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Encyclopedia > Welland, Ontario

Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. Image File history File links City_of_Welland_logo. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Motto: Building Community. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White trillium Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1...


The city has been traditionally known as the place where rails and water meet, referring to the railways from Buffalo to Toronto and southwestern Ontario, and the waterways of Welland Canal and Welland River, which played a great role in the city's development. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Good Neighbors Location Location of Buffalo in New York State Government County Erie County Mayor Byron Brown Geographical characteristics Area     City 136. ... Western Ontario is a region of Ontario centred on London, Ontario. ... Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... The Welland River is a river in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario which flows from its headwaters south of Hamilton, Ontario to empty into the Niagara River near the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario. ...

Location of Welland in the Niagara Region
Enlarge
Location of Welland in the Niagara Region

The city is notable for its large francophone population. Welland is one of few communities in southern Ontario where the percentage of Franco-Ontarians exceeds the overall provincial average. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Francophone means French-speaking. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Welland's nickname is The Rose City.

Contents


History

The city was first settled in 1788 by the United Empire Loyalists. In 1814, Canadian forces led by George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, met American invaders near the present-day town site during the Battle of Cook's Mill. After two days of combat, the Americans retreated to Buffalo, New York, ending the War of 1812 on Canadian soil. 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... United Empire Loyalists is the name given to the portion of British Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War, and to recover lost fortunes (land and private property... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... George Hay, 8th Marquis of Tweeddale, (February 1, 1787 - October 10, 1876) was a Scottish soldier and administrator who rose to the rank of Field Marshal in the British Army. ... Battle of Cooks Mill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Good Neighbors Location Location of Buffalo in New York State Government County Erie County Mayor Byron Brown Geographical characteristics Area     City 136. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Strength United States Regular army : 99,000 Volunteers: 10,000* Rangers: 3,000 Militia: 458,000** Naval and marine: 20,000 Indigenous peoples New York Iroquois: 600 Northwestern allies: ? Southern allies: ? United Kingdom Regular army: 10,000+ Naval and marine: ? Canadian militia: 86,000+** Indigenous...


The Welland Canal is involved in the history of the area ever since its extension to reach Lake Erie in 1833. A wooden aqueduct was built to carry the Welland Canal over the Welland River at what is now downtown Welland, and the area became known as simply Aqueduct. A lock to cross from the canal to the river and vice versa was also built. A small shantytown soon developed around the facility, providing essential services in what was a convenient stop-over location. Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman aqueduct built circa 19 BC. It is one of Frances top tourist attractions and a World Heritage Site. ...

The Main Street Bridge (Bridge #13), completed by Mohawk steelworkers in 1930, carries East Main Street over the old alignment of the Welland Canal. Many residents consider the vertical lift bridge a Welland landmark.

The growing town was later named Merrittsville, after William Hamilton Merritt, the initiator of the Welland Canal project. This name is still reflected today in the name of the Merrittville Highway (Niagara Road 50), which served as the primary north-south route in central Niagara before the construction of Highway 406. Welland gained its present name when it was incorporated on July 25, 1858. It became a city in 1917. ImageMetadata File history File links Main_Street_bridge,_Welland. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Main_Street_bridge,_Welland. ... The Mohawk (Kanienkeh or Kanienkehaka meaning People of the Flint) are an indigenous people of North America who live around Lake Ontario and the St. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... A lift bridge over the Erie Canal at Lockport. ... William Hamilton Merritt (3 July 1793 – 5 July 1862) was an influential figure in the Niagara Peninsula of Upper Canada in early 19th century and one of the fathers of the Welland Canal. ... Highway 406 as part of the 400-series network Highway 406 near downtown St. ... In local government, incorporation occurs when municipalities such as cities, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


In addition to the presence of the canal itself, one of the few railway crossings across the canal was also located near Welland. The two factors contributed greatly to the development of heavy industry in Welland. The Plymouth Cordage Company was the first major industrial company to open a plant in Welland in 1906. By 1930s, Welland was an important industry location in the region and was developing rapidly. Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ...


