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Encyclopedia > West Azarbaijan

West Azarbaijan (in Persian, آذربایجان غربی Azarbāyejān-e-Qarbi; in Kurdish, Azerbaycanî Rojawa; in Azerbaijani, Qərbi Azərbaycan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. Image File history File links province of Iran File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ... The Kurdish languages (Kurdî ) belonging to the Indo-European languages family, are spoken in the region loosely called Kurdistan including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran (Persia), Iraq, Syria and Turkey. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ...


The province of West Azarbaijan covers an area of 39,487 sq km, or 43,660 sq km including Lake Urmia. In 2006 the province had a population of 3,000,000 [1]. The capital city of the province is Urmia. Lake Urmia from space, October 1984 Satellite image of Lake Urmia, taken in November 2003 Lake Urmia (37. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ...

Contents


History

This Sassanid relief is located near Salmas, and is believed to be depicting either Ardashir I or Shapur I.
This Sassanid relief is located near Salmas, and is believed to be depicting either Ardashir I or Shapur I.

The name "Azarbaijan" comes from the ancient Old Persian name Atro Patikan and Middle Persian "Adur Paiyigan." The name means "The Guardians of Fire"-- a referemce to the holy Zoroastrian fire that was alight at the grand fire temple at Ganzak/Ganzaca (modern Takab)--the first capital of Azerbaijan/Media Minor. Image File history File links Salmas_relief. ... Image File history File links Salmas_relief. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Salmas is a city in northwestern Iran with 200,000 inhabitants, northwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London) Ardashir I (early Middle Persian Arđaxšēr Who has the Divine Order as his Kingdom), also known as Ardashīr-i Pāpagān Ardashir, son of Pāpağ and as Artaxerxes, was ruler... A coin of Shapur I Shapur I, son of Ardashir I, was king of Persia from 241 to 272. ... See Aryan Language or Old Persian For more information visit: *[Ancient Iranian Languages & Literature The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) ... Pahlavi is a term that refers: (1) to a script used in Iran derived from the Aramaic script, and (2) more broadly, to Middle Persian, the Middle Iranian language written in this script. ...


According to various sources cited in Encyclopedia Iranica (p.206), the current province of West Azarbaijan was part of the Sassanid Azarbadegan satrap as far back as the 3rd century.(ibid p.206) The current ruins of Takht-i Suleiman in today's West Azarbaijan was the capital of the Azarbaijan Satrapy. Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The remains of Takhte_Soleyman. ...


Excavation sites such as Teppe Hasanlu establish permanent settlement in the province to the 6th millennium BCE. In Hasanlu a famous Golden Vase was found in 1958. The province is also the location of Teppe Hajifiruz, site of one of the world’s earliest evidence of wine manufacture.[2] Gooy Teppe is another significant site. A metal plaque dating from 800 BCE depicts a scene from the epic of Gilgamesh. Islamic researchers proclaim that the birth of the prophet Zoroaster was in this area, in the vicinity of Lake Orumieh (Chichesht), Konzak City. Golden Vase with Winged Monsters Marlik Region, 14th-13th centuries BCE was found here. ... Wine is an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting grapes or grape juice. ... According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda. ...


Ruins such as these and the UNESCO world heritage site at the Sassanid compound of Takht-i-Suleiman illustrate the strategic importance and tumultuous history of the province through the millennia. Overall, the province enjoys a wealth of historical attractions, with 169 sites registered by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Takht e Soleyman, or Takht e Soleiman, is the holiest shrine of Zoroastrism and Sassanid Empire, now a World Heritage Site near the town of Takab in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ... Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ...


The province continued to experience many wars and ethnic unrest over the centuries. Numerous Azari Turks arrived in the region, including "west of lake Urmia" begining around the 13th century.(E.I. p.206).


Significant events in the 20th century that took place are:

  • the Soviet occupation in 1946;
  • the foundation and destruction of the Republic of Mahabad in 1946; and
  • periodic severe fighting from 1979 until 1990s (and even to the present, but on a smaller scale [3]) between Kurdish (nationalist and communist) forces and the Iranian government. At times, large parts of the province were without government control[4].

Soviet redirects here. ... The first modern independent kurdish state, in 20th century, lead by Qazi Muhammad as the president and Mustafa Barzani as the defence minister. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... // Nationalism is an ideology which holds that the nation, ethnicity or national identity is a fundamental unit of human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate basis for the state, and that each... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...

