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Encyclopedia > Welsh colonization of the Americas
European colonization
of the Americas
History of the Americas
Courland colonization
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Dutch colonization
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French colonization
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Welsh colonization

Welsh colonization of the Americas began in the 19th century. There is now an important Welsh-speaking colony in the province of Chubut, in Argentine Patagonia. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with Courlands colonies marked The Duchy of Courland was the smallest nation to colonize the Americas with a short-lived colony in Tobago during the 1654-1659, and again 1660-1689. ... Denmark had a colonial empire from the 18th century until the 20th. ... During the 17th century, Dutch traders established trade posts and plantations throughout the Americas; actual colonization, with Dutch settling in the new lands was not as common as with settlements of other European nations. ... British colonization of the Americas began in the late 16th century. ... North America The French established colonies across the New World in the 17th century. ... The German colonization of the Americas consisted of a failed attempt to settle Venezuela in the 16th century. ... Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... After the discovery of northern Alaska by Ivan Fedorov in 1732, and the Aleutian Islands, southern Alaska, and north-western shores of North America in 1741 during the Russian exploration conducted by Vitus Bering and Aleksei Chirikov, it took fifty years until the founding of the first Russian colony in... Scottish colonization of the Americas consisted of a number of failed or abandoned settlements in North America, a colony at Darien, Panama and a number of wholly or largely Scottish settlements made as part of Great Britain. ... Spanish conquest and colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in America of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... The Swedish colonization of the Americas consisted of a 17th century settlement on the Delaware River in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century. ... The Vikings, or Norsemen, explored and settled areas of the North Atlantic, including the northeast fringes of North America, beginning in the 10th century. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Argentina consists of 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 federal district (Capital Federal *). Capital Federal * Buenos Aires Catamarca Chaco Chubut Córdoba Corrientes Entre Ríos Formosa Jujuy La Pampa La Rioja Mendoza Misiones Neuquén Río Negro Salta San Juan San Luis Santa Cruz Santa Fe Santiago... Chubut is a province in the southern part of Argentina, that lies between the 42nd Parallel South (forming the border with the Río Negro Province) and 46th Parallel South (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean. ... Patagonia is that portion of South America which, to the east of the Andes, lies south of the Neuquén and Colorado rivers, and, to the west of the Andes, south of (42°S). ...

The permanent European settlement of the Chubut Valley and surrounding areas began on July 27, 1865 when 153 Welsh settlers arrived aboard the ship Mimosa, with the aim of setting up a Welsh-speaking colony away from the influence of English. The Argentine government, under the direction of Interior Minister Guillermo Rawson, had agreed to give them 100 square miles (260 km²) of land along the Chubut River in exchange for settling the land of the still-unconquered Patagonia for Argentina. Their inspiration had been Professor Michael D. Jones, a nationalist non-conformist preacher based in Bala who had called for a new "little Wales beyond Wales". He recruited settlers and provided financing. Australia, New Zealand and even Palestine were considered, but Patagonia was chosen for its isolation and the Argentines' apparently generous offer. Two prospectors, Lewis Jones (after whom Trelew was named) and Sir Love Jones-Parry of Madryn (whose estate in Wales gave its name to Puerto Madryn), were sent to oversee the site and they duly declared it suitably remote and desolate. July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Welsh are a celtic ethnic group primarily associated with Wales and the Welsh language. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... The Chubut River is a river in Southern Argentina. ... Michael D. Jones (1822-1898) was born Michael Daniel Jones in Llanuwchllyn, Gwynedd (then Merionethshire). ... // Nationalism is an ideology which holds that the nation, ethnicity or national identity is a fundamental unit of human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate basis for the state, and that each... In English history, a non-conformist is any member of a Protestant congregation not affiliated with the Church of England. ... Bala is a market town in Gwynedd, Wales, formerly an urban district of Merionethshire. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Trelew is a city in the Chubut Province of Patagonia. ... Puerto Madryn (in Welsh, Porth Madryn) is a city in the province of Chubut in the Argentine Patagonia. ...

The Mimosa settlers included tailors, shoemakers, carpenters, brickmakers, and miners. There were few farmers, which was rather unfortunate particularly when they discovered that the attractions of the area had been rather oversold and they had landed in an arid semi-desert with little food. They had been told that the area was like lowland Wales. At the coast there was little drinking water and the group embarked on a walk across the parched plain with a single wheelbarrow to carry their belongings. Some died and a baby was born on the march, called Mary. John Williams was the only colonist with any form of rudimentary medical skill. They reached the Chubut River and settled in the area of Gaiman, suffering several years of drought and famine. A tailor is a person whose occupation is to sew clothes custom-fit to individuals, and to repair clothes. ... Shoemaking is a traditional career/craft, mostly superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... A carpenter is a skilled craftsman who performs carpentry -- a wide range of woodworking that includes constructing buildings, furniture, and other objects out of wood. ... A weathered brick wall. ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... Farmer spreading grasshopper bait in his alfalfa field. ... A dune in the Egyptian desert In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation - less than 250 mm (10 in) per year. ... Drinking water Drinking water is water that is intended to be drunk by humans. ... Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining human health or restoring it through the treatment of disease and injury. ... Gaiman is a city in the Chubut Province of Patagonia in Argentina. ... A drought or an extreme dry periodic climate is an extended period where water availability falls below the statistical requirements for a region. ... A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common. ...

