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Encyclopedia > West Country

The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. The West Country encompasses the counties of Bristol, Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, and Somerset, while the counties of Gloucestershire and Wiltshire are usually included, and definitions sometimes include even wider areas. The area is mostly rural, with a few notable cities, such as Bristol, Exeter and Plymouth. Tourism and agriculture, especially dairy farming, play a significant role in the economy. The landscape is principally granite moorland in the west, chalk and limestone downland and clay vales in the east. Historically, tin mining and the fishery were sources of income and employment, but not so much today, although the latter still contributes to the economy. The region is most famous for its produce of cider, clotted cream and pasties. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... Cornwall (Cornish: ) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... “Devonshire” redirects here. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this articles infobox may require cleanup. ... Plymouth is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the world... Tourists on OÊ»ahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or more properly, an animal husbandry enterprise, raising female cattle, goats, or certain other lactating livestock for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... The Needles,situated on the Isle Of Wight, are part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... The Dartmoor tin mining industry is thought to have originated as early as pre-Roman times, and continued right through to the 20th century. ... A lobster boat unloading its catch in Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England. ...


As with any informal area, its boundaries are difficult to define. For example, the further West, the more the region becomes culturally distinct from neighbouring South East England. It is often difficult to define a county as being "West Country" when it is a popular destination for commuters, but it is important to look at the lifestyle, accents and dialects of the true residents before making an informed decision. South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ...


Cornwall especially has a distinct view on the exclusivity of what defines a West Country county; it was never truly conquered by Wessex. In 722 the Cornish joined forces with their friends and allies, the Vikings; together the Cornish and Vikings destroyed an Anglo-Saxon army at "Hehil"; somewhere around modern day Padstow. To this day, many natives of Cornwall do not consider themselves English (see Constitutional status of Cornwall, Cornish self-government movement, and Cornish people). Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... Joe Cornish, British TV presenter. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... The flag of Cornwall (Kernow) The constitutional status of Cornwall, in the south west of Great Britain, is the subject of ongoing debate. ... The Cornish Flag The Cornish self-government movement (sometimes referred to as Cornish nationalism) is a social movement which seeks greater autonomy for the area of Cornwall. ... The Cornish people are a British ethnic group originating in Cornwall. ...


The West Country is sometimes associated with the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex, and Wessex Regionalists seek to promote this as an alternative to the South-West region. Wessex includes the adjacent counties in central southern England; Hampshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire and the Isle of Wight. These movements, as they do not include Cornwall, are generally supported by Cornish nationalists. The Welsh traditional county of Monmouthshire is also considered part of the region by some people. Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... The Wessex Regionalist Party is a minor English political party that seeks some degree of legislative and administrative home rule for the area known as Wessex, in the south-west of England. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ... Berks redirects here. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... This article is about the country. ... Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is both a principal area and a traditional county in south-east Wales. ...


The West Country Clothing District was an area that made woollen cloth, but only part of the region described above. It covered east Somerset and parts of the counties of Gloucestershire and Wiltshire and at some periods extended into Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The clothing district around Tiverton and Exeter in Devonshire and west Somerset tended to make different kinds of cloth and is best regarded as distinct. Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Berks redirects here. ... Tiverton is a town in the County of Devon, in England. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this articles infobox may require cleanup. ... “Devonshire” redirects here. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ...

Contents

Counties (and unitary authorities)

View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... Cornwall (Cornish: ) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... St Martins taken from the helicopter to Penzance View from Tresco, the second largest member of the Isles of Scilly For the area of Surrey, see Scilly Isles, Surrey. ... “Devonshire” redirects here. ... Plymouth is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the world... Torbay (IPA: ) is an east-facing bay, at the western most end of Lyme Bay in the south-west of England, situated roughly midway between the cities of Exeter and Plymouth. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Bournemouth is a large town and tourist destination, situated on the south coast of England. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... South Gloucestershire is a local government area in South West England. ... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ... Bath and North East Somerset (commonly referred to as BANES or B&NES) is a unitary authority that was created on April 1, 1996 following the abolition of the County of Avon. ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Swindon is a borough in Wiltshire ceremonial county , South West England. ...

