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Encyclopedia > Wendy Carlos
Wendy Carlos
Birth name Walter Carlos
Born November 14, 1939 (1939-11-14) (age 68)
Origin Rhode Island, United States
Genre(s) Electronica
Occupation(s) electronic musician
composer
Instrument(s) Synthesizer
Website www.wendycarlos.com

Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) is an American composer and electronic musician. Carlos is one of the first famous performers of electronic music using synthesizers. is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Work

Switched-On Bach (1968) was perhaps the first album to demonstrate the use of synthesizers as a genuine musical instrument. As an early user of Robert Moog's first commercially available synthesizer, Carlos helped pioneer the technology, which was significantly more difficult to use than it is today. Multitrack recording techniques played a critical role in the time-consuming process of creating this album. Switched-On Bach became the first classical album to sell 500,000 copies, and (eventually) to go platinum. A sequel of additional synthesized baroque music, The Well-Tempered Synthesizer followed in 1969. (Its title is a play on Bach's "Well-Tempered Clavier".) While it sold well, it did not achieve the near-legendary status that Switched-On Bach did. Switched-On Bach is a musical album by Wendy Carlos (then Walter Carlos) on CBS Records, released in 1968. ... Dr. Robert Arthur Moog (pronounced // to rhyme with vogue, not //) (May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005) was a pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer. ... The Tascam 85 16B analogue tape recorder can record 16 tracks of audio on 1 inch (2. ... In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... The Well-Tempered Synthesizer is a 1969 album released by Wendy Carlos (then released as Walter Carlos) following the groundbreaking Switched-On Bach in the previous year. ... “Bach” redirects here. ... Title-page of Das wohltemperirte Clavier A flat major (As-dur) fugue from the second part of Das wohltemperirte Clavier (manuscript) The Well-Tempered Clavier (in the original German: Das wohltemperierte Clavier[1]) is a collection of solo keyboard music composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. ...


1972's Sonic Seasonings pushed the envelope further. This was packaged as a double album, with one side dedicated to each of the four seasons, and each side consisting of one long track. It blended recorded sounds with synthesized sounds, without melodies, to create an ambient effect. Not as popular as some other albums, it was however very influential on other artists who went on to create the ambient genre. Also in 1972, Carlos composed and recorded music for the soundtrack of the film A Clockwork Orange. She worked with Stanley Kubrick again on the score for The Shining, although in the end, Kubrick used mostly pre-existing music cues from other composers. Sonic Seasonings is the third album by synthesizer pioneer Wendy Carlos, which was released in 1972. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... This article is about the film. ... For other uses of this term, see Shining. ...


In 1982, she scored the theatrical film Tron for Disney. This score incorporated orchestra, chorus, organ, and both analog and digital synthesizers. Some of her end title music was replaced with a song by the rock group, Journey, and the music that originally was composed for the lightcycle scene was dropped. 1984's Digital Moonscapes switched to digital synthesizers, instead of the analog synthesizers that were the trademark of her earlier albums. Some of the unused material from the Tron soundtrack was incorporated into it. Tron is a 1982 science fiction film starring Jeff Bridges as Kevin Flynn (and his counterpart inside the electronic world, Clu), Bruce Boxleitner as Alan Bradley (and Tron), Cindy Morgan as Lora Baines (and Yori) and Dan Shor as Ram. ... Disney redirects here. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... Journey is an American rock band formed in 1973 in San Francisco, California. ... Tron is a 1982 science fiction film starring Jeff Bridges as Kevin Flynn (and his counterpart inside the electronic world, Clu), Bruce Boxleitner as Alan Bradley (and Tron), Cindy Morgan as Lora Baines (and Yori) and Dan Shor as Ram. ...


1986's Beauty In the Beast saw Wendy Carlos experimenting with various alternate tunings, including just intonation, balinese scales and several scales she invented for the album. One of her scales involved setting a "root note", and retuning all of the notes on the keyboard to just intonation intervals. There are a total of 144 possible notes per octave, from 12 notes in a chromatic scale times 12 different home keys. Other scales included Carlos' Alpha & Beta scales, which experimented with dividing the octave into odd numbers of equally-spaced intervals. In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ...


1987's Secrets of Synthesis is a lecture by Carlos, with audio examples (many from her own recordings), expounding on topics she feels to be of importance. Some of the material is a good introduction to synthesis, and some (e.g., a discussion of hocketing) is most useful to experienced musicians. In music hocket is the rhythmic linear technique using the alternation of notes, pitches, or chords. ...


Beginning in 1998, all of her catalogue was remastered. In 2005, the two-volume set Rediscovering Lost Scores was released, featuring previously out-of-print material, including the unreleased soundtrack to Woundings, and music composed and recorded for The Shining, Tron and A Clockwork Orange that was not used in the films.


