Australasia, after the National Australia Bank, Commonwealth Bank of Australia and ANZ and one of the largest banks in the South Pacific. ... The Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited; ASX: , NZX: ANZ, NYSE: ANZ), commonly called ANZ, is the third largest bank in Australia, after the National Australia Bank and the Commonwealth Bank. ... Woodside Petroleum Limited is an Australian petroleum mining company. ... Rio Tinto is a multinational mining and resources group founded originally in 1873. ... WMC Resources Limited is an Australian diversified mining and fertilizer company formerly listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX:WMR). ... Not to be confused with Sun Life Financial. ... Aviva plc (LSE: AV.) is the worlds fifth-largest insurance group, the biggest insurance group in the UK and the second-largest insurance group in Canada. ... AMP Limited building in Melbourne. ... SGIO is an insurance brand of Insurance Australia Group trading in Western Australia. ...

Hay Street, Perth
Hay Street, Perth

Due to Perth being the only major capital city in Australia in which it is possible to contact Europe during normal business hours and is in the same time zone as Singapore, Manila, Hong Kong, Beijing and Seoul, Perth does an enormous amount of trading between the close of North American and the opening of European Stock Exchanges, and with Asia. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1450 KB) Hay Street mall, Perth, Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1450 KB) Hay Street mall, Perth, Western Australia. ...


Perth has the biggest retail sector in the state with retail outlets being found mainly in Hay, Murray and Wellington Streets. Several large shopping malls are located in the suburbs at Garden City, Karrinyup, Morley and Cannington. Department stores include Myer and David Jones. Fremantle is also a retail centre catering for local and tourist needs. Myer Emporium. ... David Jones Limited (ASX:), colloquially known as DJs, is an Australian retailing company. ...


Retail trade is tightly regulated and there are strict restrictions on the hours that stores are allowed to open. Major stores are restricted to open between 8:00am and 6:00 p.m. weekdays except Thursdays in the suburbs where closing time is 9:00pm. On Saturdays stores are open from 8:00 am to 5:00pm. A referendum was held on 26 February 2005 on the issue of allowing weekday trading to 9pm and 6 hours of trade on Sundays; the referendum was defeated.[5] Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Exemptions to this are granted for designated tourist precincts of the Perth city centre, Fremantle and major regional centres: these are allowed to trade on Sundays from 12:00pm until 5:00pm. The Perth City area has Friday night trading until 9:00pm.


Notable Western Australian public companies

Alinta (ASX: ALN) is Western Australias major gas supplier. ... Fortescue Metals is an Australian mining company set to become a major exporter of iron ore. ... Multiplex is a large Australian based group of property and construction companies notable for its involvement in some significant construction projects. ... Wesfarmers (ASX: WES) is one of Australia’s largest public companies, with its headquarters in Perth, Western Australia. ... The West Australian (often simply called The West) is Perths only locally edited daily newspaper, and is owned by ASX-listed West Australian Newspapers Limited. ... Woodside Petroleum Limited is an Australian petroleum mining company. ...

Government

Government House, Western Australia
Government House, Western Australia

Western Australia was granted self-government in 1889 with a bicameral House of Parliament, located in Perth, consisting of the Legislative Assembly (or lower house), which has 57 members; and the Legislative Council (or upper house), which has 34 members. Suffrage is universal and compulsory for Australian citizens residing in Western Australia over 18 years of age. The formation of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1890, although it has been amended many times since then. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1431, 890 KB) Summary Government House, Perth, Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1431, 890 KB) Summary Government House, Perth, Western Australia. ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. ...


With the federation of the Australian colonies in 1901, Western Australia became a State within Australia's federal structure; this involved ceding certain powers to the Commonwealth (or Federal) government in accordance with the Constitution; all powers not specifically granted to the Commonwealth remained solely with the State, however over time the Commonwealth has effectively expanded its powers through increasing control of taxation and financial distribution. This article is about federal states. ...


Whilst the sovereign of Western Australia is the Queen of Australia (Queen Elizabeth II), and executive power nominally vested in her State representative the Governor (currently Ken Michael), executive power is effectively administered by the premier and ministers. The premier is Alan Carpenter and ministers are drawn from the party or coalition of parties holding a majority of seats in the lower house of Parliament, (currently Labor). Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Flag of the Governor of Western Australia The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor performs important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council; proroguing and dissolving the Legislative Assembly and the... Dr Ken Michael AM is Chancellor of the University of Western Australia. ... Alan Carpenter Alan Carpenter (born January 4, 1957), Australian politician, is the 28th Premier of Western Australia. ...


