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Encyclopedia > Wellington boot
A pair of Wellington boots
A pair of Wellington boots

The Wellington boot, also known as a welly, a wellie, a gumboot or a rubber boot, is a type of boot based upon Hessian boots. It was worn and popularised by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington and fashionable among the British aristocracy in the early 19th century. Download high resolution version (552x700, 206 KB)Wellington Boots. ... Download high resolution version (552x700, 206 KB)Wellington Boots. ... A pair of Wellington boots The Wellington boot, also known as a welly, a wellie, a gumboot or a rubber boot, is a type of boot based upon Hessian boots. ... A pair of classic black leather Dr. Martens. ... A mans high, tasseled boot introduced into England by Hessians in the 19th century. ... Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ... The Ancient Greek term aristocracy meant a system of government with rule by the best. This is the first definition given in most dictionaries. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The first Duke of Wellington instructed his shoemaker, Hoby of St. James's Street, London, to modify the 18th century Hessian boot. The resulting new boot designed in soft calfskin leather had the trim removed and was cut closer around the leg. The heels were low cut, stacked around an inch, and stopped at mid-calf. It was hard wearing for battle yet comfortable for the evening. The Iron Duke didn't know what he'd started—the boot was dubbed the Wellington and the name has stuck ever since. (The Duke can be seen wearing the boots, which are tasseled, in this 1815 portrait by James Lonsdale.)[1]

These boots quickly caught on with patriotic British gentlemen eager to emulate their war hero. Considered fashionable and foppish in the best circles, and worn by dandies, such as Beau Brummell, they remained the main fashion for men through the 1840s. In the 1850s they were more commonly made in the calf high version and in the 1860s they were both superseded by the ankle boot, except for riding. Brummell, engraved from a miniature portrait. ...

These boots were at first made of leather. However in 1852, Hiram Hutchinson met Charles Goodyear who just had invented the vulcanization process for natural rubber. While Goodyear decided to manufacture tyres, Hutchinson bought the patent to manufacture footwear and moved to France to establish "A l'Aigle" in 1853 ("To the Eagle," in honour of his home country). In a country where 95% of the population were working on fields with wooden clogs as it had been for generations, the introduction of the Wellington type rubber boot became an immediate success: farmers were finally able to come home their feet dry and mud-free. Charles Goodyear, as illustrated in an 1891 Scientific American article Charles Goodyear (December 29, 1800 - July 1, 1860) was the first American to vulcanize rubber,a process which he discovered in 1839 and patented on June 15, 1844. ... Vulcanization, or curing of rubber, is a chemical process in which individual polymer molecules are linked to other polymer molecules by atomic bridges. ... The word clog, as applied to footwear, has these meanings:- A type of shoe or sandal made predominantly out of wood. ...

Now Wellington boots are waterproof and are most often made from rubber or a synthetic equivalent. They are usually worn when walking on wet or muddy ground, or to protect the wearer from heavy showers. They are generally just below knee-high. Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ...

In Britain, there is a light-hearted sport, known as wellie wanging, which involves throwing Wellington boots as far as possible. The boots, especially Black Rubber, are also popular fetish items among many people. Wellie wanging, or wellie throwing, is a freestyle sport that originated in Britain, most likely in the county of Yorkshire. ... Two women in rubber miniskirts and tops Rubber fetishism is the fetishistic attraction to people wearing rubber clothing, or in certain cases, to the garments themselves. ...

The boot has also given its name to the welly boot dance, said to have been performed by miners in Africa to keep their spirits up whilst working. In 1974, Scottish comedian Billy Connolly adopted a comical ode to the boot called "The Welly Boot Song" as his theme tune and it became one of his best-known songs. The African welly boot dance is an African dance, which one may conjecture from the name is performed by dancers wearing Wellington boots. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... William Billy Connolly, CBE, (born 24 November 1942) is a comedian, musician, presenter, and actor. ...

Wellington boots, though invented in Britain, are very popular in Canada, particularly in springtime, when melting snows leave wet and muddy ground for a couple of months. Young people can be seen wearing them to school or university and taking them to summer camps.

Green Wellingtons are most popular in Britain, while black Wellingtons, particularly with red or green soles, remain the favourite of Canadians. Yellow-soled black Wellingtons are often seen in the US, in addition to Canadian styles. Wellingtons specifically made for cold weather, lined with warm insulating material, are especially popular during Canadian winters. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...

Lately designers have made wellies (this word is fashion slang) another item of fashionable footwear.


Gumboots - New Zealand & Australia

In New Zealand, where they are called gumboots, they are considered essential foot wear for farmers. Gumboots are often referred to in Kiwi popular culture such as Footrot Flats. In 1976, satirist John Clarke's alter ego Fred Dagg reworked Billy Connolly's Welly Boot song as "If it weren't for your Gumboots", and created a hit. The farming town of Taihape in New Zealand's North Island proclaims itself "Gumboot capital of the World" and has annual competitions such as Gumboot throwing. Most gumboots are black, but those worn by abattoir workers, butchers, and by hospital operating theatre staff and surgeons are white, and children's sizes come in multiple colours. Farmer spreading grasshopper bait in his alfalfa field. ... Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand. ... Footrot Flats was a comic strip written by New Zealand cartoonist Murray Ball. ... John Morrison Clarke (born July 29, 1948) is a comedian and writer. ... Fred Dagg is a fictional archetype satirist from New Zealand created and acted on stage, film and television by John Morrison Clarke. ... Taihape is a small but picturesque town near the middle of the North Island of New Zealand. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Workers and cattle in a slaughterhouse. ...

They are also called Gumboots in Australia and Southern Africa. Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ...

Topboots - Ireland

In some parts of Ireland one can hear older people refer to their Wellington boots as "me topboots", usually black in colour, as this was a popular name for Wellingtons in the 1960s.

Russian Rubber boots

In Russia rubber boots were first introduced in 1920s. Immediately they became extremely popular because of Russian weather conditions. During the rule of Stalin, 17 factories, which produced rubber boots were built in different parts of the USSR. Along with valenki in winter, rubber boots became a traditional footwear in springs and autumns. When Nikita Khrushev came to power, in frames of the "battle for modesty", rubber footwear was proclaimed as Socialism style, while leather, which was obviously more expensive, was a Capitalism style. During 1961-1964 leather footwear dissappeared from Soviet shops.

This process was abruptly halted by Leonid Brezhnev, who came to power in 1964. Usual footwear was returned to the shops and rubber boots began to lose their popularity rapidly.


  • Before entering the mobile phone business, rubber boots were one of the most well-known products of Nokia.[2]

[3][4] Nokia Corporation (NYSE: NOK) is the worlds largest manufacturer of mobile telephones (as of September 2006), with a global market share of approximately 36% in Q3 of 2006. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
edding - Wellington boot (456 words)
This winter, however, the boot is firmly on the other foot: for they have finally made the stride from field and forest, and are now to be seen in the coolest bars and clubs in town.
We are, of course, talking about the wellington boot - the fashion item of the season.
By using splashes of all manner of different colours, the humble wellington has come out of the shadows to be transformed into the eye-catching fashion accessory of the winter months.
Wellington boot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (950 words)
The Wellington boot, also known as a welly, a wellie, a gumboot or a rubber boot, is a type of boot based upon Hessian boots.
It was worn and popularised by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington and fashionable among the British aristocracy in the early 19th century.
Wellington boots are waterproof and are most often made from rubber or a synthetic equivalent.
  More results at FactBites »



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