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Encyclopedia > Welland Canal
A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background.
A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background.

The Welland Canal is a ship canal that runs 42 km (27.0 miles) from Port Colborne, Ontario on Lake Erie to Port Weller, Ontario on Lake Ontario. As part of the St. Lawrence Seaway, the canal allows ships to avoid Niagara Falls by traversing the Niagara Escarpment. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2049 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2049 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... The Garden City Skyway is a major high-level bridge allowing the Queen Elizabeth Way to cross the Welland Canal without the interruption of a lift bridge. ... A ship canal is a canal especially constructed to carry ocean-going ships, as opposed to barges. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2001 population 18,450) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario, Canada near Niagara Falls. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Port Weller, Ontario is a village located at a Latitude of 43°13 North and Longitude of 79°13 West in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ...


Approximately 40,000,000 tonnes of cargo is carried through the Welland Canal annually by over 3,000 ocean and lake vessels. It was a major factor in the growth of the city of Montreal. The original canal and its successors allowed goods from Detroit, Michigan, Cleveland, Ohio and other heavily industrialized areas of the United States and Ontario to be shipped to the port of Montreal where they were reloaded onto ocean-going vessels for international shipping. A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Settled 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked...


The completion of the Welland Canal made the Trent-Severn Waterway (which links Lake Ontario with Lake Huron) all but obsolete as a commercial traffic route for Great Lakes navigation. Lock One on the Trent-Severn Waterway This article is not about the British company Severn Trent Water. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ...


The canal's Lake Erie (southern) terminus, at Port Colborne, is 99.5 m (326.5 feet) higher in elevation than the Lake Ontario (northern) terminus at Port Weller. The canal comprises eight lift locks, each 24.4 m (80 feet) wide by 233.5 m (766 feet) long. Due to the Garden City Skyway, the maximum ship height allowed is 35.5 m (116.5 feet). All other crossings are lift bridges or tunnels. The maximum permissible vessel length is 225.5 m (740 feet). It takes ships an average of 11 hours to traverse the canal's length. Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Canal locks in England. ... The Garden City Skyway is a major high-level bridge allowing the Queen Elizabeth Way to cross the Welland Canal without the interruption of a lift bridge. ... A vertical lift bridge or lift bridge is a type of movable bridge in which a span rises vertically while remaining parallel with the deck. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...

Contents

History

A lock of the second Welland Canal
A lock of the second Welland Canal

Prior to the building of the canal, traffic between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie used a portage road between Chippawa and Queenston, both points on the Niagara River above and below Niagara Falls, respectively. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 904 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Welland Canal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 904 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Welland Canal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Portage refers to the practice of carrying a canoe or other boat overland land to avoid an obstacle on the water route (such as rapids in a river), or between two water routes. ... Chippawa is a community located within the City of Niagara Falls, Ontario. ... The Village of Queenston (Latitude 43°10N Longitude 79°03W) is located 5km north of Niagara Falls, Ontario in the Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ...


First Welland Canal

The Welland Canal Company was incorporated in 1824 by William Hamilton Merritt , in part to provide a regular flow of water for his mills. Construction began at Allanburg on November 30, at a point now marked as such on the west end of Bridge #11 (formerly Highway 20). It opened for a trial run on November 30, 1829 (exactly 5 years, to the day, after the 1824 sod turning). After a short ceremony at Lock One, in Port Dalhousie, the schooner Annie & Jane made the first transit, upbound to Buffalo, N.Y.; with Merritt a passenger on her decks. The first canal ran from Port Dalhousie on Lake Ontario south along Twelve Mile Creek to St. Catharines. From there it took a winding route up the Niagara Escarpment through Merritton to Thorold, where it continued south via Allanburg to Port Robinson on the Welland River. Ships went east (downstream) on the Welland River to Chippawa, at the south (upper) end of the old portage road. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... William Hamilton Merritt (3 July 1793 – 5 July 1862) was an influential figure in the Niagara Peninsula of Upper Canada in early 19th century and one of the fathers of the Welland Canal. ... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (12th century) A watermill is a structure that uses a water wheel or turbine to drive a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, or metal shaping (rolling, grinding or wire drawing). ... The lift bridge in Allanburg raised to allow passage for a ship. ... November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 20 is a provincially maintained highway in the Niagara Region of Ontario, Canada. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Erie County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown Area  - City 52. ... Aerial view -1920 Aerial view -1920 Aerial view -1920 Port Dalhousie is a community in St. ... Nickname: The Garden City Motto: Industry and Liberality Location of St. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... The Keg Restaurant Merritton is both a distinct community within and an electoral riding of St. ... City of Thorold Flag. ... Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold, Ontario. ... The Welland River is a river in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario which flows from its headwaters south of Hamilton, Ontario to empty into the Niagara River near the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario. ...


