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Encyclopedia > Wenceslaus Square
Wenceslas Square
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Wenceslas Square

Wenceslas Square (Czech: Václavské náměstí) is the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. The English name is a misnomer, as Wenceslas Square is not really a square at all, but rather a 750-metre boulevard. It has been a place where many historical events occurred; it is also a traditional place for demonstrations, celebrations, and similar public gatherings. The square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of the Czechs. The New Town (Czech: Nové mÄ›sto) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. ... Prague (Czech: Praha, see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The metre, or meter, is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units (SI: Système International dUnités). ... This page is about protests. ... Wenceslas (or Wenceslaus; Czech: Václav  listen?; German: Wenzel), styled Wenceslas I, Duke of Bohemia (b. ... In several forms of Christianity, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ...

Contents


Features

Wenceslas "Square" has a shape of a very long (750 m, total area 45,000 ) rectangle, in a northwestsoutheast direction. The street slopes upward to the southeast side. On that end, the street is bordered by the grand neoclassical Czech National Museum. The northwest end runs up against the border between the New Town and the Old Town. The metre, or meter, is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units (SI: Système International dUnités). ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... In geometry, a rectangle is a defined as a quadrilateral polygon in which all four angles are right angles. ... A compass rose with Northwest highlighted Northwest is the ordinal direction halfway between West and North on a compass. ... Southeast is the ordinal direction halfway between south and east. ... For information about the economic theory, see neoclassical economics. ... Old Town (Czech: Staré mÄ›sto) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. ...


The street is dominated by a mounted statue of Saint Wenceslas, made by Josef Václav Myslbek in 18871924 and located in front of the National Museum. The image of Saint Wenceslas is accompanied by other Czech patron saints carved into the ornate statue base: Saint Ludmila, Saint Agnes of Bohemia, Saint Prokop, and Saint Adalbert of Prague. Josef Václav Myslbek (June 20, 1848 – June 2, 1922) was a Czech sculptor credited for founding of the modern Czech sculpting style. ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... St. ... Agnes of Bohemia (Czech ) was the first saint from a Central European country to be canonized by Pope John_Paul_II after the 1989 Velvet_Revolution. ... Adalbert (Czech: Vojtěch, Polish: Wojciech, Germanic equivalent Adalbert - the joy of warrior) was a 10th century bishop of Prague who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians. ...

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The upper part of Wenceslas Square at night

The statue base, designed by architect Alois Dryák, includes the inscription: "Svatý Václave, vévodo české země, kníže náš, nedej zahynouti nám ni budoucím" ("Saint Wenceslas, duke of the Czech land, prince of ours, don't let us perish in the future either"). Alois Dryák (February 24, 1872 - June 6, 1932, both in Prague) was Czech architect and professor of ornamental design. ...


Other landmarks on or visible from the street include the Art Nouveau Hotel Europa, the Palac Koruna office building and shopping centre and the Gothic Church of Our Lady of the Snows. Alfons Mucha, lithographed poster Dancel (1898). ... Notre-Dame Cathedral seen from the River Seine. ...


History

In 1348, Bohemian King Charles IV founded the New Town of Prague. The plan included several open areas for markets, of which the largest was the Koňský trh, or Horse Market. At the southeastern end of the market was the Horse Gate, one of the gates in the walls of the New Town. Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Bohemia Bohemia is also a place in the State of New York in the USA, see: Bohemia, New York. ... Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ...


During the Czech national revival movement in the 19th century, a more noble name for the street was requested. At this time the statue was built, and the square was renamed. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Wenceslas Monument and National Museum, at night
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Wenceslas Monument and National Museum, at night

On October 28, 1918, Alois Jirásek read the proclamation of independence of Czechoslovakia in front of the Saint Wenceslas statue. October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Alois Jir sek was a Czech novelist. ...


