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Encyclopedia > West Side Story
West Side Story
Original Cast Recording
Music Leonard Bernstein
Lyrics Stephen Sondheim
Book Arthur Laurents
Based upon Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
Productions 1957 Broadway
1958 Broadway revival
1958 West End
1960 Broadway revival
1961 Film
1980 Broadway revival

West Side Story is a musical written by Arthur Laurents (book), Leonard Bernstein (music), and Stephen Sondheim (lyrics). The story is based loosely on Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, which was, in turn, based on a narrative poem by Arthur Brooke entitled The Tragicall History of Romeus and Juliet (1562), which was in turn inspired by the legend of Tristan and Isolde. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 645 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1230 × 1143 pixel, file size: 438 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The source of the image is the cover of the CD of the original cast recording. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... Arthur Laurents (born July 14, 1918) is an American playwright, novelist, screenwriter, librettist and stage director. ... For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Jan. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jan. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Arthur Laurents (born July 14, 1918) is an American playwright, novelist, screenwriter, librettist and stage director. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... Arthur Broke, or Brooke (d. ... The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet is a narrative poem, first published in 1562 by Arthur Brooke, who is reported to have translated it from an Italian poem by Bandello. ... For information about the knight from Arthurian folklore, see Tristan For the Richard Wagner opera, see Tristan und Isolde For the 2006 movie, see Tristan and Isolde (film) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Set on Manhattan's Upper West Side, the musical explores the rivalry between two teenage gangs of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The young protagonist, Anton ("Tony"), who belongs to the white gang, falls in love with Maria, the sister of the leader of the rival Puerto Rican gang. The dark theme, sophisticated music, extended dance scenes, and focus on social problems marked a turning point in American musical theater. Bernstein's score for the musical has become extremely popular; it includes "Something's Coming", "Maria", "America," "Somewhere," "Tonight", "Jet Song", "I Feel Pretty", "One Hand, One Heart", and "Cool". This article is about the borough of New York City. ... The Upper West Side is a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that lies between Central Park and the Hudson River above West 59th Street. ... Mara Salvatrucha suspect bearing gang tattoos is handcuffed. ... This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ...


The original 1957 Broadway production, directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins and produced by Robert E. Griffith and Harold Prince, marked Stephen Sondheim's Broadway debut. It ran for 732 performances (a successful run for the time), before going on tour. The production garnered a Tony Award nomination for Best Musical in 1957, but the award ultimately went to Meredith Willson's The Music Man. The show has enjoyed an even longer-running London production, a number of revivals and international success, and spawned an innovative, award-winning 1961 musical film of the same name. West Side Story is produced frequently by local theaters and, occasionally, by opera companies. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Robert Meredith Willson (18 May 1902 – 15 June 1984) was an American composer and playwright, best known as the writer of The Music Man. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Synopsis

Act I

Two teenage gangs, the "American" Jets and the Puerto Rican Sharks, struggle for control of the neighborhood, amidst police whistles and taunts (dance Prologue). The Jets chase the Sharks off, then plan how they can assure their continued dominance of the street ("Jet Song"). The Jets' leader, Riff, convinces his friend and former member of the Jets, Tony, to meet the Jets at the neighborhood dance. Loyal to Riff, Tony agrees, but he wants no further part of gang life and imagines a better future ("Something's Coming"). Maria works in a bridal shop with Anita, the girlfriend of her brother, Bernardo, who is the Sharks' leader. Maria's family has selected Chino to be her future husband. Maria has newly arrived from Puerto Rico, and, like Tony, is full of hope. Anita makes Maria a dress to wear to the neighborhood dance.


At the dance, after introductions, the young people begin to dance; soon a challenge dance is called ("Mambo"). Tony and Maria see each other across the room and are drawn to each other. They dance together, forgetting the tension in the room, falling in love. An enraged Bernardo pulls his sister from Tony's arms and sends her home. Riff and Bernardo agree to meet for a War Council at Doc's Candy Store, which is considered neutral ground. An infatuated and happy Tony finds Maria's building and serenades her outside her bedroom ("Maria"). He appears on her fire escape, and the two profess their love for one another ("Tonight"). Meanwhile, Anita and the other Shark girls discuss the differences between Puerto Rico and America ("America"). At Doc's, the Jets get antsy while waiting for the Sharks ("Cool"). The Sharks arrive to discuss weapons to use in the rumble. Tony suggests "a fair fight" (fists only), which the leaders agree to, despite the other members' protests. Bernardo believes that he will fight Tony, but must settle for fighting Diesel instead. This is followed by a monologue by the ineffective Lt. Schrank trying to find out the location of the rumble. The Jets then clear out and despite Doc's warnings, Tony is convinced that nothing can go wrong; he is in love.


Tony meets Maria at the bridal shop the next day, where they dream of their wedding ("One Hand, One Heart"). She asks Tony to stop the fight, which he agrees to do. Tony, Maria, Anita, Bernardo (and the Sharks), and Riff (and the Jets) all anticipate the events to come that night ("Tonight Quintet"). Tony arrives and tries to stop the rumble. Though Bernardo taunts Tony, ridiculing his attempt to make peace and provoking him in every way, Tony keeps his composure. During the rumble, Riff and Bernardo get in a knife fight. Tony warns Riff to back away, but Riff shakes him off and continues the fight. In an important moment of the show, Riff has an opportunity to stab Bernardo, but Tony holds him back leaving Riff vulnerable. Bernardo stabs Riff. Tony then kills Bernardo in a fit of rage. The sound of approaching sirens is heard, and everyone scatters, except Tony, who stands in shock at what he has done. The tomboy, Anybodys, who wishes that she could become a Jet, tells Tony to flee from the scene at the last moment. Only the bodies of Riff and Bernardo remain. The Tonight Quintet is a song from the musical West Side Story. ...


Act II

In her bedroom, Maria has not heard the news and daydreams happily about seeing Tony with her friends-Rosalia, Consuela, Teresita and Francisca ("I Feel Pretty"). Just then, Chino brings the news that Tony has killed Bernardo. Maria flees to her bedroom, praying that Chino is mistaken. Tony arrives to see Maria, in a fit of rage she repeatedly hits him until he finally calms her down and they plan to get away together, as the walls of Maria's bedroom disappear they find themselves in a "dream" world where everyone gets along. "Dream Consuela" sings ("Somewhere").


A grieving Anita arrives at Maria's apartment. Tony leaves through the window, telling Maria to meet him at Doc's so they can run away to the country. Anita sees that Tony has been with Maria, and asks in horror how she can love the man who killed her brother ("A Boy Like That"). Maria responds passionately ("I Have a Love"), and Anita understands that Maria loves Tony as much as she had loved Bernardo. She admits that Chino has a gun and is looking for Tony. Lt. Schrank arrives to question Maria, and Anita reluctantly agrees to go to Doc's to tell Tony to wait.


