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Encyclopedia > Wenden

Wenden is a village and a municipality in the district of Olpe, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approx. 7 km south of Olpe and 15 km northwest of Siegen. Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... Olpe is a town and a municipality in the district of Olpe, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...



Coordinates: 50°58′N 7°52′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Wenden
Coat of arms of Wenden Location of Wenden in Germany

Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region Arnsberg
District Olpe
Population 20,485 (December 31st, 2005)
Area 72,55 km²
Population density 274 /km²
Elevation 411 m
Coordinates 50°58′ N 7°52′ E
Postal code 57482
Area code 02762
Licence plate code OE
Mayor Peter Brüser (independent)
Website wenden.de

Contents

Image File history File links Wappen_von_Wenden. ... Image File history File links Lage_der_Stadt_Olpe_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south_east of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ...

Geography

Geographical location

The municipality of Wenden lies at the southernmost tip of the Sauerland an area of low mountain ranges. Close to Wenden the Bigge and its tributaries which feed into Biggesee have their source. To the south-east a ridge separates the municipality from the adjoining Siegerland. In the south-west the area of Wenden borders to the district of Altenkirchen which is parrt of the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate The Sauerland is a rural hilly area spreading across most of the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, heavily forested and sparsely inhabited. ... The Siegerland is a region of Germany covering the old district of Siegen (now part of the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in North Rhine-Westphalia) and the upper part of the district of Altenkirchen, belonging to the Rhineland-Palatinate adjoining it to the west. ... Altenkirchen is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, capital of the district Altenkirchen. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ...


Neighbouring towns and municipalities

Olpe is a town and a municipality in the district of Olpe, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Drolshagen is a town and a municipality in the district of Olpe, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Kreuztal is a town and a municipality in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Freudenberg can mean several things: Companies Freudenberg-NOK Freudenberg Politex Freudenberg & Co. ... ---Sidenote START--- Reichshof is a Northrhine-Westfalian municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, about 40 km east of Cologne. ... Coat of Arms, municipality Kirchen is a town and a municipality in the Landkreis Altenkirchen in the north of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ...

The greater area of Wenden

The greater area of Wenden includes the following 30 villages: Altenhof, Altenwenden, Bebbingen, Brün, Büchen, Döingen, Dörnscheid, Eichertshof, Elben, Gerlingen, Girkhausen, Heid, Hillmicke, Hoffnung, Hünsborn, Huppen, Löffelberg, Möllmicke, Ottfingen, Römershagen, Rothemühle, Rothenborn, Scheiderwald, Schönau, Schwarzbruch, Trömbach, Vahlberg, Wenden, Wendenerhütte, Wilhelmstal.


Climate

Wendens climate is very wet. Western winds bring clouds which formed over the Atlantic. Before they can pass over the Sauerland and Wenden these clouds have to rise. In order to do so they have to get lighter which in turn means rain. The coldest month is January. July is the warmest month. During winter fog forms frequently out of the moist air. The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... The Sauerland is a rural hilly area spreading across most of the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, heavily forested and sparsely inhabited. ...


History

The origins of the name Wenden are not known for certain. Probably it has to do with the location because at the turn of the first millenium within its area the lands of two Germanic people, the Franks and the Saxons met. There isn't any knowledge as to when the area was first setteled. The names of some villages like Girkhausen, Bebbingen, Döingen, Gerlingen, Ottfingen as well as the names of lost villages and homesteads offer some clues. Most likely settlement must have taken place no later than around 900 - 1000 AD. Perhaps the area knew settlements even sooner as the names of local brooks and streams like Elbe, Albe, Wende, Bigge, Benze and Binse hint. For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... Map showing the Saxons homeland in traditional region bounded by the three rivers: Weser, Eider, and Elbe Src: Freemans Historical Geographys. The Saxons or Saxon people are (nowadays) part of the German people with its main areas of settlements in the German States of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Saxony...


The first documented record of Wenden dates back to 1011. By that time a monastery was founded in Herford and given land in Wendenne, which is said to mean Wenden. At the beginning of the 14th century a chapel Wendene capella is mentioned in a copy of a much older tax register of the Archdiocese of Cologne. Watersheds make the borders of Wenden for centuries. In the south-east and east these watershed mark the boundary to the territory of Nassau-Siegen, in the south to the land of the counts of Wildenburg and in the south and south-west to the Duchy of Berg. All of the area of Wenden was part of the electorate of Cologne. Following the Reformation they remained Catholic while their neighbours to the south-east, south and south-west converted to Protestantism. The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Nassau was a German state within the Holy Roman Empire and later in the German Confederation. ... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Protestantism is one of three main groups within Christianity. ...


By the end of the Middle Ages people in the Siegerland fenced off their territory with a combination of trenches, earthworks and dense hedgerows. That part which touches the district of Olpe is called "Kölsches Heck" ("Cologne hedge"). "Kölsches Heck" also marks a boundary between two languages: Hochdeutsch - Niederdeutsch. Later in the time following the Reformation it came to mark the border between areas of different faiths. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Siegerland is a region of Germany covering the old district of Siegen (now part of the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in North Rhine-Westphalia) and the upper part of the district of Altenkirchen, belonging to the Rhineland-Palatinate adjoining it to the west. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Subdivisions Middle German Upper German High German (in German, Hochdeutsch; please note that Hochdeutsch is also used to refer to todays standard German) is any of several West Germanic languages spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg (as well as in neighbouring portions of Belgium, France (Alsace), Italy... Subdivisions East Low German Low Franconian Low Saxon Low German (in Low German, Platt(düütsch) or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ...


In 1803 the area of Wenden was transfered to the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt and in 1816 it was annexed to Prussia. Some years later in 1850 the municipalies of Wenden and Römershagen were joined to form the new municipality of Wenden (Am Wenden). Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ...


Incorporations

With the municipal restructuring within North Rhine-Westphalia as of 1st July 1969 the municipality of Wenden was renamed from Amt Wenden to Gemeinde Wenden. North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ...


Economy

Traffic

On the territory of Wenden two major Autobahn meet, Autobahn 4 and Autobahn 45.

  1. Bundesautobahn 45 connects Wenden to northwards to Dortmund and the Ruhr Area and southwards to Giessen and Frankfurt.
  2. Bundesautobahn 4 links the area to Cologne in the west.
  3. The extension of the Bundesautobahn 4 to the east in 2006 which connects it to the Hüttentalstrasse links Wenden to Kreuztal and Siegen.

Bundesautobahn 45 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 45, short form Autobahn 45, abbreviated as BAB 45 or A 45) is an autobahn in Germany, connecting Dortmund in the west with Hanau in the southwest. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... Gießen (Giessen pronunciation) is a city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse in Germany, capital of the Gießen district. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Map of the A 4 in Germany Bundesautobahn 4 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 4, short form Autobahn 4, abbreviated as BAB 4 or A 4) is an Autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction. ... Cologne (German:   ; Kölsch: Kölle /ˈkÅ“É«É™/) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... Map of the A 4 in Germany Bundesautobahn 4 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 4, short form Autobahn 4, abbreviated as BAB 4 or A 4) is an Autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction. ... Kreuztal is a town and a municipality in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

References

    This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding German Wikipedia article as of 2006-12-28. 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ...

    Über Wenden, Geschichte


    Coordinates: 50°58′N 7°52′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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