FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia
Statue of Saint Wenceslaus in Olomouc (Czech Republic).
Statue of Saint Wenceslaus in Olomouc (Czech Republic).

Wenceslaus or Wenceslas (Czech: Václav ; German: Wenzel), styled Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907, d. September 28, 935 or 929 – see death controversy below) was the son of Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia. His father was raised in a Christian milieu through his father, Bořivoj's, who was converted by Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius, the "apostles to the Slavs". His mother Drahomíra, however, was the daughter of a pagan tribal chief who held on to the pagan belief system, as did many Czech nobles at the time, fearing that the arrival of Christian bishops would threaten their authority. Wenceslaus himself is venerated as Saint Wenceslaus (see below). ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (920x1984, 335 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (920x1984, 335 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Cs-svaty Vaclav. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... Events Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, murdered by his brother, Boleslav I, who succeeds him Gyeonhwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom. ... Events Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph. ... Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia (915- February 13, 921), was the younger brother of Spytihnev I. Vratislav had two sons, Václav and Boleslav. ... BoÅ™ivoj I was Duke of Bohemia (852/853 - 888/889). ... See Saint Cyril (disambiguation) for other persons with this name. ... Saint Methodius (Greek: Άγιος Μεθόδιος) was a Byzantine bishop of Great Moravia (Moravia) (born Thessaloniki, Byzantine Empire (today Greece), 826; he died in the (unknown) capital of Great Moravia, April 6, 885). ... Drahomíra the Arrogant (died after 935) was a Bohemian princess, wife of Vratislav I. Drahomíras homeland was around Brandeburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. ... Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions. ...

Contents


Childhood

When Wenceslaus was thirteen his father died and he was brought up by his grandmother, Saint Ludmila, who raised him as a Christian. A dispute between the fervently Christian regent and her daughter-in-law drove Ludmila to seek sanctuary at Tetín Castle near Beroun. Drahomíra, who was trying to garner support from the nobility, was furious while losing influence on her son and arranged to have Ludmila strangled at Tetín on September 15, 921. St. ... Beroun is a small town of about 20,000 inhabitants located in the Czech Republic, in the region of Central Bohemia. ... Drahomíra the Arrogant (died after 935) was a Bohemian princess, wife of Vratislav I. Drahomíras homeland was around Brandeburg, a castle near present-day Berlin. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ...


According to some legends, having regained control of her son, Drahomíra set out to convert him to the old pagan religion. According to other legends she was herself a Christian. About her rule we know nothing.


Career

In 924 or 925 Wenceslaus assumed government for himself and had Drahomíra exiled. After gaining the throne at the age of eighteen, he promoted the spread of Christianity throughout Bohemia. This was accomplished not only by building churches, such as future St Vitus Cathedral (named after a Roman saint whose body was translated to Saxony from St. Denis) at Hradcany Hill in Prague, but also by his acquiescence to the influence of the Holy Roman Empire. As such, the pagan nobility of Bohemia saw Wenceslaus and his faith as a threat not only to their pagan tradition, but also to their very sovereignty. Events King Athelstan of England succeeds to the throne. ... Events Alfonso IV the Monk becomes king of Leon Ha-Mim proclaims himself a prophet among the Ghomara of Morocco Tomislav, duke of the Croatian duchies of Pannonia and Dalmatia, is crowned King of Croatia at Duvno field. ... External links Cathedral page on Prague Castle Administration site Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Prague | Roman Catholic cathedrals ... Prague (Czech: Praha, see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ... The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation â–¶(?), Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germanicae, see names and designations of the empire) was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ...


Early in 929 Wenceslaus became an "amicus" (Friend, but with lower prestige) of the German King Henry I the Fowler, although it remains unclear as to whether this was the result of a voluntary submission or forced upon Wenceslaus by a German invasion. Some chroniclers identify either the growing German influence, or hostility to Wenceslaus' religious policies as the main reason for his death. Events Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph. ... A monarch (see sovereign) is a type of ruler or head of state. ... Henry I, the Fowler (German, Heinrich der Vogler) (876 - July 2, 936), was duke of Saxony from 912 and king of the Germans from 919 until his death in 936. ...


