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Encyclopedia > Wernicke's area
Brain: Wernicke's area
Approximate location of Wernicke's area highlighted in gray
NeuroNames ancil-252
Dorlands/Elsevier a_59/12151778

Wernicke's area is a part of the human brain that forms part of the cortex, on the left posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus, encircling the auditory cortex, on the Sylvian fissure (part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet). It can also be described as the posterior part of Brodmann area 22 and is usually located in the left hemisphere, as that is where the specialized language skill areas can be found for the majority of people. Drawing of human brain with Brocas and Wernicke area highlighted. ... NeuroNames is a system of nomenclature for the brain and related structures. ... Elseviers logo. ... A sketch of the human brain by artist Priyan Weerappuli, imposed upon the profile of Michelangelos David. ... Location of the cerebral cortex Slice of the cerebral cortex, ca. ... Superior temporal gyrus of the human brain. ... The primary auditory cortex the region of the brain which is responsible for processing of auditory (sound) information. ... The temporal lobes are part of the cerebrum. ... The parietal lobe is a lobe in the brain. ... A Brodmann area is a region in the brain cortex defined in many different species based on its cytoarchitecture. ... On the left side of the brain is an area called Brodmann’s area 22, that help generate and help the understanding of individual words, and on the right side of the brain it helps tell the difference between melody, pitch, and sound intensity. ... The human brain as viewed from above, showing the cerebral hemispheres. ...


Wernicke's area is named after Karl Wernicke, a German neurologist and psychiatrist who, in 1874, discovered that damage to this area could cause a type of aphasia that is now called Wernicke's aphasia or receptive aphasia. This condition results in an impairment of language comprehension and in speech that has a natural-sounding rhythm and a relatively normal syntax, but otherwise has no recognisable meaning (a condition sometimes called fluent or jargon aphasia). Carl Wernicke -- 1848-1905. ... Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and disorders affecting it. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Look up aphasia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernickes aphasia in clinical neuropsychology and neologistic jargonaphasia in cognitive neuropsychology, is a type of aphasia caused by neurological damage to Wernickes area in the brain. ... Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernickes aphasia, Fluent aphasia or sensory aphasia in clinical neuropsychology and cognitive neuropsychology, is a type of aphasia often (but not always) caused by neurological damage to Wernickes area in the brain. ...


Wernicke's work initiated the study of this brain area and its role in language. It is particularly known to be involved in the understanding and comprehension of spoken language.


It is connected to Broca's area by a neural pathway called the arcuate fasciculus. It also has connections to the primary auditory cortex, evidence for its role in the comprehension of the spoken word. Brocas area is the section of the human brain (in the opercular and triangular sections of the inferior frontal gyrus of the frontal lobe of the cortex) that is involved in language processing, speech production and comprehension. ... Figure one illustrates significant language areas of the brain. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
RESEARCH ARTICLES ON THE BRAIN AND MEMORY RELATED TO LANGUAGE (10725 words)
The thalamus and the basal ganglia are the areas of the brain responsible for the direction of attention.
Bugelski suggests that, at least, in some areas of memorization, and under some conditions of presentation, the degree of learning will be a function of total time, regardless of the duration of the individual trials or inter item times.
The process of recognizing auditory stimulation patterns as words involves Wernicke's area (posterior half of the left superior temporal gyrus).
Wernicke's area at AllExperts (214 words)
Wernicke's area is a part of the human brain which forms part of the cortex, on the left posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus, posterior to the primary auditory cortex, on the temporo-parietal junction (part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet).
Wernicke's work initiated the study of this brain area and its role in language.
It is connected to Broca's area by a neural pathway called the arcuate fasciculus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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