Climate

The climate of the province is largely influenced by the rainy winds of the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean. Cold northern winds affect the province during winter and cause heavy snow. According to existing meteorological data, local temperatures vary within the province. Average temperature differs from 9.4°C in Piranshahr to 11.6°C in Mahabad, while it is 9.8°C in Urmia, 10.8°C in Khoy, 9.4°C in Piranshahr, and in Mahabad 11.6°C. According to same data, the highest temperature in the province reaches 34°C in July, and the lowest temperature is –16°C in January. Maximum change of temperature in summer is 4°C, and in winter 15°C. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ... The township of Piranshahr, known in Kurdish language as Xanê and due to the tribe of Piran who had their settlement within these limits, which was later on changes to Piran Shahr (the city of Pirans). ... Mahabad (in Persian: مهاباد , in Kurdish: مه‌هاباد, Mehabad); (Old name: سابلاخ: Sablakh, which may be of Mongolian origin) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Khoy (خوی in Persian), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ... The township of Piranshahr, known in Kurdish language as Xanê and due to the tribe of Piran who had their settlement within these limits, which was later on changes to Piran Shahr (the city of Pirans). ...


Demographics

West Azarbaijan province townships
Enlarge
West Azarbaijan province townships

The province is divided into 14 townships. The present number of townships was achieved over time by subdivision of many of the larger townships into smaller ones. The townships in the province are: Urmia, Salmas, Naghadeh, Piranshahr, Bukan, Khoy, Mahabad, Oshnaviyeh, Sardasht, Chaldoran, Miandoab, Maku, Takab, and Shahindej. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (717x1066, 73 KB) Beschreibung: die iranische provinz West-Aserbaidschan mit ihren kreisen Quelle: selbst gezeichnet Lizenz: File links The following pages link to this file: West Azarbaijan ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (717x1066, 73 KB) Beschreibung: die iranische provinz West-Aserbaidschan mit ihren kreisen Quelle: selbst gezeichnet Lizenz: File links The following pages link to this file: West Azarbaijan ... The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Salmas is a city in northwestern Iran with 200,000 inhabitants, northwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Naghadah (in Kurdish: Nexede, in Persian: نقده, is a city in northwestern Iran with 73,528 inhabitants [1], 23 km southeast of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The township of Piranshahr, known in Kurdish language as Xanê and due to the tribe of Piran who had their settlement within these limits, which was later on changes to Piran Shahr (the city of Pirans). ... Bukan (in Kurdish also called: Bokan) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Khoy (خوی in Persian), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ... Mahabad (in Persian: مهاباد , in Kurdish: مه‌هاباد, Mehabad); (Old name: سابلاخ: Sablakh, which may be of Mongolian origin) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Oshnavieh (in Kurdish: Şino) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 50 000 inhabitants, west of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Sardasht (in Kurdish: Serdeşt, also Zerdeşt) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 40,000 inhabitants, [1] southwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Chaldran is a city in the north of West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... Miandoab is a city in north west of Iran in the West Azerbaijan province. ... Region of the old Armenia c. ... Takab (or Tekab, Farsi: تکاب) is one of the cities and townships in the West Azarbaijan province in Iran . ... Shahindej شاهینـدژ (in Kurdish: Sayin Qela صائین قلاء) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 100,000 inhabitants, southeast of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ...


There are no official statistics or census figures on the ethnic makeup of Iranian cities. The Encyclopedia Iranica however states that the geographic extent of Azari-speaking people goes "well beyond the boundaries of West Azarbaijan" (E.I. p.207), and that Kurdish people "are found in the border regions of the West Azerbaijan province". (E.I., p.234). Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ... Azeri can refer to: Azerbaijanis - a Turkic-speaking people of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani language - a Turkic language Azari - an alternative name for the ethnic language in Azerbaijan, most commonly referred as Tati, also spoken in many places in north-western Iran today. ... Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ...


