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Encyclopedia > Wenzhou
温州
Wēnzhōu Shì
Image:ChinaZhejiangWenzhou.PNG
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
Area (Land) 11,784 km²
Area (Sea) 11,000 km²
Coastline 355 km
Population 7,422,800 (2003)
GDP ¥16,475 per capita (2003)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions Unknown
Mayor Liu Qi (刘)
Area code 577
License Plate Prefix 浙C

Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: Wēnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China. It borders Lishui to the west, Taizhou to the north, and looks out to the East China Sea to the east. A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multi-ethnic unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Liu Qi (刘淇) is the CPC Beijing Committee Secretary, first-in-charge of Beijing, and also a member of the CPC Politburo Central Committee. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Pinyin: , lit. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Lishui(丽水) is a city located in the southeast of the Peoples Republic of China within the boundaries of Zhejiang Province. ... Taizhou (Simplified Chinese: 台州; pinyin: Tāizhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the east of Zhejiang province, China. ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ...


Wenzhou was a prosperous foreign treaty port, which remains well-preserved today. It is also known for its emigrants who leave their native land for Europe and the United States. They are very enterprising folks who start restaurants, retail and wholesale businesses in their adopted countries. World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ...

Contents


Administration

The prefecture-level city of Wenzhou currently administers 3 district, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties. A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ...

  • Lucheng District (鹿城区)
  • Longwan District (龙湾区)
  • Ouhai District (瓯海区)
  • Rui'an City (瑞安市)
  • Yueqing City (乐清市)
  • Yongjia County (永嘉县)
  • Pingyang County (平阳县)
  • Cangnan County (苍南县)
  • Dongtou County (洞头县)
  • Wencheng County (文成县)
  • Taishun County (泰顺县)

Longwan District (龙湾区, Longwan-qu) is a district of Wenzhou city, Zhejiang province, China. ...

History

Wenzhou, also known as Yongjia (or Yung-chia) has a history which goes back to about 2000 BC, when it became known for its pottery production. In the 2nd century BC it was called the Kingdom of Dong'ou. Under the Tang Dynasty, it was promoted to prefecture status and given its current name in 675 AD. For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Events The abbey of Abingdon, England is founded Aldhelm made abbot Aethelred succeeds his brother Wulfhere as king of Mercia Births Deaths Wulfhere, king of Japan - Temmu Emperor of Japan (672-686) Categories: 675 ...


Throughout its history, Wenzhou's traditional economic role has been as a port giving access to the mountainous interior of southern Zhejiang Province. In 1876 Wenzhou was opened to the foreign tea trade, but no foreign settlement was ever made there. In 19371942 during the war with Japan, Wenzhou became an important port due to its being one of the few Chinese ports still under Chinese control. It declined in the later years of the war but began to recover after coastal trade along the Zhejiang coast was re-established in 1955. Today Wenzhou remains the chief economic, political and cultural center of southeastern Zhejiang province. 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Economy

Wenzhou's Rui'an City
Wenzhou's Rui'an City

Wenzhou is in the midst of a development boom. It exports foodstuffs, tea, jute, timber, and paper. Its main industries are food processing, papermaking, building materials, with some engineering works producing mostly farm machinery. Food products produced in Wenzhou include medicinal tea and wine. Alunite (a non-metallic mineral used to make alum and fertilizer) is so abundant here that Wenzhou claims to be the "Alunite Capital of the World". Exploration for oil and natural gas has commenced in the East China Sea 100 km off the coast at Wenzhou. Download high resolution version (2100x1400, 1585 KB)Picture taken in Ruian, a smaller city in Wenzhou, China, during my trip there in August 2004. ... Download high resolution version (2100x1400, 1585 KB)Picture taken in Ruian, a smaller city in Wenzhou, China, during my trip there in August 2004. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced by the fermentation of grapes and grape juice. ... Alunite, or alumstone, is a mineral that was first observed in the 15th century at Tolfa, near Rome, where it was mined for the manufacture of alum. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold or Texas Tea, is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... Many stoves use natural gas. ... The East China Sea is a marginal sea and part of the Pacific Ocean. ...


However, since the new government term starting from 2004, the local government initiated a brand-new strategy of inviting investment from international market, which is dubbed as "Number 1 Project" of the city. It's particularly bold endeavour for Wenzhou with the backdrop of declining FDI in the national level, as well as the fact that the city is short for anything but public funding. The mindset of government, which is still very powerful in the administrative enforcement by mobilizing resources, is to boost local GDP with limited resources. The foeign capital can bring with it technologies that can enhance efficiency in economic operation.


Language and culture

Wenzhou natives speak Wu dialect Chinese, like the people of Hangzhou and Shanghai. Geographic isolation and an admixture of Southern Min Chinese speakers from nearby Fujian Province however have caused Wenzhou speech to evolve into a dialect that has been described as "notoriously eccentric." Wu (吳方言 pinyin wú fāng yán; 吳語 pinyin wú yǔ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Hangzhou (Chinese: 杭州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hang-chou) is a sub-provincial city in China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海 pinyin: (help· info); Shanghainese: Zanhe ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ... Mǐn Nán (Chinese: 閩南語), also spelt as Minnan or Min-nan; native name Bân-lâm-gú; literally means Southern Min or Southern Fujian and refers to the local language/dialect of southern Fujian province, China. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ...