In 1960s, the city was starting to outgrow the canal passing through its core. The Welland By-Pass project, started in 1967 and finished in 1973, provided a new, shorter alignment for the Welland Canal by removing it from downtown Welland to the outskirts of the city. The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ...


Originally, this was viewed with enthusiasm as the constant traffic on the canal was interfering heavily with transportation within the city. The old alignment of the canal was renamed the Welland Recreational Waterway with the purpose of developing several recreational facilities and tourist attactions along its shores. The plans called for fishing platforms, water slides, boat rental points, as well as marine and rail historical exhibits. Eventually, most of these never came to be. The Recreational Waterway north of the Townline Rd plug. ...


The effects of the canal relocation were compounded by the gradual, but steady move of industry out of Welland as a trend for global manufacturing was developing. As a result, downtown Welland has seen much deterioration in the years following the project. Stores moved out to the north end of the city, where a retail hub was being developed in and around the Seaway Mall. Downtown became a mix of a ghost town and a ghetto. Local residents looked with envy at Port Colborne, which although still saddled with a canal cutting the city in two, has enjoyed greater success attracting tourists to its happenings such as the Tall Ships Challenge. Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2004 population 24,797) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in southern Ontario, Canada in Niagara Region. ...


Government

The current mayor of Welland is Damian Goulbourne, previously a tourism and development professor at the Niagara College. The Welland city council is made up of the mayor and 12 councillors, each elected in his or her ward. FREE YAYO Niagara College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario. ... Look up ward in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The City is responsible for fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation and secondary streets, but many municipal services come instead from the broader level of government, the Niagara Region. Regional responsibilities include social welfare, community health, and policing through the Niagara Regional Police. Motto: Building Community. ...

The Welland Civic Square
The Welland Civic Square

The chief local political issue is the redevelopment of the downtown core area, which has been deteriorated in the years following the Welland By-Pass project. The Civic Square project has been completed after spanning the terms of three city councils and three mayors. The new building, facing both East Main Street and the old canal, houses the city hall and the Welland Public Library. The project is proving to be a catalyst for development, as several new establishments have been opened downtown and some current business are expanding. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 545 KB) The newly-built Welland Civic Centre, housing the city hall and the Welland Public Library. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 545 KB) The newly-built Welland Civic Centre, housing the city hall and the Welland Public Library. ... The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ...


Another issue is the Atlas Specialty Steels plant located close to downtown. Although it employed over 3,000 workers at its peak in 1942, business has since declined and operations have been ceased and remaining staff laid off in April 2004. The city is owed a significant amount in unpaid taxes. (new development) The City has cleared the debt owed to it for back taxes. The property's new owners are currently in the talks with the city council about restarting operations and bringing back the manufacturing jobs in exchange for reducing the amount owed to the city, however there is no consensus on how important are the jobs as compared to the owed-back taxes.


Welland is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by John Maloney as part of Welland (electoral district) and in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario by Peter Kormos as part of Niagara Centre. The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... John Maloney John David Maloney (born January 5, 1945 in Welland, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... Welland is the name of a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Peter Kormos (born October 7, 1952 in Welland, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Niagara Centre was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Ontario. ...


Demographics

During the 2001 Census, the population of Welland was determined to be 48,402, making Welland the 87th largest city in Canada. The population count remained essentially unchanged since the 1996 Census. In more recent years many new homes have been constructed in the city, but the effect on the population won't be officially known until the 2006 Census. The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... The table below is a list of the 100 largest cities (or municipalities) in Canada. ... yet to come ...


The Niagara College of Applied Arts and Technology brings people from all over southern Ontario to the city, promoting diversity. FREE YAYO Niagara College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ...


According to the 2001 census, 95.5% of the population is Caucasian, 1.7% Aboriginal, 1.1% Black, 0.2% Korean, and 0.3% of other Asian descent. 17.7% of inhabitants are under the age of 14, while those over 65 account for 16.9%. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Typical Caucasian skull The term Caucasian race, Caucasian or Caucasoid is used to refer to people whose ancestry can be traced back to Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and parts of Central Asia. ... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian people. ...