Secession

Secessionism has been a recurring feature of Western Australia's political landscape since shortly after European settlement in 1826. Western Australia was the most reluctant participant in the Commonwealth of Australia.[13] Western Australia did not participate in the earliest federation conference. Longer term residents of Western Australia were generally opposed to federation, however the discovery of gold brought many immigrants from other parts of Australia. It was these residents, primarily in Kalgoorlie but also in Albany who voted to join the Commonwealth, and the proposal of these areas being admitted separately was considered. Secessionist How To Vote card, 1933 Secessionism has been a recurring feature of Western Australias political landscape since shortly after European settlement in 1829. ... Secessionist How To Vote card, 1933 Secessionism has been a recurring feature of Western Australias political landscape since shortly after European settlement in 1829. ... Kalgoorlie is a Western Australian city located about 600 km east of Perth. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ...


In a referendum in April 1933, 68% of voters voted for the state to leave the Commonwealth of Australia with the aim of returning to the British Empire as an autonomous territory. The State Government sent a delegation to Westminster, but the British Government refused to intervene and therefore no action was taken to implement this decision. Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin MP Speaker of the House of Lords Hélène Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist...


For social and cultural reasons the concept of secession is unlikely to be seriously considered in the future, even though commentators occasionally raise the idea due to economic reasons.


Native species

The Black Swan is the state bird of Western Australia
The Black Swan is the state bird of Western Australia
The Kangaroo Paw is the Floral emblem of Western Australia
The Kangaroo Paw is the Floral emblem of Western Australia

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x700, 175 KB) Image of a pair of Black Swans, converted from JPG to PNG format. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x700, 175 KB) Image of a pair of Black Swans, converted from JPG to PNG format. ... Binomial name Cygnus atratus Latham, 1790 Subspecies Black Swan New Zealand Swan (extinct) Synonyms Anas atrata Latham, 1790 Chenopis atratus The Black Swan, Cygnus atratus is a large non-migratory waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest of Australia. ... Image File history File links Kangaroo_Paw. ... Image File history File links Kangaroo_Paw. ... Two types of Kangaroo Paw flowers The Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii) is a flower endemic to Western Australia. ...

Fauna

Birds

WA is home to around 540 species of birds (depending on the taxonomy used). Of these around 15 are endemic to the state. The best areas for birds are the south-western corner of the state and the area around Broome and the Kimberley. The Black Swan is the state bird of Western Australia // The following is a List of Western Australian birds. ...


Flora

Western Australia, in its south west region has some of the largest numbers of plant species for its area in the world. Prior to European settlers expanding agriculture, it is speculated that there were significant numbers of flower and plant species that were never described before they became extinct[citation needed].


Algae

William Henry Harvey (1811 - 1866) published his magnificent five-volume Phycologia Australia which was issued in parts between 1858 and 1863. He earned the title of father of Australian Phycology. His main collection is in the herbarium of Trinity College Dublin (TCD)., there is also a large collection of his specimens in the Ulster Museum (BEL), Belfast. William Henry Harvey (1811-1866) was an Irish botanist. ... The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin or more commonly Trinity College, Dublin (TCD) was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Corrie Denew Chase. ...


Education

Education in Western Australia consists of one year of pre-school at age 5, followed by seven years of primary school education, ie Years 1 through 7. Students move into Year 8 at age 13 and five years of secondary education. The final two years of secondary education are currently changing to compulsory. All students who completed Year 10 in 2005 are now required to undertake further studies in Year 11. Students are required to complete the year in which they turn 16 (usually Year 11).


Commencing in 2008 all students will be required to complete 12 years of study before leaving school. Students will have the option to study at a TAFE college in their eleventh year or continue through high school with a vocational course or a specific University entrance course. For the Texas educational association, see Texas Association of Future Educators. ...


The major universities in Western Australia are Curtin University, Murdoch University, Edith Cowan University, University of Notre Dame and the University of Western Australia. Curtin University of Technology is a technology-focused university with its main campus at Bentley, a suburb of Perth, Western Australia. ... Murdoch University is a university with its main campus at Murdoch, 14 kilometres (9 mi) south of Perth, Western Australia, along South Street near the Kwinana Freeway ( ). It commenced operations as the states second university in 1973, and accepted its first students in 1975. ... Edith Cowan University (ECU) is located in Perth, Western Australia, (). It is named after Edith Dircksey Cowan, who was the first woman to be elected to an Australian Parliament. ... The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links[1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate... The University of Western Australia (UWA) is the oldest university in the state of Western Australia. ...