Five of the cities in the province have predominantly Kurdish populations, namely: Oshnaviyeh, Piranshahr, Bukan, Sardasht, and Mahabad. On the other hand, the cities of Miandoab and Urmia have Azari majorities while the rural areas of the township of Urmia is predominantly Kurdish. Naghadeh is thought to be Kurdish in majority by some sources, while Azari by others. The city of Urmia also has a large Kurdish population. The remaining townships are heterogeneous and their populations have long been a mixture of Turkish and Kurdish peoples. The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Oshnavieh (in Kurdish: Şino) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 50 000 inhabitants, west of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The township of Piranshahr, known in Kurdish language as Xanê and due to the tribe of Piran who had their settlement within these limits, which was later on changes to Piran Shahr (the city of Pirans). ... Bukan (in Kurdish also called: Bokan) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Sardasht (in Kurdish: Serdeşt, also Zerdeşt) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 40,000 inhabitants, [1] southwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Mahabad (in Persian: مهاباد , in Kurdish: مه‌هاباد, Mehabad); (Old name: سابلاخ: Sablakh, which may be of Mongolian origin) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Miandoab is a city in north west of Iran in the West Azerbaijan province. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Azeri can refer to: Azerbaijanis - a Turkic-speaking people of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani language - a Turkic language Azari - an alternative name for the ethnic language in Azerbaijan, most commonly referred as Tati, also spoken in many places in north-western Iran today. ... Naghadah (in Kurdish: Nexede, in Persian: نقده, is a city in northwestern Iran with 73,528 inhabitants [1], 23 km southeast of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ...


The Azeri and Kurdish peoples constitute the majority of the province’s population, but there are also four small ethnic and religious groups who are native to the province but who have minority status: Assyrians, Chaldeans, Armenians, and Jews. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Chaldean can refer to an ancient people of lower Mesopotamia and their culture, or a contemporary Christian people living mostly in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Iran, as well as a relativley widespread diaspora concentrated in the western world. ...


The Sunni and Yarsan Kurds predominate in the western and southern highlands in the province, while the lowlands are dominated by the Shi’a Azeris (in the north), Armenian and Assyrian Christians (in the south). The present borders of the province are the artifact of the Iranian official cartography and do not correspond with the borders of historic Azarbaijan (which ended where the highlands began). Encyclopedia Iranica however clearly claims the opposite, and states that Azarbaijan even went as far south as Sanandaj at some point in time. Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ... Sanandaj (Kurdish: Sinne; Persian: سنندج) is the capital of the Iranian province of Kurdistan, which is situated in the western part of Iran bordering Iraq. ...


The diversity of religions in the province has been a major factor throughout the entire history of all the province. The religions in the province are: Islam (Sunni and Shia sects), Christianity, Judaism, and Yarasani. Both Kurds and Turks follow Islam, the Kurds belonging to the Sunni branch and the Turks being mainly Shias, except for a very small minority who follow a religion called Yarasani (or Ahl-e Haqq, اهل حق). Christianity is the main religion of the Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Armenians. The Jews, as the name indicates, belong to the Judaism religion. Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the stories it teaches about the life, and actions of Jesus Christ according to the Christians book of faith, the New Testiment. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Ahl-e Haqq (Persian:اهل حق from an Arabic phrase meaning people of the truth), also referred to as Yarsan or Yaresan (in Kurdish) and Ali-Ilahis or Aliullahis by critics, is a Sufi order in Iran. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Ahl-e Haqq (Persian:اهل حق from an Arabic phrase meaning people of the truth), also referred to as Yarsan or Yaresan (in Kurdish) and Ali-Ilahis or Aliullahis by critics, is a Sufi order in Iran. ... Also referred to as Yarsan or Yaresan and also Ali-Ilahis or Aliullahis by outsiders, is one of many Sufi orders in Iran, combining various syncretistic and Islamic ideas with a veneration of Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the son-in-law of Muhammad. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the stories it teaches about the life, and actions of Jesus Christ according to the Christians book of faith, the New Testiment. ... It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... Map showing the location of Tel Kaif, Iraq and the neighboring areas. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ...


The fourteen cities in the province and their populations (based on 2006 estimates [5]) are:

# City Population [6] Ethnicity in the township[7] City Calling Code [8]
1. Piranshahr 66,396 Kurdish 443
2. Urmia 623,143 Azeri and Kurdish 441
3. Naghadeh 74,821 Azeri and Kurdish 443
4. Salmas 83,516 Kurdish and Azeri 44352
5. Mahabad 168,328 Kurdish 442
6. Khoy 179,179 Kurdish and Azeri 461
7. Miandoab 138,127 Azeri 481
8. Oshnaviyeh 53,444 Kurdish 444
9. Bukan 225,391 Kurdish 482
10. Shahindej 43,013 Kurdish and Azeri 482
11. Chaldoran 33,417 Azeri and Kurdish 462
12. Takab 52,732 Kurdish and Azeri 482
13. Maku 42,587 Azeri and Kurdish 462
14. Sardasht 50,103 Kurdish 444