In 1914, a local business called Empire Cotton Mills was bought by a Quebec-based company. They brought in twenty French families to work in the mill, giving a start to a francophone community still very alive in the city today. Presently, Welland is one of only three communities in southern Ontario (excluding eastern Ontario) where Franco-Ontarians, as a percentage of the community's population, exceed the provincial average of 4.8%. (The other two are Penetanguishene and Lakeshore.) For the capital, see Quebec City. ... Francophone means French-speaking. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Eastern Ontario is the region of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies between the Ottawa and St. ... Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Penetanguishene Bay and the Town Docks Penetanguishene (Penetang) is a town in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Essex County with Lakeshore in red Lakeshore is a town in southwestern Ontario, Canada on Lake St. ...


Another significant cultural group was established with the opening of the Plymouth Cordage plant. Many workers relocated to Welland from the company's operations in Plymouth, Massachusetts were of Italian origin. To minimise the potential effects of cultural and language barriers, Plymouth Cordage sent four foremen to Welland: one was Italian, one French, one German and one English. The neighbourhood that the company built for its employees (now Plymouth Cordage Heritage District [1]) became the first Italian ethnic neighbourhood in Welland. Plymouth is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ...


The Top 5 largest ethnic groups include: English: 24.9%, French: 23.3%, Scottish: 14.4%, Italian: 13.3%, and Irish: 13.1%. There are also many people of eastern European origin from countries like Hungary, Poland as well as a growing contingent of Colombians and Venezuelans. The English are an ethnic group associated with England and the English language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Education

Like the rest of Ontario, Welland has access to two public education systems: the regional school boards are the Niagara Catholic District School Board and the District School Board of Niagara. This article or section should be merged with board of education A school board (or school committee) is an elected council that helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. ... The Niagara Catholic District School Board (NCDSB) is a school board in the public separate school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... The District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) is a school board in the public school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ...


Thanks to the large population of francophones, both the Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest (the French public board) and the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud (the French Catholic board) operate elementary and secondary schools in Welland. École secondaire Confédération and École secondaire catholique Jean-Vanier are the only French public and French Catholic, respectively, secondary schools in the Niagara Region. Jean-Vanier is planned to relocate to a new building in the north end of the city in the near future. Although, the relocation of Jean-Vanier is very much disputed, and is currently being investigated by the Honorable Gerard Kennedy. Francophone means French-speaking. ... The Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest, also known as the Ontario District School Board #58 but more commonly known as the CSDCSO, manages the Francophone schools in the central south-western region of Ontario. ...


There are a total of twenty elementary schools and five secondary schools in Welland. Of these, four elementary schools and two secondary schools are part of French-language boards. All schools offer education in French to some extent.


Due to the abundance of French schools, it is not unusual for parents to opt for French-language education for their children, even if only one or neither of the parents have French heritage. The process further strengthens the bilingual character of Welland. Bilingual (English/French) sign for Preston Street (rue Preston) in Ottawas Little Italy Bilingualism in Canada refers to laws and policies of the federal government – and some other levels of government – mandating that certain services and communications be available to the public in both English and French. ...


Economy

Initially, manufacturing firms were the biggest employers in Welland. The plants of companies like Union Carbide, United Steel, and Plymouth Cordage Company had big influence on shaping early Welland. While recent years saw the end of Welland operations for several companies, businesses such as John Deere and Lakeside Steel (a pipe plant formerly owned by Stelco) continue to employ a significant amount of residents. Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, by means of tools and a processing medium, and including all intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of component parts (semi-manufactures). It is a large branch of industry and of secondary production. ... Union Carbide Corporation, headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut, is a United States chemical manufacturer, now a subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company. ... A John Deere 7800 tractor attached to a hairy beaver A JD 9410 combine A John Deere 9520T Image:Combine 9860sts action96803. ... Stelco is a steel company based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, as is longtime rival Dofasco. ...


