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Encyclopedia > West Coast hip hop
West Coast hip hop
Stylistic origins
Form of hip hop music which combines the elements of Dancehall toasting with the rhythms of R&B, Reggae, Disco, and Funk.
Cultural origins
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity Popular throughout the early-to-mid 1990s, declined during the remainder of the decade up to the 2000s with a small degree of mainstream exposure
Subgenres
Underground hip hop - Electro hop - Gangsta rap - G-funk - Hyphy - Chicano rap - Mobb music - Nerdcore hip hop
Regional scenes
Los Angeles area - Bay Area - Sacramento - San Diego - Fresno - Nevada - Phoenix - Seattle - Portland - Denver
Other topics
Crips - Bloods

West Coast hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. It has since grown into a sub-genre of hip hop and has developed several creative centers, most of which are in African American communities in California. Pioneers of the genre include Ice T and especially N.W.A, whose controversial album prompted a letter from the FBI. It dominated the hip-hop air waves in the early and mid-1990s with the popularity of G-funk. The release of Dr. Dre's The Chronic had led to the West Coast's peak. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... R&B redirects here. ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S state. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. ... Rap redirects here. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... Synth redirects here. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Underground hip hop, underground rap, or undie (to draw comparison to indie or independent rock) is an umbrella term for hip-hop and rap music outside the general commercial canon. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chicano rap is a subgenre of hip hop music, latin rap and gangsta rap that embodies aspects of West Coast and Southwest Mexican American (Chicano) culture and is typically performed by American rap singers and musicians of Mexican descent. ... Mobb Music is a style of West Coast rap music that began in the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1980s. ... Nerdcore hip hop, or geeksta rap, is a subgenre of hip hop music that is performed by nerds or geeks, and is characterized by themes and subject matter considered to be of general interest to nerds, though it can appeal to others as well. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Fresno redirects here. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Phoenix is the capital, largest city and largest metropolitan area in the state of Arizona, United States. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 145. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... The blue bandanas worn by most Crip gangs. ... The Bloods are one of the Los Angeles, California street gangs. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known as Ice T or Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ...


The center of West Coast hip hop is the Los Angeles area, but can also include the Inland Empire, San Francisco Bay Area, Sacramento, San Diego, Fresno, Las Vegas, Phoenix, Portland, Seattle, and Denver Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... There are three places in the United States called the Inland Empire: Inland Empire (California) Inland Empire (Georgia) Inland Empire (Pacific Northwest) Inland Empire, a film by David Lynch This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Fresno redirects here. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 145. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated...

Contents

Origins and early success (1980s–1992)

See also: Golden age hip hop

The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ...

1980s

The origins of West Coast hip hop can be traced back to the late 1970s. After its invention in New York City, hip hop music started to spread across the country. It quickly jumped coasts to California, where a strong presence of African Americans embraced hip-hop, prominently in block parties and some clubs. However, the West Coast scene became truly established during the 1980s as hip hop music first gained national appeal, and established itself in California in general (and in Los Angeles in particular). Early hardcore rap performers included SF Bay Area's Too Short, who started rapping as early as 1983 and put out three independent albums beginning in 1985 before his 1987 major-label debut, Born to Mack, went gold. Too Short would release 2 more albums before 1991 that went platinum and double platinum respectively. In Los Angeles during the same period, artists like Ice T, Capitan Rapp, King Tee, Toddy Tee, Mixmaster Spade, and C.I.A. gained prominence, while World Class Wreckin' Cru, DJ Unknown, Egyptian Lover and the Arabian Prince innovated a style called electro hop (or simply electro), essentially a hybrid of dance music and rap - following the lead of Afrika Bambaataa, who had originally created hip hop by mixing together reggae, funk, and German techno. Electro hop was a less funky, more bass-heavy West Coast sound, similar to Florida rap group 2 Live Crew and the Miami bass scene. However, hip hop followers didn't fully accept electro hop in the long run, and it had all but disappeared by the mid-1990s. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Too Short, or Too $hort, (born Todd Anthony Shaw on April 28, 1966) is a rapper who started his career in his hometown of Oakland, California. ... Born to Mack is a 1987 album by Too $hort. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known as Ice T or Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor. ... King Tee, also spelled King T, (born Roger McBride in Compton, California), is an American West coast rapper from Compton, California. ... The Rhyme Syndicate was Ice-Ts posse of rappers, DJs, and friends. ... Mixmaster Spade (born ? - died March 14, 2005) in Los Angeles, USA) was a hip hop pioneer. ... Members: Ice Cube, K-Dee, Sir Jinx Ice Cube and his friend, a DJ known as Sir Jinx had formed a rap group called C.I.A.. The group began playing at parties organized by Dr. Dre, a member of a popular local hip-hop group called The World Class... The World Class Wreckin Cru was a 1980s electro hop-style rap group from Compton, California formed by nightclub owner Alonzo Williams. ... Egyptian Lover (born Greg Broussard) is an American electro hop rapper, he was an important part of the known performers of the underground West Coast dance scene. ... Arabian Prince, also known as Professor X is the stage name of Mik Lezan, an electro hop artist and hip hop rapper from Los Angeles. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Dance music is music composed specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing. ... Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... 2 Live Crew is a rap group. ... Miami bass (also known as booty music, a term that may also include other genres, such as dirty rap), is a type of hip hop music that became popular in the 1980s and 1990s. ...


Gangsta rap

The "gangsta rap" movement also originated in California in the 1980s, serving as a sharp contrast to electro hop and other lighter forms of hip hop. Ice-T's "6 In The Mornin'" (1986) received some national exposure while his 1987 recording Rhyme Pays was a landmark for the genre and could be considered one of the first purely gangsta rap albums. It managed to go gold. N.W.A.'s N.W.A. and the Posse came out shortly thereafter. The CD was a compilation album of loosely connected rappers under the name "N.W.A." ("Niggaz With Attitude"). While not proving to be popular nor having a major affect on hip hop, it set up N.W.A. for their follow up album, which is credited for popularizing gangsta rap to this day. It was about a year after their first album that the group was shortened to the members Eazy-E, Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, DJ Yella and the addition of MC Ren; along with continued contributions from unofficial members The D.O.C. and Arabian Prince. For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Rhyme Pays is the first gangsta rap album by West Coast rapper Ice-T, released in 1987 (see 1987 in music). ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... N.W.A and the Posse was a Macola Records constructed compilation that was marketed as the first album by the rap music group N.W.A. The group itself did not sanction the release. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name Ice Cube, is an American MC, songwriter, actor, screenwriter, and film director. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... DJ Yella is the stage name of Antoine Carraby (born December 11, 1967), a DJ, music producer, and film director from Holwin East, Nevada. ... Lorenzo Jerald Patterson (born June 16, 1969 in Compton, California, USA) better known by his stage name MC Ren. ... Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an African American rapper born and raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... Arabian Prince, also known as Professor X is the stage name of Mik Lezan, an electro hop artist and hip hop rapper from Los Angeles. ...


