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Encyclopedia > Wesley A. Clark

Wesley Allison Clark is a computer scientist who was one of the main participants in the creation of the LINC laboratory computer, which was the first mini-computer and shares with a number of other computers (such as the PDP-1) the claim to be the inspiration for the personal computer. He received an electrical engineering degree from MIT in 1955. Computer science (informally: CS or compsci) is, in its most general sense, the study of computation and information processing, both in hardware and in software. ... The LINC (Laboratory Instrument Computer) was a 12-bit, 2048-word computer. ... Introduction We all probably heard of supercomputers. ... The PDP-1 (Programmed Data Processor-1) was the first computer in Digital Equipments PDP series and was first produced in 1960. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The New York Times series on the history of the personal computer had this to say in an article on August 19, 2001 "How the Computer Became Personal": The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


"In the pantheon of personal computing, the LINC, in a sense, came first—more than a decade before Ed Roberts made PC's affordable for ordinary people. Work started on the Linc, the brainchild of the M.I.T. physicist Wesley A. Clark, in May 1961, and the machine was used for the first time at the National Institutes of Mental Health in Bethesda, Md., the next year to analyze a cat's neural responses. Henry Edward Roberts (born 1942) was the founder and president of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) which built the Altair 8800, one of the very first hobbyist personal computers. ...


Each Linc had a tiny screen and keyboard and comprised four metal modules, which together were about as big as two television sets, set side by side and tilted back slightly. The machine, a 12-bit computer, included a one-half megahertz processor. Lincs sold for about $43,000—a bargain at the time—and were ultimately made commercially by Digital Equipment, the first minicomputer company. Fifty Lincs of the original design were built."


He also had a small but key role in the planning for the ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet), having been the person to suggest the use of separate small computers (later named Interface Message Processors). ARPANET logical map, March 1977. ... A BlueGene supercomputer cabinet. ... Leonard Kleinrock and the first IMP. Taken from http://www. ...


When Al Rodbell, who lived across the hall from Clark for a decade, found out who his self effacing neighbor was, he shook his head and said, "If only I had known, I would have treated him with a lot more respect; and asked him for a lot more help with my computer."


References

  • http://www.smartcomputing.com/editorial/dictionary/detail.asp?guid=&searchtype=1&DicID=19576&RefType=Encyclopedia

 
 

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