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Encyclopedia > West Punjab

The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. Neighbouring areas are Sindh to the south, Balochistan and Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan to the west, North-West Frontier, Pakistan, Azad Kashmir and Islamabad to the north and Punjab, India and other Indian states to the east.

Punjab is the second largest province at 205,344 km≤ (79,284 square miles) and has the largest population: approximately 70 million in 1994. The major language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group. There is a nationalist movement amongst the Seraikis in the south of Punjab. Many wish to see a separate region set up called Seraikistan. The capital and main city of Punjab is Lahore, which has been the historical capital of the region. Many imporant Sikh shrines are in the Pakistani portion of Punjab, including the birthplace of the first Guru: Guru Nanak (born at Nankana Sahib). However, the population is now almost entirely Muslim.

The region contains the Thar and Cholistan deserts. The Indus river and its many tributaries traverse the Punjab from north to south. The name Punjab means "five rivers," referring to the Indus, Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej and Jhelum rivers. Despite its dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. Wheat and cotton are the largest crops. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, fruits, and vegetables. Livestock and poultry production are also important.

Punjab is one of the most industrialized provinces of Pakistan; its manufacturing industries produce textiles, machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, metals, bicycles and rickshas, floor coverings, and processed foods.

Important Cities

Main article:List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan

External Links

  • Picture Gallery of Punjab on itsPakistan (http://www.itspakistan.net/pakistan/gallery_punjab.aspx)

Subdivisions of Pakistan
Balochistan | North-West Frontier Province | Punjab | Sindh
Islamabad Capital Territory | Federally Administered Tribal Areas | Azad Kashmir | Northern Areas

  Results from FactBites:
Punjab (Pakistan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3614 words)
Neighbouring areas are Sindh to the south, Balochistan and Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the west, the North West Frontier Province, Azad Kashmir, Indian controlled Jammu and Kashmir and Islamabad to the north, and Indian Punjab and Rajasthan to the east.
Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province at 205,344 km² (79,284 square miles) and is located at the northwestern edge of the geologic Indian plate in South Asia.
The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts that flourished in the urban centres particularly in Lahore.
West Punjab - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (386 words)
West Punjab was a former province of Pakistan which existed from 1947 to 1955.
The province was bordered by the Indian states of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir to the east, the princely state of Bahawalpur to the south, the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh to the southwest, the Northwest Frontier Province to the northwest, and Azad Kashmir to the northeast.
West Punjab was merged into the province of West Pakistan in 1955 under the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Mohammad Ali.
  More results at FactBites »



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