The Nazis used the street for mass demonstrations. During the Prague Uprising in 1945, a few buildings near the National Museum were destroyed. They were later replaced by department stores. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On January 19, 1969, student Jan Palach set himself on fire in Wenceslas Square to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Jan Palach (August 11, 1948 - January 19, 1969) was a Czech student who committed suicide in political protest by self-immolation. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


On March 28, 1969, the Czechoslovakian national ice hockey team defeated the USSR team for the second time in that year's Ice Hockey World Championships. As the country was still under Soviet occupation, the victory induced great celebrations. Perhaps 150,000 people gathered on Wenceslas Square, and skirmishes with police developed. A group of agents provocateurs provoked an attack on the Prague office of the Soviet airline Aeroflot, located on the street. The vandalism served as a pretext for reprisals and the period of so-called normalization. March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation. ... Agent Provocateur is a concept album, their sixth by American/British rock band Foreigner, released in 1984 (see 1984 in music). ... Aeroflot — Russian Airlines (Russian:Аэрофло́т — Росси́йские авиали́нии), or Aeroflot (Аэрофло́т), is the Russian national airline and is the biggest carrier in Russia. ... In the history of Czechoslovakia, normalization is a name commonly given to the period 1969 to about 1987. ...


In 1989, during the Velvet Revolution, large demonstrations (with hundreds of thousands of people or more) were held here. 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Velvet Revolution (Czech: sametová revoluce, Slovak: nežná revolúcia) (November 16 - December 29, 1989) refers to a bloodless revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the communist government there. ...


The square today

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Hotel Evropa

Today, Wenceslas Square is the heart of post-Communist Prague, lined by hotels, offices of foreign companies, expensive retail stores, currency exchange booths, cheap souvenir shops and fast-food joints. To the dismay of city officials, the street is also a popular location for prostitutes to ply their trade late at night. Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... In commerce, a retailer buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells individual items or small quantities to the general public or end user customers, usually in a shop, also called store. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services, such as oral sex or sexual intercourse, for money. ...


Transportation

The Prague Metro's Line A runs underneath Wenceslas Square, and the Metro's two busiest stations, Muzeum and Můstek, have entrances on the street. Tram tracks were removed from the street in 1980; a proposal to reintroduce trams is under consideration. Most of the street is open to automobile traffic; the northwestern end is pedestrianised. The Prague metro is an underground public transport network in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Street cars in New Orleans A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland For modern innovations aimed at increasing the capacity and speed of tramway systems, see light rail. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ...


References

  • Lazarova, Daniela (27 Nov. 2004). The Changing Face of Wenceslas Square Radio Praha.
  • Stankova, Jaroslava, et al (1992) Prague: Eleven Centuries of Architecture. Prague: PAV. ISBN 80-900003-1-2.

Wenceslas Square is also the name of a theatrical play by Larry Shue; the play is set in Prague. Theatre is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle — indeed any one or more elements of the other performing arts. ... A play is a common form of literature, usually consisting chiefly of dialog between characters, and usually intended for performance rather than reading. ... Larry Shue (23 July 1946 - 23 September 1985) was an American playwright and actor, best known for writing two often-performed farces, The Nerd and The Foreigner. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia Summary (2638 words)
His mother Drahomíra, however, was the daughter of a pagan tribal chief who held on to the pagan belief system, as did many Czech nobles at the time, fearing that the arrival of Christian bishops would threaten their authority.
Early in 929 Wenceslaus became an "amicus" (Friend, but with lower prestige) of the German King Henry I the Fowler, although it remains unclear as to whether this was the result of a voluntary submission or forced upon Wenceslaus by a German invasion.
After his death, Wenceslaus was canonised as a saint due to his martyr's death, as well as several purported miracles that occurred after his death.
Wenceslaus (550 words)
Wenceslaus' younger brother Boleslaus joined the opposition in 929, after Wenceslaus had a son, thereby removing Boleslaus from the chain of succession.
Boleslaus invited his brother Wenceslaus to a religious festival, and while Wenceslaus was on his way to mass on the morning of September 28, Boleslaus and a group of followers attacked him and stabbed him to death.
In the carol, Wenceslaus and a page leave their castle to bring food and pine longs to a peasant on the feast of Saint Stephen (Dec. 26).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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