Media

Print

Western Australia has two daily newspapers: the independent tabloid The West Australian, Countryman and The Kalgoorlie Miner. Also published is one Sunday tabloid newspaper, News Corporation's The Sunday Times. However, the interstate broadsheet publication The Australian is also available, although with sales per capita lagging far behind those in other states. With the advent of the Internet, other online publications from around the world are now easily accessible. Some, like the New South Wales based The Sydney Morning Herald and The Australian which provide free access to their sites, are becoming increasingly popular. The West Australian (often simply called The West) is Perths only locally edited daily newspaper, and is owned by ASX-listed West Australian Newspapers Limited. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an American media conglomerate company and the third worlds largest. ... The Sunday Times masthead The Sunday Times is a News Corporation owned Sunday tabloid newspaper distributed throughout Western Australia. ... The Australian is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Television

Metropolitan Perth has six broadcast television stations;

  • ABC WA. Produces nightly local news at 7pm. (digital & analogue) (callsign: ABW - Channel 2 Analogue, Channel 12 Digital)
  • SBS WA (digital & analogue) (callsign: SBS - Channel 28 Analogue, Channel 29 Digital)
  • Seven Network Perth. Produces weeknightly local news from 6pm - 7pm. (digital & analogue) (callsign: TVW - Channel 7 Analogue, Channel 6 Digital)
  • Nine Network Perth. Produces weeknightly local news from 6pm - 6.30pm. (digital & analogue) (callsign: STW - Channel 9 Analogue, Channel 8 Digital)
  • Network Ten Perth. Airs weeknightly local news from 5pm - 6pm, however live from Sydney. (digital & analogue) (callsign: NEW - Channel 10 Analogue, Channel 11 Digital)
  • Access 31. Community service channel. (analogue-only) (callsign: ATW - Channel 31 Analogue)

In addition, broadcasters operate digital multichannels: The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Abandonware is computer software which is no longer being sold or supported by its copyright holder. ... The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two government funded Australian public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). ... The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two government funded Australian public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... TVW is a television station broadcasting in Perth, Australia, wholly owned by the Seven Network. ... The Nine Network, or Channel Nine, is an Australian television network based in Willoughby, a suburb on the North Shore of Sydney. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three major commercial television networks. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Look up NEW and new in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Access 31 is a free-to-air community television station based in Perth, Australia that serves the surrounding metropolitan region and other areas of the state of Western Australia. ... Access 31 is a free-to-air community television station based in Perth, Australia that serves the surrounding metropolitan region and other areas of the state of Western Australia. ...

Regional WA has a similar availability of stations, with the exception of Access 31 in all areas but Bunbury and Albany. The metropolitans commercial stations are affiliated with: This article is about the Australian television channel. ... Abandonware is computer software which is no longer being sold or supported by its copyright holder. ... SBS World News Channel is a television channel available to digital television viewers in Australia. ... The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two government funded Australian public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). ... Ten HD is Australian free-to-air television channel expected to launch in December 2007. ... Look up NEW and new in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Seven HD is an Australian television channel, owned by the Seven Media Group, that launched on October 15, 2007. ... TVW is a television station broadcasting in Perth, Australia, wholly owned by the Seven Network. ... Nine HD is an Australian television channel, owned by PBL Media, that will launch on March 17, 2007. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the city of Bunbury. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ...

  • Golden West Network (GWN). Produces weeknightly local news from 5.30pm - 6pm, also airs Seven Perth news until 7pm) (analogue only) (callsign: SSW South West, VEW Goldfields/Esperance, GTW Central West, WAW Statewide)
  • WIN Television WA. Produces weeknightly local news from 5:30pm - 6pm, however live from Perth. Also airs Nine Perth news from 6pm - 6:30pm. (analogue only) (callsign: WOW)

Pay TV services are provided by Foxtel, which acquired many of the assets and all the remaining subscribers of the insolvent Galaxy Television satellite service in 1998. Some metropolitan suburbs are serviced by Pay TV via cable; however, most of the metropolitan and rural areas can only access Pay TV via satellite. Golden West Network (GWN) is the Seven Network affiliate in Western Australia, servicing all areas except metropolitan Perth in competition with WIN Television WA. There are two services that GWN operates: Normal terrestrial television, and A free-to-air satellite service, broadcasting to remote areas that can’t receive television... WIN Television WA (WIN WA) is a regional television network operating in regional Western Australia, servicing all areas except metropolitan Perth, in competition with GWN. // History Prior to WIN Televisions expansion into Western Australia, GWN was the sole commercial network operating in regional areas, and carried programming from the... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... Galaxy (a trading name of Australis Media) is a former provider of pay television programming in Australia via satellite and wireless cable (microwave) delivery methods. ...