In 1988, the N.W.A. released their blockbuster, Straight Outta Compton, and put the West Coast on the hip hop map. Their sound was influenced by hardcore, metal-tinged rap performers like Ice-T, and 1970s soul music and p-funk. Straight Outta Compton united these sounds with minimalistic beats and blunt, hard-hitting lyrics filled with references to (and often promotions of) violence, hedonism, and the criminal lifestyle. Individual members also were able to write pages in hip-hop history. Shortly after Straight Outta Compton was released, Eazy-E released his wildly received debut album, Eazy-Duz-It, in 1988, with most of the production done by Dr. Dre. In 1989, unofficial member The D.O.C. (a Texas native) released his solo debut album No One Can Do It Better which managed to be released with critical acclaim, (including a 5 Mic rating from The Source) and sold over a million copies. When Ice Cube left the group in 1989 his lyrics and delivery earned him two platinum and widely acclaimed (both gaining the highest ratings from The Source) albums in AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted and Death Certificate released in 1990 and 1991 respectively. The remaining members of the group followed up by releasing Efil4zaggin which leaned more towards violent, criminal rap that became more growingly associated with hip-hop and became the first gangsta rap album to reach number 1 on the Billboard charts. After this the group would break up with Dr. Dre leaving the label to sign to Death Row Records. This article is about the hip-hop group. ... This article is about the album. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... P-Funk is an abbreviated, compound name for two bands, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any sources. ... For other uses, see Crime (disambiguation). ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... Eazy-Duz-It is the highly influential debut album from African American rapper Eazy-E (of N.W.A.), released in 1988 (see 1988 in music). ... Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an African American rapper born and raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... No One Can Do It Better is The D.O.C.s debut album. ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This page is about a person. ... Efil4zaggin (the phrase Niggaz 4 Life reversed) is the final album by rap group N.W.A released in 1991. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ...


Early 1990s

However, like N.W.A., some of its individual members would go on to form moderate (ie. MC Eiht of Compton's Most Wanted) to successful (ie. 2Pac of Digital Underground) solo careers, and continue to build upon West Coast rap. During 2Pac's early career, he would rap about many social and political issues with the albums 2Pacalypse Now and Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z. before his style began to lean towards gangsta/thug rap in the mid-1990s. MC Eiht Aaron Tyler (born May 22, 1967 in Compton, California) is an American rapper better known by his stage name MC Eiht [sic]. A pioneer of gangsta rap, he first emerged as one of the lead rappers of Comptons Most Wanted (CMW), and later became an actor and... Comptons Most Wanted is a gangsta rap group still performing today on independent lables. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Digital Underground is an alternative rap group hailing from Oakland, California. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... 2Pacalypse Now was Tupac Shakurs debut album, released in November 1991. ... Back cover Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z. is a 1993 album released by rapper Tupac Shakur. ...


Latin rap also got its first start during this time. While previously being restricted to New York, West Coast artists like Kid Frost and Mellow Man Ace were pioneers in the sub-genre. Although not popular at the time, these artists paved the way for the most successful Latin rap group/artist to ever come out, the South Gate, CA natives, Cypress Hill. Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... Arturo Molina Jr. ... Ulpiano Sergio Reyes (born April 12, 1967) is an Afro-Cuban rapper known as Mellow Man Ace. ... Location of South Gate in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1923-01-20 [2] Government  - Mayor Bill De Witt [1] Area  - City  7. ... Cypress Hill is a mostly-Latin American hip hop group from South Gate, California, who are quite possibly most known for their song Insane in the Brain. Their consistent advocacy around the legalization of cannabis consumption has contributed to their popularity. ...


Other contributions

West Coast hip hop also received early contributions from groups based in the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland in particular. Too Short, for instance, was a giant in the genre, and MC Hammer was one of the first "pop-rap" national superstars. Both artists began their rap careers on the streets of Oakland, and the radically different paths their careers have taken are indicative of the fracturing of hip hop culture into multiple sub-genres over the last twenty years. Its varied levels of success have never failed to make The Bay's music popular among its own people. Bay Area redirects here. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Too Short, or Too $hort, (born Todd Anthony Shaw on April 28, 1966) is a rapper who started his career in his hometown of Oakland, California. ... MC Hammer (born Stanley Kirk Burrell on March 30, 1962) is an American MC who was popular during the late 1980s and early 1990s, known for his dramatic rise to and fall from fame and fortune, his trademark Hammer pants, and for leaving a lasting influence on hip hop culture...


Seattle, Washington, although primarily being known as the center of grunge rock, has also had an active scene from early on, including the artist Sir Mix-a-Lot. The Sacramento rappers have also tried to give West Coast a bigger name with rappers like Brotha Lynch Hung, X Raided, Rawdeal, C-bo, Luni Corlone, Young Bop, Murderflow, Young Dre D, Bueno, and others of there. Seattle redirects here. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that was inspired by hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock. ... Anthony Ray (born August 12, 1963), known as Sir Mix-a-Lot, is a Grammy Award-winning rapper and producer, originally from Seattle, Washington, U.S.. // Sir Mix-a-Lot worked together with Miami bass icon DJ Magic Mike, Mudhoney, Metal Church (on a cover of Black Sabbaths Iron... Sacramento redirects here. ... Brotha Lynch Hung (born Kevin Mann in 1970) is a prominent Sacramento rapper. ... X-Raided (born Anarae Brown in 1974) is a rapper from Waco, Texas. ... Kinder Bueno Kinder Bueno is a chocolate bar from Ferrero. ...


History

With the almost worldwide success of N.W.A., the West Coast had finally established a style that matched the intensity and grit of the hip hop that was coming from the East Coast at the time. In gangsta rap, the West Coast scene had a voice that could compete with Public Enemy, KRS-One, and other East Coast powerhouses. Although N.W.A. would eventually split, its remaining members continued to build, popularize, and revolutionize on the foundation the group had laid. East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ...


Three of N.W.A.'s most prominent members, Ice Cube, Eazy-E, and Dr. Dre, launched successful solo careers after the group's dissolution. Ice Cube's style was more militant, angry, racially charged, and political, while Eazy-E's style was more violent gangsta rap mixed with some g-funk. OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name Ice Cube, is an American MC, songwriter, actor, screenwriter, and film director. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... The word militant has come to refer to any individual or party engaged in aggressive physical or verbal combat, normally for a cause. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ...


G-funk

Main article: G-funk

Above The Law's style, innovated with Dre Dre, dubbed "g-funk" or "gangsta funk" (also known as "ghetto funk"), was slower and more melodic, with heavy basslines topped by flutes and p-funk samples, and finished with a slurring, often whimsical lyrical delivery. The genre was characterized by a generally hedonistic subject matter including violence, sex, and drug use, and a slurred "lazy drawl" that was said to sacrifice lyrical complexity for clarity and rhythmic cadence. Dr. Dre's debut album, The Chronic released in 1992, is widely considered to be a seminal work in the genre and not only established the dominant sound of hip hop music for years to come, but also launched the careers of several key West Coast hip hop artists, including, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Dat Nigga Daz, Kurupt, RBX, Nate Dogg and Warren G. Dr. Dre would continue to refine his work on Snoop Doggy Dogg's debut album Doggystyle, which launched Snoop Dogg into one of the most well known rap careers ever. Furthermore, the album's success established Death Row as a dominant force in gangsta rap. G-funk also became the dominant genre of West Coast rap for years to come for new and veteran artists alike easily put the West on the map. G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Above the Law can refer to: Above the Law (film) Above the Law (band) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... P-Funk is an abbreviated, compound name for two bands, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Delmar Arnaud (born May 25, 1973), better known by his stage name Daz Dillinger (formerly Dat Nigga Daz) is a rapper and hip hop producer from Long Beach, California. ... Kurupt (born Ricardo Emmanuel Brown on November 23, 1972 in Darby Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania) is an American rapper and former Executive Vice President of Death Row Records. ... RBX (Reality Born Unknown), born Eric Collins in 1967, is the son of Bootsy Collins, a cousin of Snoop Dogg, Daz Dillinger and is a rapper from Long Beach, California. ... Nathaniel Dawayne Hale (born August 19, 1969), commonly known by stage name Nate Dogg, is an American hip hop artist born in Long Beach, California. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California [1]) better known by his stage name Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and producer. ... This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ...