The township of Piranshahr, known in Kurdish language as Xanê and due to the tribe of Piran who had their settlement within these limits, which was later on changes to Piran Shahr (the city of Pirans). ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Naghadah (in Kurdish: Nexede, in Persian: نقده, is a city in northwestern Iran with 73,528 inhabitants [1], 23 km southeast of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Salmas is a city in northwestern Iran with 200,000 inhabitants, northwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... Mahabad (in Persian: مهاباد , in Kurdish: مه‌هاباد, Mehabad); (Old name: سابلاخ: Sablakh, which may be of Mongolian origin) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Khoy (خوی in Persian), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... Miandoab is a city in north west of Iran in the West Azerbaijan province. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... Oshnavieh (in Kurdish: Åžino) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 50 000 inhabitants, west of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Bukan (in Kurdish also called: Bokan) is a city in northwestern Iran. ... Kurdish may refer to: The Kurdish people The Kurdish language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Shahindej شاهینـدژ (in Kurdish: Sayin Qela صائین قلاء) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 100,000 inhabitants, southeast of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... Chaldran is a city in the north of West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Takab (or Tekab, Farsi: تکاب) is one of the cities and townships in the West Azarbaijan province in Iran . ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... Region of the old Armenia c. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Azerbaijanis. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ... Sardasht (in Kurdish: SerdeÅŸt, also ZerdeÅŸt) is a city in northwestern Iran with more than 40,000 inhabitants, [1] southwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... The Kurds are a middle-eastern ethnic group inhabiting a mountainous area of the Middle-East that includes parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Syria i. ...

Religion

Qara Kelissa, Chaldoran. Believed by some to have been first built in AD 66 by Saint Jude. Local Armenians believe that he and Simon were both buried here. In 1329, the church was reconstructed in its present form after an earthquake destroyed the structure in 1319.
Qara Kelissa, Chaldoran. Believed by some to have been first built in AD 66 by Saint Jude. Local Armenians believe that he and Simon were both buried here. In 1329, the church was reconstructed in its present form after an earthquake destroyed the structure in 1319.

In this province, Islam (Sunni and Shiite) is the majority religion. However, there is also a large Christian minority, comprised of Assyrians who have historically lived on the west shore of Lake Urmia, as well as Armenians who are scattered throughout the province. Notably, the city of Maku in northern West Azarbaijan was the only city in Iran (before World War II) where Christians comprised the majority. Image File history File links Qareh_kelissa. ... Image File history File links Qareh_kelissa. ... Qara Kelissa is a famous historical church of Armenian Orthodox Iranians. ... Chaldran is a city in the north of West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... For other uses, see number 66. ... , by Georges de La Tour. ... For the Wikipedian, see SimonP Simon is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Simeon. ... Events Antipope Nicholas V is excommunicated by Pope John XXII. Aimone of Savoy becomes Count of Savoy. ... Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shi‘as (the adjective in Arabic is شيعى shi‘i; English has traditionally used Shiite) which mean follower in Arabic make up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%-35% of all Muslim. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... Assyria in earliest historical times referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Ashur. ... Lake Urmia from space, October 1984 Satellite image of Lake Urmia, taken in November 2003 Lake Urmia (37. ... Region of the old Armenia c. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as...


St. Thaddeus Cathedral is located on the outskirts of Chaldoran, near the village of Qara-Kelissa. Besides being a religious site with a particular significance among Iranian Christians, particularly Armenians, this large church (monastery) is also a rare and valuable monument in architectural and artistic terms. Qara Kelissa is a famous historical church of Armenian Orthodox Iranians. ... [1] Nobody can know what his/her future is, if we learn and try to care today for each other, tomorrow we may face less problems. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... This article is about the built environment. ... The Mona Lisa Although today the word art usually refers to the visual arts, the concept of what art is has continuously changed over centuries. ...


St. Thaddeus, also known as Jude Thaddeus or Jude Labbeus, was one of the apostles of Jesus Christ who traveled to Armenia, where he was later killed and upon whose grave the locals erected a small chapel in AD 301. The cathedral is known as Qara-kelissa ('Black church' in Turkish) to the locals, owing to the appearance of its western section. , by Georges de La Tour. ...


Churches in West Azarbaijan

In all, thirty-one churches are registered by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran in the province. Many of these are historical landmarks and unusually rich in heritage. Some of the more famous ones are listed as follows[9]: Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ...