Notable towns and cities

(See county pages for more.) Statistics Population: 34,000 (April 2006 Est. ... Bath is a city in South West England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... Bournemouth is a large town and tourist destination, situated on the south coast of England. ... Bridgwater in Somerset, England, is a market town, the administrative centre of the Sedgemoor district, and the leading industrial town in the county. ... View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... For the parliamentary constituency, see Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency). ... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... Cirencester is a market town in Gloucestershire, England, 93 miles (150 km) west northwest of London. ... Christchurch is a town in Dorset, England on the English Channel coast. ... OS Grid Reference: SY690906 Lat/Lon: Population: 16,171 (2001 Census) Dwellings: 7,386 (2001 Census) Formal status: County town Administration County: Dorset Region: South West Nation: England Post Office and Telephone Post town: Dorchester Postcode: DT1 Dialling Code: 01305 Dorchester Dorchester is a market town in southern central Dorset... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this articles infobox may require cleanup. ... Frome (pronounced ) is a medium-sized town in Somerset, England, near the Mendip Hills. ... Gloucester (pronounced ) is a city and district in the English county of Gloucestershire, close to the Welsh border. ... The town should not be confused with New Quay in Wales. ... Paignton (IPA: ) is a coastal town in Devon in the United Kingdom. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... Plymouth is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the world... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ... Salisbury (IPA: , or — moving from RP to local dialect) is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Stroud is a town in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... Torquay (IPA: ) is a town in Devon, England. ... Location within the British Isles Trowbridge is the county town of Wiltshire, England. ... Truro (pronounced ; Cornish: Truru) is a city in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. ... This article is about the English town. ... Wells is a small cathedral city and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, England, nestling in the Mendip Hills. ... Weston-super-Mare is an English seaside resort town in North Somerset, population 65,000 (1991 estimate). ... Weymouth is a town in Dorset, England, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. ... Yeovil is a town in south Somerset, England, on the A30 and A37. ...


Places of interest

(See county pages for more.) Avebury Henge and Village Avebury is the site of a large henge and several stone circles in the English county of Wiltshire at grid reference SU103699, surrounding the village of Avebury (its geographical location is 51°25′43″N, 1°51′15″W). ... The Cheeswring, a granite tor on the southern edge of Bodmin Moor (Photo by Mick Knapton) Bodmin Moor is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, England, 208 km² in size, dating from the Carboniferous period of geological history. ... High Willhays, the highest point on Dartmoor and southern England at 621 m (2037 ft) above sea level, with Yes Tor beyond. ... Dunster Yarn Market (a covered market for the sale of local cloth, built in 1609) and Dunster Castle, Exmoor Exmoor National Park is a national park situated on the Bristol Channel coast of Devon and Somerset in South West England. ... Glastonbury Tor is a teardrop-shaped hill at Glastonbury, Somerset, England, with its only standing architectural feature the roofless St Michaels Tower of the former church. ... Lyme Bay. ... The Mendip Hills (commonly called The Mendips) are a range of limestone hills (karst) situated to the south of Bristol and Bath in north Somerset, England. ... The South West Coast Path passes along the cliffs (seen in the distance) at Ilfracombe, North Devon. ... For other meanings of Stonehenge, see: Stonehenge (disambiguation) Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. ... Samurai by Griffens CC, Burnham on Sea Carnival 2006 Front of Ghost Ship (Deliver Us) by Gremlins CC, Burnham on Sea Carnival 2006. ... Woonsocket is a city located in Providence County, Rhode Island. ... Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough about 90 miles west of London. ...


See also

South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... The West of England is a loose term given to the area surrounding the City and County of Bristol, England and includes the counties of Gloucestershire, Somerset and Wiltshire and, possibly, Dorset. ... Scrumpy and Western refers humorously to music from Englands West Country that fuses comical folk-style songs, often full of double entendre, with affectionate parodies of more mainstream musical genres, all delivered in the local accent. ... Thomas Hardy Thomas Hardy, OM (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) — an English novelist, short story writer, and poet of the naturalist movement — delineated characters struggling against their passions and circumstances. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The flag of Cornwall (Kernow) The constitutional status of Cornwall, in the south west of Great Britain, is the subject of ongoing debate. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Southern England is a vague term referring to the south of England. ... This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ...

References


      Results from FactBites:
     
    West Country Farmhouse Cheesemakers :: Handmade on the farm (363 words)
    West Country Farmhouse Cheesemakers :: Handmade on the farm
    West Country Farmhouse Cheesemakers is a small group of farmers.
    We are all based in the South West of England and share a passion for the traditional art of cheesemaking – click on About us to meet the members and learn a little more about our farms and dairies.
    Cottages In Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset West Country Cottages (286 words)
    Cottages In Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset West Country Cottages
    West Country Cottages holiday cottages in Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset and The New Forest.
    West Country Cottages Ltd. is registered in England and Wales.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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