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Encyclopedia > Weimar Classicism

Weimar Classicism is, as many historians and scholars argue, a disputed literary movement that took place in Germany and Continental Europe. It was named in light of a handful of authors' immense significance, and, more particularly, these are Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) and Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805), for both of whom the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar was residence, hence the toponymic "Weimar Classicism". In the main, responding to Johann Joachim Winckelmann's (1717-1768) Gedanken über die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke in der Malerie und Bildhauerkunst (Reflection on the Imitation of the Greeks; 1755), Goethe and Schiller developed a literary pursuit and praxis of the imitation of ancient Greek, classical models, a veritable undertaking of socio-political reformation by aesthetic conceptions and values, where organic wholeness and harmony (among other classical values) were of central inspiration and importance. Characteristically and roughly, the movement is described as occurring between Goethe's rearrival from his Italian journey (1788) and Schiller's death (1805), who was his close friend and collaborator. ... Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, refers to the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and peninsulae. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. ... Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (November 10, 1759 - May 9, 1805), usually known as Friedrich Schiller, was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist. ... Saxe-Weimar (German Sachsen-Weimar) was a Duchy in Thuringia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Classicism door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... It has been suggested that Greco-Roman be merged into this article or section. ...

The literary movement of German Romanticism named itself in opposition to the Weimar Classicists, and to a certain extent both are best understood in terms of German Romanticism's opposition. In the philosophy, art, and culture of German-speaking countries, German Romanticism was the dominant cultural movement of much of the nineteenth century. ...

Notable participants

See also

Laocoön in the Vatican Museum, Rome Laocoön (Greek Λαοκοων, pronounced roughly La-oh-koh-on), son of Acoetes, was allegedly a priest of Poseidon (or of Apollo, by some accounts) at Troy; he is famous for warning the Trojans in vain against accepting the Trojan Horse from the Greeks...

External links

  • Weimar Classicism in Literary Encyclopedia



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