After the release of The Chronic, many producers from the West Coast, and even some from the East Coast, began producing in the g-funk style or imitating it. Most notably, producers Warren G and DJ Quik produced their most well-known material in the g-funk era, Dr. Dre's fellow Death Row "inmate" Dat Nigga Daz produced Tha Dogg Pound's debut album, Dogg Food, in the same style. David Martin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known as by his stage name DJ Quik, or as of 2007 simply Quik, is a West Coast rapper and record producer from Compton, California. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... Dogg Food is the debut album by the Tha Dogg Pound. ...


Lasting influences in hip-hop that have carried on even to this day include heavy use of funk-style synthesizers, and hooks sung using a talk box in a style pioneered by funk singer Roger Troutman. A talk box is a effects device that allows a musician to modify the sound of a musical instrument. ... Zapp was a soul and funk band formed in 1978 by the Troutman brothers (Roger, Larry, Lester, and Terry) and also included Bobby Glover, Eddie Barber, Bootsy Collins, Jannetta Boyce, Jerome Derrickson, Sherman Fleetwood, Gregory Jackson, and Michael Warren. ...


East Coast vs. West Coast

Main article: East Coast-West Coast hip hop rivalry

While the beginnings of the rivalry between coastlines can be tracked back to N.W.A, Tim Dog was a Bronx rapper to start and take shots at the West Coast scene plus many rappers including N.W.A, DJ Quik, Snoop Dogg and received response from not only them but also from other Compton natives, Tweedy Bird Loc and MC Eiht. While 2Pac was working on his third album Me Against the World in 1994, he was shot by muggers in the lobby of a New York City recording studio that friend The Notorious B.I.G. was recording at. While serving prison time for sexual assault, 2Pac accused The Notorious B.I.G. and Puff Daddy, amongst others, of having prior knowledge of the shooting. This series of events sparked an inter coastal war between Bad Boy Entertainment (owned by Puff Daddy) and Death Row Records (owned by Suge Knight). The East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry was an on-going dispute in the early-mid 1990s between artists and fans of the East Coast and West Coast hip-hop scenes. ... Tim Dog (real name Timothy Blair, born January 1, 1967) is an American rapper from the Bronx, New York who rose to prominence during the early 90s with his debut LP Penicillin on Wax and the hit record Fuck Compton. Tim had already appeared on songs with the Ultramagnetic MCs... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... David Martin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known as by his stage name DJ Quik, or as of 2007 simply Quik, is a West Coast rapper and record producer from Compton, California. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Nickname: Location of Compton in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor Eric Perrodin Area  - Total 10. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... MC Eiht Aaron Tyler (born May 22, 1967 in Compton, California) is an American rapper better known by his stage name MC Eiht [sic]. A pioneer of gangsta rap, he first emerged as one of the lead rappers of Comptons Most Wanted (CMW), and later became an actor and... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... Me Against the World is a hip hop album by Tupac Shakur, released on March 14, 1995 (see 1995 in music). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969[1]), known by his stage names Puff Daddy, Diddy, P. Diddy, and Puffy is an American rapper, record producer, actor, clothing designer and entrepreneur. ... Bad Boy Records (originally Bad Boy Entertainment) is an East Coast Hip-Hop/R&B record label founded by producer/rapper Sean Diddy Combs in 1993 that is a subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Knights 1997 mugshot for probation violation Marion Hugh Knight, Jr. ...


The tension between Death Row and Bad Boy increased as both labels released a series of scathing tracks blatantly filled with insults, threats, and accusations targeted at the opposing labels. The rivalry ended when 2Pac was fatally shot in Las Vegas, Nevada in 1996, a slaying that The Notorious B.I.G. was suspected by the public to be involved in. The Notorious B.I.G. was also fatally shot in Los Angeles, California, in a similar fashion to 2Pac, six months later. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...


Popularity

The coastal rivalry raised Death Row Records to notorious status. Combined with the rise of g-funk, West Coast artists like Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre, 2Pac, and Tha Dogg Pound all released multi-platinum albums on Death Row Records. Although enjoying much success because of surrounding controversy, many critically acclaimed albums that are now considered classics in hip hop history were released during this time such as All Eyez on Me, The Chronic, Doggystyle, Dogg Food, and Tha Doggfather . At the height of its popularity, West Coast artists were selling three times more than their East Coast rivals. Meanwhile, other gangsta rap artists from California were also enjoying much success, if not as much as Death Row artists. Warren G, DJ Quik, Eazy-E, Ice Cube, and Westside Connection all debuted or continued to release gangsta rap/g-funk albums in the early and mid-1990s, which enjoyed at least moderate success. Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... For the Monica album, see All Eyez on Me (Monica album). ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ... Dogg Food is the debut album by the Tha Dogg Pound. ... Tha Doggfather was Snoop Doggs follow up to his debut album Doggystyle, released by Death Row Records in 1996, under the name Snoop Doggy Dogg (his alias at that time). ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California [1]) better known by his stage name Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and producer. ... David Martin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known as by his stage name DJ Quik, or as of 2007 simply Quik, is a West Coast rapper and record producer from Compton, California. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

On the other side of the coin, non Death Row artists were rising to popularity. Coolio released his platinum selling album It Takes a Thief and his multi-platinum and world famous album Gangsta's Paradise in 1994 and 1995 respectively. Mack 10 released his self titled album in 1995 and managed to go gold. Too Short and newcomer E-40 pushed the Bay Area to a rare level of moderate success, with E-40 releasing his second album, In a Major Way in 1995, which went gold (and eventually went platinum 7 years after it was released). Too Short continued to release music about pimp lifestyle and drugs that helped him receive 4 platinum albums between 1992 and 1996 . Eazy-E's Ruthless Records held a string of artists on its roster matching the label's hardcore, violent style in artists such as MC Ren, B.G. Knocc Out, Dresta and Kokane. The earliest success of Latin rap also came from this time, as Cypress Hill released a string of platinum selling albums in the early and mid-1990s while at the same time continuing to pioneer Latin rap set forth by fellow West Coast rapper Kid Frost. Their style mixed Latin rap with gangsta rap and g-funk to create a seminal work in the genre and made them the first Latin rappers to have gold, platinum, and multi-platinum albums. Their first two albums (and to a lesser degree, their third) were met with great critical acclaim. album cover upped as fair use This is an album cover. ... album cover upped as fair use This is an album cover. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... For the Monica album, see All Eyez on Me (Monica album). ... This article is about the hip hop artist. ... It Takes a Thief is Coolios debut album. ... Gangstas Paradise is the second album by rapper Coolio. ... Dedrick Rolison (born August 9, 1971) is an American gangsta rapper and actor best known by his stage name Mack 10. ... An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity. ... For other uses, see E40. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... Ruthless Records was the name of two different record labels, a Chicago punk label, and a Los Angeles hip hop label. ... Lorenzo Jerald Patterson (born June 16, 1969 in Compton, California, USA) better known by his stage name MC Ren. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Andre Wicker (born April 18, 1971 in Compton, California), known as Gangsta Dresta or simply Dresta, is an African American West Coast rapper best known for collaborating with Eazy-E on the inflammatory hit single Real Muthaphuckkin Gs from Eazy-Es 1993 EP Its On (Dr. Dre... Kokane (born Jerry Long) is a rapper from Pomona, California and best known for working on the classic G-funk album Funk Upon A Rhyme and his backup work with Snoop Dogg. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... Cypress Hill is a mostly-Latin American hip hop group from South Gate, California, who are quite possibly most known for their song Insane in the Brain. Their consistent advocacy around the legalization of cannabis consumption has contributed to their popularity. ... Arturo Molina Jr. ...