The people of Wenzhou are equipped with business sense and a commercial culture more dominant than anywhere else in China. Wenzhou has two economic characteristics: it was the first to launch a market economy, and it has the most active and developed private economy in China. In the process of developing its economy, its people have survived adversity, and the government played a minor role. A market economy is an economic system in which goods and services are traded, with the price at which goods and services are exchanged being determined by trades that occur as a result of sellers asking prices matching buyers bid prices. ... Economics is the social science studying production and consumption through measurable variables. ...


Notable people

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Author:Wang Xizhi Wang Xizhi (王羲之) (303-361) was a famous Chinese calligrapher. ... Events Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire; Hierocles was said to have been the instigator of the fierce persecution of the Christians under February 24 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire. ... Events Emperor Ai succeeds Emperor Mu as emperor of China. ... Calligraphy is an art dating back to the earliest day of history, and widely practiced throughout China to this day. ... Xie Lingyun, 謝靈運 (385-422) was a Chinese author. ... Events February 11 - Oldest Pope elected: Siricius, bishop of Tarragona. ... Events Petronius Maximus becomes Roman Consul John of Antioch and Cyril of Alexandria sign the Formula of Reunion, thus ending their conflict over the Nestorian controversy and the Council of Ephesus. ... A poet exists within a cultural and intellectual tradition and usually writes in a specific language, but the qualities of good poetry are to some extent timeless and address issues common to all humanity. ... Events The people of Laon, France, proclaim a commune and murder their bishop Salzwedel, Germany is founded The German state of Baden is founded Afonso I becomes Count of Portugal Otto of Ballenstedt is made Duke of Saxony by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths October 5 - Sigebert of... // Events Saladin abolishes the Fatimid caliphate, restoring Sunni rule in Egypt. ... Events Åhus, Sweden gains city privileges City of Airdrie, Scotland founded King Sverker I of Sweden is deposed and succeeded by Eric IX of Sweden. ... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Neo-Confucianism (理學 Pinyin: Lǐxué) is a term for a form of Confucianism that was primarily developed during the Song dynasty, but which can be traced back to Han Yu and Li Ao in the Tang dynasty. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Events October 24 - Valdemar IV of Denmark dies and is succeeded by his grandson Olaf III of Denmark. ... Ming redirects here – for other uses of this term see Ming (disambiguation) The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... Events August 29 - Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England. ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Zheng Zhenduo Zheng Zhenduo (鄭振鐸), (1898-1958), Chinese courtesy name Xidì (西諦), was a journalist, a modern writer, an archeologist and a literature scholar. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Su Buqing (蘇步青 September 23, 1902 - March 17, 2003) was a Chinese mathematician and educator. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Fudan University   Fudan University (Chinese: 复旦大学; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is one of the oldest and most influential universities in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhu Chen (諸宸) is a chess Grand Master, from China. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ...

External links

  • Government website of Wenzhou (in Simplified Chinese)
  • Wenzhou from "My Home Town" project


Prefecture-level divisions of Zhejiang
Sub-provincial cities: Hangzhou | Ningbo
Prefecture-level cities: Huzhou | Jiaxing | Jinhua | Lishui

Quzhou | Shaoxing | Taizhou | Wenzhou | Zhoushan Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Hangzhou (Chinese: 杭州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hang-chou) is a sub-provincial city in China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Ningbo (Simplified Chinese: 宁波; Traditional Chinese: 寧波; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Huzhou City (hanzi: 湖州市) in northern Zhejiang Province in China, it is located on Taihu lake (太湖). ... Jiaxing (嘉兴市; Postal System Pinyin: Kashing; Wade-Giles: Chia-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang Province, China. ... Jinhua (Simplified Chinese: 金华; Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Lishui(丽水) is a city located in the southeast of the Peoples Republic of China within the boundaries of Zhejiang Province. ... Quzhou (衢州; pinyin: Qúzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Zhejiang province, China. ... Shaoxing (Simplified Chinese: 绍兴; Traditional Chinese: 紹興; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shao-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... For the prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, see Taizhou, Jiangsu. ... Zhoushan (Simplified Chinese: 舟山; Pinyin: ), formerly transliterated as Chusan, is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

List of Zhejiang County-level divisions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wenzhou - definition of Wenzhou in Encyclopedia (480 words)
Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese:温州;) is a city located in the southeastern corner of Zhejiang Province in China.
Wenzhou has two economic characteristics: it was the first to launch a market economy, and it has the most active and developed private economy in China.
Wenzhou is also known for its emmigrants who leave their native land for Europe and the United States.
Wenzhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (688 words)
Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: Wēnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China.
Wenzhou is in the midst of a development boom.
It's particularly bold endeavour for Wenzhou with the backdrop of declining FDI in the national level, as well as the fact that the city is short for anything but public funding.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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