At the store, the Jets taunt Anita with racist innuendo and insults. The taunts turn into physical abuse, and Anita is nearly raped before a horrified Doc arrives to stop the boys. In her anger, Anita tells the Jets that Bernardo was right about them, and she tells them that Chino has killed Maria. Doc relates the news to Tony, who has been pacing in Doc's cellar and dreaming of heading to the country to have children with Maria. Feeling there is no longer anything to live for, Tony leaves to find Chino, begging for Chino to kill him too. Just as Tony sees Maria alive, Chino arrives and shoots Tony. As Tony dies in Maria's arms, the Jets and Sharks flock around the lovers ("Somewhere" Reprise). Maria takes Chino's gun and tells everyone that hatred is what killed Tony and the others, and now she can kill, because now she hates, too. But she is unable to bring herself to fire the gun and collapses in her grief, ending the cycle of violence. Gradually, all the members of both gangs assemble on either side of Tony's body, suggesting that the feud is over. The Jets and Sharks form a procession, and together they carry Tony away. A cellar is a storage room built below ground level (usually under a house), primarily for the storage of food and drink (especially wine) for use throughout the year. ...


Characters

Jets
  • Riff (lead) - The founder and leader of the white gang, "The Jets". (Baritone)
  • Tony (Anton) (lead) - Riff's best friend and co-founder of the Jets; he falls in love with Maria. (Tenor)
  • Action (secondary lead) - Hot-tempered and bitter. Takes over upon Riff's death. (Baritone)
  • Ice (supporting role) - The largest Jet and their best fighter. Second in command of the Jets; however, Action takes over after Riff dies.
  • A-Rab (supporting role) - the Sharks jump him and pierce his ear in the prologue.
  • Baby John (supporting role) - The youngest and least violent member of the Jets.
  • Anybodys - A tomboy who wishes to be included in the gang but is rejected by the gang members
  • Snowboy - The comedian of the group.
  • Other Jets - Big Deal, Gee-tar, Mouth Piece, Tiger,
  • Graziellia - A very pretty girl who has a way with the boys. Leader of Jet girls. Riff's girlfriend
  • Velma- Graziellia's friend, youngest of the Jet girls and certainly not the sharpest tool in the shed.
  • Pauline- A quick witted Jet girl with the fire to fight.
  • Their Other Girls*- Minnie, Clarice, Betty, Dolores, Frances, Marie
Sharks
  • Bernardo (lead) - The leader of Puerto Rican gang, "The Sharks". He is Maria's brother and Anita's boyfriend.
  • Maria (lead) - Sister of Bernardo; she falls in love with Tony. (soprano)
  • Chino (supporting role) - Bernardo's best friend and Maria's fiancé. He takes over Bernardo's leader position after the rumble.
  • Anita (lead) - Maria's friend and Bernardo's girlfriend. (mezzo-soprano/alto)
  • Pepe - Pepe is the youngest member of the Sharks. He has a big mouth which sometimes gets him into trouble.
  • Consuela (secondary lead) - Anita's cousin. She is the blonde bangled beauty of the bunch. Sings "Somewhere".(soprano)
  • Rosalia (supporting role) - Not the most intelligent of Shark girls. She doesn`t wish to return to Puerto Rico. Sings "America".
  • Other Sharks - Toro, Indio, Luis, Anxious, Nibbles, Juano, Moose
  • Their Girls - Teresita, Francisca, Estella, Margarita, Josefina, Chichanitza, Marisol
Adults
  • Officer Krupke - Local police officer who tries to prevent the gangs from feuding.
  • Doc (supporting role) - The owner of a local drugstore and confidante to Tony.
  • Glad Hand - Local social worker.
  • Lieutenant Schrank (supporting role) - Krupke's superior. He's a rather taunting cop that wants to rid the neighborhood of the two gangs, not caring what happens to them.

For other uses, see Baritone (disambiguation). ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... For other uses, see Tomboy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the voice-type. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... This article is about the voice-type. ... This article is about the voice-type. ...

Songs

Act 1
  • Prologue (Dance) - Jets and Sharks
  • Jet Song - Riff and Jets
  • Something's Coming - Tony
  • The Dance At The Gym - Jets and Sharks
  • Maria - Tony
  • Tonight - Tony and Maria
  • America - Anita, Rosalia and Shark Girls
  • Cool - Action and Jets
  • One Hand, One Heart - Tony and Maria
  • Tonight (Quintet and Chorus) - Anita, Tony, Maria, Jets and Sharks
  • The Rumble (Dance) - Jets and Sharks
Act 2
  • I Feel Pretty - Maria, Consuela, Rosalia, Teresita and Francisca
  • Somewhere - Consuela and Company
  • Gee, Officer Krupke - Action, Snowboy and the Jets
  • A Boy Like That/I Have A Love- Anita and Maria
  • Taunting - Anita and Jets
  • Finale - Tony and Maria

Shakespearean parallels

Most of the key characters in West Side Story have counterparts in Romeo and Juliet:

The original ending of West Side Story was more similar to that of Romeo and Juliet than the final version. In the original version, after Maria gives her monologue about hatred, she fatally shoots Chino and then kills herself in despair, hoping that she will see Tony again in death. The adults arrive on the scene too late to help, and Anita tells them the full story, resulting in the Jets and Sharks resolving their differences. This ending was described by preview audiences as "too depressing," and so the producers used the less tragic, more hopeful ending seen in the final version. Romeo Montague is the male protagonist featured in William Shakespeares tragic play Romeo and Juliet. ... Juliet or The Blue Necklace (1898) by John William Waterhouse Juliet Capulet is one of the title characters in William Shakespeares tragedy Romeo and Juliet. ... In William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet, Count Paris is a suitor of Juliets. ... Tybalt in the 1968 film as portrayed by Michael York. ... Mercutio (here portrayed by actor Jonathan Huelman, at right) gives his famous Queen Mab speech to Romeo (Jacob Blumenfeld) in Act I, scene IV of Romeo and Juliet. ... Samson and Delilah, by Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) This article is about Biblical figure. ... For other uses, see Abraham (name) and Abram (disambiguation). ... Benvolio is a character in William Shakespeares fiction Romeo and Juliet, one of the legendary Montagues. ... Romeo and Juliet with Friar Laurence by Henry William Bunbury Friar Laurence (or Friar Lawrence) is a character in Shakespeares play Romeo and Juliet who also features heavily in the year 10 Brigo English oral. ... Prince and mediator of the feuding families in The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The seal of the House of Montague in Baz Luhrmanns William Shakespeares Romeo + Juliet (1996) The Montagues were a fictional Ghibelline family of Verona at mortal feud with that of the fictional family the Capulets in William Shakespeares play Romeo and Juliet. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... The seal of the House of Capulet in Baz Luhrmanns William Shakespeares Romeo + Juliet (1996) The Capulets were a fictional Ghibelline family of Verona, in mortal feud with the fictional family the Montagues, in William Shakespeares play Romeo and Juliet. ... For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ...