While not nearly as successful commercially, Bay Area rappers were also starting to emerge and contribute to West Coast hip hop. Spice 1, Keak Da Sneak, San Quinn, The Luniz, B-Legit, E-A-Ski, Ant Banks, Mac Dre, and many others began releasing a wide range of albums at this time. Though most of them were most popular in California. Bay Area is a common term to refer to a metropolitan area situated around a bay. ... List of hip hop musicians is broken down into several smaller lists and categories: // Beatboxers DJs and producers Turntablists Groups Rappers Christian (rappers | groups) Fictional Singers Albanian (groups) American (rappers | groups) Angolan (groups) Australian (rappers | groups | Crews) Austrian Belgian (groups) Bosnian and Herzegovinan (rappers | groups) Brazilian (rappers | groups) British (rappers... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Spice 1 (born Robert L. Green, Jr. ... Charles Toby Bowens[1] (born October 21, 1977), commonly known by his stage name Keak da Sneak, is a rapper from Oakland, California . ... San Quinn began in the early 90s alongside JT the Bigga Figga and recorded for J.T.s Get Low label for several years before breaking away at the end of the decade. ... The Luniz is a rap duo formed by rappers Yukmouth and Numskull. ... B-Legit, also known as The Savage (born Brandt Jones in Vallejo, California) is an American rapper. ... E-A-Ski is a gangsta rapper/producer from Oakland, California working in couple with CMT. Once he joined the In-a-minuteNo-Limit family and was 15 of the first TRU along with Master P, King George, Big Ed & Rally Ral. ... Ant Banks is a rapper and producer for various West Coast hip hop artists, particularly in the Bay Area. ... Andre Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name, Mac Dre, was a San Francisco Bay Area-based gangsta rapper from Vallejo, California. ... This article is about the U.S state. ...


Following incidents with the two Coasts, Death Row Records' success diminished as Dr. Dre departed to form Aftermath Entertainment, 2Pac got murdered, and Snoop Dogg left to join No Limit Records. Gangsta rap disappeared from the national spotlight and the resulting void was filled by East Coast pop-rap acts such as Puff Daddy, Mase, and actor/musician Will Smith. When 2pac died, West Coast hip hop had begun to diminish from the mainstream media, though still popular in its home region. There is also another similarly titled record label, Aftermath Music, which is based in Norway. ... No Limit Records is a record label that began in 1990 as the No Limit Record Shop in Richmond, California. ... Mason Durrell Betha (born August 27, 1978 in Jacksonville, Florida),[1] known by stage name Ma$e, is an American rapper, best known as an artist on Sean Diddy Combs hip hop label Bad Boy Records during the late 1990s. ... “W. S.” redirects here. ...


Underground development

In the late 1990s, the West Coast's underground hip hop scene began to gain prominence as underground hip hop started to boom as artists tried to stray away from the negativity gangsta rap brought the Coast. Artists like Blackalicious, Zion I, The Pharcyde, Aceyalone, The BUMS, Hieroglyphics, Jurassic 5, The Coup, Ozomatli, Spearhead, Del tha Funkee Homosapien, Souls of Mischief, Planet Asia, and others (most of whom self-identify as "conscious" artists, and all of whom include political, social, or insightful messages in their music) gained recognition without being signed to major labels. Other artists such as Dilated Peoples and The Black Eyed Peas while signed to major labels, failed to break out into the mainstream for lack of promotion or other reasons yet still had the same style and maintained an underground following. Eventually The Black Eyed Peas would later find success in the 2000s after releasing the album "Elephunk" with a more mainstream sound. Underground hip hop, underground rap, or undie (to draw comparison to indie or independent rock) is an umbrella term for hip-hop and rap music outside the general commercial canon. ... Blackalicious is an American alternative hip hop duo. ... Zion I is a hip hop duo that started in Oakland, California. ... The Pharcyde is a rap group from the West coast of the United States. ... Aceyalone (born Eddie Hayes) is an American rapper. ... The Hieroglyphics, also known as the Hieroglyphics Crew and Hiero, are an American underground hip hop collective based in Oakland, California. ... Jurassic 5 is a hip hop group formed in 1993 by rappers Chali 2na, Akil, Zaakir aka Soup, Mark 7even, and turntable maestros DJ Nu-Mark and DJ Cut Chemist, who came together from two separate crews, the Rebels of Rhythm and Unity Committee. ... The Coup is a hip-hop group based in Oakland, California. ... Ozomatli is a multiethnic nine piece band (although they have had as many as ten members, and as few as six), playing primarily Latin, hip hop, and rock, formed in 1995 in Los Angeles. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Del the Funky Homosapien, also known as Del tha Funkee Homosapien and Deltron Zero, is an alternative hip hop artist. ... Souls of Mischief is a hip hop group, part of the hip hop collective Hieroglyphics. ... Planet Asia is an underground rapper from Fresno, California known for his vast discography of mixtapes. ... Dilated Peoples is an underground hip hop group residing in California. ... The Black Eyed Peas is an American hip-hop group from Los Angeles, California, who have enjoyed worldwide pop success. ... The Black Eyed Peas is an American hip-hop group from Los Angeles, California, who have enjoyed worldwide pop success. ...


Gangsta rap's decline

Despite the emergence of the underground movement as a factor at the turn of the century, gangsta rap was still the dominant genre of West Coast hip hop, although the sound and feel of the music had began to change since the g-funk era. Snoop Dogg, Ice Cube, and Dr. Dre continued to be major players in the national mainstream, but other artists from the 1990s and local gangsta rap artists continued to struggle for name recognition, having enjoyed less commercial success than their East Coast and Southern counterparts. While the West Coast still got some exposure such as Dr. Dre's second album 2001, Xzibit's introduction to the mainstream, and Snoop Dogg's work with Tha Eastsidaz, most artists like Warren G, Kurupt, WC, Mack 10, DJ Quik, and Daz, and the remaining veteran artists of the 1990s continued to rapidly lose recognition among music fans. While newer rappers like Yukmouth, Jayo Felony, and Ras Kass were able to begin strong leads in California and trying to bring gangsta rap to a new level. 2001, sometimes referred to by fans as Chronic 2001 or , is a 1999 hip hop album by famed rapper and producer Dr. Dre, featuring guest appearances from Snoop Dogg, Hittman, Eminem, Xzibit, and others. ... Alvin Nathaniel Joiner (born September 18, 1974) better known by his stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper, actor, and television personality, who was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Los Angeles, California by his father and stepmother. ... Tha Eastsidaz is a rap group made up of Snoop Dogg,Tray Deee, & Goldie Loc. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California [1]) better known by his stage name Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and producer. ... Kurupt (born Ricardo Emmanuel Brown on November 23, 1972 in Darby Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania) is an American rapper and former Executive Vice President of Death Row Records. ... William L. Calhoun, Jr. ... Dedrick Rolison (born August 9, 1971) is an American gangsta rapper and actor best known by his stage name Mack 10. ... David Martin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known as by his stage name DJ Quik, or as of 2007 simply Quik, is a West Coast rapper and record producer from Compton, California. ... Delmar Arnaud (born May 25, 1973), better known by his stage name Daz Dillinger (formerly Dat Nigga Daz) is a rapper and hip hop producer from Long Beach, California. ... Jerold Dwight Ellis, II (born on October 18, 1974 in Oakland, California), better known by his stage name Yukmouth, is a rapper from East Oakland, California. ... Jayo Felony is a rapper from southeast San Diego, California, who has ties to the Neighborhood Rollin 40s Crips (47th street). ... Ras Kass (born John Austin, on September 26, 1975 in Watts, California) is an American rapper. ...