Qara Kelissa is a famous historical church of Armenian Orthodox Iranians. ... Chaldran is a city in the north of West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Khoy (خوی in Persian), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ... Salmas is a city in northwestern Iran with 200,000 inhabitants, northwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Thomas was not a Biblical given name, but originated from the Aramaic designation תום or Tôm. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Several notable people were called by the single name Paul: Saint Paul for a disambiguation page. ... Peter is a popular male given name. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Bakhtshooa Gondishapoori (also spelled Bukhtishu in many a literature) were a family of Nestorian Christian Persian physicians from the 7th, 8th, and 9th centuries. ... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... WWI may be an acronym for: World War I World Wrestling Industry This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Salmas is a city in northwestern Iran with 200,000 inhabitants, northwest of Lake Urmia about 1,300 metres above sea level. ... This article concerns the Assyrian people. ... Parvez, the Victorious (Khosau II), king of Persia, son of Hormizd IV, grandson of Khosrau I, 590 - 628. ... Emblem of the Municipality of Jerusalem Jerusalem and the Old City. ... Chaldran is a city in the north of West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ...

West Azarbaijan today

Kakh Muzeh Maku, near Maku, built by one of the commanders of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah, is a popular attraction.
Kakh Muzeh Maku, near Maku, built by one of the commanders of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah, is a popular attraction.

In the city of Urumieh, some residents have a high standard of living in comparison with the other cities of the province. There are plenty of parks, coffee shops, cinemas, and internet cafes throughout the city. There are hundreds of small villages in the province as well, most of which have running water and electricity as well as television, satellite, and telephone lines. Southern cities which economically are considered poor areas have always been the venue of Kurdish demonstrators against the Islamic regime. [10] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (316x640, 122 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (316x640, 122 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Maku is a city in the West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... Mozzafar-al-Din Shah (1853 - 1907) was the Shah of Persia between 1896 and 1907. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ... E-Corner First internet cafe, was located at Waverley station An Internet cafe or cybercafe is a place where one can use a computer with Internet access for a fee, usually per hour or minute; sometimes one can have unmetered access with a pass for a day or month, etc. ...


West Azarbaijan province is one of the most important provinces for Iran’s agriculture.


Colleges and universities

Urmia University was first built by an American Presbyterian missionary in 1878. A medical faculty was also established there headed by Joseph Cochran and a team of American medical associates. Joseph Cochran and his colleagues were buried in an old cemetery in the vicinity of Urmia. Urmia University website says this about them: Urmia University is a major university in the city of Urmia in West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Department of a University where medicine is taught. ... Joseph Plumb Cochran (Jan 14, 1855 - August 18, 1905) was an American presbyterian missionary. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia Persian: ارومیه, Kurdish: Wurmê), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia. ... Urmia University is a major university in the city of Urmia in West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ...

There they lie in peace away from their homeland, and the testimonial epitaphs on their tombs signify their endeavor and devotion to humanity.

The province today has the following major institutes of higher education: Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees, such as community colleges, and liberal arts colleges. ...

Urmia University is a major university in the city of Urmia in West Azarbaijan province of Iran. ...

References

Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ...

External links

  • Piranshahr Handicrafts
  • Official website of West Azarbaijan Governor’s Office
  • West Azarbaijan’s Government Portal
  • Status of Kurds in Iran and cities such as Urmia
  • Urmiye.org
  • West Azarbaijan Provincial Management Organization
  • West Azarbaijan Cultural Heritage Organization
  • Mahabad municipality official website
  • Recent photos from Azarbaijan
  • Lake Urmia UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • IRAN FOCUS
  • Chro


Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azerbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azerbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

  Results from FactBites:
 
West Azarbaijan - Biocrawler (687 words)
West Azarbaijan is a very religiously diverse province of Iran.
West Azarbaijan (آذربایجان غربی in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran.
Most residents of the province are ethnic Azeris who have lived for centuries in the region known as Azarbaijan, which stretches from the Republic of Azerbaijan of the former Soviet Union to the province of Zanjan in Iran.
About IRAN (1889 words)
With an area of 43,660 square kilometers, including Orumyeh lake,the province of West Azarbayjan is located on the north-west of Iran.
West Azarbayjan province is one of the mountainous araes with divers and vast topography.
The weather in Orumyeh is cold in winters and moderate in the summer.the latest archeological discoveries in Orumyeh indicate that the history of region goes 2000 BC.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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