Productions

Original Broadway

After tryouts in Washington, DC and Philadelphia beginning in August 1957, the original Broadway production opened at the Winter Garden Theatre on September 26, 1957 to positive reviews. The production was directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins, produced by Robert E. Griffith and Harold Prince and starred Larry Kert as Tony, Carol Lawrence as Maria and Chita Rivera as Anita. Robbins won the Tony Award for Best Choreographer, and Oliver Smith won the Tony for Best Scenic Designer. Also nominated were Carol Lawrence, as Best Actress in a Supporting Role in a Musical, Max Goberman as Best Musical Director, and Irene Sharaff for Best Costume Design. Carol Lawrence received the 1958 Theatre World Award. The production ran for 732 performances at the Winter Garden Theatre before touring and then returning to the Winter Garden Theatre in 1960 for another 253 performance engagement Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The Winter Garden Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ... Larry Kert performing at Ed Sullivan show (1958) Larry Kert (December 5, 1930 - June 5, 1991) was an American actor, singer, and dancer. ... Carol Lawrence is a musical theater actress, who has also made numerous appearances in film and television. ... The Dancers Life poster Chita Rivera (born Dolores Conchita Figueroa del Rivero on January 23, 1933 in Washington, D.C.) is a Tony Award-winning Broadway musical actress dancer, and singer best known for her musical theater roles. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Categories: Korean War people | People stubs ... The Theatre World Award is an American honor given annually to an actor or an actress in recognition of an outstanding breakout performance in their New York City stage debut. ... The Winter Garden Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ...


The other principal or notable cast members in the original production were: Anybodys: Lee Becker, Riff: Mickey Calin, A-Rab: Tony Mordente, Action: Eddie Roll, Baby John: David Winters, Big Deal: Martin Charnin, Gee-Tar: Tommy Abbott; Bernardo: Ken Le Roy, Chino: Jamie Sanchez, Nibbles: Ronnie Lee; Rosalia: Marilyn Cooper, Consuela: Reri Grist, Teresita: Carmen Gutierrez, Francisca: Elizabeth Taylor; Lt. Schrank: Arch Johnson, Doc: Art Smith, and Krupke: William Bramley. Tony Mordente (born December 3, 1933) is an American dancer, choreographer, and television director. ... Martin Charnin (b. ... Tommy Abbott was an American-born actor, dancer, and choreographer best known for his role as Gee-Tar in the hit musical West Side Story. ... Marilyn Cooper (born December 14, 1936) is a Tony Award-winning American actress known primarily for her work on the Broadway stage. ... Reri Grist (born February 29, 1932 in New York City) was a pioneering American soprano who was the first African-American to perform in many opera houses in Europe. ...


West End

The 1958 European premiere at the Manchester Opera House transferred to London where it opened at Her Majesty's Theatre in London's West End in December 1958 and ran until 1961 with a total of 1,039 performances. Robbins directed and choreographed, and it was co-Choreographed by Peter Gennaro, with scenery by Oliver Smith. George Chakiris, who won an Academy Award as Bernardo in the 1961 film version originated the role of Riff, Marlys Watters played Maria, David Holiday played Tony, and Chita Rivera played Anita. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Manchester Opera House The Opera House in Manchester, England is a 2000 seat commercial touring theatre which plays host to touring musicals, ballet, concerts and a spectactular Christmas pantomime. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... A perfomance at Opera House, Haymarket, predecessor of Her Majestys Theatre in circa 1808. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Peter Gennaro (1919-2000) was a Tony Award-winning American dancer and choreographer. ... George Chakiris (born September 16, 1934 in Norwood, Ohio) is a Greek-American dancer and film actor. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Dancers Life poster Chita Rivera (born Dolores Conchita Figueroa del Rivero on January 23, 1933 in Washington, D.C.) is a Tony Award-winning Broadway musical actress dancer, and singer best known for her musical theater roles. ...


In February of 1962, the West End (H.M. Tennent) production launched a five-month Scandinavian tour opening in Copenhagen, continuing to Oslo, Goteborg, Stockholm and Helsinki. Robert Jeffrey took over from David Holiday as Tony and Jill Martin played Maria.


Revivals

The New York City Center Light Opera Company production opened on April 8, 1964 at the New York City Center and closed May 3, 1964 after a limited engagement of 31 performances. Tony was Don McKay, and Maria was Julia Migenes. It was staged by Gerald Freedman based on Robbins' original concept, and the choreography was re-mounted by Tom Abbott. New York City Center Logo New York City Center is a 2,750-seat performing arts venue located on West 55th Street between 6th and 7th Avenues in Manhattan, New York City. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Donald Fleming McKay (born June 25, 1942) is a Canadian poet who lives in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Julia Migenes (born March 13, 1949) is an American soprano. ... Gerald Freedman (born June 25, 1927) is an American theatre director, librettist, and lyricist, and a college dean. ...


The Musical Theater of Lincoln Center and Richard Rodgers production opened at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center, on June 24, 1968 and closed on September 7, 1968 after 89 performances. Direction and choreography were reproduced by Lee Theodore, and scenery was by Oliver Smith. Tony was Kurt Peterson and Maria was Victoria Mallory. The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. ... This article is about the American composer. ... , The New York State Theater at Lincoln Center, seen from the Lincoln Center Plaza. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Victoria Mallory is an American singer and actress. ...


A 1961 a tour of Israel, Africa and the Near East was mounted.[1]


A Broadway revival opened at the Minskoff Theatre on February 14, 1980 and closed on November 30, 1980, after 333 performances. It was directed and choreographed by Robbins with the assistance of Tom Abbott and Lee Becker Theodore and scenery was by Oliver Smith. It starred Debbie Allen as Anita, Josie de Guzman as Maria, and Ken Marshall as Tony. Both Allen and de Guzman received Tony Award nominations as Best Featured Actress in a Musical, and the musical was nominated as best Reproduction (Play or Musical). Allen won the Drama Desk Award as Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical. The Minskoff Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Debbie Allen (born Deborrah Kaye Allen on January 16, 1950 in Houston, Texas) is an American actor, choreographer, film director, television producer and a member of the Presidents Committee on the Arts and Humanities. ... ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ...


A 1987 tour starred Jack Wagner as Tony. Jack Wagner (born October 3, 1959 in Washington, Missouri) is an Emmy Award-nominated American actor. ...


Several dances from West Side Story were presented as the featured performances in the Tony Award-winning 1989 Broadway production, Jerome Robbins' Broadway. Jerome Robbins Broadway is a broadway production that were an anthology of songs taken from past shows that were either directed or choreographed by Jerome Robbins. ...


A UK national tour started in 1997 and starred David Habbin as Tony, Katie Knight Adams as Maria and Anna Jane Casey as Anita. The production was very well received and transferred to London's West End opening at the Prince Edward Theatre in October 1998 subsequently transferring to the Prince of Wales Theatre where it closed in January 2000. The production then toured the UK again. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... David Habbin David comes from Ringwood in the South of England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of Central London, England, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... The Prince Edward Theatre is a theatre situated on Old Compton Street, just north of Leicester Square in the West End of London. ... The Prince of Wales Theatre is a theatre located on Coventry Street, London. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent...