Birth of hyphy music

Main article: Hyphy

Hyphy music also began to develop around this time, originating in the San Francisco Bay Area. While The Bay was an early contributor to hip hop, like the rest of West Coast rap, it was on the decline in the late 1990s. Around the turn of the millennium, a new sub-genre of hip hop emerged and flourished almost exclusively in The Bay. While Bay Area music was still considered new hip hop to some, (despite success from Yukmouth, Too Short and E-40) it was continually building up since the early 1990s. The earliest pioneers included Keak da Sneak (who coined the word "hyphy") and Mac Dre (the purveyor of thizz culture), with later push by E-40 (the "Ambassador of the Bay"). While some automatically associate The Bay with hyphy music and vice versa, the music from Bay Area isn't exclusively hyphy (although hyphy is almost exclusively in The Bay Area). The hyphy culture also grew with its music, creating a trend of dances, slang, and behaviour associated with it, some of which The Bay claims has been stolen by other artists. Hyphy's style of exuberant energy, "going dumb" and excessive behaviour was a sharp contrast to the steryotypical Southern California's style of music of gangs, violence, low riders and having a serious/cool persona, which dominated rap; hyphy's style didn't overwhelmingly associate itself with these topics. Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Charles Toby Bowens[1] (born October 21, 1977), commonly known by his stage name Keak da Sneak, is a rapper from Oakland, California . ... Andre Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name, Mac Dre, was a San Francisco Bay Area-based gangsta rapper from Vallejo, California. ... Thizz may stand for: Hyphy Slang for Ecstasy Thizzle Dance, created by Mac Dre Thizz Entertainment a record label created by Mac Dre Category: ... For other uses, see E40. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ...


West Coast hip hop today (2004–present)

The Game's The Documentary album, released in 2005, was a major success at a time when West Coast rap was almost dead to the outside world.
The Game's The Documentary album, released in 2005, was a major success at a time when West Coast rap was almost dead to the outside world.

West Coast rap seems to be fighting to be part of the mainstream again as there is on going a third generation of artists. The Game's album The Documentary along with a well publicized argument with 50 Cent has received more attention to the West Coast, and he is said to be the driving force behind West Coast rap. Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... The Documentary is Los Angeles rapper The Games first major-label album. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... The Documentary is Los Angeles rapper The Games first major-label album. ... The feud between G-Unit and The Game is a hip hop rivalry that began in early 2005. ...


Since The Game released The Documentary, artists like Glasses Malone, Bishop Lamont, Raje', Omar Cruz, Crooked I, JT the Bigga Figga, Lil Eazy-E, Eastwood, Down a.k.a. Kilo, Bailey, Clyde Carson (of The Team), Spider Loc, The Fixxers, Hood Surgeon, Jay Rock and Ya Boy Lil Cyphe have all received increased attention with regard to future releases (as it should be since J.T. The Bigga Figga helped launch his star-studded career). The Bay Area is also picking up steam with their sub-genre of music hyphy music, promoted by long time veteran E-40. While other artists like Guerilla Black, Roscoe, Sly Boogy, Freaks, Mistah F.A.B., and The Federation, Mykestro, and Cashis are also trying to help re-introduce West Coast rap to the world, the West Coast still has to compete with a market dominated by Southern artists that even East Coast rappers have trouble competing with. Combined with the continued growth of Pop-rap or commercialism, this has led to a mystery regarding which direction the current generation of rappers will go. As of right now, The Game, Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre, E-40, Too Short, Nate Dogg, and Ice Cube seem to be the only artists in 2006 that have created strong leads in mainstream hip hop. After the success of his album R&G (Rhythm & Gangsta): The Masterpiece, Snoop Dogg convoked West Coast artists (about 65 people) into a meeting called the Western Conference on July 4, 2005. They agreed to join forces again and to end long standing arguments between each other in hopes of helping West Coast music back to its once reigning place through unity. It served as occasion for several members to announce cease-fires in their arguments including the reconciliation of Tha Dogg Pound, Jayo Felony and Snoop Dogg, and The Game and JT the Bigga Figga. Snoop Dogg offered his label Doggystyle Records and his CEO position at Koch Records to be an "engine" of the movement, and that he will promote with his name. Dr. Dre announced he will release his third and final album, Detox, in September 2007, which has been pushed to mid 2008 Charles Penniman (born December 12, 1978 in Los Angeles, California), better known by his stage name Glasses Malone or G. Malone, is a West Coast rapper from the Watts District of Los Angeles, California. ... Philip Martin (born October 31, 1978 Inglewood, California[[1]][1]), better known by his stage name Bishop Lamont, is an American rapper from Carson, California currently signed to Dr. Dres Aftermath Entertainment record label. ... Dominick Wickliffe, better known by his stage name Crooked I is an American rapper from Long Beach, California. ... JT the Bigga Figga born Joseph Tom is a hip hop producer/rapper from San Francisco, Californias Fillmore neighborhood. ... Eric Wright Jr. ... Eastwood is a West Coast rapper that was born in East L.A. and raised in Inglewood, California (his name is a combination of the two places). ... The Teams album World Premiere L-R: Mannish, Carson & Kyzah The Team is a rap group from Oakland and Berkeley, California. ... The Team is a rap group from Oakland and Berkeley, California. ... Curtis Norvell Williams (born on January 21, 1976 in Los Angeles, California[2]), more commonly known as Spider Loc, spent most of his youth between Watts and South Central, Los Angeles and was an active member of the 97th East Side Crips (ESC), he is currently an American rapper who... The Fixxers is a group formed in late 2006 by Quik and AMG. Their debut album, The Midnite Life, which will feature the hit single Can U Werk Wit Dat is expected to release in the Summer of 2007. ... Jay Rock was raised by his mother in the Nickerson Gardens housing projects in Watts, CA. At an early age he was sat down and told that he was going to have to find a way to make his own money, so he tried a few nine to fives, “but... William Joseph Crawford (born on January 28, 1984), better known by his stage name Ya Boy, is an American rapper from the Fillmore District of San Francisco, California. ... For other uses, see E40. ... Guerilla Black (born in 1977 in Chicago, Illinois as Toni Guy) is a West Coast rapper from Compton, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mistah F.A.B. (born Stanley P. Cox on January 23, 1982)[1] is an American rapper from Oakland, California. ... The Federation is a hip-hop group from Fairfield, California, part of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Cashis (born in Orange County, California), also known as Ca$his, is a rapper signed to Eminems record label Shady Records. ... Pop rap (sometimes referred to as hip pop) is the name given to a style of hip hop that has a strong pop music influences. ... Ups & Downs/Bang Out is the fourth single of Snoop Dogg second best-selling album R&G (Rhythm & Gangsta) The Masterpiece. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... Doggystyle Records (originally Dogghouse Records) is a record label founded by Snoop Dogg at the end of his self-described servitude at Master Ps No Limit Records. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Detox is the upcoming third and final[2][3] studio album by rapper and record producer Dr. Dre. ...