Death and controversy

In September of 935 (or 929), a group of these nobles allied with Wenceslaus' younger brother, Boleslaus (Boleslav I of Bohemia), in a plot to kill the prince. In addition to having been raised in the pagan tradition by Drahomira, Boleslaus had the added incentive of being Wenceslaus' successor to the throne. After inviting his brother to the feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian, he murdered him on his way to church and thus succeeded him as the Prince of Bohemia. (Note the title Prince, indicating independence from the Catholic Holy Roman Empire, as opposed to Duke, the title granted by the Empire to Wenceslaus.) Purportedly Wenceslaus was murdered by being hacked to death at the door of the church in the town now called Stará Boleslav. September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days. ... Boleslav (or Boleslaus) I the Cruel (died July 15, 972 (or 967)), was the Duke of Bohemia from 935 to 972 (or 929 - 967). ... Saints Cosmas and Damian (died 303) were twins and early Christian martyrs, born in Cilicia, or in Arabia, who practiced the art of healing in the seaport of Ægea (modern Ayash) in the Gulf of Iskanderun, then in the Roman province of Syria. ... Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (-Czech, German: Brandeis-Altbunzlau) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic on the banks of the Elbe river. ...


There are discrepancies in the records regarding the date of Wenceslaus' death. It has been argued that Wenceslaus' remains were transferred to St Vitus's Church in 932, ruling out the later date; however, the year 935 is now favoured by historians as the date of his murder.


Canonisation and other memorials

Saint Wenceslaus
Martyr
Born 907, Prague, Bohemia
Died 935 (or 929), Stará Boleslav, Bohemia
Venerated in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church
Canonised ?
Major shrine St Vitus Cathedral, Prague
Feast September 28
Attributes Crown, dagger, eagle on a banner
Patronage Bohemia, Czech Republic, Prague

After his death, Wenceslaus was canonised as a saint due to his martyr's death, as well as several purported miracles that occurred after his death. Wenceslaus is the patron saint of the Czech people and the Czech Republic. His feast day is September 28. Since the year 2000, this day is a public holiday in the Czech Republic, celebrated as Czech Statehood Day. Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for their religious faith, such as when the early Christians were persecuted by the Roman Empire. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Prague (Czech: Praha, see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Events Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, murdered by his brother, Boleslav I, who succeeds him Gyeonhwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom. ... Events Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph. ... Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (-Czech, German: Brandeis-Altbunzlau) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic on the banks of the Elbe river. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... External links Cathedral page on Prague Castle Administration site Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Prague | Roman Catholic cathedrals ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... In several forms of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Prague (Czech: Praha, see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ... Czechs (Czech: ÄŒeÅ¡i) are a western Slavic people of Central Europe, living predominantly in the Czech Republic. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Public holidays in the Czech Republic Categories: Public holidays by country | Czech Republic ...


In his honour, a statue of Wenceslaus clad in armour on horseback stands in Prague's Václavské náměstí (Wenceslaus Square). A parody of this statue, created by David Černý, hangs in a building that faces the square. Wenceslas Square Wenceslas Square (Czech: Václavské námÄ›stí) is the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. ... In contemporary usage, parody is a form of satire that imitates another work of art in order to ridicule it. ... David Cerný is a Czech sculptor, whose works can be seen in many locations in Prague. ...


Various "King in the mountain" legends have been told about Wenceslaus. He is best known outside the Czech Republic as the subject of the Christmas carol "Good King Wenceslas". Frederick sends out the boy to see whether the ravens still fly. ... Singing carols: John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together A Christmas carol is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, or the winter season in general. ... Good King Wenceslas is a popular Christmas carol, in which the king goes out to give alms to a poor peasant on St. ...


Wenceslas in fiction

There is a 1994 television film entitled Good King Wenceslas which is a highly fictional account of his early life. The film stars Jonathan Brandis in the title role, supported by Leo McKern, Stefanie Powers and Joan Fontaine as Ludmila. Jonathan Brandis Jonathan Gregory Brandis (April 13, 1976 – November 12, 2003) was an American film and television actor, the only child of Greg and Mary Brandis of Danbury, Connecticut. ... Image:Number Two. ... ­ Stefanie Powers & Robert Wagner Stefanie Powers (born Stefania Zofia Federkiewicz on November 2, 1942 in Hollywood, California) is an American stage and film actress and singer of Polish Catholic descent. ... Joan Fontaine (born October 22, 1917) is an American actress. ...

Preceded by:
Vratislav I
Duke of Bohemia
921-c. 935
Succeeded by:
Boleslav I

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m