After some difficult early years of suspicion and a small amount of violence, the local Tehuelche people established cordial relationships with the Welsh and helped the settlement survive the early food shortages. The settlers, directed by Aaron Jenkins, soon established Argentina's first irrigation system based on the river Chubut (in Welsh, Afon Camwy or swirling river), irrigating an area 3 or 4 miles (5 or 6 km) to each side of the 50 mile (80 km) long stretch of river and creating Argentina's most fertile wheatlands, now covering an area of 500,000 acres (2,000 km²). In the 1880s a railway was built along the valley to facilitate the movement of wheat to the port of Puerto Madryn (originally Porth Madryn) on the Golfo Nuevo on the southern side of Península Valdés, now a well-known spot for tourists to see marine mammals. Patagonian camp, 1838 Tehuelches is the collective name of the native tribes of Patagonia. ... High-altitude aerial view of irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... This article is about the music festival. ... // Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Puerto Madryn (in Welsh, Porth Madryn) is a city in the province of Chubut in the Argentine Patagonia. ... Peninsula Valdés, photo taken during shuttle mission STS-68 Peninsula Valdés is a peninsula along the Atlantic coast in Chubut Province, Argentina. ...

Serious damage caused by floods in the 1890s and 1900s, together with the imposition of conscription by the Argentine government and a lack of unclaimed farmable land caused some of the Welsh settlers to leave for Canada, eventually resettling in the Winnipeg area, but by the end of the 19th century there were some 4,000 people of Welsh descent living in Chubut. They spread further along the Chubut river and into the foothills of the Andes as far as Trevelin. The last substantial immigration from Wales took place shortly before the First World War. In time the colony proved remarkably successful. As well as the irrigation system, the creation of a Co-operative Society was crucial. The Society traded on the settlers' behalf in Buenos Aires and acted as a bank with 14 branches. The strong chapel-based society was also important, with an emphasis on mutual help and support, social activities and insurance schemes. However, the Co-operative Society collapsed in the Great Depression of the 1930s and many lost their savings. The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... // Events and Trends Technology Lawrence Hargrave makes the first stable wing design for a heavier-than-air aircraft Orville and Wilbur Wright make the first documented flight in a powered heavier-than-air aircraft Mass production of automobile Wide popularity of home phonograph Panama Canal is built by the United... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Area: 465. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America; for other uses, see Andes (disambiguation). ... Trevelin is a town in Chubut Province, Argentina. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ... Buenos Aires (Good Airs in Spanish, originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires meaning City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as... Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California, centering on Florence Owens Thompson, a mother of seven children, age twenty-nine, in Nipomo, California, March 1936. ... // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ...

The Welsh have left their mark on the landscape, with windmills and chapels across the province, including the distinctive wood and corrugated zinc Capilla Salem and Trelew's Salon San David, an attempt to reproduce St David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire. Many settlements along the valley bear Welsh names. Over the years use of the Welsh language has declined, although there is still contact with Wales, from where teachers are sent to assist in keeping the language alive, and there is some social cachet in knowing the language — even among people who are not of Welsh ancestry. There are still important cultural activities, including chapel, poetry and Welsh teas served in teahouses alongside the river in Gaiman and Dolavon. Trelew is a city in the Chubut Province of Patagonia. ... St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the south-west of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Dolavon is a small town in Chubut Province in Patagonia, Argentina. ...

Principal settlements in the area are Puerto Madryn, Trevelin (=Milltown), Rawson (after the Argentine Interior Minister at the time of the Mimosa), Trelew (=Lewistown, after Lewis Jones, one of the founders), and Gaiman. Trevelin is a town in Chubut Province, Argentina. ... Rawson is a city in Argentina and has been the capital of Chubut Province since the foundation of the province in 1957. ...

Welsh language names for Argentine places

  • La Angostura - Lle Cul ("narrow place")
  • Arroyo Pescado - Nant y Pysgod ("stream of the fishes")'
  • Colonia 16 de Octubre - Cwm Hyfryd/Cwm Hydref (Andean Colony) ("beautiful valley/October valley")
  • Fuerte Aventura - Caer Antur ("adventure fort")
  • Paso de Indios - Rhyd yr Indiaid ("indian's ford")
  • Las Plumas - Dôl y Plu ("meadow of the feathers")
  • Puerto Madryn - Porth Madryn ("port Madryn")
  • Rawson - Trerawson ("Rawsontown")
  • Río Chubut - Afon Camwy ("swirling river")
  • Río Corrintos - Aber Gyrants
  • Valle de los Mártires - Dyffryn y Merthyron ("valley of the martyrs")
  • Valle Frío - Dyffryn Oer ("cold valley")

Puerto Madryn (in Welsh, Porth Madryn) is a city in the province of Chubut in the Argentine Patagonia. ... Rawson is the name of two towns in the United States: Rawson, North Dakota Rawson, Ohio Rawson is the name of the capital of Chubut Province in Argentina Rawson, Chubut, Argentina This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Chubut River is a river in Southern Argentina. ...

See also

Non-native population in Argentina, 1869–1991 The original inhabitants of Argentina were descendents of Asian peoples that crossed the Bering Land Bridge into North America and then, over thousands of years, reached the southern end of South America. ... ...


R. Bryn Williams (2000) Gwladfa Patagonia 1865-2000 = La colonia galesa de Patagonia 1865-2000 = The Welsh colony in Patagonia 1865-2000 (Gwasg Carreg Gwalch) ISBN 0-86381-653-3



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