A U.S. national tour, directed by Alan Johnson, was produced in 2002.[2] For other persons of the same name, see Alan Johnson (disambiguation). ...


A Hong Kong production directed by Jacob Yu was produced in 2000. A new set of Cantonese lyrics by Chris Shum and Rensen Chan was sung in the production. The Hong Kong rock star Paul Wong is starred as Tony. This production was staged at the outdoor plaza of Hong Kong Cultural Center next to the Victoria Harbour, while the venue is exactly the place mentioned in the new story titled Victoria Harbour Story. The orchestra was conducted by Henry Shek. Paul Wong Koon-Chung (Traditional Chinese: 黃貫中, Simplified Chinese: 黄贯中, Jyutping: Wong4 Gun3 Chung1, Pinyin: Huang2 Guan4 Zhong1) (born March 31, 1964 in Hong Kong is a composer,songwriter, singer and the lead guitarist of the Hong Kong rock band Beyond. ... Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà Gǎng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the...


The Austrian Bregenz Festival presented West Side Story in a German translation by Marcel Prawy in 2003 and 2004, directed by the Francesca Zambello, followed by a German tour.[3] Bregenzer Festspiele is a performing arts festival which is held every July and August in Bregenz (Austria). ... Marcel Horace Frydman, Ritter von Prawy (born December 29, 1911 in Vienna - February 23, 2003 in Vienna) was an Austrian dramaturg, opera connoisseur and opera critic. ... Francesca Zambello (born 1956) is a leading American opera and theatre director. ...


Since directing the 2007 City Center Encores! production of Gypsy, Arthur Laurents said that he will direct a revival of West Side Story to open on Broadway in 2008. He expressed disappointment in the 1980 revival stating "I've come up with a way of doing it that will make it absolutely contemporary without changing a word or a note." [4] The Laurents-directed revival has been announced as starting at the National Theatre in Washington, DC from December 2, 2008 through January 4, 2009. It is scheduled to run on Broadway at a theatre-to-be-announced in February 2009. [5] Gypsy: A Musical Fable is a musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. ... Several countries have a National Theatre. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


A French language adaptation, translated by Philippe Gobeille, is scheduled to premiere in Montreal, Quebec in 2008.[6] French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


Film; Studio recording

The 1961 film version won 10 Academy Awards out of 11 nominations. It was directed by Robert Wise and Robbins and starred Natalie Wood, Rita Moreno and George Chakiris. West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Robert Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was a sound effects editor, film editor, and Academy Award-winning American film producer and director. ... Natalie Wood (July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was a three time Academy Award nominated American film actress. ... Rita Moreno (born December 11, 1931, in Humacao, Puerto Rico) is a singer, dancer and an Academy Award-winning actress and the first and only Puerto Rican actress in history (as well as one of only nine people) to have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony...


In 1984, Bernstein decided to re-record the musical, conducting his own music for the first time. Generally known as the "operatic version" of West Side Story, it stars Kiri Te Kanawa as Maria, José Carreras as Tony, Tatiana Troyanos as Anita, Kurt Ollman as Riff, and Marilyn Horne as the offstage voice who sings "Somewhere". It won a Grammy Award for Best Cast Show Album in 1985 and the recording process was filmed as a documentary. Dame Kiri Janette Te Kanawa IPA: , ONZ, AC, DBE, (born March 6, 1944) is an internationally famous New Zealand opera singer. ... José Carreras Coll (Catalan: Josep Carreras i Coll) (born December 5, 1946) is a Spanish operatic tenor. ... Tatiana Troyanos (September 12, 1938 – August 21, 1993) was an American mezzo-soprano of Greek extraction. ... Marilyn Horne The American opera singer Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is a mezzo soprano who is particularly associated with the music of Rossini and Handel. ... The Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album has been awarded since 1959. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ...


Critical reaction

The creators' innovations in dance, music and theatrical style resulted in strong reactions from the critics. Walter Kerr wrote in the New York Herald Tribune on September 27, 1957:[7] Walter Kerr (July 8, 1913 – October 9, 1996) was an American writer and Broadway theater critic. ... The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper created in 1924 when the New York Tribune acquired the New York Herald. ...

The radioactive fallout from West Side Story must still be descending on Broadway this morning. Director, choreographer, and idea-man Jerome Robbins has put together, and then blasted apart, the most savage, restless, electrifying dance patterns we've been exposed to in a dozen seasons. ...the show rides with a catastrophic roar over the spider-web fire-escapes, the shadowed trestles, and the plain dirt battlegrounds of a big city feud.... there is fresh excitement in the next debacle, and the next. When a gang leader advises his cohorts to play it "Cool," the intolerable tension between and effort at control and the instinctive drives of these potential killers is stingingly graphic. When the knives come out, and bodies begin to fly wildly through space under buttermilk clouds, the sheer visual excitement is breathtaking. ...Mr. Bernstein has permitted himself a few moments of graceful, lingering melody: in a yearning "Maria," in the hushed falling line of "Tonight," in the wistful declaration of "I Have a Love." But for the most part he has served the needs of the onstage threshing machine.... When hero Larry Kert is stomping out the visionary insistence of "Something's Coming" both music and tumultuous story are given their due. Otherwise it's the danced narrative that takes urgent precedence...."

The other reviews generally joined in speculation about how the new work would influence the course of musical theatre. Typical was John Chapman's review in the New York Daily News on September 27, 1957, was headed: "West Side Story a Splendid and Super-Modern Musical Drama." John Chapman may be: Johnny Appleseed - Ecologist John Herbert Chapman - Space Researcher John Chapman (footballer) - Association Football manager John Chapman (evangelist) John T Chapman (writer) - British TV writer John Chapman OSB – 4th Abbot of Downside Abbey, Somerset This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

The American theatre took a venturesome forward step when the firm of Griffith & Prince presented West Side Story at the Winter Garden last evening. This is a bold new kind of musical theatre – a juke-box Manhattan opera. It is, to me, extraordinarily exciting. ...the manner of telling the story is a provocative and artful blend of music, dance and plot – and the music and the dancing are superb. In [the score], there is the drive, the bounce, the restlessness and the sweetness of our town. It takes up the American musical idiom where it was left when George Gershwin died. It is fascinatingly tricky and melodically beguiling, and it marks the progression of an admirable composer....

Time Magazine found the dance and gang warfare more compelling than the love story and noted that the show's "putting choreography foremost, may prove a milestone in musical-drama history...."[8][9] Gershwin redirects here. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

While critics speculated about the comic-tragic darkness of the musical, audiences were captivated. The story appealed to society's undercurrent of rebellion from authority that surfaced in 1950s films like Rebel without a Cause. West Side Story took this one step farther by combining the classic and the hip. Robbins' energetic choreography and Bernstein's grand score accentuated the satiric, hard-edged lyrics of Sondheim, and Laurents' capture of the angry voice of urban youth. The play was criticized for glamorizing gangs, and its portrayal of Puerto Ricans and lack of authentic Latin casting were weaknesses. Yet, the song "America" shows the triumph of the spirit over the obstacles often faced by immigrants. The musical also made points in its description of troubled youth and the devastating effects of poverty and racism. Juvenile delinquency is seen as an ailment of society: "No one wants a fella with a social disease!" One writer summed up the reasons for the show's popularity in these terms: "On the cusp of the 1960s, American society, still recovering from the enormous upheaval of World War II, was seeking stability and control."

Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 film directed by Nicholas Ray that tells the story of a rebellious teenager who comes to a new town, meets a girl, defies his parents, and faces the local high school bullies. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Musical analysis

Orchestration

The score for West Side Story was orchestrated by Bernstein himself, with assistance from Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal. The orchestra personnel required is among the largest in the musical theater repertoire. The score calls for five woodwind players (four of whom play's on multiple instruments, the fifth playing Bassoon), two horn players, three trumpeters, two trombonists, A drum set player, two percussionists, a pianist, a guitarist (classical and electric), seven violinists, four cellists, and two double bassists. In all, 30 musicians are needed to perform the score as intended by the composer. In some performances, especially in amateur productions, as many as 60+ musicians may be needed to perform the music as it is intended because there may not be many woodwind players who play multiple instruments. Sheet music is written representation of music. ... For the use of the term orchestration in computer science, see orchestration (computers) Orchestration or arrangement is the study and practice of arranging music for an orchestra or musical ensemble. ... Irwin Kostal (October 1, 1911-November 23, 1994) is the Academy Award winning musical arranger of films including: West Side Story (one of several orchestrators under musical director Johnny Green), Mary Poppins The Sound of Music Half a Sixpence Chitty Chitty Bang Bang Bedknobs and Broomsticks Charlottes Web The... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... French horn redirects here. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... An extended 4-piece drum kit A drum kit (or drum set or trap set - the latter an old-fashioned term) is a collection of drums, cymbals and other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a sole percussionist (drummer), usually for jazz, rock, or other types of contemporary music. ... Percussion redirects here. ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Spanish guitar redirects here. ... Two different electric guitars. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ...


Symphonic Dances

Bernstein later prepared a suite of orchestral music from the show, entitled Symphonic Dances from West Side Story. Although the suite is most frequently performed in its entirety, it is occasionally abbreviated. The full sequence is:

  1. Prologue (Allergo Moderato)
  2. Scherzo (Vivaco e Leggiero)
  3. Mambo (Meno Presto)
  4. Cha-Cha (Andantino Con Grazia)
  5. Meeting Scene
  6. "Cool", Fugue
  7. Rumble
  8. Finale (Adagio)
  9. "Somewhere"

A scherzo (plural scherzi) is a name given to a piece of music or a movement from a larger piece such as a symphony. ... Mambo is a Cuban musical form and dance style. ... For the dance, see Cha-cha-cha (dance). ... In music, a fugue (IPA: ) is a type of contrapuntal composition or technique of composition for a fixed number of parts, normally referred to as voices, irrespective of whether the work is vocal or instrumental. ... In musical notation, Adagio is a tempo marking indicating that the music is to be played slowly. ...

Recordings

Recordings of West Side Story include:

West Side Story (Original Broadway Cast) is the 1957 recording of a Broadway performance of the musical West Side Story. ... Carol Lawrence is a musical theater actress, who has also made numerous appearances in film and television. ... Larry Kert performing at Ed Sullivan show (1958) Larry Kert (December 5, 1930 - June 5, 1991) was an American actor, singer, and dancer. ... West Side Story is the soundtrack to the 1961 film West Side Story. ... Marni Nixon (born February 22, 1930) is a singer whose renown for dubbing the singing voices of featured actresses in movies earned her the sobriquet The Ghostess with the Mostess. She was born Margaret McEathron in Altadena, California and began singing at a young age in choruses. ... Natalie Wood (July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was a three time Academy Award nominated American film actress. ... West side story is the best Richard Beymer (born February 20, 1938, in Avoca, Iowa) is an American actor. ... The Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media has been awarded since 1960. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, O.Ont. ... Trio is generally used in any of the following ways: Three musicians playing the same or different musical instrument. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Bernard Buddy Rich (September 30, 1917 Brooklyn, New York – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. ... Dame Kiri Janette Te Kanawa IPA: , ONZ, AC, DBE, (born March 6, 1944) is an internationally famous New Zealand opera singer. ... José Carreras Coll (Catalan: Josep Carreras i Coll) (born December 5, 1946) is a Spanish operatic tenor. ... The Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album has been awarded since 1959. ... Overture (French ouverture, meaning opening) in music is the instrumental introduction to a dramatic, choral or, occasionally, instrumental composition. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... The Hall of Nations in the Kennedy Center, with the banner of the NSO. The National Symphony Orchestra (NSO) in Washington DC is a major American symphony orchestra that performs at the Kennedy Center. ... The Haymarket Theatre was a theatre in Leicester, England, based in the Haymarket Centre on Belgrave Gate in Leicester City Centre. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Kristi Dawn Chenoweth (born July 24, 1968) is an American singer and Tony Award-winning American musical theatre, film, and television actress. ... Hayley Dee Westenra (born 10 April 1987 in Christchurch)[1] is a New Zealand soprano of Irish heritage. ... Vittorio Grigolo (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The New York Philharmonic is the oldest active symphony orchestra in the United States, organized during 1842. ... The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Gustavo Dudamel Ramírez (born January 26, 1981) is a Venezuelan conductor. ... The San Francisco Symphony (SFS) is a leading orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... Seiji Ozawa , born September 1, 1935) is a Japanese conductor. ...