Due to a large concentration of francophones in the city and resulting large degree of bilingualism, the city has been successful in bringing several call centres to Welland. Correspondingly, Canadian Tire Financial Services is presently Welland's largest employer, employing over 1,000 people in two centres. Bilingual (English/French) sign for Preston Street (rue Preston) in Ottawas Little Italy Bilingualism in Canada refers to laws and policies of the federal government – and some other levels of government – mandating that certain services and communications be available to the public in both English and French. ... A very large collections call center in Lakeland, FL. A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralized office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone. ... Canadian Tire Financial Services is the credit arm of Canadian Tire. ...


Welland's electricity comes from the Sir Adam Beck hydroelectric generation plants at Niagara Falls via Welland Hydro. Thanks to the presence of the massive plant, power remained on in over half of Welland during the 2003 North America blackout until rolling blackouts began the next day in an effort to provide power to areas that hadn't had it for nearly 24 hours. Statue of Sir Adam Beck, located at University Avenue and Queen Street West in Toronto. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... The 2003 North America blackout was a massive power outage that occurred throughout parts of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada on Thursday, August 14, 2003. ...


Geography

Welland is located in the centre of south Niagara. Over the years, urban growth has all but united the northwest part of Welland with the community of Fonthill. To a non-local, the only clue that they have left Welland could be the slightly more upstyle character of Fonthill. Fonthill is a community in the town of Pelham, Ontario, Canada. ...


Prior to the Welland By-Pass project, the Welland Canal cut through the centre of Welland. As a result, a very prominent split was created between the east side and the west side of the city. The west side grew primarily to the north, while the east side expanded south. The west side also became the more affluent of the two. Today, even though the canal traffic no longer causes regular interruption in the traffic across the city, the channel lives on as Welland Recreational Waterway. The waterway still serves as a very prominent visual clue when one is crossing it, and it is perhaps for this reason that the east side/west side division is still very much alive in the minds of Wellanders. East side and west side are very commonly used as basic directions. The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... The Recreational Waterway north of the Townline Rd plug. ...


The communities of Cooks Mills and Dain City have their own separation stories. Cooks Mills, located on the other side of the By-Pass channel than the rest of Welland, has arguably been protected against the impact of urban sprawl, but the necessity of using one of the two highway tunnels to cross the canal causes some residents to head to nearby Niagara Falls instead. Dain City, located in the south of the city where the two channels meet, is separated by the massive approaches to the Townline Tunnel required to provide the low grade for the rail lines that use the tunnel. Cooks Mills is a small municipality east of the main city of Welland. ... Dain City is a small suburban area located in Welland, Ontario, Canada. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Niagara Falls, Ontario from Niagara Falls State Park in winter Location of Niagara Falls in the Niagara Region Niagara Falls, Ontario (2001 population 78,815) is a city on the Niagara River, in the Golden Horseshoe region. ... The Townline Tunnel, as seen from the west. ...


Currently, there is a slight movement to develop the northern end of the east side, an area formerly left undeveloped. A community named Hunters Pointe is being built close to the banks of the By-Pass, and the area is poised to see more investment as the construction of a number of big-box stores is planned close to Highway 406. Big-box store is a colloquial term used to describe a style of retail store, and by extension to the company behind the store. ... Highway 406 as part of the 400-series network Highway 406 near downtown St. ...


Technically, both the east side and Dain City are peninsulas, surrounded by the waters of the old and new channels of the Welland Canal and connected to "solid" ground only by the relatively small plug in the old canal along the Townline Tunnel approaches. Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ...


Another interesting man-made geographic feature is the Merritt Island, a strip of land approximately five kilometres long and, in some places, less than 100 metres wide. The island was created when the old alignment of the canal was constructed basically parallel to the Welland River and since the abandonment of the old canal has been established as Merritt Park, featuring a popular four kilometre-long paved trail. A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... The Welland River is a river in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario which flows from its headwaters south of Hamilton, Ontario to empty into the Niagara River near the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario. ...