A southern extension from Port Robinson opened in 1833. This extension followed the Welland River south to Welland (known then as the settlement of Aqueduct, for the wooden aqueduct that carried the canal over the Welland River at that point), and then split to run south to Port Colborne on Lake Erie. A feeder canal ran southwest from Welland to another point on Lake Erie, just west of Rock Point. With the opening of the extension, the canal stretched 44 km (27 mi) between the two lakes, with 40 wooden locks. The minimum lock size was 33.5 m by 6.7 m (110 feet by 22 feet), with a minimum canal depth of 2.4 m (8 feet). Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman aqueduct built circa 19 BC. It is one of Frances top tourist attractions and a World Heritage Site. ... Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2001 population 18,450) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario, Canada near Niagara Falls. ...

Abandoned locks of the third canal
Abandoned locks of the third canal
Aerial photo of Port Dalhousie from the third canal era. 3rd canal lock at left, 2nd canal lock at right. Note 3rd canal towpath at upper left and Muir brother's ship yard centre right.
Aerial photo of Port Dalhousie from the third canal era. 3rd canal lock at left, 2nd canal lock at right. Note 3rd canal towpath at upper left and Muir brother's ship yard centre right.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2299 KB) Abandoned locks of 3rd Welland Canal - looking south from Glendale Ave. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2299 KB) Abandoned locks of 3rd Welland Canal - looking south from Glendale Ave. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Welland_canal_a030556. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Welland_canal_a030556. ...

Second Welland Canal

In 1839 the government of Upper Canada approved the purchase of shares in the canal company in response to the company's continuing financial problems. The buyout was completed in 1841, and work began to deepen the canal and to reduce the number of locks to 27, each 45.7 m (150 feet) by 8.1 m (26.5 feet). By 1848, a 2.7 m (9 feet) deep path was completed, not only through the Welland Canal but also the rest of the way to the Atlantic Ocean via the St. Lawrence Seaway. 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council  - Lower house Legislative Assembly Historical... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ...


Competition came in 1854 with the opening of the Erie and Ontario Railway, running parallel to the original portage road. In 1859, the Welland Railway opened, parallel to the canal and with the same endpoints. But this railway was affiliated with the canal, and was actually used to help transfer cargoes from the lake ships, which were too large for the small canal locks, to the other end of the canal. Smaller ships called "canallers" also took a part of these loads. Due to this problem, it was soon apparent that the canal would have to be enlarged again. 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Third Welland Canal

In 1887, a new shorter alignment was completed between St. Catharines and Port Dalhousie. One of the most interesting features of this third Welland Canal, was the Merritton Tunnel on the Grand Trunk Railway line that ran under the canal at Lock 18. Another tunnel, nearby, carried the canal over a sunken section of the St David's Road. The new route had a minimum depth of 4.3 m (14 feet) with 26 stone locks, each 82.3 m (270 feet) long by 13.7 m (45 feet) wide. Even so, the canal was still too small for many boats. 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... 1885 map The Grand Trunk Railway (GTR) was a historic railway system which operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, as well as the American states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. ...


Fourth (present) Welland Canal

(Officially known as the Welland Ship Canal)


Construction on the present canal began in 1913 and was completed in 1932. The route was again changed north of St. Catharines, now running directly north to Port Weller. In this configuration, there are eight locks, seven at the Niagara Escarpment and the eighth, a control lock, at Port Colborne to control the depth of the canal. The depth was now 7.6 m (25 feet), with locks 233.5 m (766 feet) long by 24.4 m (80 feet) wide. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Port Weller, Ontario is a village located at a Latitude of 43°13 North and Longitude of 79°13 West in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Lock 8 is a guard lock near the south end of the canal at Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada. ...


Fifth (proposed but uncompleted) Welland Canal

In the 1950s, with the building of the present St. Lawrence Seaway, a standard depth of 8.2 m (27 feet) was adopted. The 13.4 km (8.3 mile) long Welland By-pass, built between 1967 and 1972, opened for the 1973 shipping season, providing a new and shorter alignment between Port Robinson and Port Colborne and by-passing downtown Welland. All three crossings of the new alignment — one an aqueduct for the Welland River — were built as tunnels. Around the same time, the Thorold Tunnel was built at Thorold and several bridges were removed. These projects were to be tied into a proposed new canal, titled the Fifth Welland Canal, which was planned to by-pass most of the existing canal to the east and to cross the Niagara Escarpment in one large superlock. While land for the project was expropriated and the design finalized, the project never got past the initial construction stages and has since been shelved. The present (4th) canal is scheduled to be replaced by 2030, almost exactly 100 years after it first opened, and 200 years since the first full shipping season, in 1830, of the original canal. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman aqueduct built circa 19 BC. It is one of Frances top tourist attractions and a World Heritage Site. ... The Thorold Tunnel, located in Thorold, Ontario, Canada, is an underwater tunnel, carrying Highway 58 across the Welland Canal. ... Expropriation is the act of removing from control the owner of an item of property. ... 2030 (MMXXX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