However, for much of the 2000s, the West Coast continued losing its appeal to the (then growing) Dirty South. In particular, Southern rap experienced mainstream popularity in 2003. Since 2000, The Game remains the only rapper to sell a multi-platinum album on the West Coast (aside from The Black Eyed Peas, who do not follow traditional West Coast hip hop music and are often overlooked). For other uses of the term Dirty South, see The Dirty South Dirty South is a style of rap music that popped up in the latter half of the 1990s and is based in southern cities and states such as Memphis, Nashville, New Orleans, Atlanta, Miami or South Florida, Mississippi...


One of the popular underground styles of dancing called krumping has started to become more mainstream due to the popularity of the David LaChapelle film Rize. Krumping is an urban African American street dance form that developed on the streets of South Central Los Angeles, around 2001 - 2002. ... Cover of David LaChapelle book, David LaChapelle (born March 11, 1969[1] Fairfield, Connecticut, United States) is a photographer and director who works in the fields of fashion, advertising, and fine art photography, and is noted for his surreal, unique and often humorous style. ... For other uses, see Rize (disambiguation). ...


Major Areas of Influence

Los Angeles

Main articles: Music of California

In the early 1980s, recorded hip hop from Los Angeles began in a kind of electronic dance music called electro hop; these included artist such as the Arabian Prince, Egyptian Lover, and World Class Wreckin' Cru. The mid-to-late eighties would bring attention to the west coast, such as Ice-T "6'n da Mornin'" (1986), which was one of the first gangsta rap songs. N.W.A. broke through with the groundbreaking Straight Outta Compton and gave the West Coast it's first major record company, Ruthless Records. The departure of Ice Cube, marked the release of AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted. With N.W.A.'s break up, Dr. Dre and Suge Knight established Death Row Records, the most prominent West Coast record label. The Chronic served as the showcase for G-Funk era and the start of Snoop Dogg with Doggystyle. Other prominent Los Angeles artists are DJ Quik, The D.O.C., Mack 10, Freestyle Fellowship, The Pharcyde, Coolio, and Cypress Hill. 2Pac's All Eyez On Me showed the peak of West Coast hip hop going 9X platinum. Since Eazy-E and 2Pac's death, West Coast rap has died down a bit yet still Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg, as well as Xzibit, still remain popular. Recently the West Coast has made a comeback with Compton rapper The Game and Black Eyed Peas . Also underground artist such as MURS, Blu, Jurassic 5, Dilated Peoples, Glasses Malone, and Bishop Lamont has continued to make a buzz. In the United States, California is commonly associated with the film, music, and arts industries; there are numerous world-famous Californian musicians. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Arabian Prince, also known as Professor X is the stage name of Mik Lezan, an electro hop artist and hip hop rapper from Los Angeles. ... Egyptian Lover (born Greg Broussard) is an American electro hop rapper, he was an important part of the known performers of the underground West Coast dance scene. ... The World Class Wreckin Cru was a 1980s electro hop-style rap group from Compton, California formed by nightclub owner Alonzo Williams. ... This article is about the hip-hop emcee. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... This article is about the album. ... The record industry (or recording industry) is the industry that manufactures and distributes mechanical recordings of music. ... Ruthless Records was the name of two different record labels, a Chicago punk label, and a Los Angeles hip hop label. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name Ice Cube, is an American MC, songwriter, actor, screenwriter, and film director. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Knights 1997 mugshot for probation violation Marion Hugh Knight, Jr. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ... David Martin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known as by his stage name DJ Quik, or as of 2007 simply Quik, is a West Coast rapper and record producer from Compton, California. ... Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an African American rapper born and raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... Dedrick Rolison (born August 9, 1971) is an American gangsta rapper and actor best known by his stage name Mack 10. ... Freestyle Fellowship are a rap group from Los Angeles consisting of rappers Aceyalone, Mikah 9, P.E.A.C.E., Self Jupiter and producer J Sumbi. ... The Pharcyde is a rap group from the West coast of the United States. ... This article is about the hip hop artist. ... Cypress Hill is a mostly-Latin American hip hop group from South Gate, California, who are quite possibly most known for their song Insane in the Brain. Their consistent advocacy around the legalization of cannabis consumption has contributed to their popularity. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... For the Monica album, see All Eyez on Me (Monica album). ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Alvin Nathaniel Joiner (born September 18, 1974) better known by his stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper, actor, and television personality, who was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Los Angeles, California by his father and stepmother. ... Compton is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... This article is about the American hip hop group. ... This article is about the rapper. ... Johnson Barnes, better known as Blu and also known as the self titled Sean Blu in his song First Things First, is an American MC from San Pedro, California. ... Jurassic 5 is a hip hop group formed in 1993 by rappers Chali 2na, Akil, Zaakir aka Soup, Mark 7even, and turntable maestros DJ Nu-Mark and DJ Cut Chemist, who came together from two separate crews, the Rebels of Rhythm and Unity Committee. ... Dilated Peoples is an underground hip hop group residing in California. ... Charles Penniman (born December 12, 1978 in Los Angeles, California), better known by his stage name Glasses Malone or G. Malone, is a West Coast rapper from the Watts District of Los Angeles, California. ... Philip Martin (born October 31, 1978 Inglewood, California[[1]][1]), better known by his stage name Bishop Lamont, is an American rapper from Carson, California currently signed to Dr. Dres Aftermath Entertainment record label. ...


Long Beach

Though technically a part of L.A.'s hip hop scene, Long Beach has gained a name for itself. Led by Snoop Dogg, artists like Warren G, Nate Dogg, Tha Dogg Pound and Tha Eastsidaz have all seen major success. Though Long Beach hasn't produced any major new talent, Crooked I has made a buzz around the Los Angeles Area. Long Beach is the name of several places: Long Beach, British Columbia, Canada Long Beach, California, United States of America Long Beach, Mississippi, United States of America Long Beach, New York, United States of America Long Beach, Washington, United States of America Long Beach Township, New Jersey, United States of... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California [1]) better known by his stage name Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and producer. ... Nathaniel Dawayne Hale (born August 19, 1969), commonly known by stage name Nate Dogg, is an American hip hop artist born in Long Beach, California. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... Tha Eastsidaz is a rap group made up of Snoop Dogg,Tray Deee, & Goldie Loc. ... Long Beach is the name of several places: Long Beach, British Columbia, Canada Long Beach, California, United States of America Long Beach, Mississippi, United States of America Long Beach, New York, United States of America Long Beach, Washington, United States of America Long Beach Township, New Jersey, United States of... Dominick Wickliffe, better known by his stage name Crooked I is an American rapper from Long Beach, California. ...