References in popular culture

The popularity of West Side Story is evidenced by the number and variety of references to it in popular culture, including adaptations, musical pastiches and references in other media. In addition to Bernstein's own West Side Story Suite, the music has been adapted by The Buddy Rich Big Band, which arranged and recorded "West Side Story Medley" on the 1966 album Buddy Rich's Swingin' New Big Band, and The Stan Kenton Orchestra, which recorded Johnny Richards' 1961 West Side Story, an album of jazz orchestrations based on the Bernstein scores. It won the 1962 Grammy award for Best Jazz Recording by a Large Group. The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Bernard Buddy Rich (September 30, 1917 Brooklyn, New York – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. ... Stanley Newcomb Kenton (December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) led a highly innovative, influential, and often controversial American jazz orchestra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Popular artists have covered songs from the musical. For instance, Selena, the Tejano singer, recorded "A Boy Like That" in 1995, seven days before her death. In 1996, that song was released as the first single from the album The Songs of West Side Story. This album also included such diverse artists as Little Richard ("I Feel Pretty"), Trisha Yearwood ("I Have A Love") and Salt-N-Pepa, Def Jef, Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, the Jerky Boys, and Paul Rodriguez all collaborating on "Gee, Officer Krupke." "America" has been covered by The Tijuana Brass in an upbeat version on an early album; 1960s progressive rock band, The Nice, recorded it as an instrumental protest song and Keith Emerson continued to perform it in concerts with his later groups, Emerson, Lake, and Palmer and 3. The song was also sampled at the beginning of the Yes cover of Paul Simon's America and at the beginning of the Metallica song "Don't Tread on Me," from their Black Album (1991). Tom Waits opened his 1978 album Blue Valentine with a cover of "Somewhere"; and 19 years later (1997), British singing group The Pet Shop Boys recorded a cover version of the song, using elements of "I Feel Pretty." During their 1997 series of concerts at the Savoy Theatre, London, they used an extended version of "Somewhere" that started with "One Hand, One Heart." For the movie based on the life of the singer, see Selena (film). ... A Tejano (Spanish for Texan; archaic spelling texano) is a person of Hispanic descent born and living in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), better known by the stage name Little Richard, is an African-American singer, songwriter, and pianist, who began performing in the 1940s and was a key figure in the transition from rhythm & blues to rock and roll in the mid-1950s. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... Salt, DJ Spinderella, and Pepa on the cover to their 1999 CD single, The Brick Track Verses Gitty Up Salt-N-Pepa is an American R&B and hip hop group, consisting of Cheryl James and Sandy Denton (Salt and Pepa, respectively), and Deidre Dee Dee Roper (DJ Spinderella). ... Def Jef (born Jeffrey Forster) is an American alternative hip hop artist and rapper of the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Lisa Nicole Lopes (stage name Left Eye) (May 27, 1971 – April 25, 2002) was a member of the popular R&B group TLC. In addition to hit songs like Waterfalls with TLC, Lopes also did some solo performing. ... The Jerky Boys are an influential American comedy duo from Queens, New York, whose routine consisted of prank telephone calls and other related skits. ... Paul Rodriguez at a United Service Organizations (USO) show aboard USS Nimitz, June 19, 2003 Paul Rodriguez (born January 19, 1955 in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico) Raised in East Los Angeles, California, USA, he later served in the military where he was stationed in Iceland, Duluth, Minnesota and elsewhere. ... America is a well-known song from the musical West Side Story. ... Herbert Herb Alpert (born March 31, 1935) is an American musician most associated with the group variously known as Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass or as Herb Alperts Tijuana Brass or just TJB for short. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Keith Emerson, Lee Jackson, Brian Davison, Davy OList, circa 1967-68. ... Keith Noel Emerson (born 2 November 1944 in Todmorden, Yorkshire) is a British keyboard player and composer. ... ELP can also stand for Extra Long Play, a format for the VCR tape. ... 3 were a short lived progressive rock band formed by Keith Emerson and Carl Palmer (of Emerson, Lake & Palmer) and Robert Berry in 1988. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Metallica (also known as The Black Album) is the 1991 self-titled 5th studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica. ... Thomas Alan Waits (born December 7, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter, composer, and actor. ... Blue Valentine is an album by Tom Waits, first released in 1978 on Elektra Entertainment. ... Pet Shop Boys (often used without the definite article the) are a highly influential UK electronic music act. ... Savoy Theatre London, December 2003 The Savoy Theatre, which opened on 10 October 1881, was built by Richard DOyly Carte (1844 - 1901) on the site of the old Savoy Palace in London as a showcase for the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, which became known as the Savoy Operas...


P. J. Proby, Len Barry, Pet Shop Boys and Barbra Streisand each had hit singles with versions of the song "Somewhere", while Johnny Mathis and Roger Williams did likewise with "Maria". Ferrante & Teicher scored a top ten hit with "Tonight"; Eddie Fisher also scored a chart hit with the song. [11] P. J. Proby (born James Marcus Smith, 6 November 1938, Houston, Texas, USA) is a singer, songwriter, and actor noted for his theatrical portrayals of Elvis Presley and Roy Orbison, plus interpretations of old standards in the vein of Billy Eckstine, Nat King Cole and Tony Bennett. ... Len Barry (born Leonard Borisoff, 12 June 1942, in West Philadelphia) was an American musician. ... Pet Shop Boys are an English dance music duo, consisting of Neil Tennant who provides main vocals, keyboards and occasionally guitar, and Chris Lowe on keyboards and occasionally on vocals. ... Barbra Streisand (pronounced STRY-sand; born April 24, 1942) is an American two time Academy Award-winning singer, film and theatre actress. ... John Royce Mathis (b. ... Roger Williams could mean: Roger Williams University Roger Williams (theologian), co-founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams (soldier) Roger Williams (pianist), American pianist Roger Williams (UK politician), British politician Roger Williams (US politician), US Texas politician Roger Williams (hepatologist), a British liver specialist Roger Williams (trombonist) Roger Williams (activist) This... Ferrante & Teicher were one of the most successful easy listening acts of the 1960s and 1970s, known for their light arrangements of familiar classical pieces, movie soundtracks, and show tunes. ... Eddie Fisher is the name of these famous people: Eddie Fisher (baseball player) Eddie Fisher (singer) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The show has inspired some surprising musical uses. Many pastiches and parodies of the show or its music have made their way into popular media. In particular, the gang war has been spoofed frequently.


References in Film

  • In the movie Anger Management, the song "I Feel Pretty" was used in a number of scenes.
  • In the movie Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, the news teams rumble under an overpass, to a drum beat like the one in West Side Story.[citation needed]
  • The character Paul Viti played by Robert De Niro from the 2002 movie, Analyze That sings a variety of West Side Story songs to prove that he is insane.
  • In the film Dirty Dancing where Baby's sister, Lisa, tells her father she might sing "I Feel Pretty" for the resort's talent show.
  • West Bank Story is a comedy/musical short film, directed by Ari Sandel that won Best Live Action Short Film at the 2007 Academy Awards.
  • Bring It On 4: In It to Win It takes much of its story line from West Side Story, including the two feuding cheerleading squad (Jets and Sharks) and that two members of each opposing squad fall in love.
  • The French classical comedy Le Gendarme à New York (The Gendarme in New York), filmed on location shortly after the release of the Robert Wise movie, includes a well choreographed parody of the Jets' and the Sharks' rumble. The middle aged French Gendarmes, on visit in NYC, play a game of cat-and-mouse on a basket ball field in the West Side with hoodlums who stole from them a pack of meat.
  • West Side Story is (indirectly) referenced in the movie Shrek, when Robin Hood introduces himself, and bursts into song.
  • In the opening of the movie Defending Your Life, Albert Brooks sings along to "Something's Coming" as he plows his new BMW into a bus.
  • Jacques Demy's 1967 dance musical Les Demoiselles de Rochefort also pays homage to West Side Story in the jazzy basketball dance scene at the fair. Of note is that actor and dancer George Chakiris appears in both Demy's film and the 1961 film of West Side Story.