Radio

Perth have many radio stations on both AM and FM frequencies. ABC stations include News Radio (585AM), Local Radio 6WF (720AM), Radio national (810AM), Classic FM (97.7FM) and Triple-J. The 6 commercial stations are: FM- 92.9, Nova 93.7, Mix 94.5, 96fm, and AM- 882 6PR, and 1080.


The leading community stations are RTR FM 92.1 and Sonshine FM 98.5


Sport

A number of national or international sporting teams and events are based in the state, including: Sport is an important part of the culture of Western Australia. ...

International events hosted by Western Australia include the Hopman Cup, the Perth Cup, Red Bull Air Race and the Gravity Games. Australian Football is the official name for Australian rules football, the code of football. ... West Coast Eagles Football Club is an Australian rules football club competing in the Australian Football League. ... Fremantle FC logo The Fremantle Football Club, colloquially known as The Dockers, are one of 16 teams in the Australian Football League. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Perth Glory FC is a football (soccer) club from Perth, Western Australia, based at the Members Equity Stadium, playing in the A-League. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Perth Wildcats are an Australian basketball team competing in the National Basketball League. ... This article is about the sport. ... Former Warriors captain Justin Langer The Western Warriors (referred to as Retravison Warriors for sponsorship reasons) are an Australian first class cricket team based in Perth, Western Australia. ... A netball game in Australia Netball is a non-contact generally indoor sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ... The Perth Orioles are an Australian netball team. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Western Force is a rugby union team based in Perth, Western Australia playing in the international Super 14 competition. ... The Hopman Cup is an annual international team tennis tournament held in Perth, Western Australia in early-January (sometimes commencing in late-December) each year. ... The Perth Cup is Western Australias premier horse race and is held at Ascot Racecourse on New Years Day each year. ... Red Bull Air Race heat held at Kemble airfield, Gloucestershire, England in June 2004 The Red Bull Air Race World Series, established in 2003 and sponsored by Red Bull, is an international series of air races with the participation of at least five pilots for each race, in which competitors... Gravity Games is a multi-sport competition, broken down into Winter and Summer versions, which feature a variety of extreme sports such as skateboarding and BMX freestyle (during the summer) and snowboarding (during the winter). ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Western Australia
Western Australia Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Australia. ... This is a list of Towns of Western Australia: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z References 2004) Where WAS That? : An Historical Gazetteer Of Western Australia... It has been suggested that List of Perth major roads be merged into this article or section. ... Categories: Western Australia ...

References

  1. ^ Western Australian Museum - Sandgroper
  2. ^ Snow in Western Australia: About Snow in WA, retrieved 4 February 2007
  3. ^ 5220.0 Gross state product, Chain volume measures and current prices
  4. ^ Wages / Salaries Australia
  5. ^ Referendum results in Western Australia. Western Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  6. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for Alinta Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  7. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for Fortescue Metals Group Retrieved 2007-09-05
  8. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for Macmahon Holdings Ltd Retrieved 2007-12-19
  9. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for the Multiplex Group Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  10. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for Wesfarmers Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  11. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for West Australian Newspapers Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  12. ^ Australian Securities Exchange entry for Woodside Petroleum Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  13. ^ Review Essay, New Federation History, Melbourne University Law Review www.austlii.edu.au

is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Western Australia site
  • Tourism Western Australia
The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... NSW redirects here. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... VIC redirects here. ... The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT) is the part of Antarctica claimed by Australia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Western Australia Travel Guide | Accommodation, Car Hire and Tours | Perth | Western Australia (455 words)
In Western Australia you can dive with the world’s largest fish - the whale shark, walk amongst the tree tops of ancient trees, sleep under a canopy of stars in the desert, or explore the gorges and wilderness areas.
Western Australia has a modern road system and most places of interest are signposted.
Western Australians are a proud bunch and there is no shortage of people who would love to show you around.
Western Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2791 words)
Western Australia is Australia's largest state in area, covering the western third of the mainland, and is bordered by South Australia and the Northern Territory.
Western Australia was granted self-government in 1889 with a bicameral House of Parliament, located in Perth, consisting of the Legislative Assembly (or lower house), and the Legislative Council (or upper house).
The major universities in Western Australia are the University of Western Australia, Edith Cowan University, Curtin University, Murdoch University and the University of Notre Dame.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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