Personal life

Carlos was born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Carlos's musical education began when he started playing the piano at the age of six. His formal education included Brown University where he studied music and physics, and Columbia University where he earned a MA in music. At Columbia, Carlos was a student of Vladimir Ussachevsky, a pioneer in electronic music. After graduation, he met Robert Moog and was one of his earliest customers, providing feedback for his further development of the Moog synthesizer. Around 1966, Carlos met Rachel Elkind who produced his early albums. Carlos has lived in New York since 1962. Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Vladimir Ussachevsky (Hailar, Manchuria, November 3, 1911 – New York, New York, January 2, 1990) was a composer particularly known for his work in electronic music. ... Dr. Robert Arthur Moog (pronounced // to rhyme with vogue, not //) (May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005) was a pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer. ... The term Moog(pronounced // as in moan) synthesizer can refer to any number of analog synthesizers designed by Dr. Robert Moog or manufactured by Moog Music, and is commonly used as a generic term for analog and digital music synthesisers. ... Rachel Elkind produced the work of Wendy Carlos, such as Switched on Bach. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Her first six recordings were released under the name Walter Carlos. In 1972, Carlos underwent sex reassignment surgery.[1] The last release to be credited to her as Walter Carlos was By Request (1975). The first release credited to her as Wendy Carlos was Switched-On Brandenburgs (1979). Carlos's first public appearance after her gender transition was in an interview in the May 1979 issue of Playboy magazine, a decision she would come to regret because of the unwelcome publicity it brought to her personal life. On her official site, her transition is discussed in an essay stating that she values her privacy on the subject.[2] For specialized articles on surgical procedures, see Sex reassignment surgery male-to-female and Sex reassignment surgery female-to-male. ... Classic Playboy logo. ... Transitioning is the process of ceasing to live in one gender role and starting to live in another, undertaken by transgender and transsexual people. ...


In 1998, Carlos sued Momus for $22 million[3] for his satirical song "Walter Carlos" (which appeared on the album The Little Red Songbook), which suggested that if Wendy could go back in time she could marry Walter. The case was settled out of court, with Momus agreeing to remove it from the CD and owing $30,000 in legal fees. This was considered by many to be an assault on the rights of free speech and artistic liberty. [4] Momus Nick Currie (born February 11, 1960 in Paisley, Scotland), more popularly known under the artist name Momus (after the Greek god of mockery), is a songwriter, blogger and a journalist for Wired. ... The album The Little Red Songbook (Le Grand Magistery 61665-60006). ...


Carlos is also an accomplished solar eclipse photographer.[5] Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ...


Discography

(Albums released during years 1968–1975 were originally released under name "Walter Carlos". Later albums and all re-issues have been released under the name "Wendy Carlos".)

Switched-On Bach is a musical album by Wendy Carlos (then Walter Carlos) on CBS Records, released in 1968. ... The Well-Tempered Synthesizer is a 1969 album released by Wendy Carlos (then released as Walter Carlos) following the groundbreaking Switched-On Bach in the previous year. ... Sonic Seasonings is the third album by synthesizer pioneer Wendy Carlos, which was released in 1972. ... This article is about the film. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... Walter Carlos Clockwork Orange, first released in 1972, is an album of electronic music by Wendy Carlos. ... Switched-On Brandenburgs is a 1979 double album by Wendy Carlos. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... Peter And The Wolf is a parody of the original story by Sergei Prokofiev as retold by Weird Al Yankovic. ... This article is about the musician himself. ... UNICEF Flag The United Nations Childrens Fund (or UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the UN... Split Second is a 1992 science fiction film,starring Rutger Hauer, Kim Cattrall and Neil Duncan. ...

References

  1. ^ "Playboy Interview: Wendy/Walter Carlos" (fee required), Playboy, Playboy Enterprises, May 1979. 
  2. ^ Carlos, Wendy. On Prurient Matters. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.
  3. ^ Shepherd, Fiona. "The World Can Change in a Matter of Momus", The Scotsman, The Scotsman Publications Ltd., 1999-09-10, p. 23. 
  4. ^ Selvin, Joel; Vaziri, Aidin, Heller, Greg. "$1,000 Bought a Custom Song on Momus' Latest Album", The San Francisco Chronicle, The Chronicle Publishing Co., 1999-11-07. 
  5. ^ Carlos, Wendy. The Wendy Carlos Total Solar Eclipse Page. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Carlos' official site
  • Wendy Carlos at the Internet Movie Database
  • Wendy Carlos at All Music Guide
  • NewMusicBox cover: Wendy Carlos in conversation with Frank J. Oteri, January 18, 2007 (includes video)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wendy Carlos - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (857 words)
Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos—see Personal life section below—November 14, 1939 in Pawtucket, Rhode Island) is an American composer and electronic musician.
Carlos was one of the first famous performers of electronic music using synthesizers.
Carlos' musical education began when she started playing the piano at the age of six.
Wendy Carlos - definition of Wendy Carlos in Encyclopedia (692 words)
Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) American composer and electronic musician.
Wendy Carlos was one of the first famous performers of electronic music using synthesisers.
This was due to an agreement with CBS records for her not to disclose her transgender status for ten years as a condition of her record contract.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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