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Encyclopedia > West Coast, New Zealand
West Coast Regional Council
Country: New Zealand
Regional Council
Name: West Coast Regional Council
Chair: John Clayton
Population: 30,500
June 2006 estimate [1]
Land Area: 23,276km²
Website: http://www.wcrc.govt.nz
Towns
Names: Greymouth, Hokitika, Westport, Reefton, Karamea, Kumara, Fox Glacier, Haast
Constituent Territorial Authorities
Names: Buller, Grey and

Westland This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Edited from other PD NZ region maps on Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: West Coast, New Zealand Categories: Public domain images ... Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Tasman, New Zealand ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ...

Websites: http://www.bullerdc.govt.nz
http://www.greydc.govt.nz
http://www.westland.govt.nz

The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. It is made up of three districts: Buller, Grey and Westland. The principal towns are Westport,Greymouth and Hokitika. Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... Tasman, New Zealand ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ... Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... Town centre of Hokitika, South Island, New Zealand Hokitika is a township on the West Coast of New Zealands South Island, 40 kilometres (25 Miles) south of Greymouth, and close to the mouth of the Hokitika River. ...

Contents

Naming

  • To New Zealanders the term "The Coast" invariably refers to the West Coast of the South Island, and "Coasters" to those that live there.[citation needed]
  • "Westland" is incorrectly used by some New Zealanders to refer to the whole of the West Coast, including Buller. Coasters themselves would never do so.

The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ... Fiordland is a region of New Zealand that is situated on the south-western corner of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ...

Geography

The West Coast region reaches from Kahurangi Point in the north to Awarua Point in the south, a distance of 600 km. To the west is the Tasman Sea and to the east are the Southern Alps. Much of the land is rugged, although there are coastal plains around which much of the population resides. Kahurangi Point is a headland on the West Coast of New Zealands South Island, overlooking the Tasman Sea. ... Awarua Point is located on the southwestern coast of New Zealands South Island, 40 kilometres north of Milford Sound, and 15 kilometres north of the mouth of the Hollyford River. ... fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ...


The land is very scenic, with wild coastlines, mountains, and a very high proportion of native bush, much of it native temperate rain forest. The West Coast is the only part of New Zealand where significant tracts of lowland forest remain-elsewhere, for instance on the Canterbury Plains and in the Firth of Thames, they have been almost completely destroyed for settlement and agriculture. Scenic areas include the Haast Pass, Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki and the Heaphy Track. Temperate rainforest on Northern Slopes of the Alborz mountain ranges, Iran A dense growth of softwoods (a conifer forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A deciduous broadleaf (Beech) forest in Slovenia. ... A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall. ... Location of the Canterbury Plains The Canterbury Plains is an area bounded by the foothills of the Southern Alps and the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... A true-colour image showing the Hauraki Gulf (centre). ... Gates of Haast The Haast Pass is a mountain pass in the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand. ... == == == == Ice cave in the terminal face of Fox glacier. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Glaciers of New Zealand | West Coast, New Zealand ... Punakaiki is a small community on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand, between Westport and Greymouth. ... The view from the highest point of the track The Gouland Downs The forest west of MacKay hut Nikau trees along the Heaphy River The Tasman Sea at Heaphy River mouth Heaphy Track is a popular tramping track in the north west of the South Island of New Zealand. ...


The region has a very high rainfall due to the prevailing northwesterly wind pattern and the location of the Southern Alps - these two elements give rise to heavy orographic precipitation.The flip side to this is the rain shadow effect which is responsible for the relatively arid climate of the Canterbury Plains on the other side of the Southern Alps. Orography is the average height of land, measured in geopotential meters, over a certain domain. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ...


The region's area is 23,000 km². It is divided into the three districts of Buller, Grey and Westland. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ...   Categories: Stub | Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ...


History

The West Coast was home to Māori, who valued it for the taonga of greenstone (pounamu) which was found there in abundance. This article is about the indigenous people of New Zealand. ... Taonga is the Maori word for a treasured thing, whether tangible or intangible. ... A selection of antique, hand-crafted Chinese jadeite jade buttons An ornamental stone, jade is a name applied to two different silicate minerals. ...


The West Coast was only occasionally visited by early Europeans until the discovery of gold near the Taramakau River in 1864 by two Māori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. By the end of the year there were an estimated 1800 prospectors on the West Coast, many of them around the Hokitika area, which, in 1866, became briefly the most populous settlement in New Zealand. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


The present-day region of the West Coast was divided between Nelson Province and Canterbury Province from 1853, but in 1873 the Canterbury portion of the region formed its own province, the Westland Province, until the abolition of the provincial system in 1876. (For the current top-level subdivision of Nelson in New Zealand, see Nelson, New Zealand) The Nelson Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ... (For the current top-level subdivision of Canterbury in New Zealand, see Canterbury, New Zealand) The Canterbury Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ... The Westland Province was a province of New Zealand from 1873 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ...


