Most follow ShiiteIslam; however, there are numerous Christian minorities such as the Assyrians which have historically lived on the west shore of Urmia lake as well as Armenians which are scattered throughout the province. Notably the city of Maku in northern West Azarbaijan was the only city in Iran (before World War II) where Christians comprised the majority.
Most residents of the province are ethnic Azeris who have lived for centuries in the region known as Azarbaijan which stretches from the Republic of Azerbaijan in the former Soviet Union to the province of Zanjan in Iran. There is also a large Kurdish minority living mostly in the southern and western part of the province.
In the city of Urumieh many residents have a high standard of living in comparison with the Third world. There are plenty of parks, coffee shops, cinemas, and internet cafes throughout the city. There are hundreds of small vilages in the province as well, most of which have running water and electricity as well as television and telephone sets.
Azerbaijan or Azerbeijan (Azerbaijani: Azerbaycan, Azerbeycan) is a historical country and territory situated in a crossroads between Eastern Europe and western Asia, adjacent to the Caspian Sea.
Azerbaijan is often referred to as "the land of eternal flames" and "the land of fire", for it is in Azerbaijan, in lands both north and south of the Araz river, where natural gas spontaniously erupts from the ground in the form of fire flames, as it has since antiquity.
Azerbaijan's oldest structure is a tower that stands in the middle of Baku on the bay.
Strategically situated at the gateway to SW Asia, Azerbaijan is bounded by Iran on the south, where the Aras (Araks) River divides it from Iranian Azerbaijan; by the Caspian Sea on the east; by Russia's Dagestan Republic on the north; and by Armenia on the west.
Armenia is bounded by Turkey on the west, Azerbaijan on the east (the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan is on its southwestern border), Iran on the southwest, and Georgia on the north.
Azerbaijan remained entirely in the possession of the shahs until the northern part was ceded to Russia in the treaties of Gulistan (1813) and Turkmanchai (1828).
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