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Encyclopedia > West Ukrainian People's Republic

The West Ukrainian National Republic (Ukrainian: Західно Українська Народна Республика, Zakhidno Ukrayinska Narodna Respublyka or ЗУНР, ZUNR) was a short-lived republic that existed in late 1918 and early 1919 in eastern Galicia, Bukovina and Transcarpathia and included the cities of Lviv, Kolomyya, and Stanislav. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest, most populous, and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. ... Bukovina is the territory on the slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... Zakarpattya or Transcarpathia (Закарпатська область, Zakarpats’ka oblast’ in Ukrainian) is an oblast (region) of Ukraine. ... Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів, L’viv ; Polish: Lwów; Russian: Львов, Lvov; German: Lemberg; Yiddish: לעמבערג; Latin: Leopolis; see also Cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine, the capital city of the Lviv Oblast (province) and one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. ... Kolomyia (Kolomiya, Kolomyya, Ukrainian: Коломия, Russian: )) is a town in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast by the Prut River, located at 48° 31′ 50″ N 025° 02′ 25″ E. The settlement is known from 13th century. ... Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian: Івано-Франківськ, Ivano-Frankivsk; Станиславів, Stanyslaviv before 1962; Polish: Stanisławów; Russian: Ivano-Frankovsk; German: Stanislau (before World War I); Yiddish: סטאַניסלעװ, Stanislev) is a city in Ukraine, center of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast in the west of the country. ...


Its coat of arms was yellow lion on the blue field looking to the right. The colors of the flag were yellow and blue. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


The republic was proclaimed on November 1, 1918, and allied with the Ukrainian People's Republic on January 22, 1919. Shortly after the republic proclaimed independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire a popular uprising took place in Lviv. A few weeks later it received support from Poland, and after a fratricidal war Poland took over most of Galicia. Part of defeated army found refuge in Czechoslovakia and became known there under the name Ukrajinská brigáda (in Czech language). In 1920 Poland and Ukraine agreed to a border on the river Zbruch. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Ukrainian Peoples Republic (Ukrainian: ), also sometimes translated as Ukrainian National Republic, abbreviated UNR (УНР), was a republic in part of the territory of modern Ukraine after the Russian Revolution, eventually headed by Symon Petliura. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Orlęta, a 1926 painting by Wojciech Kossak The Polish-Ukrainian War of 1918 and 1919 was a conflict between the forces of Poland and Western-Ukrainian Peoples Republic for the control over the Eastern Galicia after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Zbruch River (Ukrainian: Збруч) is a river in Western Ukraine (length: 247 km, basin: 3330 sq. ...

Contents


Postage stamps

The republic managed to issue about one hundred types of postage stamps during its brief existence, all but two of which are overprints on existing stamps of Austria or Bosnia. This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... Motto: none Anthem: Intermeco Capital Sarajevo Largest city Sarajevo Official languages Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Prime Minister Federal republic Ivo Miro Jović1 (Croat) Borislav Paravac (Serb) Sulejman Tihić (Bosniak) Adnan Terzic Independence From Yugoslavia: 5 April 1992 Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   51,129 km² (124th) Negligible Population  â€¢ July 2005...

This overprint of May 1919 is on a five-heller stamp of Austria.
This overprint of May 1919 is on a five-heller stamp of Austria.

The first were four stamps overprinted in Lviv, with a design of a lion and the inscription "Zakhidno-Ukrainska Narodna Republika", but these were in use for only two days there. Another four Austrian stamps were surcharged with "УКР.Н.Р" (ukr.n.r in Cyrillic), and a new denomination in shahs (шаг), one with 5 sh and three with 10 sh. These are rather uncommon today, with prices for collectors ranging from €80 to €800 ($100–$1000 USD), and forgeries are plentiful. Image File history File links Western Ukraine 5h overprint stamp of 1919, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: West Ukrainian National Republic User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Image File history File links Western Ukraine 5h overprint stamp of 1919, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: West Ukrainian National Republic User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Shah (Ukrainian: шаг) was the name of currency in the history of Ukraine. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


In March, officials in Stanislav surcharged sixteen values of 1916 Austrian stamps with "ПОШТА// УКР.Н.РЕП." (POSHTA UKR.N.REP.) and denominations ranging from three shahs up to ten hryvnia. The same surcharge was also applied to Austrian military stamps and postage due stamps, as well as to the 1904 postage dues of Bosnia. The hryvnia (Ukrainian гривня) has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the coupon (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone. ... Postage due is the term used for mail sent with insufficient postage. ...


In May, Austrian stamps were overprinted with the Ukrainian trident-in-shield arms with the letters "З. У. Н. Р." (Z. U. N. R.), one at each corner, for "West Ukrainian National Republic". These saw very little use, and forged cancellations are commonplace. A machine cancellation On mail, a cancellation (or cancel for short) is a postal marking applied to a postage stamp or postal stationery indicating that the item has been used. ...


The sole non-overprinted issue was a pair of registration stamps issued in Kolomyya, having the form of a label used for registered mail, but unlike most labels, denominated with values of thirty and fifty shahs, in order to pay registration fees. Kolomyia (Kolomiya, Kolomyya, Ukrainian: Коломия, Russian: )) is a town in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast by the Prut River, located at 48° 31′ 50″ N 025° 02′ 25″ E. The settlement is known from 13th century. ... Registered mail sent from Baghdad to San Francisco in August 1945 Registered items of mail are letters which have their details recorded in a register to enable their location to be tracked. ...


Of the stamps issued, only the trident overprints are common, costing about €1. Of the other, some are quite rare, with prices ranging up to four or five thousand euros.


See also

Galician Soviet Socialist Republic (Galician SSR) existed from July 8, 1920 to September 21, 1920 during the Polish-Soviet War within the area of the South-Western front of the Red Army. ...

Reference

  • John Bulat, Illustrated Postage Stamp History of Western Ukrainian Republic 1918-1919 (Yonkers, NY: Philatelic Publications, 1973)

External links

  • Short mention of ZUNR history
  • Introduction to Ukrainian Philately

 
 

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