A major goldrush took place between 1864 and 1867 creating numerous gold rush towns such as Okarito which became the one time largest town on the West Coast but then quickly almost vanished as miners moved on. After that time, the population dwindled, but the main towns that still exist on the coast had become established. For the Neil Young album evoking this phrase, see After the Gold Rush. ...


Following pounamu and gold, the next mineral to make the West Coast valuable was coal. Discovered near the Buller River in the mid 1840s, mining began in earnest during the 1860s. By the 1880s, coal had become the region’s main industry, with mines throughout the northern half of the region, especially around Westport. Many of these continued in operation until the mid 20th century, and several survive today. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February... Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ...


Timber has also long been a major industry in the region, although in recent years there has been an uneasy balance between forestry for wood and forestry for conservation. Much of the region is public land administered by the New Zealand Department of Conservation and the region has some of the best remaining stands of native forest, along with a wealth of rare wildlife. Ecotourism is now one of the industries for the region, and this goes hand in hand with the conservation efforts. The Department of Conservation (In Māori, Te Papa Atawhai), commonly known by its acronym, DOC, is the state sector organisation of New Zealand which deals with the conservation of New Zealand’s natural and historic heritage. ... Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ...


Inhabitation

Typical rugged coastline of the West Coast.
Typical rugged coastline of the West Coast.
Typical weather of the West Coast.

The region is sparsely populated, especially in the south, with the 2006 census recording 31,326 inhabitants, up from 30,303 in 2001, although not as high as the 1996 figure. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 695 KB) Summary Taken by Swollib in 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 695 KB) Summary Taken by Swollib in 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 198 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 198 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Major towns on the West Coast are Greymouth, Westport, and Hokitika. At one time, during the gold rush days, Hokitika had a population of more than 25,000 and boasted more than 100 pubs. A recreation of an early New Zealand settlement can be found at Shantytown. Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Town centre of Hokitika, South Island, New Zealand Hokitika is a township on the West Coast of New Zealands South Island, 40 kilometres (25 Miles) south of Greymouth, and close to the mouth of the Hokitika River. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... The history of New Zealand dates back at least seven hundred years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians. ...


Industries on the West Coast include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, and also fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly - the local dairy co-operative Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping. This article is about mineral extraction. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... In geology, a placer deposit is a deposit of earth, sand, or gravel, containing valuable minerals in particles, especially by the side of a river, or in the bed of a mountain stream. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Whitebait are young fish; in Europe the term applies to young herring, but in other parts of the world it is used for similar fish of other species. ... č “Tourist” redirects here. ... Fonterra Co-operative Group Ltd (generally referred to simply as Fonterra) is a large New Zealand dairy company. ...


The West Coast is also famous for being the only New Zealand nesting place of the White Heron, which nests near the Okarito lagoon and can be visited from tours operating out of the small farming township of Whataroa. This rare bird appears on the New Zealand $2 coin. Binomial name Casmerodius albus Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Egret (Casmerodius albus), also known as the Great White Egret, White Heron, or Common Egret, is a wading egret, found in most of the tropical and warmer temperate parts of the world, although it is very local in southern Europe and Asia. ...


References

  • West Coast Regional Council

External links

  • Tourism-focused "West Coast Homepage"
Flag of New Zealand

Regions of New Zealand Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ...

North Island:

Northland | Auckland | Waikato | Bay of Plenty | Gisborne¹ | Hawke's Bay | Taranaki | Manawatu-Wanganui | Wellington North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The Northland Region (Māori: ), one of the 16 regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealands administrative regions. ... The Auckland Region is one of the 16 Regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP, is a region in the North Island of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Hawkes Bay is a region of New Zealand. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand, around the city of Palmerston North and the central city of Wanganui. ... The Wellington region of New Zealand occupies the southern end of the North Island. ...

South Island:

Tasman¹ | Marlborough¹ | Nelson¹ | West Coast | Canterbury | Otago | Southland The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ...   Categories: Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... A view of Nelson from the Centre of New Zealand Nelson stands on the southern corner of Tasman Bay, at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand and is the administrative centre of the Nelson region. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ...

¹ Unitary authorities

  Results from FactBites:
 
West Coast, New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (817 words)
The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island.
To the west is the Tasman Sea and to the east is the Southern Alps.
The West Coast is also famous for being the only New Zealand nesting place of the White Heron, which nests near the Okarito lagoon and can be visited from tours operating out of the small farming township of Whataroa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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