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Encyclopedia > West Side Tennis Club

The West Side Tennis Club is a private tennis club located in Forest Hills, a neighborhood in New York City, USA. The venue is most notable for hosting the United States Open Tennis Championships from 1915 until 1977. It has also hosted the finals of the Davis Cup 10 times, more than any other venue. The club currently holds the Forest Hills Women's Tennis Classic, a WTA Tour Tier IV event, and a men's challenger event. For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ... The Forest Hills Womens Tennis Classic is a tennis tournament held in Forest Hills, New York, United States. ... The Womens Tennis Association, is also known as the WTA Tour, and is to womens tennis what the ATP is to mens tennis. ...

Contents

Early history

The club began in 1892 when 13 original members rented land on Central Park West for three clay courts and a small clubhouse. Ten years later, the land had become too valuable, and the club moved to a site near Columbia University, where they were able to build eight courts. In 1908, the club moved again, to a site at 238th street and Broadway. The new site covered two blocks and had 12 grass courts and 15 clay courts. Central Park West is an avenue in New York City. ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. ...


The club hosted the International Lawn Tennis Challenge (now Davis Cup) in 1911. With crowds in the thousands, the club realized that they would need to expand to a more permanent location. In 1912, a site in Forest Hills, Queens, was purchased. The signature Tudor-style clubhouse was built the next year. The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ascott House, Buckinghamshire. ...


The US Open years

In 1915, the United States Lawn Tennis Association National Championship, later named the U.S. Open, moved to West Side. By 1923, the success of the event necessitated the construction of a 14,000-seat, horseshoe-shaped stadium, that still stands today. The stadium's first event was the final of the International Lawn Tennis Challenge, which saw the Americans defeat Australia. For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ...


During its years at West Side, the US Open was often referred to simply as "Forest Hills", in the manner that The Championships, Wimbledon is referred to only as "Wimbledon". The Open saw some of it's biggest moments and changes while at West Side, including the introduction of seedings (in 1927), equal prize money for men and women (1973), night play (1975), and the tiebreaker (1970). Althea Gibson became the first black player to play in a Grand Slam in 1950, and Billie Jean King won the first Grand Slam with a metal racquet in 1967. The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest event in the sport of tennis. ... Tiebreaker A question used in the event of a tie at the end of a pub quiz, where the answer is oten a figure not likely to be known, the winner is the closest to the answer, thus it breaks the deadlock. ... Althea Gibson (August 25, 1927 – September 28, 2003) was an American sportswoman who, on August 22, 1950, became the first African-American woman to be a competitor on the world tennis tour. ... In tennis, a singles player or doubles team who succeed in winning all four Grand Slam titles in the same year is said to have achieved the Grand Slam or a Calendar Year Grand Slam (CYGS) In case they win all four consecutively, but not in the same calendar year... Billie Jean Moffitt King (born November 22, 1943 in Long Beach, California) is a retired tennis player from the United States. ...


In 1975, the tournament was switched to Har-Tru clay courts. By 1978, the tournament had outgrown West Side, and the USTA moved the tournament to a new site in Flushing Meadows. After the Open left, the club held various professional tournaments, and still holds a women's tour event today. The United States Tennis Association (USTA), previously known as the United States National Lawn Tennis Association, was established by a small group of tennis club members in a meeting held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City. ... Bronze Statue at the USTA National Tennis Center. ... Flushing Meadows Park, also sometimes referred to as Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, is located in northern Queens, New York City, USA at the intersection of the Long Island Expressway and the Grand Central Parkway. ...


Other uses

In addition to tennis, the West Side stadium has also been a venue for many concerts, including stars like Frank Sinatra, The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, and Diana Ross. Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer and Academy Award-winning actor, often cited as the finest male American popular song vocalist of the 20th century. ... The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Who is an English rock band who first emerged in 1964. ... Diana Ross (born Anna Nicole Smith on March 26, 1944) is a Grammy Award-nominated American singer, performer and Oscar-nominated actress who gained prominence in the 1960s girl group The Supremes before establishing a successful solo career. ...


See also

This is a list of existing tennis clubs, sequenced by year that tennis was first officially played at each club. ...

External links

  • Official Site
  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 40.719778° -73.848649°
    • Street map from Google Maps or Yahoo! Maps
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA
    • Satellite image from Google Maps or Microsoft Virtual Earth

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tennis - MSN Encarta (1095 words)
Although the origins of tennis are not clear, many experts believe tennis, then called lawn tennis, was invented in 1873 by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield, a British army officer.
The first game of lawn tennis in the United States was probably played in 1874 on the grounds of the Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club.
Borg’s rivalry with American John McEnroe during this period ranks as one of the best in tennis history—their 1980 Wimbledon singles final, won by Borg in the fifth set by a score of 8-6, is often called the greatest match in the sport’s history.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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