FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
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Encyclopedia > Western Army (Russia)

Western Army (Западная Армия) was created on November 15, 1918 by RSFSR with the purpose of moving westwards after the retreating German forces in order to establish Soviet governments in Belarus and Ukraine. It was also known as the 16th army. The Western Army advance would lead to the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1920. November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200 km² 0,5% Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked 1st in the former... The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... A soviet ( Russian: сове́т) originally was a workers local council in late Imperial Russia. ... Belarus (Belarusian: Белару́сь or Biełaruś, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия), Polish: Białoruś) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. ... Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919– 1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic and Second Polish Republic. ...


History

After the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk the newly-established Russo-German border line from the Russian side was controlled by the so-called Western Section of Curtain Troops (Западный участок отрядов завесы), or simply the Western Curtain. The curtain was a sparse and heterogeneous set of detachments Its commander was Vladimir Egoryev. (His official rank was "military leader" (военный руководитель), since he was a former Tsarist general) The Western Curtain covered over 800 kilometres along the line Nevel-Polotsk-Senno-Orsha-Mogilev-Zhlobin-Gomel-Novy Oskol. Eventually the Western Curtain was arranged into 7 main detachments with 20,000 personnel. This number was far from being sufficient in the case of any battle. Moreover, part personnel was moved to other bottlenecks of the Russian Civil War. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest, formerly Brest-Litovsk, between Russia and the Central Powers, marking Russias exit from World War I. The treaty was practically obsolete before the end of the year but is significant as a chief... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ... Orsha (Belarusian: Во́рша; Russian: О́рша; Polish: Orsza) is a city in Belarus, an important railway node along the Minsk–Moscow line. ... Mahilyow, or Mahileu (Belarusian: Магілёў; Russian: Могилёв (Mogilev), Polish Mohylew or Mogilew) is a city in the eastern Belarus, close to the border to Russia with about 300,000 inhabitants. ... Zhlobin (Belarusian: Жло́бін; Russian: Жло́бин) is a city in the Homel voblast of Belarus, on the Dnepr river. ... Categories: Towns in Belarus | Belarus-related stubs ... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1920. ...


Eventually the recruitment to the Red Army allowed to reorganize the detachments of the "Curtain" into regular divisions, and the "Curtain" was reorganized into the Western Defence Region (Западный район обороны). It was created by the Revolutionary Military Council order #3/2 September 11, 1918. The Region extended from Petrograd to the Western edge of the Southern Front, commander Andrey Snesarev (Андрей Евгеньевич Снесарев). Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... This article is about the arithmetic operation. ... Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic or Revvoyensoviet (Революционный Военный Совет, Реввоенсовет) was the supreme military authority of the Soviet Russia. ... Saint Petersburg  listen (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of...


Soon after the annulling of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the Soviet side, the Western Defense region was transformed into the Western Army (November 15, 1918), garrisoned in Smolensk. It was composed of: Pskow-Lithuanian Infantry Division, 17th Witebsk Riflemen Division, 'Western' Riflemen Division and and grouoed units of 2 Area of Front Defense. Near the end of 1918 the strenght of the Western (16th) Army was around 19,000, with little artillery or cavalry (8 guns and 261 horses total). Over the next few month the Army grew to 46,000 strenght. It was considered by the Soviet High Command to be one of the least important armies in that period. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest, formerly Brest-Litovsk, between Russia and the Central Powers, marking Russias exit from World War I. The treaty was practically obsolete before the end of the year but is significant as a chief... The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск; Polish Smoleńsk) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54. ...


Immediately after its formation, on November 17, 1918 the Western Army started the bloodless advance after the retreating German forces in the directions of Belarus and Ukraine. The westward operation had a goal to take control over the territory abandoned by the German East Army retreating from the Ober-Ost theatre of operations. Later Soviet Western Army engaged various self-defence and militia groups from Bielorussia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine. Among scores of little battles, the most important would be the Battle of Bereza Kartuska from February 14, which would signal the unitentional start of what would become, over the coming months, perhaps the most important war of the interbellum period - the Polish-Soviet War. November 17 is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Belarus (Belarusian: Белару́сь or Biełaruś, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия), Polish: Białoruś) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. ... Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south. ... Target Vistula Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date November 18, 1918 to March, 1919 Place Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine Result Unconcluded The Russian Westward offensive of 1918 — 1919 it was part of general move of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic into the areas occupied by Germany after its retreat... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... An Interbellum is a period between wars. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919– 1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic and Second Polish Republic. ...


 
 

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