This article is about the psychotherapy technique. ... Categories: Stub | 2004 films | Comedy films ... Robert Mario De Niro, Jr. ... Analyze That is a 2002 movie produced by Warner Brothers Studios. ... Dirty Dancing is a 1987 romance film credited as being one of the most watched films of all time, particularly among women. ... West Bank Story is a 2005 comedy short, directed by Ari Sandel, co-written by Sandel and Kim Ray, and featuring choreography by Ramon Del Barrio. ... Ari Sandel is the director of the short film, West Bank Story, which won the 2007 Academy Award in the category Best Short Film (Live Action). ... For other uses, see Shrek (disambiguation). ... DVD cover of Defending Your Life (1991) Defending Your Life is a 1991 comedy fantasy movie about the afterlife. ... Frothy musical starring Catherine Deneuve, her tragic sister Francoise Dorleac, George Chakiris, and Gene Kelly. ... George Chakiris (born September 16, 1934 in Norwood, Ohio) is a Greek-American dancer and film actor. ...

References in Television

  • The BBC used the song "America" as the theme song for their telecasts of the 1994 FIFA World Cup, with no apparent irony.
  • The video for the Michael Jackson 1983 song "Beat It" was inspired by "The Rumble."
  • An ESPN ad in the 1990s featured sportscasters divided into two "gangs," due to a fictitious "dispute" at ESPN, facing each other and rhythmically snapping fingers, in a parody of the show's opening number and the "rumble" scene.
  • World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) also spoofed the musical in a commercial for the 2005 Royal Rumble, where one gang was composed of Raw wrestlers and the other of SmackDown wrestlers, singing about being the "last one standing;" a fight breaks out between the two gangs, before Vince McMahon wakes up, realizing that he had dreamed the whole scene and quipping, "That wasn't the Rumble I had in mind!"
  • The mid-1990s Animaniacs segment "Goodfeathers" parodied many of the songs, including "Maria" (as "Carluta") and "America" ("Perching on Scorsese's Head").
  • Sesame Street created "Veg Side Story".
  • Saturday Night Live staged "I Feel Pretty" in a horror movie motif, featuring guest host Madeline Kahn as the Bride of Frankenstein.
  • In another Saturday Night Live sketch Mary Katherine Gallagher played by Molly Shannon sabotages her school production of West Side Story when she wants to be more than "prop mistress."
  • In the 2001 Rugrats West Side Story homage, "Wash-Dry Story", the Rugrats battle the McNulty babies at a laundromat.[citation needed]
  • The TV series Family Guy, the episode "Saving Private Brian" includes references to the musical, including when Peter tries to join the Jets, but is not able to dance ("Not without six years of ballet and two of jazz-tap.")[citation needed]
  • A recent Nike TV ad showcased tennis player Maria Sharapova preparing for the U.S. Open to various onlookers singing "I Feel Pretty."
  • On an episode of The West Wing, C.J. responds to one of Sam's freakouts by snapping her fingers and singing "Boy, boy, crazy boy..." West Side Story is again referenced in the 4th season when Charlie compares himself to Officer Krupke after hearing of Anthony's petty crimes. In yet another episode, during a meeting regarding the assassination of a foreign politician ordered by President Bartlett, the President remarks that they (meaning himself and the national security team) are nothing but a street gang, and that they will have to learn to sing and dance.
  • In a Kanto episode titled "Wherefore Art Thou, Pokemon" of the Pokemon anime, two Nidoran are named Tony and Maria, after the two main characters in West Side Story. The two Nidoran are in love, but are kept apart by their trainers who don't get along. Also, in the Hoenn story arc there's an episode title based on the "I Feel Pretty" is referenced as a pun called "I Feel Skitty"
  • In the anime/manga series Cyborg 009, the introduction of character of Cyborg 002 (aka. Jet) parodies the opening of the musical.
  • The British sketch show Spitting Image featured a parody of 'America' sung by the then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
  • On the first season finale of the ABC television show Ugly Betty, Betty's young nephew is seen playing Tony in his school's production of West Side Story, we see him singing some of "Something's Coming" and the final scene of the episode is put to "Somewhere."
  • On an episode of Friends, Chandler Bing's transsexual father (played by Kathleen Turner) sang 'I Feel Pretty"
  • In an episode of the first season of Queer as Folk, Emmett meets a guy in a gay club and they mimic the famous West Side Story scene where Tony and Maria first see each other.
  • In an Episode of Queer as Folk, Brian calls Detective Horvath "Officer Krupke."
  • The name of the episode of King of the Hill where Bobby meets Connie in a fashion not unlike the musical is titled 'Westie Side Story'.
  • In 2000, Gap Inc. hired choreographer Alan Johnson to recreate Robbins' choreography for use in its television ads which were premiered on Oscar night that year. Three commercials were shown, each with a different dance number (Cool, America, and Mambo).
  • In Season 6 of Will and Grace, the episode where Will and Grace rival a pair of lesbian realtors from the East Side is called East Side Story
  • In an episode of Scrubs (My Way or the High Way) the surgeons and the doctors dance of down the halls of the hospital much like they Jets and the Sharks do on the streets in 'The Jets Song' at the start of the play.
  • In an episode of the Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, Hugh Neutron sings a song about ducks as to the "Jet Song."
  • In an episode of American Dad, Stan challenges two of his gay neighbors to a rumble, in which they then play West Side Story's "The Rumble" music and start dancing.
  • a sketch on In Living Color comments on racial tension in New York at the time between blacks and Jews with a parody advertisement of "Crown Heights Story."
  • In the episode "Lip Syncin' in the Rain" of The "Suite Life of Zach and Cody," there is a musical number called Floss which is set to the melody of "Something's Coming.'
  • In season two of Sanford and Son there is an episode called "Watts Side Story" where Lamont dates Jolio`s sister and Fred said "Lamont if you take that PR girl out, the Shark are gonna get you, rember that movie West Side Story."

For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Qualifying countries The 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 15th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in the United States from June 17 to July 17, 1994. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Beat it redirects here. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... American Sportscasters A sportscaster, sports announcer, or sports commentator is a type of journalist on radio or television who specializes in reporting or commenting on sports events. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Royal Rumble 2005 was the eighteenth annual Royal Rumble professional wrestling pay-per-view event from World Wrestling Entertainment. ... WWE Raw is the Monday night professional wrestling television program for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and is the primary broadcast of the RAW brand. ... For the video game series based on the show, see WWE SmackDown! (video game series). ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 25, 1945) is an American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, former play-by-play announcer, and film producer. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Goodfeathers, from left to right: Bobby, Squit, and Pesto. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... SNL redirects here. ... Madeline Kahn (September 29, 1942 – December 3, 1999) was an Academy Award-nominated Jewish American actress of movie, television, and theater distinguished by an unusual gift for comedy. ... Bride of Frankenstein is a horror/science fiction film released on April 22, 1935, a sequel to the 1931 film Frankenstein. ... SNL redirects here. ... Mary Katherine Gallagher is a fictional character invented and portrayed by Saturday Night Live star Molly Shannon. ... Molly Helen Shannon (born September 16, 1964) is an Emmy-nominated American actress and writer. ... A rugrat may also be a pejorative term for a toddler. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... “Saving Private Brian” is the fourth episode of season five of the FOX animated television series Family Guy. ... Nike, Inc. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Maria Yuryevna Sharápova (Russian:  ) (born April 19, 1987) is a Russian professional tennis player who is a former World No. ... For other uses, see U.S. Open. ... This article is about a TV show. ... The main characters of the Advanced Generation: Brock, Ash, May, Max, along with Mudkip, Treecko, Pikachu, and Torchic. ... Cyborg 009 (サイボーグ009 Saibōgu Zero-Zero-Nain) is a manga created by Shotaro Ishinomori. ... Spitting Image was a British satirical puppet show that ran on the ITV television network from 1984 to 1996. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... This article is about the television show. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mary Kathleen Turner (born June 19, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Queer as Folk is an American and Canadian television series co-production, produced by Showtime and Temple Street Productions which was based on the British series of the same name created by Russell T. Davies. ... This article is about the television program. ... For other uses, see Gap. ... Alan Johnson is a film choreographer, best known for his work on Mel Brooks films. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... America is a well-known song from the musical West Side Story. ... The Smiths, from left to right: Roger, Francine, Stan, Klaus, Hayley, and Steve. ... In Living Color is a sketch comedy television series which ran on the FOX Network from April 15, 1990 to May 19, 1994. ...

