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Encyclopedia > Westerling

Raymond Pierre Paul Westerling (August 31, 1919 - November 26, 1987), nicknamed the Turk, was a Dutch commander. He waged a guerilla war in the Celebes during the Indonesian National Revolution after the Second World War, and staged a coup in the city of Bandung in 1950. August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... are you looking for the political definition of guerilla war? Guerilla War is a video game by SNK. It is an overhead shooter. ... Sulawesi (formerly Celebes ) is a large island in Indonesia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... Bandung is also the name of a Malaysian drink. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

South Celebes

Westerling was born in Istanbul, Turkey, as a child from a Dutch father and Greek mother. During the Second World War, Westerling would join the Dutch military service and receive his training in England. After the War, Westerling would be sent to Dutch Indies, where in 1946 he would command the Depot Special Forces (DSF) to pacify the South Celebes, where the Nationalists tried to hinder the return of Dutch governance. The DSF consisted mostly of indigenous soldiers and was an elite unit of the KNIL, and were relentless in their way to subordinate the population - people were executed without trial. Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural, and economic centre. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Map showing South Sulawesi province within Indonesia South Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Selatan) is a province of Indonesia, located on Sulawesi island. ... KNIL is an acronym for Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger or the Royal Dutch Indies Army. ...


After the 1949 Indonesian independence, Westerling would command a force, the Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil (APRA, Army of the Just King) of deserted Regiment Special Forces (one of successors of the DSF), and KNIL soldiers, to stage a coup in Bandung in January, 1950, to overthrow the Sukarno government. Poorly planned, the coup failed and Westerling had to flee the country to Singapore. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Bandung is also the name of a Malaysian drink. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sukarno (June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ...

Although responsible for many 'war crimes', Westerling never had to stand trial for these allegations. He would move to the Netherlands, where he would die in Purmerend in 1987. Purmerend is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • de Moor, Jaap A. (1999). Westerling's Oorlog: IndonesiĆ« 1945-1950. Amsterdam: Balans. ISBN 90-5018-425-1.



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