Transport

Roads

Highway 406 in Welland has the only at-grade railway crossing of any 400-series highway.
Highway 406 in Welland has the only at-grade railway crossing of any 400-series highway.

Highway 406 is the main route out of Welland, leading north to Thorold, St. Catharines and onwards via Queen Elizabeth Way. However, the first nine kilometres of the highway are not a freeway like the 400-Series Highways standard dictates, but rather a standard two-lane highway with at-grade interchanges, and, uniquely among the 400-series highways, an at-grade railway crossing. This is a common source of bottlenecks, especially at the busy intersection with Niagara Road 20, where delays during rush hour can run well in excess of ten minutes. Upgrading the 406 to the freeway standard past the Road 20 intersection will commence in the summer of 2006, but no date has been set for the extension all the way to Welland. Download high resolution version (1278x546, 92 KB)A short train crossing Highway 406 from East to West. ... Download high resolution version (1278x546, 92 KB)A short train crossing Highway 406 from East to West. ... Highway 406 as part of the 400-series network Highway 406 near downtown St. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Cities in Ontario ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Industry and Liberality Location City Information Established: Settled in 1797 Incorporated in 1845 Area: 97. ... The Queen Elizabeth Way as part of the 400-series network The Queen Elizabeth Way (commonly referred to as the QEW, Q, QE, or Queen-E) is a vital 400-Series freeway in Ontario, Canada. ... The 400-series Highway network in Southern Ontario. ... Rush hour at Tokyo Station, Yamanote Line A rush hour is a part of the day with busy traffic and hence traffic congestion on the roads and crowded public transport; normally the two periods in a day when people are travelling to or from work or school. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Port Colborne is linked to Welland by Highways 140 and 58. Port Colborne residents then can take the 406 further north. Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2004 population 24,797) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in southern Ontario, Canada in Niagara Region. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 140 is a provincially maintained highway in the Niagara region in Ontario. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 58 is a provincially maintained highway on the Niagara Peninsula of Ontario. ...


The Mid-Peninsula Highway, once constructed, can play an important role in the transportation patterns of Welland, as it might cross the Welland Canal along the Highway 58A corridor in the south of the city. Should that occur, Highway 406 will likely be extended to reach the new thoroughfare. The Mid-Peninsula Highway is a proposed freeway in the Niagara Peninsula to serve as a bypass of the Queen Elizabeth Way. ... Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... The Townline Tunnel, as seen from the west. ...


Two of the three tunnels under the canal, Main Street Tunnel and Townline Tunnel, are located in Welland, just east of the main urbanised area. West approach to the tunnel, just outside Welland. ... The Townline Tunnel, as seen from the west. ...


Railways

Welland is the location of one of only two remaining railway crossings across the Welland Canal. Canadian National Railway (CN) and Penn Central each own one line running through the Townline Tunnel. There is also a CN north-south line running through the east wide of Welland and beside the old Atlas Specialty Steels plant, but it is now rarely used. No passenger trains stop in Welland; closest VIA Rail stations are in St. Catharines and Niagara Falls. There was once a tram line connecting Welland with Thorold, but the service was discontinued and the right-of-way of the line is now used as a recreational trail. Canadian National Railways logo or herald (used pre-1960) Network Map of Canadian National Railway The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ... St. ... Niagara Falls station in Niagara Falls, Ontario is served by VIA Rail trains connecting it with Toronto, and by the Maple Leaf joint VIA-Amtrak train between Toronto and New York City. ... TW2000 car in Hanover Volkswagen Cargo-Tram in Dresden on a section of grassed track. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Cities in Ontario ...


In the past, trains crossed the Welland Canal by the means of a swing bridge. The rail line, cutting across south Welland in a slight arc, has largely been disused since the completion of the Townline Tunnel. A swing bridge is a bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring at or near to its center, about which it can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration below. ...