1974 accident

On August 25, 1974, the northbound ore-carrier Steelton struck Bridge 12 in Port Robinson, Ontario. The bridge was rising and the impact knocked the bridge over, destroying it. No one was killed. The bridge has not been replaced and the inhabitants of Port Robinson have been served by a ferry for many years. The Welland Public Library archive has images of the aftermath. Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold, Ontario. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... A vertical lift bridge or lift bridge is a type of movable bridge in which a span rises vertically while remaining parallel with the deck. ... Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold, Ontario. ...


2001 accident

On August 11, 2001, the steamer Windoc collided with Bridge 11 in Allanburg, Ontario. The accident tore the bridge from the vessel, ignited a large fire on board, and shredded the lift-bridge. No serious injuries were reported. August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steamer may refer to: Steamboat, a boat propelled by a paddlewheel or propellor under steam power. ... The Windoc (a steamer) launched on April 11, 1959 as Rhine Ore, an ocean bulk-carrier. ... The lift bridge in Allanburg raised to allow passage for a ship. ... Bridge of the brigantine LEtoile The bridge of a ship is an area or room where the ships navigational controls and other essential equipment related to ship operations are housed and operated. ... A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, and releases energy in varying intensities. ...


Shipping season

The Welland Canal closes in winter when ice or weather conditions become a hazard to navigation. The shipping season re-opens in spring when the waters are once more safe. In 2007, the season opened on the earliest date ever, March 20, just hours ahead of the vernal equinox. The Welland Public Library archive has images. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of equinox The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. ...


Facts and figures

Lock 3 Observation Centre of the current Welland Canal (facing North).

Welland Canal Photograph: M. Quigley August 13, 2003 Photo from: http://www. ... Welland Canal Photograph: M. Quigley August 13, 2003 Photo from: http://www. ...

Current canal

  • Maximum vessel length: 225.5 m
  • Maximum draft: 8.2 m
  • Maximum above-water clearance: 35.5 m
  • Elevation change between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie: 99.5 m
  • Average transit time between the lakes: 11 hours
  • Length of canal: 43.5 km

Increasing lock size

Canal
First (1829) Second (1848) Third (1887) Fourth (1932)
Locks 40 27 26 8
Width (metres) 6.7 8.1 13.7 24.4
Length (metres) 33.5 45.7 82.3 261.8
Depth (metres) 2.4 2.7 4.3 8.2

List of locks and crossings

Locks and crossings are numbered from north to south.

Municipality Lock or bridge number Crossing Remarks
St. Catharines Lock 1 43.217484° N 79.212992° W
St. Catharines Bridge 1 Lakeshore Road (Regional Road 87)
St. Catharines Bridge 2 Scott Street Never installed
St. Catharines Lock 2 43.193131° N 79.202178° W
St. Catharines Bridge 3A Carlton Street (Regional Road 83) Replaced original Bridge 3 (destroyed in accident)
St. Catharines Bridge 4A Garden City Skyway: Queen Elizabeth Way
St. Catharines Bridge 4 Queenston Street (Regional Road 81) (former Highway 8) also known as "Homer Lift Bridge"
St. Catharines Lock 3 43.155230° N 79.193058° W
location of Welland Canal Information Centre
St. Catharines Bridge 5 Glendale Avenue (Regional Road 89)
Thorold Bridge 6 Great Western Railway (Ontario)
(now Canadian National Railway)
Thorold Locks 4-5-6 43.134283° N 79.191899° W
twinned flight locks
Thorold Lock 7 43.123446° N 79.193895° W
southernmost lift over the Niagara Escarpment
Thorold Bridge 7 Hoover Street removed
Thorold Bridge 8 Niagara Central Railway
(now Canadian National Railway)
removed
Thorold Thorold Tunnel, carries Highway 58
Thorold Bridge 9 Ormond Street removed
Thorold Bridge 10 Welland Railway
(now Canadian National Railway)
removed
Thorold Bridge 11 Canboro Road (Regional Road 20) (former Highway 20) struck by Windoc in 2001
Thorold Bridge 12 Bridge Street (Regional Road 63) destroyed by the Steelton in 1974
Welland Main Street Tunnel: (Regional Road 27/Highway 7146)
Welland Townline Tunnel: Highway 58A and Canadian National Railway/Penn Central
Port Colborne Bridge 19 Main Street (Regional Road 3) Highway 3
Port Colborne Lock 8 42.899122° N 79.246166° W
control lock
Port Colborne Bridge 19A Mellanby Avenue (Regional Road 3A)
Port Colborne Bridge 20 Buffalo and Lake Huron Railroad
(now Canadian National Railway)
removed
Port Colborne Bridge 21 Clarence Street