Inland Empire

This area of California is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area but it includes both San Bernardino County and Riverside County. Most of the rappers from this area are still considered to be underground and are building their buzz on mixtapes. Some of the most famous rappers that have emerged from the area so far include Above The Law, Kokane, Sugafree, A Lighter Shade of Brown, 40 Glocc, Sly Boogy, and Lunch. This article is about the U.S state. ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, containing more land than 9 states. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... Above the Law was a rap group from Pomona, California, founded in 1989 by Cold 187um, KMG the Illustrator, Go Mack, and DJ Total K-Oss. ... Kokane (born Jerry Long) is a rapper from Pomona, California and best known for working on the classic G-funk album Funk Upon A Rhyme and his backup work with Snoop Dogg. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Lighter Shade of Brown (LSOB) was a Latino hip hop group from Riverside, California. ...


The Bay Area

The Bay Area has been a major stage for hip hop since the early eighties, with Too Short being the first hip hop artist to showcase Oakland with his album, Life Is...Too Short. In the early 90's, The Bay Area produced successful artists like Digital Underground and MC Hammer. Alternative acts such as Souls of Mischief, and Del tha Funkee Homosapien have also seen commercial success. 2Pac, who has often been associated with the Los Angeles hip-hop scene, and who has seen major label success throughout the 90's with platinum albums like All Eyez on Me and Me Against the World, has significant roots in the Bay Area, with his earliest success coming from his membership with Digital Underground. Others rappers like Spice 1 and The Luniz have seen moderate commercial success. After the death of 2Pac, the West Coast had fell out of major commercial success, until the recent resurgence of The Bay Area hip hop scene, which set the stage for the mega successful Hyphy Movement with its most recognized artist, Mac Dre, gaining widespread popularity after his untimely death in 2004. The Hyphy Movement has brought major success to artists like E-40, Keak da Sneak, and The Pack. Other hyphy artists such as The Federation, Mistah F.A.B., Baby Bash, Ya Boy, JT the Bigga Figga, and San Quinn has had popular hits. In addition, The Bay Area has put out many successful alternative acts that include the likes of Blackalicious, The Coup, Hieroglyphics, and Zion I. Bay Area redirects here. ... Too Short, or Too $hort, (born Todd Anthony Shaw on April 28, 1966) is a rapper who started his career in his hometown of Oakland, California. ... Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... Life Is. ... Digital Underground is an alternative rap group hailing from Oakland, California. ... MC Hammer (born Stanley Kirk Burrell on March 30, 1962) is an American MC who was popular during the late 1980s and early 1990s, known for his dramatic rise to and fall from fame and fortune, his trademark Hammer pants, and for leaving a lasting influence on hip hop culture... Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a genre that is defined in greatly varying ways. ... Souls of Mischief is a hip hop group, part of the hip hop collective Hieroglyphics. ... Del the Funky Homosapien, also known as Del tha Funkee Homosapien and Deltron Zero, is an alternative hip hop artist. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... For the Monica album, see All Eyez on Me (Monica album). ... Me Against the World is a hip hop album by Tupac Shakur, released on March 14, 1995 (see 1995 in music). ... Spice 1 (born Robert L. Green, Jr. ... Luniz is a platinum-selling Oakland rap duo formed by rappers Yukmouth and Numskull. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Andre Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name, Mac Dre, was a San Francisco Bay Area-based gangsta rapper from Vallejo, California. ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see E40. ... Charles Toby Bowens[1] (born October 21, 1977), commonly known by his stage name Keak da Sneak, is a rapper from Oakland, California . ... The Pack is a rap group from Berkeley, California. ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Federation is a hip-hop group from Fairfield, California, part of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Mistah F.A.B. (born Stanley P. Cox on January 23, 1982)[1] is an American rapper from Oakland, California. ... Ronnie Ray Bryant (born on October 18, 1975 in Vallejo, California, U.S.), better known by his stage name Baby Bash (formerly Baby Beesh), is an American rapper. ... William Joseph Crawford (born on January 28, 1984), better known by his stage name Ya Boy, is an American rapper from the Fillmore District of San Francisco, California. ... JT the Bigga Figga born Joseph Tom is a hip hop producer/rapper from San Francisco, Californias Fillmore neighborhood. ... San Quinn began in the early 90s alongside JT the Bigga Figga and recorded for J.T.s Get Low label for several years before breaking away at the end of the decade. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Blackalicious is an American alternative hip hop duo. ... The Coup is a hip-hop group based in Oakland, California. ... Hieroglyphics, also known as the Hieroglyphics Crew and Hiero, are an American underground hip hop collective based in Oakland, California. ... Zion I is a hip hop duo that started in Oakland, California. ...


Northern California

Northern California has often been associated with and classified in the Bay Area hip hop scene yet it has gained a name for itself within its major city, Sacramento. Blackalicious has been a major underground success. Other acts such as X-Raided, C-Bo and Brotha Lynch Hung has had moderate underground success. Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ... Blackalicious is an American alternative hip hop duo. ... Notorious gangsta rapper X-Raided was born Anarae Brown in Waco, TX, and raised primarily in Sacramento, CA. Shortly after releasing his 1992 debut LP Psycho Active, he was convicted on murder charges -- in fact, the albums violent lyrics were even cited as evidence at the trial. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Brotha Lynch Hung (born Kevin Mann in 1970) is a prominent Sacramento rapper. ...


San Diego

San Diego has a small but active underground hip hop scene. The area has had some artists breakthrough to the mainstream with varying success. Veteran artist Jayo Felony is a prominent West Coast mainstay. Rapper/Actor Nick Cannon has enjoyed moderate success. Other hip hop performers such as Chicano rappers Lil Rob and Lil Uno have seen great success with Latino and Chicano music outlets. Mitchy Slick is another underground hip hop artist is currently surging in local popularity. Many new San Diego hip hop artists have been labeled as part of the growing New West movement. Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Jayo Felony is a rapper from southeast San Diego, California, who has ties to the Neighborhood Rollin 40s Crips (47th street). ... Nicholas Scott Cannon (born October 8, 1980) is an American actor and rapper. ... Chicano rap is a subgenre of hip hop music, latin rap and gangsta rap that embodies aspects of West Coast and Southwest Mexican American (Chicano) culture and is typically performed by American rap singers and musicians of Mexican descent. ... Roberto Flores (born September 1975), better known as Lil Rob, is a Mexican American (Chicano) record producer & rap artist from San Diego, California, United States. ... Mr. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Phoenix

Phoenix has never had a large hip hop scene. Atllas has made a name for himself throughout the area. G-Unit rapper Young Hot Rod has had moderate success. Rapper Juice has signed to The Game's Black Wall Street Records. NB Ridaz attained moderate success before disbanding in 2006 also upcomin rapper Lil Cyphe from mesa a city near Phoenix is shaking up and starting a buzz. Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Atllas (born Lloyd Hopkins in Denver, Colorado) is a rapper based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... G-Unit is a rap group which consists of 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo, Young Buck, (The) Game, R & B singer Olivia and, most recently, Spider Loc. ... Young Hot Rod is a rapper who is part of 50 Cents hip-hop collective G-Unit Records. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... The Black Wall Street Records is a record label founded by Big Fase 100 in 2002 (see 2002 in music). ... NB Ridaz was a hip-hop group led by MC Magic. ...