Air

The closest airport to Welland is the Welland-Port Colborne Airport on the western edge of the city. Even though it contains a Customs Canada station due to its proximity to the United States, it is a small field airport and is not served by any regular links. Most air travellers use either Toronto's Lester B. Pearson International Airport or Hamilton's John C. Munro International Airport. The Buffalo Niagara International Airport is also used by some, as it is the closest, although it requires the travellers to cross the American border. Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2004 population 24,797) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in southern Ontario, Canada in Niagara Region. ... The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) (French: Agence des services frontaliers du Canada - ASFC) is responsible for Canadas border operations. ... Toronto Pearson International Airport, or Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), straddling Mississaugas northeastern boundary with neighbouring Toronto, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ... John C. Munro International Airport or Hamilton Airport, (ICAO CYHM, IATA YHM), is a Canadian international airport located 6. ... FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga, Erie County, New York. ...


Public Transit

The city runs Welland Transit, a public transport service. Welland Transit has 11 routes of scheduled bus services covering the city, but the ridership rates remain low. Also provided is Welland-St. Catharines Connection, a link to the St. Catharines public transit system which offers a connection from Welland Transit's downtown terminal to Brock University terminal in Thorold. Brock campus from the air, prior to the construction of Lowenberger Residence Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Cities in Ontario ...


For areas too outlying to be serviced by regular buses, Welland Transit runs a service named Trans-Cab that offers taxi connections to the bus routes for a small extra fee. Welland Transit is also in charge of Handi-Trans, a door-to-accessible-door service using lift-equipped vehicles that provides transportation for individuals who are unable to use regular Welland Transit service.


Events

Niagara Food Festival, marketed as The Peninsula's Tastiest Party, takes place on the Merritt Island in city's downtown every September and brings crowds from the entire region in addition to the locals. The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ...


Niagara Regional Exhibition, running since 1853, is held at the Fairgrounds in the north end of the city every fall.


Farmers' Market, held downtown in the Market Square, features up to 60 vendors offering food, produce and homemade items every Saturday morning, year-round.


Communities

Cooks Mills is a small municipality east of the main city of Welland. ... Dain City is a small suburban area located in Welland, Ontario, Canada. ...

See also

Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... The Welland By-Passs straight and unobstructed channel outside Welland. ... The Recreational Waterway north of the Townline Rd plug. ... Battle of Cooks Mill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... FREE YAYO Niagara College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario. ...

External links

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ...

References

  • Lewis, William H. Aqueduct Merrittsville and Welland : a history of the city of Welland : the beginning years, A.M.W Publications, 1997. ISBN 0968274307.
  • Lewis, William H. Aqueduct Merrittsville and Welland : a history of the city of Welland, volume 2 : the continuing years, A.M.W Publications, 2000. ISBN 0968274315.
  • Lewis, William H. Aqueduct Merrittsville and Welland : a history of the city of Welland, volume 3 : the 20th century, A.M.W Publications, 2003. ISBN 0968274323.
  • Welland Public Library's Local History Resources
  • History of Industry in Welland
North: Pelham, Thorold
West: Pelham, Wainfleet
Welland East: Niagara Falls
South: Wainfleet, Port Colborne

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Catherine Gidney | The Dredger's Daughter: Courtship and Marriage in the Baptist Community of Welland, Ontario, ... (12830 words)
Welland, however, soon became the setting for Kay's courtship, wedding, her first years as a married women, and her subsequent years as a mother.
By the time Kay and her family arrived in Welland in 1924, the canal and the availability of cheap power had created a vibrant industrial community in the heart of the Niagara Peninsula.
Welland Iron and Brass, like other small foundries, was mainly engaged in custom work — for example, small production runs of specialty castings for other manufacturers, or "one-off" castings to supply a machine part or fixture for a lake boat undergoing a refit or repair.
Welland, Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2833 words)
Welland (formally The Corporation of City of Welland; 2001 population 48,402) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada.
Welland is one of few communities in southern Ontario where the percentage of Franco-Ontarians exceeds the overall provincial average.
Welland is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by John Maloney as part of Welland (electoral district) and in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario by Peter Kormos as part of Niagara Centre.
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