Nickname: The Garden City Motto: Industry and Liberality Location of St. ... The Garden City Skyway is a major high-level bridge allowing the Queen Elizabeth Way to cross the Welland Canal without the interruption of a lift bridge. ... The Queen Elizabeth Way (commonly referred to as the QEW, Q, QE, or Queen-E) is a vital 400-Series freeway in Ontario, Canada. ... Ontario provincial highway 8 is a primary highway (also known as a Kings Highway) in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... City of Thorold Flag. ... This article is about a historic railway which operated in the British colony of Canada West, later the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... Canal locks in England. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... The Thorold Tunnel, located in Thorold, Ontario, Canada, is an underwater tunnel, carrying Highway 58 across the Welland Canal. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 58 is a provincially maintained highway in the Niagara Region in Ontario, Canada. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 20 is a provincially maintained highway in the Niagara Region of Ontario, Canada. ... Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold, Ontario. ... Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. ... West approach to the tunnel, just outside Welland. ... The Townline Tunnel, as seen from the west. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2001 population 18,450) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario, Canada near Niagara Falls. ... Ontario Provincial Highway #3 is a provincially maintained highway in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... Lock 8 is a guard lock near the south end of the canal at Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada. ...

Old alignment prior to Welland By-pass relocation

Municipality Bridge Number Crossing Remarks
Welland Recreational Waterway branches off from the Welland By-pass at Port Robinson
Thorold Canadian National Railway built during the relocation
Thorold Highway 406 built after the relocation
Welland Woodlawn Road (Regional Road 41) built after the relocation
Welland Bridge 13 East Main Street/West Main Street (Regional Road 27) vertical lift bridge, counterweights removed
Welland Division Street (Regional Road 527) built after the relocation
Welland Bridge 14 Lincoln Street rebuilt as fixed-span after the relocation
Welland Bridge 15 Canada Southern Railway (Penn Central) rare Baltimore truss swing bridge [1]
Welland Bridge 16 Ontario Road/Broadway Avenue rebuilt as fixed-span after the relocation, the new span located to the north of the original site of Bridge 16
cut by western approaches to Townline Tunnel (Highway 58A and Canadian National Railway/Penn Central)
Welland Bridge 17 Canada Air-Line Railway (now Canadian National Railway) vertical lift bridge, counterweights still present
Welland Bridge 18 Forks Road vertical lift bridge, towers and counterweights removed
Welland Recreational Waterway merges with the Welland By-pass at Ramey's Bend in Port Colborne

If assigned by the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority. The original bridges across the fourth canal were numbered in order. Numbering was not changed as bridges were removed. The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold, Ontario. ... City of Thorold Flag. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... Highway 406 as part of the 400-series network Highway 406 near downtown St. ... Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. ... A lift bridge over the Erie Canal at Lockport. ... The Canada Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark CASO) was a railroad in southern Ontario, Canada, founded in 1869. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... A truss bridge is a bridge composed of connected elements (typically straight) which may be stressed from tension, compression, or sometimes both in response to dynamic loads. ... A swing bridge is a bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring at or near to its center, about which it can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration below. ... The Townline Tunnel, as seen from the west. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2001 population 18,450) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario, Canada near Niagara Falls. ...


See also

Merritton Tunnel There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 43°09′20.00″N, 79°11′37.50″W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welland, Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2850 words)
Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada.
Welland is one of few communities in southern Ontario where the percentage of Franco-Ontarians exceeds the overall provincial average.
Welland is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by John Maloney as part of Niagara Centre and in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario by Peter Kormos as part of Welland (electoral district).
Welland Canal - definition of Welland Canal in Encyclopedia (246 words)
Between the years of 1967 and 1973 a channel was constructed east of the city of Welland, Ontario to help speed ship traffic through the canal and alleviate highway traffic through the rose city.
Along with those of the Cornwall Canal its losses caused the bankruptcy of the Upper Canada government contributing to the 1840 Act of Union.
The canal, part of the St Lawrence Seaway, was named after the Welland River.
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