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Encyclopedia > West Low German
West Low German
Spoken in: Germany, Netherlands
Total speakers:
Language family: Indo-European
 Germanic
  West Germanic
   Low German
    West Low German
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: gem
ISO/FDIS 639-3: none 

West Low German (also known as Low Saxon, especially in the Netherlands) is a group of Low German dialects spoken in Northwest Germany and East Netherlands. Together with East Low German, it constitutes Low German. Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred languages and dialects [1], including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many in Southwest Asia, Central Asia and South Asia. ... The Germanic languages in Europe are divided into North (blue) and West Germanic (green and orange) Languages  Low Saxon-Low Franconian (Dutch)  High German (standard German, Schwyzerdütsch)  Insular Anglo-Frisian (English, Scots)  Continental Anglo-Frisian (Frisian)  East North Germanic (Danish, BokmÃ¥l Norwegian, Swedish)  West North Germanic (Nynorsk Norwegian... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon, Old Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the Low Germanic languages spoken mainly in northern Germany, and eastern Netherlands. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes: a code for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B) a code for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T). ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone = sound/voice) is the study of sounds (voice). ... Because of technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... This is a concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon, Old Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the Low Germanic languages spoken mainly in northern Germany, and eastern Netherlands. ... East Low German is a group of Low German dialects spoken in Northeast Germany as well as by minorities in northern Poland. ...

Contents

Dialects

Note that divisions between subfamilies of Germanic are rarely precisely defined; most form continuous clines, with adjacent dialects being mutually intelligible and more distantly separated ones being less so. However, most West Low Saxon dialects are thought to be descended from, or to have been strongly influenced by, Old Saxon. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, is a Germanic language. ...


Dialects of West Low German in Northern Germany:

Dialects in the north eastern Netherlands: Northern Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nordneddersassisch or Platt) is a Low Saxon dialect. ... 1. ... Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... Holsteinisch is a Northern Low Saxon dialect spoken in Holstein, the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Schleswigsch (pronounced /Sles vIgS/, or SHLAY-svigsh) is a Northern Low Saxon dialect spoken in Schleswig, in Germany and Denmark. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... The Lüneburg Heath (German: Lüneburger Heide) is a region in Lower Saxony in Germany. ... East Frisian Low Saxon, is a West Low German dialect spoken in the Eastern Friesland peninsula of northwestern Lower Saxony. ... Eastphalian, or Eastfalian (in German, Ostfälisch), is a Low Saxon dialect spoken in southern parts of Lower Saxony, in Germany, including Hanover, Braunschweig, Hildesheim and Goettingen. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Westphalian is one of the major dialect groups of West Low German. ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, Bielefeld, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ...

This list is not complete. Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Gronings can equally be defined as a Low Saxon dialects spoken in the Netherlands province of Groningen and in some adjoining areas: one in Groningen city, four in the outlands (or Ommelanden), and Westerwolds. ... Capital Assen Queens Commissioner A.L. (Relus) ter Beek Religion (1999) Protestant 35% Catholic 8% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,642 km² (7th) 38 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 483,173 (10th) 183/km² (12th) Inclusion 1796 Anthem Mijn Drenthe Official website www. ... Stellingwarfs is the form of the West Low German dialect of Dutch Low Saxon spoken in Ooststellingwerf and Weststellingwerf in the Dutch province of Friesland. ... Ooststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Weststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... The period of life between the ages of 20 and 29. ... Twente (or Twenthe) is a non-administrative region in the eastern Netherlands, containing the most urbanised and easterly part of the province of Overijssel. ... Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... The Achterhoek is a region in the eastern part of the Netherlands. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ... Sallands is the Dutch name for the local Low Saxon dialect of the region Salland, in the west of the province Overijssel, which is in the east of the Netherlands. ... Flevoland is a province of the Netherlands. ... Veluws is a Low Saxon dialect from the Dutch province of Gelderland. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ...


See also: Common phrases in different languages. Here is a list of common phrases in different languages. ...


See also: The Vaterunser shows the Lord's Prayer in standard German. German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ...


Samples

The Lord's Prayer in Northern Low Saxon (German based spelling)

Unse Vadder in d'n Himmel!
Laat hilligt waren dienen Namen.
Laat kamen dien Riek.
Laat waren dienen Willen so as in d'n Himmel,
so ook op de Eerd.
Uns' dääglich Brood giv uns vundaag.
Un vergiv uns unse Schuld,
as Wi de vergeven hebt,
de an uns schüllig sünd.
Un laat uns nich versöcht waren.
Maak uns vrie vun dat Böse.
Denn dien is dat Riek un de Kraft un de Herrlichkeit in Ewigkeit.
Amen.

The Lord's Prayer in Veluws Low Saxon: Algemene Schryvwyse (Common writingsystem)

Unse Vort dy in de hemel is
Uyw naam woerdt eheyligd.
Uyw koeninkryk kumt.
Uyw wül geschyd up eerde,
soas in de hemel.
Gev uns uns daagliks brood.
en vergev uns unse schülden,
soas ok wy unse schüldenaren vergeven;
En leyd uns ny in versöyking.
Mer verlos uns van et böse.
Want van Uy is et koeninkryk,
de kracht en de heerlikheyd,
tot in de eeuwigheyd.
Amen.

The Lord's Prayer in Old Saxon (Heliand, 9. century D.C.)

Fadar ûsa firiho barno,
thu bist an them hôhon himila rîkea,
geuuîhid sî thîn namo uuordo gehuuilico.
Cuma thîn craftag rîki.
Uuerða thîn uuilleo obar thesa uuerold alla,
sô sama an erðo, sô thar uppa ist
an them hôhon himilo rîkea.
Gef ûs dago gehuuilikes râd, drohtin the gôdo,
thîna hêlaga helpa, endi alât ûs, hebenes uuard,
managoro mênsculdio, al sô uue ôðrum mannum dôan.
Ne lât ûs farlêdean lêða uuihti
sô forð an iro uuilleon, sô uui uuirðige sind,
ac help ûs uuiðar allun ubilon dâdiun.
Modern Germanic languages
Afrikaans | Alemannic | Danish | Dutch | English | Faroese | Frisian | German | Icelandic |
Limburgish | Low German | Luxembourgish | Norwegian | Scots | Swedish | Yiddish

  Results from FactBites:
 
Low German language (262 words)
Low German (in Low German, Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands.
The term "Low German" is often restricted to Low Saxon, one of its two main branches, or extended to all of West Germanic except for High German.
Low German is distinguished from High German principally in that the latter underwent a consonant shift in the 700s and 800s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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