References in Music

  • The Santana/Product G&B Maria Maria was inspired by the musical.
  • Liverpudlian band The Zutons used West Side Story in their video for Why Won't You Give Me Your Love? in 2006.
  • The song "Hide Your Heart" by Kiss is loosely based on West Side Story. The characters in the song's storyline: Rosa, Johnny, and Tito, are the counterparts to Maria, Tony and Chino, respectively. "Hide Your Heart" was originally published in the Hot in the Shade Kiss album (1989) and was also covered by former Kiss guitarist Ace Frehley in his Trouble Walkin' album the same year.
  • Alice Cooper performed a segment of "Jet Song" on the track "Gutter Cat vs The Jets" on his 1972 School's Out album.
  • The Popular Band LFO titled one of their tracks about a girl and boy in love but separated by their friends "West Side Story".
  • The Metallica single Don't Tread on Me contains a brief instrumental nod to the song "America" during the intro.
  • The Dire Straits wrote a reference to "Somewhere" in their track "Romeo and Juliet", calling it "the movie song".
  • Schlong recorded a version of West Side Story they titled Punk Side Story in 1995.[12]

Santana (originally the Santana Blues Band) is a flexible number of musicians accompanying Carlos Santana since the late 1960s. ... Maria Maria is a song by Santana and The Product G&B. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and stayed there for ten weeks. ... The Zutons are an English indie rock band from Liverpool. ... Why Wont You Give Me Your Love? was the first single to be released from The Zutons second album Tired of Hanging Around // Why Wont You Give Me Your Love? I Want You Why Wont You Give Me Your Love? Are We Friends Or Lovers? Whats... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973. ... Hot in the Shade is a Kiss album released in 1989. ... Paul Daniel Frehley (born April 27, 1951[1]), better known as Ace Frehley, is an American guitarist best known as a founding member and lead guitarist for the rock band Kiss. ... Trouble Walkin is a studio album by Frehleys Comet, released in 1989. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Furnier February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans five decades. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Schools Out is an album released by Alice Cooper in 1972. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... This article is about the band. ...

Other References

  • Selections from the work have also been played by marching band and drum corps continuously, and the 1984 production by The Cadets Drum and Bugle Corps (at that time known as the Garfield Cadets in their 50th anniversary program) won their 2nd world championship using music from the show.[citation needed]
  • In the Broadway musical "The Producers" the doorbell of flamboyant director Roger De Bris chimes the notes to "I Feel Pretty."
  • "Gee, Officer Krupke" was featured in the 2001 Broadway production and subsequent PBS video of Blast!, a professional on-stage drum and bugle corps, as parody and homage to high school marching bands.
  • In the Cyborg 009 original manga, Jet Link/002's introduction scene (which showed how he was captured by Black Ghost) was a parody of the Sharks v/s Jets fights.

The Cadets The Cadets (formerly the Holy Name Cadets, Garfield Cadets, and Cadets of Bergen County) are a Drum Corps International Division I drum and bugle corps based in Allentown, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the 2001 stage musical. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Blast! Logo For other meanings, see Blast! Blast! is a Broadway production created by James Mason and Cook Group Incorporated, the director and organization formerly operating the Star of Indiana Drum and Bugle Corps. ... Cyborg 009 (サイボーグ009 Saibōgu Zero-Zero-Nain) is a manga created by Shotaro Ishinomori. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Information from TheatreHistory.com
  2. ^ Information from the WestSideStory.com news page
  3. ^ Information from WestSideStory.com news
  4. ^ New York Post, "On Broadway", a column by Michael Riedel, July 27, 2007
  5. ^ playbill.com article, March 4, 2008, Laurents-Directed West Side Story to Bow at the National in DC Prior to Broadway
  6. ^ Information about the translation (in French only)
  7. ^ New York Herald Tribune, September 27, 1957
  8. ^ Time Magazine review from October 7, 1957
  9. ^ 2002 Article in St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture
  10. ^ Album reviews; Manchester Evening News; 2007-08-06; accessed 2007-08-13
  11. ^ Joel Whitburn, Top Pop Singles 1955-1999 (Menomonee Falls, WI: Record Research, 2000).
  12. ^ Punk Side Story on Amazon.com

The Manchester Evening News is an English daily newspaper published each week day evening and on Saturdays. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Vaill, A, Somewhere: The Life of Jerome Robbins, New York: Broadway Books, 2006
  • Bauch, Marc. The American Musical. Marburg, Germany: Tectum Verlag, 2003. ISBN 382888458X described here
  • Bauch, Marc. Themes and Topics of the American Musical after World War II. Marburg, Germany: Tectum Verlag, 2001. ISBN 3828811418 described here

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
West Side Story (1961) (2574 words)
West Side Story (1961) is an energetic, widely-acclaimed, melodramatic musical - a modern-day, loose re-telling of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet tragedy of feuding families, although the setting is the Upper West Side of New York City in the late 1950s with conflict between rival street gangs rather than families.
West Side Story is still one of the best film adaptations of a musical ever created, and the finest musical film of the 60s.
Natalie Wood was un-nominated for West Side Story, but she was competing for a Best Actress Oscar (that she lost to Sophia Loren for Two Women) for her role in Spendor in the Grass (1961).
West Side Story - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3688 words)
West Side Story is a musical written by Arthur Laurents (book), Leonard Bernstein (music), and Stephen Sondheim (lyrics), and was originally produced, choreographed, and directed by Jerome Robbins.
To this day, however, mentioning "West Side Story" in Puerto Rico is practically a taboo, and most Puerto Ricans perceive the play and subsequent film (still, even more than forty years after their publication) as the originators of an offensive stereotype that has been slow and difficult to remove from the collective American psyche.
The score for West Side Story was orchestrated by Bernstein himself, with assistance from Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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