Seattle-Tacoma

Seattle has seen a small hip hop scene since the late eighties. Rapper Sir Mix-A-Lot has seen success with hits such as "Posse on Broadway" and "Baby Got Back". Yet throughout the 90's, no major rapper has came out of Seattle. Other rappers, such as Blue Scholars, Optimus Rhyme Source of Labor, Common Market, Abyssinian Creole, Grayskul, and Boom Bap Project has seen moderate success. Also, Seattle-based rapper No Clue holds the Guinness Book record holder for the Fastest Rap MC. City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Anthony Ray (born August 12, 1963), known as Sir Mix-a-Lot, is a Grammy Award-winning rapper and producer, originally from Seattle, Washington, U.S.. // Sir Mix-a-Lot worked together with Miami bass icon DJ Magic Mike, Mudhoney, Metal Church (on a cover of Black Sabbaths Iron... Posse On Broadway is a popular rap song first recorded by Sir Mix-A-Lot on on his 1988 album, Swass. ... Baby Got Back is a 1992 hip-hop song by Sir Mix-a-Lot. ... Blue Scholars are a hip hop duo based in Seattle, Washington. ... Optimus Rhyme is a hip hop quartet from Seattle, Washington, occasionally aided by Rapper Broken English. ... Source of Labor was a rap band loosely associated with the female rap act Beyond Reality, both of which performed at the all day Rap Festival (featuring 30 or more of the top regional rap/hip-hop acts of that time). ... Common Market performs at the Capitol Hill Block Party July 2006. ... Abyssinian Creole is a hip hop group based in Seattle, Washington. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources, so as to avoid it being considered... Boom Bap Project is an underground hip hop group from Seattle, Washington, currently signed to Rhymesayers record label. ... The Guinness Book record holder for Fastest Rap MC is the Seattle-based No Clue (Ricky Brown), breaking the record previously held by Chicago rapper Rebel XD who broke another Chicago native mainstream rapper Twistas record back in 1993. ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...


Portland

Portland has had a quiet hip hop scene trying to breakthrough. However, there are some local hip hop artists such as Lifesavas and Thai Ngo. There is a lot of horrorcore hip-hop and hyphy hip hop generating in Portland. Mayor Tom Potter County Multnomah County Population (2003) 538,544 Time zone Pacific (UTC−8) Portland is the largest city in Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Thai, is a Vietnamese American rapper. ... Death rap redirects here. ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


West Coast hip hop record labels

Ruthless Records was the name of two different record labels, a Chicago punk label, and a Los Angeles hip hop label. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Knights 1997 mugshot for probation violation Marion Hugh Knight, Jr. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name Ice Cube, is an American MC, songwriter, actor, screenwriter, and film director. ... Doggystyle Records (originally Dogghouse Records) is a record label founded by Snoop Dogg at the end of his self-described servitude at Master Ps No Limit Records. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Open Bar Entertainment is a record label founded in late 2007 by West Coast rapper 40 kal. ... Alvin Nathaniel Joiner (born September 18, 1974) better known by his stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper, actor, and television personality, who was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Los Angeles, California by his father and stepmother. ... There is also another similarly titled record label, Aftermath Music, which is based in Norway. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Hoo-Bangin Records is independent record label founded by rapper Mack 10. ... Dedrick Rolison (born August 9, 1971) is an American gangsta rapper and actor best known by his stage name Mack 10. ... Thizz Entertainment is a San Francisco Bay Area based, independent record label, created in the late 1990s by the late Bay Area rapper Mac Dre and close friend Curtis Kilo Curt Nelson. ... Andre Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name, Mac Dre, was a San Francisco Bay Area-based gangsta rapper from Vallejo, California. ... Amaru Entertainment was founded by Tupac Shakurs mother, Afeni Shakur, in early 1997 to handle the release of the unreleased material Tupac Shakur had created before his death on September 13th, 1996. ... Afeni Shakur (born January 10, 1947) is the mother of world famous slain American rapper Tupac Shakur, and was an important member of the Black Panther Party. ... ABB Records is an independent hip hop record label based in Oakland, CA United States. ... The Black Wall Street Records is a record label founded by Big Fase 100 in 2002 (see 2002 in music). ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... Big Face 100 is the older brother of the rapper The Game who helped game set up their record label called Blackwallstreet records who The Game himself is signed to as an artist ...

See also

G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This list includes West Coast hip hop artists and groups who have been instrumental to the subgenre, have had a considerable amount of exposure (such as in the case of one that has been on a major label, but not limited to such), or have gained significant critical acclaim. ... Mobb Music is a style of West Coast rap music that began in the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1980s. ... In the United States, California is commonly associated with the film, music, and arts industries; there are numerous world-famous Californian musicians. ... Texas has long been a center for musical innovation. ...

External links

Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Rap redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... DJ Mixer. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... Hip hop dance refers to dance styles, mainly street dance styles, primarily danced to hip hop music, or that have evolved as a part of the hip hop culture. ... Hip Hop Theatre is a sub-genre of Hip-Hopera that came to the American stage in the late 20th century. ... The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... This is a list of influential albums in the history of hip hop music. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ... Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. ... Cover of sampler CD (2003) This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ... Asian Hip Hop is a heterogeneous musical genre that covers all hip hop music as recorded and produced by artists of Asian origin. ... European hip hop is hip hop music created by European musicians. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Middle East. ... Hip hop is quite a new style of music for Bosnia and Herzegovina, but it has nevertheless proven very popular. ... Dominican hip hop has its own style of hip hop music by mixing its native music and rapping to it like in the genres Merenrap or Merenhouse where they just take a blend of their native dance music called Merengue and rap to it. ... Greenlandic hip hop began in 1985 with the formation of the Inuit rap crew Nuuk Posse, though hip hop music first came to Greenland a year earlier. ... Rap marocain Moroccan rap ---- (more info) Stage 2 : In Progress (How-to) Its an interesting translation about Morocco Spy-jones 13:44, 31 May 2007 (UTC) This article didnt exist in English-language Wikipedia Spy-jones 20%   00:16, 1 June 2007 (UTC) Join this translation   ---   Update this... Native American hip hop is popular among Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations of Canada. ... Nepalese hip hop music, also referred to as NEPHOP, has a slight blend of Nepalese traditional music, western popular music, with lyrics that are usually altruistic and depicting the present Nepalese political and economic situation. ... Serbian hip hop refers to all genres of hip hop music in the Serbian language, mostly from Serbia, Republika Srpska (BiH), and Montenegro. ... Taiwanese hip hop music started in the early 1990s, popularized by early hip hop trio L.A. Boyz. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
East Coast hip hop: Information from Answers.com (3989 words)
Hip hop music emerged from block parties thrown by owners of loud and expensive stereo equipment, which they could share with the community or use to compete among ultra-competitive West Indian DJs who began isolating the percussion break from funk or disco songs.
Hip hop was popular there at least as far back as 1976 (first record: "Rhythm Talk", by Jocko Henderson in 1979), and the New York Times dubbed Philly the "Graffiti Capital of the World" in 1971, due to the influence of such legendary graffiti artists as Cornbread.
West Coast rapper Tupac Shakur was shot outside of a recording studio in New York in late 1994, an event he would later claim was orchestrated by The Notorious B.I.G. and Puff Daddy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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